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Cornell University Library 
PR 2380. A2 1870 


Works of John Taylor the water poet not 

3 1924 013 126 259 

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Cornell University 

The original of this book is in 
the Cornell University Library. 

There are no known copyright restrictions in 
the United States on the use of the text. 

putltcattonsi of tlje ^^tnitv ^otitt^. 

Issue No. 7. 





OF 1630 





IN issuing this first collection of the Tracts of John 
Taylor, not comprised in the folio of 1630, the 
Council deem it necessary to offer a few remarks. 

It will be seen that the 4to size has been adopted in 
continuing the works of this author, being that in which 
the Tracts were originally published, a very few instances 
in which the 12 mo form was used being excepted. It 
was for some time under consideration whether they 
should not be reprinted in folio, following the plan of the 
work of 1630, so as to make a second volume uniform 
and to match with the first, but it was found, on testing 
the practicability of this scheme, that it was liable in 
detail to so many difficulties and that it would so mate- 
rially interfere with the leading principle of the Society 
of making their reprints, as nearly as possible, facsimiles 
of the original works, that, after a very careful comparison 
of the advantages of each plan, that now adopted was 
determined upon as indisputably the one to be preferred. 

The Tracts, it is scarcely necessary to observe, can 
only be reprinted as obtained, and, being very numerous, 
will have to be gradually derived from various sources. 

It follows that the first arrangement of them must ne- 
cessarily be a provisional one. They have, however, 
been so printed as to admit of a final chronological 
arrangement at the close, and, when the last of the col- 
lections is issued, fresh title pages will accompany it 
with prefatory bibliographical matter, and the Tracts can 
then be re-adjusted in regular series and in volumes of 
convenient size. 

Several of Taylor's pieces appeared without his name, 
but there are generally sufficient marks and characteristics 
about them to admit of their being ascribed to him with 
a full degree of confidence. Care will be taken not to 
include any in this continuation of his works, the pater- 
nity of which can be considered as dubious. 

One collection connected with this author will contain 
the tracts, some of which are exceedingly curious and all 
of which are very rare, published against him, and which 
are of importance both to explain his own writings and 
from the light they throw on his controversies and the 
opinions entertained of him by his contemporaries. 

Most valuable as the folio of 1630 must be considered 
to be, as a collection of the works of John Taylor up to 
that date, made with his sanction, yet in some instances it 
would appear that the republication has been taken from 
imperfect copies ; or that, from want of due supervision, 
omissions have occurred of introductory and other matter 
which ought unquestionably to have been retained. It 
is therefore proposed to collate, as far as opportunities 

will allow, the folio with the original editions of the 
tracts contained in it and to supply any Important omis- 
sions and variations which can be detected on such 
collation in an appendix. 

Many of the tracts of Taylor are of such rarity as only 
to exist in an unique, or nearly unique shape in the pri- 
vate libraries of some eminent collectors, and it is obvi' 
ous that, without their liberal co-operation and assistance, 
such an attempt as the present must to a certain extent 
fail in the great object of bringing together the entire 
works of this voluminous author. The Council therefore, 
while they most gratefully acknowledge on the part of 
the members the obligations they are under to the rev. 
Thomas Corser, M.A., F.S.A., and to W. W. Robinson, 
esq., of Oxford, for the unreserved and very liberal man- 
ner in which they have placed their Taylor treasures at 
the disposal of the Society with a view to the present col- 
lections, venture to solicit further assistance from others 
who may have the power to aid them in the undertaking 
which, judging from the many expressions of favour and 
praise which the reprint of the folio has already called 
forth, is felt to be one of the most valuable as well as 
most attractive of the many republications which are now 
in progress of the authors who reflect as in a mirror the 
old times of England. 

J AS. Crossley, President. 

WORKS ,;,v,;,,^, 

^ n if I Y 




OF 1630 






. \ i 

I'OT, Iff' iiv f'MAKij". H, ;i/,Mr,r 
Mai.' III". I I'l' 


The references are to Haslitt's Bibliographical Hand Book and Bohn's 
Lowndes^ s Bibliographical Manual. 

1. Taylor on Thame Ifis: or the Defcription of the two famous Riuers 

of Thame and Ifts, who bemg conioyned or combined together, are 
called Thamifts, or Thames. London, Printed by John Haviland. 
1632. (14 leaves.) \JI. No. 49.] 

2. The Old, Old, Very Old Man: or. The Age and long Life of Thomas 

Par, the Son of John Parr of Winnington in the Parifli of 
Alberbiiry; in the County oi Salopp, (or Shropjhire) who was Borne 
in the Raigne of King Edward the 4th, and is now living in the 
Strand, being aged 152. yeares and odd Monethes. London, 
Printed for Henry Goffon. 1635. (16 leaves.) \H. No. 5^2.] 

3. Part of this Summers Travels. Or News from Hell, Hull, and Hallifax, 

from York, Linne, Leicejkr, Chejler, Coventry, Lichfield, Notting- 
ham, and the Divells Ars a Peake. Imprinted-tjy J. O. [1639.] 
(26 leaves.) [Not in Hazltit nor Lowndes^ 

4. The Praife of the Needle. Printed for lames Baler. 1640. (4 

leaves, with 2 fpecimens of the Engravings.) [H. No. 62.] 

5. Differing Worfhips, or. The Oddes, betweene fome Knights Service 

and God's. Printed for William Ley. 1640. (17 leaves.) 

[H. No. 64,] 

iv Contents of the First Collection. 

6. A Swarme of Sedtaries, and Schifmatiques ; Wherein is difcovered the 

(Irange preaching (or prating) of fuch as are by their trades Cob- 
lers, Tinkers, Pedlers, Weavers, Sowgelders, and Chymney- 
Sweepers. Printed luckily, and may be read unhappily &c. 1641. 
(.^ leaves.) [H.N0.66.] 

7. Religions Enemies. With a brief and ingenious Relation, as by 

Anabaptists, Brownijls, Papists, Familists, Atheijls, and Foolijts, 
fawcily prefuming to toffe Religion in a Blanquet. Printed at 
London for Thomas Bates. 1641. (4 leaves.) \H. No. 68.] 

8. The Liar. Or, A contradiaion to thofe who in the titles of their 

Bookes affirmed them to be true, when they were falfe : although 
mine are all true, yet I terme them lyes. Printed in the yeare 
1641. (4 leaves.) \H. No. 70.] 

9. A Pedlar and a Romifh Priefl, in a very hot Difcourfe, full of Mirth, 

Truth, wit. Folly, and Plain-dealing. Printed in the yeare 1641. 
(12 leaves) \H. No. 71.] 

10. A Tale in a Tub, or, A Tub Ledlure, as' it was delivered by 

My-heele Mendfoale, an Infpired Brownifl., and a mofl upright 
Tranflator. London, Printed 1641. (4 leaves.) [ZT. No. 78.] 

1 1. A full and compleat Anfwer againft. the Writer of a late Volume fet 

forth, entituled A Tale in a Tub, or A Tub Le^lure: with a Vin- 
dication of that ridiculous name called Round-Heads. London, 
Printed for F. Cowles, T. Bates, and T. Banks. 1642. (4 leaves) 

\H. No. 79.] 

12. A Plea for Prerogative: or, Give Ccefar his due. Being the Wheele 

of Fortune turn'd round: Or, The World turned topfie-turvie. 
London, printed for T. Bankes. 1642. (4 leaves.) 

\H. No. 72.] 

13. The Whole Life and Progreffe of Henry Walker the Ironmonger. 

Printed at London 1642. (4 leaves.) [If, No. 71;.] 

Contents of the First Collection. v 

14. Mad Fafhions, Od Fafhions, All out of Fafliions, or, The Emblems 

of thefe DillracSled times. London, Printed by lohn Hammond, 
for Thomas Banks, 1642. (4 leaves.) \H. No. 86.] 

15. An Apology for- Private Preaching. In which thofe Formes are 

warranted, or rather juilified, which the malignant Sedl contemne, 
and daily by prophane Pamphlets make ridiculous. By T. J. 
Jun. 28. Printed for R. Wood, T. Wilfon, and E. Chrijbpher. 
[1642.] {i^ leaves.) \H. No.^-i.\ 

16. A duller of Coxcombes, or, A Cinquepace of five forts of Knaves 

and Fooles: Namely, The Donatijls, Publicans, Difdplinarians, 
Anabaptifts, and Brownifts; Their Originals, Opinions, Confuta- 
tions, and (in a word) their Heads Roundly jolted together. luly 
13. Printed for Richard Webb, 1642. (4 leaves.) 

[In Lowndes, but not in HazlittP^ 

17. Aqua-Musm: or, Cacafogo, Cacadsemon, Captain George Wither 

Wrung in the Withers. Being a fliort lafliing Satyre, wherein the 
Juggling Rebell is Compendioufly finely Firked and Jerked, for 
his late railing Pamphlet againll the King and State, called 
Campo-Musse. Printed in the fourth Yeare of the Grand Rebel- 
lion. [1644.] (8 leaves.) \H. No. 87.J 

18. The Complaint of Chriflmas, written after Twelfetide, and Printed 

before Candlemas. Printed at the charges of the Author. [Mays, 
1646.] (4 leaves, no title-page.) \H. No. 99.] 

19. The Kings mofl excellent Majefties Wellcome to his owne Houfe, 

Truly called the Honour of Hampton Court. Printed in the Yeare 
1647. (4 leaves.) \H. No. loi.] 

20. 'inn-'ANeponoS: or. An Ironicall Expoftulation with Death 

and Fate, For the Loffe of The late Lord Mayor of London. 
Printed, Atino exulantis Monarchic 8. Anno Domini 1648. 
(4 leaves.) \H- No. 104^.] 

vi Contents of the First Collection. 

21. John Taylors Wandering, to fee the Wonders of the Weft. 

How he travelled neere 600. Miles, from London to the Mount 
in Cornwall, and beyond the Mount, to the Lands end, and home 
againe. Dedicated to all his loving Friends, and free minded 
Benefailors. Printed in the Yeere 16 ^g. {12 leaves.) 

\H. No. 106.] 

22. The Number and Names of all the Kings of England and Scotland, 

From the beginning of their Governments to this Prefent. Lon- 
don, Printed in the Yeare 1649. (16 leaves.) {IT. No. 107.] 

23. Chriftmas In & Ovt: or, Our Lord & Saviour Chrifts Birth-Day. 

London, Printed at the Charge of the Authour, 1652. (8 leaves.) 

\H. No. 118.] 

24. A Short Relation of a Long loumey made Round or Ovall by 

encompaffing the Principalitie of Wales, from London, through 
and by the Counties of Middlefex and Buckingham, Berks, Oxonia, 
Warwick, Stafford, Chejler, Flint, Denbigh, Anglefey, Carnarvan, 
Merioneth, Cardigan, Pembrooke, Caermarden, Glamorgan, Mon- 
mouth, Glocejler, d^c. Performed by the Riding, Going, Crawling, 
Running, and Writing oi John Taylor, dwelling at the Sign of 
the Poets Head, in Phenix Alley, near the midle of Long Aker 
or Covent Garden. \To which is appended] Cambria Brittania: 
or, A (hort Abreviation of the Hiflory, and Chronicles of Wales. 
[1653.] {24 leaves.) [If. No. 122.] 

Taylor on Thame Ifis. 

[Hazlitt, No. 49.J 

Taylor on Thame IJis : 



mous Riuers of Thame and yjis, 

who being conioyned or combined 

together, are called Thamijis, 

or Thames. 

With all the Flats, Shoares, Shelues, Sands, 

Weares, Stops, Riuers, Brooks, Bournes, Streames, 

Rills, Riuolets, Streamelets, Creeks, and whatfoeuer 

helps the faid Riuers haue, from their fprings 

or heads, to their falls into the Ocean. 

As alfo a difcouery of the hinderances which doe 

impeach the paffage of Boats and Barges, betwixt 

the fam.ous Vniuerfity of Oxford, and 

the City of London. 

Printed by John Haviland. 1632. 

W^!iitK<^iiiiD>ai«a>j;iin^)iiiic— •)iiii.^M«»)i't<» ?ni c<»a»wn^i"!toJJii 

The Right Honourable Lords, 

Thomas Earle of Arundell and Surrey, 

Earle Marfhall of England: Edward Lord 

Vifcount Wimbleton: Henry Lord Vifcount Fawlkland: 

and Sir Thomas Edmonds, Knight, Treafurer of the Kings 

Houfhold : Lords of his Maiefties mofb Honourable 

Priuy Councell, and Commiffioners for the 

Nauigation and fifhing of the famous 

Riuers of Thames and 


Ight Noble Lords, withforrow I beheld. 
That which to write my duty hath compel' d, 
And (from my pen) the Thames flowed to thepreffe, 
From thence it ebbes to you to finde redrejfe. 

My Honourable Lord of Dorchefter, 

He truly noted in particular, 

Dame Ifis wrongs, and Thames great injuries. 

For they were fad perfpeiliues to his eyes, 

And had his Lord/hip liu'd his meaning was 

To make the Riuer pajfable, to paffe. 

A 3 For 


The Epiftle Dedicatory. 

For then with noble care and diligence 
He view'd the helps, and iJte impediments, 
Which aid, or hinder pajfage vp and downe, 
Twixt Oxford City, and braue Windfor towne ; 
Yet as I fometimes ro-dfd and fometimes Jieer'd, 
I vievJd where well, where ill the way appeard ; 
And here I haue de/crib'd the way we went. 
Commixing truth with honejl merriment, 
My threed-bare wit a mad wooll gathering goes, 
To Jhew the things in verfe I faw in prof e ; 
And (Honourable Peeres) I humbly craue. 
My artlejjfe lines may your acceptance haue, 
Wijhing each fault remou'd (which fiands vnfit) 
Asfoone as you can reade what I haue writ, 
Defiring God to giueyou high content 
Here, and hereafter gbry permanent. 

Humbly deuoted with his beft endeuours, 

to all your Honourable perfonagcs, 

lOHN Taylor. 

^:^^ ^^^^^6?<5:?^a@^^^^^^H^^^g^gS 


The memory of the truly Noble deceafed, 


Lord Vifcount Dorchejier, principall 

Secretary of State to his Maieflie of 

Grkat Britaine. 

IF He be bleft that is of Noble bloud, 
And being made great, is both great and good, 
Who is a Chriftian euery way compleat. 
Who holds it better to be good than great, 
Whofe life was guided with good Confcience, 
Whofe end was fauing faith and penitence, 
Thefe bleffings Noble Dorchejler were thine. 
And thefe haue made thee 'Immortall and diuine. 




>^lHf^)iiiif iK^niim 

To any Body. 

That ne're tajied the Caftalian fount, 
Or came in ken of the Theffalian Mount ; 
I that could 7ieWe attaine to zvet my lips, 
With Tempes liquour, or fweet Aganipps, 
Who neuer yet hauefo muchfauour won, 
To ptirchafe one carrowfe from Helicon, 
Who with good Poets dare compare no way 
But one, which is in being poore as they ; 
And hauing neuer feene the Mufes hill, 
Am plentifully Jior' d with ivant of skill, 
Then Fount, or Mount, nor f acred treble trine, 
A re no ajjiflants in this worke of mine : 
But ancient Ifis current chryflall fpring 
Infpires my braine, and I her praifes fing. 
And Tame with Ifis joynes his pear ely flreames, 
Whofe combination are my ample theames ; 
Tliough (for the moflpart) in tlte traSls I tread. 
Of learned Camden, Speed, and Hollinfhead, 
And 'Drdiytons painfiill Polyolbyon, 
Whofe fame fhall Hue, defpight obliuion, 
Thefe are the guides I follow, with pretence 
T'abbreuiate and extra6l their Quint-effence ; 


feg^^ iS?^?^ ts^^r&^^tg^^ca g5>^fej<f^i!g3^^ 

fLg^??) gy^p j^;>^ig:^^g?Wg^^^^feg^f^ag^ 

To any body. 

Nor can it be to them difparagement, 
That I come after in the wayes they zvent, 
For they of former writers followers be, 
I follow them, andfome may folloiv me ; 
And man to man a Prefident is made 
In Art or Science, myflerie or Trade, 
As they before thefe Riuers bounds didfhow. 
Here I come after with my Pen and row. 

■^1 ■" 




Vr patron Phcebus, whofe fweet influence, 
) Doth quicken all our reafon, life and fenfe, 

Tis he makes graffe to grow, & Riuers fpring, 

He makes both my fongs, fubieft, and me fing ; 

His beames the waters doe extenuate 
To vapours, and thofe vapours eleuate 
Into the middle Region, where they tumble. 
And melt, and then defcend and are made humble, 
Moyftning the face of many a fpacious hill, 
Where foaking deepe the hollow vaults they fill. 
Where into Riuers they againe breake out. 
So nature in a circle runnes about. 
Large Downes doe treafure vp great ftore of raine, 
Whofe bowels vent it in the vales againe : 
No place in England could a treafure keepe, 
Thames to maintaine, but Cote/would (queene of fheepe.) 




Taylor on Thame IJis. 

In Glojlerjhire (my deareft mother earth) 

From whofe faire City I deriue my birth, 

Are Cote/would hills, and in the fartheft cliffe 

Of all thofe hils of IJis head is chiefe : 

Schollers from Glojler that to Oxford ride 

The truth of my affertion oft haue tride ; 

On their right hand neare Cubberley they paffe, 

Two Wells as fweet as milke, as cleare as glaffe. 

Whence IJis firft doth pedegree deriue, 

Thofe two are able there two mills to driue. „ ,, 


At Burton on the water, fouth from Stow called 

Vpon the Would, great vaines of waters flow stow the 

To Burford, and to Witney, and along °^'^' 

Till they make meadowes large, and IJis ftrong. 

The famous Riuer IJis hath her fpring 

Neare Tethury, and downe along doth bring 

(As hand-maids) to attend her progreffe, Churne, 

Colne, Windrujh, Yenload, Leech, whofe windings turne, 

And Meads, and Paftures trims, bedecks, and dreffes. 

Like an vnvaluable chaine of ESSES. 

After releefe of many a Ducke and Goofe, 

At Saint lohns bridge they make their rendeuous, 

And there like robbers crofling London way. 

Bid many a bare-foot Welfhman wade or ftay. 

Clofe vnder Oxford one of Englands eyes, 

Chiefe of the chiefeft Vniuerfities, 


)g?^gCg>^ (^^i^;g?^<j;?^(^>^<3tgj^ ^g^ 

Taylor on Thame IJis. 

From Banbury defirous to adde knowledge 

To zeale, and to be taught in Magdalen College, 

The Riuer Charwell doth to IJis runne, 

And beares her company to Abington, 

Whil'ft very neare that towne on Bark/hire fide, 

The Riuer Ock doth into IJis glide ; 

Thefe fountaines and fifh-breeding Riuolets, 

(The Countries nurfes, nourifhers, and teats,) 

Attend Dame IJis downe to Dorchejier, 

Neare which her louely Tame doth meet with her, 

There Tame his IJis doth embrace and kiffe, 

Both joyn'd in one, cal'd Tame or Tame IJis, 

IJis like Salmacis becomes with Tame 

Hermaphrodite in nature and in name. 

Tame doth deriue his Spring or Pedegree 

Neare Me/worth in the vale of Aylsbury, 

From whence he many miles with ftrange meanders. 

To finde his lovely IJis flowly wanders, 

Through fertile lands a quiet courfe he keepes, 

Till Southward vnder Whately bridge he creepes, 

And (like a Pilgrim) trauels all alone, 

No Brooke or Riuer waiting him vpon, 

Onely three nameleffe Riuolets and two fprings, 

Which very priuately their tribute brings, 

Bewailing IJis abfence, and his fate, 

Poore Tame all heauie and difconfolate, 


Taylor on Thame IJis. 

Vnnauigable, fcorn'd, defpis'd, difgrac'd, 

Hauing in vaine fo many paces pac'd ; 

Defpairing and quite defperate with thefe harmes, 

He hurles himfelfe vn wares in Ifis armes ; 

Nor clofer can the barke be to the tree, 

Than their infoldings and embracings be ; 

They rife and fall together, and they are 

In want and plenty to haue equall Ihare ; 

And Tame with Ifis will be both one riuer, 

Till in the Ocean they their names deliuer. 

At Wallingford and Pangboiirne, two fmall rils, 

Their homages to Thamijis inftils. 

The more the riuer runnes, the more tis fpreading, 

Till in it's courfe it falls as low as Reading, 

Where Kennet kindly comes with force and fource, 

To aid and helpe Thamijis in their courfe. 

The head of Kennet is neare Ramsbury, 

Faffing to Hungerford by Newbury. 

The riuer Anborne out oi H amp/hire flies, 

To Kennet with fome nameleffe fmall fupplies 

Of pettie rills, which paffing here and there, 

Who to repeat, teadious and needleffe were. 

To Sunning and by Bijham Thames defcends 

To Marlow (called great) from whence it wends ; 

Whereas a little rill from Wickham towne, 

To wait vpon the Thames comes gliding downe ; 


G3^^ g^g c ^L^t>Q'i:g;^^tsr»<$a g^-^jtp-^ g^ 

Taylor on Thame Ifis. 

Then pleafantly the riuer takes free way 

To Topley hills, by Maidenhead and Bray, 

Till it to Wind/or and to Stanes doth win, 

And there the riuer Colne comes gliding in : 

Colne hath its head or fpring in Hartfordjhire, 

At Abbots Langley, or elfe very neere. 

With fome fmall petty rils and riuolets. 

By Colbrooke vnto Stanes and Thames it gets, 

The riuer Wey, with diuers nameleffe fprings 

Neare Chertfey, vnto Thames their feruice brings. 

Wey (beyond Guilford) help'd with creeks and crooks, 

At laft at Oatlands towards Sunbury lookes, 

And there a little rill, (fcarce worth a line) 

In Middle/ex doth with the Thames combine. 

Neare Reygate towne the riuer Mole is found, 

Bearing its courfe, runs (Mole-like) vnder ground ; 

But rifing vp by Notbury againe. 

At Molfey it the Thames doth entertaine. 

From Ewell towne the riuer Brent makes hafte. 

Who by the Thames is louingly embrac'd : 

Next which is Chifwicke towne, and Hammerfmith, 

It entertaines a rill, or little frith. 

And after that below, neare Wand/worth mill. 

Comes in another brooke or nameleffe rill ; 

Thus I the i-iuer bring, and it brings me 

From their firfl fprings to London bridge you fee. 


Sj^aiS?^^ts>^fg:^^t5'^<^g^^^tSJ^^ g3^^ 


Taylor on Thame IJis. 

Now from the bridge below defcend I muft, 

Till Thames it felfe doth in the Ocean thruft, 

And if my paines to good men proue a pleafure, 

My gaine's beyond my merit, beyond meafure, 

Of Watermen, men fcarce can finde a Slower, 

Yet hey, to Gram/end hoe and fomewhat lower. 

Braue London Bridge claimes right preheminence 

For flrength, and Architefts magnificence, 

To be true None-fuch, for no eye beheld 

A bridge which it each way hath paralleld. 

The arches (Tame and IJis) fhadie bowres. 

Through which both Eaft and Weft in twice twelue houres 

Twice Neptune greets it flowing from the Maine, 

And twice the riuer fends it backe againe, 

And as the flouds or ebbes encreafe or falls, 

They through the arches murmure Madrigals, 

Whil'ft th' Eddies divers wayes doth turne and trace, 

Tame doth with IJis dance the wilde goofe chace. 

From this rare matchleffe piece of workmanfhip, 

I with the tide of Ebbe muft quickly flip. 

And downe into the Riuer Lea I hie, 

That parts Midjaxon from Eaji Saxony. 

Which riuer fals from Ware to Walthamjlow, 

And downe by Layton vnto Stratford Bow, 

Some call it Lea, but Camden calls it Stowre, 

And neare Blackmail it in the Thames doth powre. 



Taylor on Thame IJis. 

Next Rodeing is (a Brooke or riuer fmall) 

Which Foord from Berking into Thames doth fall. 

From Hauering, Burntwood and from Ockingdon, 

Three little Rils into the Thames do run, 

Th'are nameleffe, or fcarce worth the nomination. 

And fo on EJfex fide I end my ftation. 

And now I'le croffe into the County Kent 

To note what riuers from her bound are fent, 

To wait vpon the mighty bigfwolne Thames, 

Who now is grown the Prince of Brittains ftreams. 

By Bromley glides the riuer Rauensburne 

To Deptford downe with many a wandring turne, 

The riuer Darrent is the next and laft, 

Which downe by Dartford into Thames is caft. 

And thus from Glocejier fhire neare Tetbury 

And Buckingham fhire clofe by Aylsbury, 

I haue brought IJis and her partner Tame 

With twenty feven helpes lofmg each their name, 

Who fpend themfelues to make the Thames grow great, 

Till (below Lee) it lofe both name and feat. 

Through many Countries as thefe waters paffe, 

They make the Paftures fruflifie in graffe : 

Cattell grow fat, and cheefe and butter Cheape, 

Hey in abundance, Corne by ftricke and heape, 

Beafts breed, and Fifh increafe, fowles multiply, 

It brings wood, Cole, and Timber plenteoufly : 

B It 



Taylor on Thame IJis. 

It beares the lame and weake, makes fat the leane, 

And keepes whole townes and countries fweet and cleane ; 

Wer't not for Thames (as heauens high hand doth bleffe it) 

We neither could haue fifh, or fire to dreffe it, 

The very Brewers would be at a fault, 

And buy their water dearer than their mault. 

And had they malt and water at defire, 

What fhift (a Gods name) would they make for fire ? 

There's many a Seaman, many a Nauigator, 

Watermen, fifhers, bargemen on this water, 

Themfelues and families beyond compare, 

In number more than hundred thoufands are. 

Who doe their Prince and Country often ferue. 

And wer't not for this riuer might goe fterue ; 

And for the good to England it hath done. 

Shall it to fpoyle and ruine be let runne ? 

Shall priuate perfons for their gainfuU ufe, 

Ingroffe the water and the land abufe. 

Shall that which God and nature giues us free. 

For vfe and profit in community. 

Be barr'd from men, and damb'd vp as in Thames, 

(A fhameleffe auarice furpaffing fhames ;) 

I fpeake not of the riuers bounds below. 

Whereas the tides perpetuall ebbe and flow, 

Nor is the riuer wanting much repaire. 

Within the bounds of Londons honour'd Maior, 



Taylor on Thame Ifts. 

Which limits all are cleare from flakes and piles, 

Beyond Stanes bridge (thats more than forty miles) 

But I (from Oxford) downe to Stanes will Aide, 

And tell the riuers wrongs which I efpide, 

Not doubting but good mindes their powers will lend, 

T' endeuour thefe abufes to amend : 

Therefore I pray the Readers to difpence, 

And pardon my abrupt intelligence. 

From Oxford tv/o miles Ifley diftant is, 

And there a new turne pike doth ftand amiffe. 

Another ftands at Stanford, below that. 

Weeds, fhelues, and fhoales all waterleffe and flat ; 

At N,ewnham locke there's plac'd a fifhing weare, 

A grauell hill too high, fcarce water there ; 

At Abington the fhoales are worfe and worfe. 

That Swift ditch feemes to be the better courfe. 

Below which towne neare Sutton there are left 

Piles that almoft our Barges bottome cleft ; 

Then Sutton locks are great impediments, 

The waters fall with fuch great violence, 

Thence downe to Cullom, ftreame runs quicke and quicker. 

Yet we rub'd twice a ground for want of liquor. 

The Weare of Carpenter's fans fault I thinke. 

But yet neare Witnum towne a tree did fmke. 

Whereas by fortune we our Barge did hit. 

And by misfortune there a board was fplit ; 

B 2 At 

a^^^ (gP^i:^ t2J>^ig^?S^g?j»^Ca (sy>^y$3^^ti3^^ 

D 17 

Taylor on Thame Ifts. 

At Clifton there are rocks, and fands, and flats, 

Which made vs wade, and wet like drowned rats, 

The paffage bare, the water often gone, 

And rocks fmooth worne, doe paue it like free ftone. 

From Clifton downe to Wallingford we fleet, 

Where (for annoyance) piles are plac'd vnmeet ; 

From thence our Oares did downe the riuer draw, 

Vntill we came vntb a mungrill Spaw, 

A Bath, a Spring, a Fountaine, or a Rill, 

That iffues from the bowels of a hill, 

A hill it may be tearm'd, or demie mountaine, 

From out whofe entrails fprings this new-found fountaine, 

Whofe water (cleare as Chryftall, fweet as hony,) 

Cures all difeafes (except want of mony,) 

It helpes the Palfey, Cramp, or Apoplexie, 

Scab, fcurfe, or fcald, or dropfie if it vex yee, 

The Plurifie, the Lethargic, Strangury, 

It cures the Cataracke, and the Stone affure yee ; 

The head-ach, Megrim, Canker, or the Mumps, 

Mange, Murrians, Meazles, Melancholy dumps. 

It is of vertue, vigor, and of force 

To driue all malladies from man or horfe ; 

Help'd of a Tertian ague I faw one, 

( Weake, and not worth the ground he went vpon) 

Who drank the water mingled with the clay. 

And prefently the Ague ran away ; 



Taylor on Thame Ifis. 

It cures an old fore, or a bruifed blow, 

It made the deafe to heare, the lame to goe ; 

One dumbe came thither, and ftraightway difputed, 

And on the trees are crutches executed ; 

To heale greene wounds it hath fuch Soueraigne power. 

It cur'd a broken pate in halfe an houre, 

Which fconce was crack'd on purpofe to th'intent, 

To try the vertue of the Element. 

If any man imagine I doe lie. 

Let him goe thither, breake his pate and trie. 

Some fay crack'd maidenheads are there new fodered, 

I'm fure the hill with beggers is embroidered. 

And all thofe beggers are with little coft, 

With lice and fcabs embroidered and emboft ; 

And as it were the Well of Arijiotle, 

The water is farre fetch'd in many a bottle. 

The clay mixt with the liquour kils the Comes, 

Ah could it cure fome Cuckolds of their homes, 

It would haue patients out of euery climat, 

More than my patience could endure to rime at, 

And had it but the vertue to furceafe 

Some clamorous tongues, and make them hold their peace, 

Thoufands of husbands would their wiues fend thither ; 

That they might be recouered all together. 

Apothecaries I lament your lots. 

Your medcines now will mould in Gallipots, 

B 3 Your 

g^g^ ^^g^g^^ <S^<a(a^^:^ tg^^Q g^^^^gl IS^gg; 


Taylor on Thame JJis. 

Your drugges with barbarous names vnbought will lie, 

And wafte and languifh in obfcurity, 

Twill begger all the Quackfaluers outright, 

And all our Mountebanks are vndone quite, 

But whats become of me ? can any tell ? 

Good Reader helpe me out of this ftrange well ; 

I with my pen its praife did meane to touch. 

And it (I feare) hath made me write too much. 

Which if I haue, let your conftruftions be. 

Blame the ftrange working waters and not me : 

But he that fayes that I doe ouer-doe. 

Let him goe thither and hee'le doe fo to ; 

So farewell. Well, well fare thou, ftill excell, 

Increafe in operation, Well farewell. 

Beneath the fountaine, next is Cleaue locks fall. 

And neare to that a locke men Goring call, 

But hauing paft the locke at Gorings there, 

At Mafter Coltons houfe we had good cheare. 

With hearty welcome, but 'twas for his fake 

That did this hopefull bufmeffe vndertake, 

Yet with our hearty thanks we thanke them all. 

That din'd vs like a folemne feftiuall. 

From thence to Harts locke downward we defcended. 

And next to Whitchurch locke which muft be mended, 

Becaufe the waters turne fo fwift and various. 

And gainft our wils to dangerous courfes carry vs : 


Taylor on Thame IJis. 

Next there's a Weare, that if it had its right, 

Should be well lib'd, or elfe remoued quite ; 

Below that Maple Ducham locke appeares, 

Where ftands three faulty and vntoward Weares ; 

Then neare the bridge of Cauerjham there is 

One Welbecks Weare, fit to be mou'd I wis ; 

As paft the locke at Cauerjham we row, 

We found the riuer very foule below. 

With weeds and hills of mud and grauell choak'd, 

That with our Oares and ftaues we thrufh and poak'd. 

Next Breaches Weare near Sunning naught doth lie. 

And Sunning locke the groundfiU is too high, 

Befides two Gin-holes that are very bad 

And Sunning bridge much need of mending had ; 

Haules Weare doth almofl crofle the riuer all, 

Making the paffage ftraight and very fmall, 

How can that man be counted a good liuer 

That for his priuate vfe will ftop a riuer ? 

Shiplocke, or Cottrels locke ftand very neare, 

Not from that farre is Elmes his fifhing weare, 

Whereas the riuers cafe is altered well. 

For Mafter Ployden neare that place doth dwell ; 

Marjh locke is plac'd a little aboue Henly, 

And there the Thames is kept indifferent cleanly, 

And here at Henley once in fifteene yeares, 

A Riuer ftranger in the ftreet appeares, 

B 4 Whofe 

t2g!g^lS?^^t2>^g^^^»^^ (g^<!?feg<^(g3^^ 

Taylor on Thame IJis. 

Whofe cefterne in the Woods his wealth doth gather, 

In that long fpace, and cannot get it rather, 

But gotten out of high-way-flouds, and leaues, 

As Dutchmen keepe the drops of their houfe-eues. 

The cefterne fils and then the wals breake downe, 

And fend their ftowage vnto Henley towne, 

Another fifteene yeares the wals repaire, 

And fill the place with raine or thawed ayre. 

And being fo replenifht in that fpace. 

It runnes (rub rub) clofe by the bowling place. 

Neare Henley (fome three quarters of a mile) 

A little He digreffe and change my ftile. 

Should I forget the good ludge Whitlocks loue, 

Vnmanner'd and vngratefuU I should proue, 

It was about the time (as I remember) 

In Auguji, fome fiue dayes before September) 

We landed neare the noble ludges harbour, 

(With ftomacks Iharpe as razour of a Barber) 

The time was fhort, we neither toyd nor trifled, 

The Kitchin, Pantry, Paftry ftrait we rifled ; 

The Celler and the Buttery both we forrag'd, 

By which braue booty we were much encourag'd, 

Sacke and good Claret drawne from Tierce and Punchion, 

That feru'd one whole day, and two euenings Nunchion ; 

Our bread as good as euer baker fifted. 

Our wine (rare wine) as ere to mouth was lifted. 



Taylor on Thame I/is. 

And in our bufineffe (though we all were hafty) 

We did furprize an excellent Venfon pafty, 

We there did faue the labour of inuiters ; 

Whole ioynts of mutton prou'd vs good fheepe-biters, 

Our beere was brauely boyl'd and ftrongly malted, 

Our Pidgeon Pie was pepper'd well and falted, 

Moft tender Chickins, Pullet, and a Capon, 

We (in our fury) did commit a rape on ; 

A mighty fcarlet Lobfter laft we feafed. 

And fo with thefe Acchats our minds were eafed, 

But that which made our viands tafte the better, 

Was welcome, which made each of vs a debter ; 

And long may he and his furuiue and flourifh. 

That did poore trauellers fo kindly nourifh, 

Thefe lines are writ in duty to expreffe 

Our loue, our duty, and our thankfulneffe. 

From thence we hi'd vs with the ftreame and wind, 

And in the Barge at noone we brauely din'd. 

And as our meat our gratefull minds did moue, 

We dranke ludge Whiilocks health to fhew our loue. 

Then came we to a locke call'd Hambleton, 

Whereas the ftreame a handfome courfe doth runne ; 

Next Mednam Weare doth fpeedy mending lacke, 

It puts the Thames, and Thames puts it to wracke. 

And neare Frogge-mill two paltry flops there are. 

That in the Riuer take too great a (hare ; 




Taylor on Thame IJis. 

Newlocke at Hurley, and a Weare below, 

Almoft a flop, (fit to be clear'd I know ;) 

Then Temple locke, 'boue Bijham Church there is, 

Beneath which is a Weare fomewhat amiffe, 

Then Marlow locke is worft I muft confeffe, 

The water is fo pinch'd with fhallowneffe. 

Beneath which is a Weare fhould be defac'd, 

And Cottrels Weare of Cookham be difplac'd. 

A Weare doth to one Holdenieffe belong, 

Which doth the riuer moft iniurious wrong, 

Neare which a Spring runs from the chalkie hills, 

The which (not long agoe) did driue two mills, 

A ftop 'gainft Toplow Warren much doth fpread 

Next Bolters lock, (a mile from Maydenkead) 

Thus haue I paft the locks, now weares and flops. 

From thence as farre as Stanes mine Inkhorne drops. 

'Boue Maidenhead bridge a ftop and one beneath, 

Which both to be amended I bequeath ; 

Againft Bray church, and Bray mill, ftand three more. 

Indifferent bad as any were before ; 

A ftop at Water Oakley naught doth lie, 

At Rudles poole the grauell hills too high. 

The water turnes fo fhort, and runnes fo quicke. 

That oft the Barges there a ground doe ftricke ; 

Neare Boiieney Church a dangerous ftop is found, 

On which fine paffengers were lately drown'd ; 





Taylor on Thame Ifis. 

Below the bridge at Wind/or (paffing thus) 

Some needleffe piles ftand very perillous : 

Neare Eaton College is a ftop and weare, 

Whofe abfence well the riuer may forbeare ; 

A ftop, a weare, a dangerous funke tree, 

Not farre from Datchet Ferry are all three ; 

A grauell bed, two flops and flakes befide, 

Againfl and neare old Wind/or Church we fpide. 

With two flops more we faw neare Ankerwike, 

And neare my Lord Maiors ftone we faw the like, 

Befides an Aight or Ifland there we found, 

Hedg'd farre into the flreame to gaine more ground ; 

From Stanes we paft to Lallum guls, moft ftiallow, 

Whereas fiue Barges faft aground did wallow ; 

And fuch a trowling current there did fet. 

That we were vildly puzzled by to get ; 

Tumbling 'twixt Middle/ex and Surrey land, 

We came where Chert/eyes crooked bridge doth ftand, 

Which fure was made all by left-handed men. 

The like of it was neuer in my ken ; 

Wiw waw to Oakam ward, kim kam, kiwwaw, 

That through it men can hardly fet or row. 

That's the laft fault I found that merits note. 

And downe from thence we merrily did flote. 

Thus haue I ftiew'd Thames wrongs in generall, 

And wifti they may be mou'd, or mended all ; 


^l^g?^^ tgj^clg^^^3<^ ^yi^'^$^^^^3^^ 

R 25 

Taylor on Thame Ifis. 

And who can but with pity here behold 

Thefe multitudes of mifchiefes manifold ? 

Shall Thames be barr'd its courfe with flops and locks, 

With Mils, and hils, with gravell beds, and rocks : 

With weares, and weeds, and forced Hands made, 

To fpoile a publike for a priuate Trade ? 

Shame fall the doers, and Almighties bleffmg 

Be heap'd vpon their heads that feeke redreffing. 

Were fuch a bufmeffe to be done in Flanders 

Or Holland mongft the induftrious Netherlanders ; 

They to deepe paffages would turne our hils, 

To Windmils they would change our watermils. 

All helpes vnto this riuer they would ayd, 

And all impediments fhould be deftroyed ; 

Our vagabonds (the wandering brood of Caine) 

They would enforce thofe runnagates take paine, 

Whereby much profit quickly would accrue, 

(For labour robs the hangman of his due.) 

In common reafon, all men muft agree 

That if the riuer were made cleane and free, 

One Barge, with eight poore mens induftrious paines, 

Would carry more than forty carts or waines. 

And eueiy waine to draw them horfes fine. 

And each two men or boyes to guide or driue, 

Charge of an hundred horfe and 80. men 

With eight mens labour would be ferued then. 


ia^^^lSi^.t^ta>^cllg^5;^<g^<gag^<iJti>.g^ ?a^^) 


•g? S«^gig^^ts;j>^gfe^i$^^g^^^g^ 

Taylor on Thafne IJis. 

Thus men would be employed, and horfe preferu'd, 
And all the Countrey at cheape rates be feru'd. 
T'is faid the Dutchmen taught vs drinke and fwill, 
I'm fure we goe beyond them in that skill, 
I wifh (as we exceed them in what's bad,) 
That we fome portion of their goodneffe had : 
Then fhould this worthy worke be foone begun. 
And with fucceffefuU expedition done : 
Which I defpaire not of, but humbly plead, 
That God his bleffings will increafe and fpread 
On them that loue this work, and on their heires. 
Their goods and chattels, and on all that's theirs : 
I wifh them bleft externall, and internall, 
And in the end with happineffe eternall. 


i^^^ g^gljs^^is^<acg^^s?^^^i^g^^^is^gg? 


(B^^ (P^^W>^h(3:^^^i^^^ g^?^\p j^^^jg^g) 

IHaue almoji finijhed another /mall booke which I 
will name, ALL WATERS, wherein I 
haue treated of the Jlrange diuerjities of Waters, 
and alfo I haue defcribed and explained the various di- 
fpofitions of Watermen, their lawfull vfes, and their 
vnlawfull abufes, neither flattering, fparing, or wrong- 
ing any good or ill, which I know either by them or my 
felfe, not omitting any thing that may tend to the 
praife of their honeft trade and conditions, nor inferting 
any thing to couer their caufleffe iniuries, which many 
of them haue done to m.e and others ; for they haue late- 
ly cafi out fcandalous libels, and defaming fpeeches a- 
gainfl me, and I m,ufl inake them know, that I am not 
of that tame patience to forbeare them, who are knowne 
to be nothing but rumour and rabble ; therefore vpon 
fuch I m.ufl right m.yfelfe in print. 

i)ta»^ig^^lgj^ca g>^ ^^j.^<a3^^ 

The Old, Old, very Old Man. 

[Hazlitt, No. 52.] 

The Old, Old, very Old Man, or Thomas Parr, the 
berbury, in theCountyofShropJliiere;'who'wasborne 
in they ear e 1 48 3 , in the Raigne of King Edward the 
4"^, being Aged , 152 Yeares and odd Monthes, 
in this ye are, 1635. 

The Old, Old, 

Very Old Man: 


The Age and long Life of Thomas Par, 
the Son of John Parr of Winnington in the 
Parifh of Alberbury ; in the County of 
Salopp, (or Shropjhire) who was Borne in 
the Raigne of ¥Jm^ Edward \}a.^ 4*. be- 
ing aged 152. yeares and odd 

His Manner of Life and Converfation 

in fo long a Pilgrimage ; his Marriages, 

and his bringing up to London about 

the end of September laft. 1635. 

Whereunto is Added a Poftfcript , fhewing 

the many remarkable Accidents that 

hapned in the Life of this Old Man. 

Written 5j)/Iohn Taylor. 


Printed for Henry Goffon , at his Shop on 

London Bridge , neere to the Gate. 




Charles, By the Grace of God, 

King of great Britaine , France and 
Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. 

1^^ FSubjeBs {my dread Liege) 'tis manifeji, 
1^^ You have theold'Jldhe greatejl, dftheleajl: 
That for an Old, a Great, and Little man, 
No kingdom {/ure) compare with Britain can; 
One, for his extraordinary flature, 
Guar dswelly our gates, &by infiinSlofNatitre 
{As heeisfrong) is Loyall, True, andfufl, 
Fit, and mofi able, for his Charge and Tru/i. 
The other s fmall and well compofed feature 
Deferves the Title of a Pretty Creature : 
And doth {or may) retaine as good a 7nind 
As Greater men, and be as wellinclifid : 

A 3 Llee 

The Epiftle. 

Heemay begreatinfpirt, thoughfmallinfight, 
Whilst all his bejl offervice, is Delight 
The Old'Ji,your SubjeB is ; but for my ufe, 
I make him here, the SubjeB of my Mufe : 
And as his Aged P,erfo?i gaiitd the grace, 
That where his Soveraign was, to be in place, 
A ndkifjTeyour Roy all Hand; y humbly crave. 
His Lives Difcription may Acceptance have. 
And as your Majesty hath oft before 
Look' don my Poems; Pray reade this one more. 

Your Majefties 

Humble Subjedt 

loHN Taylo 




this Old Man's being brought out 
o/ Shropjhiere /t^- L o n d o n . 

S it is impofsible for the Sunne to be 
without light , or fire to have no 
heate ; fo is it undeniable that true 
Honour is as infeparably addidted to 
Vertue, as the Steele to the Load-ftone; and with- 
out great violence neither the one or the other can 
be fundred. Which manifeftly appeares , in the 
conveying out of the Countrey, of this poore an- 
cient Man ; Monument I may fay, and almoft 
Miracle of Nature. 

For the Right Honorable, Thomas Earle of ^- 
rundellsxid Surrey, Earle Marfhall oi England, &LZ. 
being lately in Shropjhiere to vifit fome Lands and 
Maners which his Lordfhip holds in that Coun- 
ty, or, for fome other occafions of Importance, 
which caufed his Lordfhip to be there. The Re- 
port of this Aged Man was certified to his Ho- 
nour ; who hearing of fo remarkable a Piece of 
Antiquity, his Lordfhip was pleafed to fee him, 


The very Old Man : or 

and in his Innated Noble and Chriftian Piety, he 
tooke him into his charitable tuition and prote- 
dlion ; Commanding that a Litter and two Hor- 
fes (for the more eafie carriage of a man fo enfee- 
bled and worne with Age) to bee provided for 
him ; Alfo, that a Daughter-in-Law of his (named 
Liicye) fliould likewife attend him, and have a 
Horfe for her owne riding with him ; And ( to 
cheere up the Old Man , and make him merry) 
there was an Antique-fac'd-fellow, called yacke^ 
oxyohn the Poole, with, a high and mighty no Beard, 
that had alfo a Horfe for his cariage. Thefe all 
were to be brought out of the Countrey to Lon- 
don, by eafie lourneyes; the Charges being allowed 
by his Lordfhip, and likewife one of his Honours 
owne Servants, named Brian Kelley, to ride on 
horfeback with them, and to attend and defray all 
manner of Reckonings and Expences ; all which 
was done accordingly, as followeth. 

Winnington is a Hamlet in the Parifh of Alber- 
bury, nere a place called the JVelJhPoole, eight miles 
from Shrew/bury, from whence hee was carried to 
JVim, a Town of the Earles aforefaid ; and the next 
day to Shefnall, (a Manour Houfe of his Lordfhips) 
where they likewife flaied one night ; from Shefnal 
they came to Woolverhampton , and the next day to 


The Life of Thomas Parr. 

Brimicham, from thence to Coventry; and although 
Mafter Kelley had much to do to keepe the people 
off that preffed upon him in all places where hee 
came, yet at Coventry he was moft oppreft: for they 
came in fuch multitudes to fee the Old Man , that 
thofe that defended him, were almoft quite tyred 
and fpent, and the aged man in danger to have bin 
ftifled ; and in a word, the rabble were fo unruly, 
that Bryan was in doubt hee fhould bring his 
Charge no further ; ( fo greedy are the Vulgar to 
hearken to, or gaze after novelties.) The trouble 
being over, the next day they paft to Daventry, to 
iiony Stratford, ioRedburn, and fo io London, where 
he is well entertain'd and accomodated with all 
things, having all the aforefaid Attendants , at the 
fole Charge and Cofl of his Lordfhip. 

One Remarkable Pajfage of the Old Mans Pollicie 
mufi not be omitted or forgotten, which is thus. 

His three Leafes of 63. yeares being expired, he 
tooke his laft Leafe of his Landlord (one Mafter 
yohn Porter) for his Life, with which Leafe, he hath 
lived more then 50. yeares (as is further hereafter 
declared;) but this Old Man would (for his wives 
fake) renew his Leafe for yeares, which his. Land- 
lord would not confent unto ; wherfore old Parr, 
(having been long blind) fitting in his chaire by 

B the 

The very Old Man : or 

the fire . his wife look'd out of the window , and 
percei v'd M sSitr Edward Porter, theSonofhis land- 
lord, to come towards their houfe, which (he told 
her husband, faying. Husband, our young Land- 
lord is comming hither : Is he fo, faid old Parr; I 
prethee wife lay a Pin on the ground neere my 
foot, or at my right toe; which, fhe did; and when 
yong M after Porter (yet forty yeares old) was come 
into the houfe, after falutations between them, the 
Old Man faid. Wife, is not that a Pin which lyes at 
my foot ? Truly husband, quoth fhe, it is a Pin in- 
deed, fo fhe took up the Pin, and Mafter Porter W2& 
halfe in a maze that the Old Man had recovered 
his fight againe ; but it was quickly found to be a- 
witty conceit, therby to have them to fuppofe him 
to be more lively than he was , becaufe hee hop'd 
to have his Leafe renew'd for his wives fake , as 

Hee hath had two Children by his firft wife, a 
Son and a Daughter, the Boyes name was /c/^%, and 
lived but ten weekes ; the Girle was named Joan, 
and fhee lived but three weeks. So that it appeares 
hee hath out-lived the moft part of the people that 
are living neere there, three times over. 


The Very Old Man : 


The Life of Thomas Parr. 

^N Old man's twice a child (the proverb faies) 
^^^^ And many old men nere faw halfe his daies 

Of whom I write ; for hee at firft had life, 
When Yorke and Lancajlers Domeftique (trife 
In her owne blood had fadtious England dvQnch'd, 
Vntill fweet Peace thofe civil flames had quench'd. 
When as fourth Edwards raigne to end drew nigh, 
John Parr (a man that liv'd by Husbandry) 
Begot this Thomas Parr, and borne was Hee 
The yeare of fourteen hundred eighty three. 
And as his Fathers Living and his Trade, 
Was Plough, and Cart, Sithe, Sickle, Bill, and Spade; 
The Harrow, Mattock, Flayle, Rake, Fork,&Goad, 
And Whip, and how to Load, and to Vnload ; 
Old Tom hath fhew'd himfelfe the Son oi John, 
And from his Fathers fundtion hath not gone. 

Yet I have read of as meane Pedigrees, 
That have attain'd to Noble dignities : 
Agathocles, a Potters Son, and yet 
The Kingdome of Sicilia hee did get. 

B 2 Great 

The very Old Man : or 

Great Tamberlaine, a Scythian Shepherd was, 
Yet (in his time) all Princes did furpaffe. 
Firft Ptolomey (the King of JEgypts Land) 
A poore mans Son of Alexanders Band. 
Dioclefian, Emperour, was a Scriveners Son, 
And Proba from a Gard'ner th'Empire won. 
Pertinax was a Bondmans Son, and wan 
The Empire ; So did Valentinian, 
Who was the off-fpring of a Rope-maker, 
And Maximinus of a Mule-driver. 
And if I on the truth doe rightly glance, 
Hugh Capet was a Butcher, King of France. 
By this I have digrefl, I have expreft 
Promotion comes not from the Eaft or Weft. 

So much for that, now to my Theame againe : 
This Thomas Parr hath liv'd th'expired Raigne 
Of ten great Kings and Queenes, th'eleventh now 
The Scepter, (bleft by th'ancient of all days) (fways 
Hee hath furviv'd the Edwards, fourth and fift ; 
And the third Richard, who made many a Ihift 
To place the Crowne on his Ambitious head ; 
The feventh & eighth brave Henries both are dead, 
Sixt Edward, Mary, Phillip, Elfabeth, 
And bleft remembred lames, all thefe by death 
Have changed life, and almoft 'leven yeares fmce 
The happy raigne of Charles our gracious Prince, 


The Life of Thomas Parr. 

Tom Parr hath liv'd, as by Record appeares 
Nine Monthes, one hundred fifty, and two yeares. 
Amongft the Learn'd, 'tis held in general! 
That every feventh yeare's Climadtericall, 
And dang'rous to mans life, and that they be 
Moft perillous at th'Age of fixty three. 
Which is, nine Climadtericals ; but this Man 
Of whom I write, (fince firfl his life began) 
Hath liv'd of Climadlericals fuch plenty, 
That he hath almoft out-liv'd two and twenty. 
For by Records, and true Certificate, 
From Shropfhiere late. Relations doth relate. 
That Hee liv'd 17 yeares with lohn his Father, 
And 18 with a Mafter, which I gather 
To be full thirty five ; his Sires deceafe 
Left him foure yeares Pofsion of a Leafe ; 
Which paft, Lewis Porter Gentleman, did then 
For twenty one yeares grant his Leafe agen : 
That Leafe expir'd, ehe Son of Lxw's cald John, 
Let him the like Leafe, and that time being gone. 
Then Hugh, the Son oi Lohn (laft nam'd before) 
For one and twenty yeares fold one Leafe more. 
And laflly, he hath held from Lohn, Hugh's Son, 
A Leafe for's life thefe fifty yeares, out-run : 
And till old Thomas Parr, to Earth againe 
Returne, the laft Leafe. muft his owne remaine. 

B 3 Thus 


The very Old Man : or 

Thus having fhew'd th'extention of his Age, 
rie fhew fome Adtions of his Pilgrimage. 

A'tedious time a Batchelour hee tarried, 
Full eightie yeares of age before he married : 
His Continence, to queftion I'le not call. 
Mans frailtie's weake, and oft doth flip and fall. 
No doubt but hee in fourfcore yeares might find 
In Salop's Countie, females faire and kind : 
But what have I to doe with that ; let paffe. 
At th'age aforefaid hee firft married was 
To lane, lohn Taylors Daughter ; and 'tis faid, 
That fhe (before he had her) was a Mayd. 
With her he liv'd yeares three times ten and two. 
And then fhe dy'd, (as all good wives will doe.) 
She dead, he ten yeares did a Widdower flay ; 
Then once more ventred in the Wedlock way : 
And in affedlion to his firft wife lane, 
Hee tooke another of that name againe ; 
(With whom he now doth live) (he was a widow 
To one nam'd Anthony (and furnam'd Adda) 
She was (as by report it doth appeare) 
Of Gill/els Parifh, in Mountgom'ry-Jhiere, 
The Daughter of John Lloyde (corruptly Flood) 
Of ancient houfe, and gentle Cambrian Blood. 

But hold, I had forgot, in's firft wives Time, 
Hee frayly, fouly, fell into a Crime, 



The Life of Thomas Parr. 

Which richer, poorer, older men, and younger, 

More bafe, more noble, weaker men, and ftronger 

Have falne into. 

The Cytherean, or the Paphcean game. 

That thundring lupiter did oft inflame ; 

Mofl cruell cut-throat J/<3!r5 layd by his Armes, 

And was a flave to Loves Inchanting charmes, 

And many a Pagan god, and femi-god, 

The common road of luftfull love hath trod : 

For from the Emp'rour to the ruffet Clowne, 

All flates, each fex, from Cottage to the Crowne, 

Have in all Ages lince the firft Creation, 

Bin foyld, & overthrown with Loves temptation : 

So was old Thomas, for he chanc'd to fpy 

A Beauty, and Love entred at his eye, 

Whofe pow'rfull motion drew on fweet confent, 

Confent drew Adion, Adtion drew Content, 

But when the period of thofe joyes were paft, 

Thofe fweet delights were fourely fauc'd at laft. 

The flefh retaines, what in the Bone is bred. 

And one Colts tooth was then in old Toms head, 

It may be he was guld as fome have bin. 

And fuffred punifhment for others fmne ; 

For pleafures like a Trap, a grin, or fnare, 

Or (like a painted harlot) feemes moft faire ; 

But when fhe goes away, and takes her leave. 

No ugly Beafl fo foul a (hape can have. Fair 


The very Old Man : or 

Faire Katherin Milton, was this Beauty bright, 
(Faire like an Angell, but in weight too light) 
Whofe fervent feature did inflame fo far 
The Ardent fervour of old Thomas Parr, 
That for Lawes fatisfadtion, 'twas thought meet. 
He fhould be purg'd, by (landing in a Sheet, 
Which aged (He) one hundred and five yeare, 
In Alberbury's Parifli Church did weare. 
Should All that fo offend, fuch Pennance doe. 
Oh, what a price would Linnen rife unto, 
All would be turn'd to fheets, our fhirts & fmocks 
Our Table linnen, very Porters Frocks 
Would hardly fcape tranf-forming, but all's one. 
He fuffred, and his Puniftiment is done. 

But to proceed, more ferious in Relation, 
He is a Wonder, worthy Admiration, 
Hee's (in thefe times fill'd with Iniquity) 
No Antiquary, but Antiquity ; 
For his Longeuity's of fuch extent. 
That hee's a living mortall Monument. 
And as high Towres, (that feeme the sky to fhoul- 
By eating Time, confume away, and molder, (der) 
Vntill at laft in piece meale they doe fall ; 
Till they are buried in their Ruines All : 
So this Old Man, his limbs their (Irength have left, 
His teeth all gone, (but one) his fight bereft. 



The Life of Thomas Parr. 

His finewes fhrunk, his blood mofl chill and cold, 
Small folace, Imperfedtions manifold : 
Yet ftill his fp'rits poffeffe his mortall Trunk ; 
Nor are his fenfes in his ruines fhrunk, 
But that his Hearing's quicke, his flomacke good, 
Hee'l feed well, fleep well, well difgeft his food. 
Hee will fpeake heartily, laugh, and be merry ; 
Drinke Ale, and now and then a cup of Sherry ; 
Loves Company, and Vnderftanding talke. 
And (on both fides held up) will fometirnes walk. 
And though old Age his face with wrinckles fill, 
He hath been handfome, and is comely ftill, 
Well fac'd ; and though his Beard not oft corrected, 
Yet neate it growes, not like a Beard negledted ; 
From head to heele, his body hath all over, 
A Quick-fet, Thick-fet nat'rall hairy cover. 
And thus (as my dull weake Invention can) 
I have Annatomiz'd this poore Old Man. 

Though Age be incident to moft tranfgrefsing. 
Yet Time well fpent, makes Age to be a blefsing. 
And if our ftudies would but daign to look. 
And ferioufly to ponder Natures Booke, 
We there may read, that Man, the nobleft Creature, 
By ryot and exceffe doth murder Nature. 
This man nere fed on deare compounded difties. 
Of Metamorphos'd beafts, fruits, fowls, and fifties, 

C The 


The very Old Man : or 

The earth, and ayre, the boundleffe Ocean 

Were never rak'd nor forrag'd for this Man ; 

Nor ever did Phyfician to (his coft) 

Send purging Phyfick through his guts in pofl : 

In all his life time he was never knowne, 

That drinking others healths, he loft his owne ; 


Vpon his reafon never made a Rape ; 

For Ryot, is for Troy an Annagram ; 

And Ryot wafted Troy, with fword and flame : 

And furely that which will a Kingdome fpill, 

Hath much more power one filly man to kill, 

Whilft fenfuality the Pallat pleafes, 

The body's fill'd with furfets, and difeafes ; 

By Ryot (more than War) men flaughtred be, 

From which confufion this Old Man is free. 

He once was catch'd in the Venerall Sin, 

And (being punifti'd) did experience win. 

That carefuU feare his Confcience fo did ftrike, 

He never would againe attempt the like. 

Which to our underftandings may expreffe 

Mens dayes are fhortned through lafcivioufneffe, 

And that a competent contenting Dyet 

Makes men live long, and foundly fleepe in quiet. 

Miftake me not, I fpeake not to debar 

Good fare of all forts ; for all Creatures are 



The Life of Thomas Parr. 

Made for mans ufe, and may by Man be us'd, 
Not by voratious Gluttony abus'd. 
For hee that dares to fcandall or deprave 
Good houf-keeping ; Oh hang up fuch a Knave, 
Rather commend (what is not to be found) 
Then injure that w'^^ makes the world renownd. 
Bounty hath got a fpice of Lethargie, 
And liberall noble Hofpitallity 
Lyes in confumption, almoft pin'd to death, 
And Charity benum'd, neere out of Breath. 
May Englands few good houf-keepers be bleft 
With endleffe Glory, and eternall Reft ; 
And may their Goods, Lands, and their happy Seed 
With heav'ns beft Blefsings multiply and breed. 
'Tis madneffe to build heigh with ftone and lime, 
Great houfes, that may feeme the Clouds to clime. 
With fpacious Halls, large Galleries, brave roomes 
Fit to receive a King, Peeres, Squires andGroomes ; 
Amongft which rooms, the devill hath put a Witch 
And made a fmall Tobacco-box the Kitchin ; (in, 
For Covetoufnejfe the Mint of Mifchiefe is. 
And Chriftian Bounty the High-way to Bliffe. 
To weare a Farm in fhoo-ftrings edg'd with gold, 
And fpangled Garters worth a Coppy hold : 
A hofe and dublet ; which a Lordfhip coft, 
A gawdy cloake (three Manours price almoft) 

C 2 A Beaver, 


The very Old Man : or 

A Beaver, Band, and Feather for the head, 
(Priz'd at the Churches tythe, the poor mans bread) 
For which the Wearers are fear'd, and abhorr'd 
Like Jeroboams golden Calves ador'd. 

This double, treble aged man, I wot, 
Knowes and remembers when thefe things were 
Good wholfome labour was his exercife, (not ; 
Down w* the Lamb, & with the Lark would rife, 
Li myre and toyling fweat hee fpent the day. 
And (to his Teame) hee whiftled Time away : 
The Cock his m^i-Clock, and till day was done. 
His Watch, and chiefe Sun-Diall, was the Sun. 
Hee was of old Pithagoras opinion, (onion) 

That greene cheefe was moft wholfome (with an 
Courfe Mefclin bread, and for his daily fwig, 
Milk, Butter-milk, and Water, Whay, and Whig; 
Sometimes Metheglin, and by fortune happy, 
Hee fometimes lip't a Cup of Ale moft nappy, 
Syder, or Perry, when hee did repaire 
T'a Whitfon Ale, Wake, Wedding, or a Faire, 
Or when in Chriftmas time hee was a Gueft 
At his good Land-lords houfe amongft the reft : 
Elfe hee had little leafure Time to wafte. 
Or (at the Alehoufe) huffe-cap Ale to tafte. 
Nor did hee ever hunt a Taverne Fox, 
Nere knew a Coach, Tobacco, or the Pox ; 


The Life of Thomas Parr. 

His Phyfick was good Butter, which the foyle 
Of Salop yields, more fweet than Candy oyle, 
And Garlick hee efteem'd above the rate 
Of Venice-Tria,cle, or beft Mithridate. 
Hee entertain'd no Gowt, no Ache hee felt, 
The ayre was good, and temp'rat where he dwelt, 
Whilft Mavijfes, and fweet tongu'd Nightingales 
Did chant him Roundelayes, and Madrigals. 
Thus living within bounds of Natures Lawes, 
Of his long lafling life may be fome caufe. 
For though th'almighty all mans dales do meafure, 
And doth difpofe of life and death at pleafure. 
Yet Nature being wrong'd, mans dayes and date 
May be abridg'd, and God may tollerate. 

But had the Father of this Thomas Parr, 
His Grand-father, and his Great grand-father. 
Had their lives threds fo long a length been fpun, 
They (by fuccefsion) might from Sire to Son 
Have been unwritten Chronicles, and by 
Tradition fhew Times mutabillity. 
Then Parr might fay he heard his Father well. 
Say that his Grand-fire heard his Father tell 
The death of famous Edward the Confeffor, 
{Harrold) and William Conq'rour his fucceffor ; 
How his Son Robert wan lerufalem, 
Ore-came the Sarazens, and Conquer'd them : 

C 3 How 

The very Old Man : or 

How Rufus raign'd, and's Brother Henry next, 
And how ufurping Stev'n this Kingdome vext : 
Yioss[Ma'wd\}i\t Emprefs (the ^x^Henries daughter) 
To gaine her Right, fill'd England {mW of Daughter : 
Of fecond Henry s Rofamond the faire. 
Of Richard Cuer-de-lyon, his brave heire, 
King lohn, and of the foule fufpition 
Of Arthurs death, jfohns elder Brothers Son. 
Of the third Henries long raigne (fixty yeares) 
The Barons wars, the loffe of wrangling Peeres, 
Yio"<sr Long-Jhanks did the Scots & French convince, 
Tam'd Wales, and made his haples fon their Prince. 
How fecond Edward w2iS Carnarvon call'd. 
Beaten by Scots, and by his Queen inthrall'd. 
How the third Edward, fifty yeares did raigne, 
And t'honor'd Garters Order did ordaine. 
Next how the fecond Richard liv'd and dy'd. 
And how fourth Henries faction did divide 
The Realme with civill (mod uncivill) war 
'Twixt long contending Yorke and Lancajier. 
How the fift Henry fwayd, and how his fon 
Sixt Henry, a fad Pilgrimage did run. 
Then of fourth Edward, and faire Miftriffe Shore, 

King Edwards Concubine Lord Hajiings ( ) 

Then how fift Edward, murthered with a trick 
Of the third Richard; and then how that Dick 


The Life of Thomas Parr. 

Was by feventh Henries flaine at B of worth field ; 
How he and's fon th'eighth Henry, here did wield 
The Scepter ; how fixt Edward fwayd, 
How Mary rul'd, and how that royall Mayd 
Elizabeth did Governe (beft of Dames) 
And Phenix-\\k& expir'd, and how juft lames 
(Another Phenix) from her Afhes claimes 
The right of Britaines Scepter, as his owne, 
But (changing for a better) left the Crowne 
Where now 'tis, with King Charles, and may it be 
With him, and his moft bleft Pofterity 
Till time fhall end ; be they on Earth renown'd. 
And after with Eternity be crown'd. (ding) 

Thus had Parr had good breeding, (without rea- 
Hee from his fire, and Grand fires fire proceeding. 
By word of mouth might tell mofi; famous things 
Done in the Raigns of all thofe Queens and Kings. 
But hee in Husbandry hath bin brought up, 
And nere did tafi;e the Helliconian cup, 
He nere knew Hifi;ory, nor in mind did keepe 
Ought, but the price of Corne, Hay, Kine, or Sheep. 
Day found him work, and Night allowd him refl. 
Nor did Affaires of State his braine molefi:. 
His high'fi: Ambition was, A tree to lop. 
Or at the furtheft to a May-poles top. 
His Recreation, and his Mirths difcourfe 
Hath been the Pyper, and the Hobby-horf And 


The very Old Man : or 

And in this fimple fort, hee hath with paine, 
From Childhood liv'd to bee a Child againe. 
'Tis flrange, a man that is in yeares fo growne 
Should not be rich ; but to the world 'tis knowne, 
That hee that's borne in any Land, or Nation, 
Vnder a Twelve-pence Planet's Domination, 
(By working of that Planets influence) 
Shall never live to be worth thirteene pence. 
Whereby (although his Learning cannot fhow it) 
Hee's rich enough to be (like mee) a Poet. 

But er'e I doe conclude, I will relate 
Of reverend Age's Honourable flate ; 
Where fnall a young man good Inftrudlions have. 
But from the Ancient, from Experience grave ? 
Roboam, (Sonne and Heire to Solomon) 
Rejecting ancient Counfell, was undone 
Almoft ; for ten of the twelve Tribes fell 
To Jerobomn King of Ifrael. 
And all wife Princes, and great Potentates 
Seled; and chufe Old men, as Magiflrates, 
Whofe Wifedome, and whofe reverend Afped;, 
Knowes how and when to punifh or protect. 
The Patriarkes long lives before the Flood, 
Were given them (as 'tis rightly underftood) 
To (tore and multiply by procreations, 
That people fhould inhabit and breed Nations. 


The Life of Thomas Parr. 

That th'Ancients their Pofterities might fhow 
The fecrets Deepe of Nature, how to know- 
To fcale the fkie with learned Afironomy, 
And found the Oceans deepe profundity ; 
But chiefly how to ferve, and to obey 
God, who did make them out of flime and clay ; 
Should men live now, as long as they did then, 
The Earth could not fuftaine the Breed of Men. 
Each man had many wives, which Bigamie, 
Was fuch increafe to their Pofterity, 
That one old man might fee before he dy'd. 
That his owne only ofif-fpring had fupply'd 
And Peopled Kingdomes. 
But now fo brittle's the eftate of man. 
That (in Comparifon) his life's a fpan. 
Yet fmce the Flood it may be proved plaine, 
That many did a longer life retaine, 
Than him I write of ; for Arpachfhad liv'd 
Foure hundred thirty eight, Shelah furviv'd 
Foure hundred thirty three yeares, Eber more, 
For he liv'd twice two hundred fixty foure. 
Two hundered yeares Terah was alive. 
And Abrham liv'd one hundred feventy five. 
Before loVs Troubles, holy writ relates, 
His fons and daughters were at marriage ftates. 
And after his refloring, 'tis moft cleare, 

D That 


The very Old Man : or 

That he furviv'd one hundred forty yeare. 

lohn Buttadeus (if report be true) 

Is his name that is flil'd, The IVandring lew, 

'Tis faid, he faw our Saviour dye ; and how 

He was a man then, and is living now ; 

Whereof Relations you (that will) may reade ; 

But pardon me, 'tis no part of my Creed. 

Vpon a Germanes Age, 'tis written thus, 

That one Johannes de Temporibus 

Was Armour-bearer to brave Charlemaigne, 

And that unto the age he did attaine 

Of yeares three hundred fixty one, and then 

Old yohn of Times return'd to Earth agen. 

And noble Nejlor, at the fiege of Troy, 

Had liv'd three hundred yeares both Man and boy. 

Sir Walter Rawleigh (a moft learned Knight) 

Doth of an Irijh Counteffe, Defmond, write. 

Of feven fcore yeares of Age, he with her fpake : 

The Lord Sdlni A Ibanes doth more mention make 

That fhe was Married in Fourth Edwards raigne, 

Thrice fhed her Teeth, which three times came a- 

T\it High-land Scots 2.vA ih.tJVildeTriJh are (gaine. 

Long liv'd with Labour hard, and temperate fare. 

Amongft the Barbarous Indians fome live ftrong 

And lufty, neere two hundred winters long ? 

So as I faid before, my Verfe now fayes 

By wronging Nature, men cut off their dayes. 

26 Therefore 

The Life of Thomas Parr. 

Therefore (as Times are) He I now write on, 
The age of all in Britane hath out gone ; 
All thofe that were alive when he had Birth, 
Are turn'd againe unto their mother earth. 
If any of them live, and doe replye, 
I will be forry, and confeffe I lye. 
For had he bin a Marchant, then perhaps 
Stormes, Thunderclaps, or feare of Afterclaps, 
Sands, Rocks, or Roving Pyrats, Gufls and flormes 
Had made him (long ere this) the food of worms. 
Had he a Mercer, or a Silk-man bin. 
And trufted much in hope great gaine to win. 
And late and early flrived to get or fave. 
His Gray head long ere now had been i'th Grave. 
Or had he been a Judge or Magijirate, 
Or of Great Counfell in Affaires of ftate 
Then dayes important bufmeffe, and nights cares 
Had long ere this, Interr'd his hoary haires : 
But as I writ before, no cares oppreft him, 
Nor ever did Affaires of State moleft him. 
Some may objedl, that they will not believe 
His Age to be fo much, for none can give 
Account thereof, Tjme being paft fo far, 
And at his Birth there was no Regifter. 
The Regifter was ninty feven yeares fmce 
Giv'n by th'eight Henry (that Illuflrious Prince) 

D 2 Th'yeare 


The very Old Man : or 

Th'yeare fifteene hundred fourty wanting twaine) 
And in the thirtieth yeare of that Kings raigne ; 
So old Parr now, was almoft an old man, 
Neere fixty ere the Regifter began. 
I'have writ as much as Reafon can require, 
How Times did paffe, how's Leafes did expire ; 
And Gentlemen o'th County did Relate 
T'our gracious King by their Certificate (him ; 
His age, and how time w* gray haires hath crownd 
And fo I leave him older than I found him. 

A Pofcript. 

THe changes of Manners, the variations of Cuftomes, the mu- 
tability of Times, the fhiftings of Fafhions, the alterations of 
Religions, the diverfities of Se£ts,and the intermixture of Accidents 
which hath hapned fmce the Birth of this old Thomas Parr, in this 
Kingdom ; although all of them are not to be held worthy of men- 
tioning, yet many of them are worthy to be had in memory. 

In the fixt yeare of his Age, and in the fecond yeare of the raigne 
of King/iTiJwrj'thefeventh, one Lambert Simnell, (the Son of a Baker) 
claimed the Crowne, and was crowned King of Jreland, and Procla- 
med King of England in the Citie of Dublin : This Paltry fellow 
did put the King to much coft and trouble, for hee landed with an 
Army at Foivdrey in L ancajhiere, and at a place called Stoke, the King 
met him, and after a fharpe and fhort Battell, overcame and tooke 
him, and pardoning him his Life, gave him a Turn-broaches place in 
the Kitchin, and afterwards made him one of his Faulconers. 
Anno. 1487. 

In the tenth yeare of his Age, and the eighth offfenrj/the feventh 
another Yongfter, whofe name was Perken Warbeck (as fome write, 
a Tinkers Son in Tournay) fome fay his Father was a lew ; notwith- 



A Pofcript. 

ftanding,he likewife put theKing to muchchargeand trouble,forhe 
was aflifted with Souldiers from Scotland 2LXiA France; befides, many 
joyned with him in England, till at the laft, the King tooke him, and 
(on his true Confeffion, pardon'd him) hee falling againe to his old 
Praftice, was executed at Tyburne. 1499. 

The fame yeare alfo, a Shoomakers Son, dwelling in Bijhopfgate- 
Jlreet, likewife claimed the Crowne, under the name of Edward, 
Earle of Warwick, the Son of George, Duke of Clarence, Brother 
to King Edward the fourth ; but this young Shoomaker ended his 
claime in 3,\i-aS.\.Q.rz.\. Saint Thomas a Wi:3;fer2«_^j; which was a warning 
for him, not to furpaffe Ne Sutor Vltra Crepidam. 

Another Counterfeit, the Son of a Miller claimed the Crowne, 
(in the fecond yeare of Queene Maries raigne) faying that hee was 
King Edward the fixt ; but the tenth of May, 1552, thofe Royall 
Opinions were whip'd out of him for a while, till hee fell to his old 
claime agen, and purchas'd a hanging the thirteenth of March fol- 
lowing. So m.uch for Impoftures and Counterfeits. 

For Religion, hee hath knowne the Times of divers Sefts and 
Changes, as the Romifh Catholick Religion from his Birth, till the 
24 yeare of King Henry the eight, the time of 50 yeares : And then 
the 26 of his raigne (the Kings underftandingbeing Illuminated from 
above) hee caft the Popes Authority out of this Kingdome, 1534, 
and reftored the Ancient and Primitive Religion, which continued 
under the Title oi Protestants, till the end of his Son, King Edward 
the fixt his raign, which was neer about 20 yeares, then was a bloudy 
alteration, or return to Papiftry for more than S yeares, all the raign 
of Queen Mary ; fince whofe death, the Proteftant Religion again 
washappily reftored, continued, and maintained by the Defenders of 
theTrue, Ancient, Catholike,and Apoftolike Faith,thefe 66 years and 
more, under the bleffed Governments of Queene Elizabeth, King 
lames, and King Charles. All which time, Thomas Parr hath not 
been troubled in mind for either the building or throwing downe of 
Abbyes, and Religious Houfes ; nor did hee ever murmur at the 
manner of Prayers, let them be Latin or Englifh, hee held it fafeft to 
be of the Religion of the King or Queene that were in being; for he 
knew that hee came raw into the world, and accounted it no point of 
Wifedome to be broyled out of it : His name was never queftioned 
foraffirmingordenying the Kings Supremacie : He hath known the 

D 3 time 


A Pofcript. 

time when men were fo mad as to kneele downe and pray before 
a Blocke, a Stock, a Stone, a Pifture, or a Relique of a Hee or Shee 
Saint departed ; and he liVd in a timewhen mad men would not bow 
their knee at the name ollefus ; that are more afraid to fee a white 
Surpliffe, than to weare a white Sheet ; that defpife the Croffe (in 
any thingbut mony) that hold Latin to be the language of the Beaft, 
and hate it deadly becaufe the Pope fpeaks it ; thatwould patch up a 
Religion with untemper'd Morter, out of their owne Braines, not 
grounded upon the true Comer-ftone ; who are fumilh'd with a lazy 
idle Faith ; that holds good workes a maine Point of Popery ; that 
hold their Religion traeft, becaufe it is contrary to all Order and 
Difciphne, both of Church and Common- wealth : Thefe are fprung 
up fince old Tom Parr was borne. 

But he hath out-liv'd many Sectaries and Heretikes ; Forin the 32 
yeare of the raigne of King Henry the eighth, 1 540. the 3 of May, 
three Annabaptiils were burnt in the High-way, between ^tfa/i^w/irj^ 
and Newington. In the fourth yeare of King Edward the fixt, one 
George of Paris, a Dutchman, was burned in Smithfield, for being an 
Arian Heretike, 155 1. 1583, One lohn Lez^is denied the God- 
head of Chrift, burnt at Norwich, in the 26 yeare of Elizabeth. 
Not long before that, there was one loite ButcJter (Alias) lone of 
Kent, burnt for the like. 

In the third yeare of Queene Elizabeths raigne, one William 
Geffrey affirmed one lohn Moore to be Chrift, but they were both 
whip'd out of that prefumptuous Opinion, 1561. 

In the 17 of Queene Elizabeth, the Se6l of the Family of Love 
began 15 75. hut it tooke no deep root. 

In the 21 of Queene Elizabeth, one Mathew Hatnontwas bum'd 
at Norwich for denying Chrift to be our Saviour. 

In the 33 of Queene Elizabeth, one William Racket was hang'd 
for profeffing himfelfe to be Chrift, 1591. 

In the 9 yeare of king laTnes, the 1 1 oi Aprill, 161 1, one Edward 
Wightman was bum'd at Litchfield iox Arianifme. 

So much have I written concerning Se6ls and Herefies which 
have beene in this Kingdome in his time, now I treate of fome 
other Paflages. 

Hee hath out-liv'd fix great Plagues. Hee was borne long before 
we had much ufe of Printing : for it was brought into this King- 


A Pofcript. 

dome 1472. and it was long after ere it was in ufe. 

Hee was above 80 yeares old before any Gunnes were made in 
England, 1535. 

TheVintonersfold no Sacks, Mufcadels, Malmfeys, Baftards, Alle- 
gants, nor any other Wines but White and Claret, till the 33 yeare 
of King Henry the eight 1 543, and then was Old Parr 60 yeares of 
age : all thofe fweet Wines were fold till that time at the Apothe- 
caries for no other ufe, but for Medicines. 

There was no Starch ufed in England. A Flaunders v/oman, one 
Miftris DingJicn Vanden PlaJJe brought in the ufe of Starch, 1564 : 
and then was this man neere 80 yeares old. 

There were no Bands worne till King Henry the eights time ; for 
hee was the firft King that ever wore a Band in England, 1513. 

Womens Mafques, Busks,Muffes,Fannes, Periwigs, and Bodkins, 
were invented by/to/2a«Curtezans,and tranfported 'Carow.^ France 
into England, in the ninth of Queene Elizabeth. 

Tobacco was firfl brought into England by Sir lohn Hawkins, 
1 565, but it was firft brought into ufe by Sir Walter Rawleigh many 
yeares after. 

He was 81 yeares old before there was any Coach m England; for 
the firft that ever was feene here, was brought out of the Nether- 
lands, by one William Boonen, a Dutch-man, who gave a Coach to 
Queen Elizabeth, (iox ftie had been feven yeares a Queen before flie 
had any Coach) fince when, they have increafed ('with a mifchiefej 
and rui'nd all the beft Houfe-keeping, to the undoing of the Water- 
men, by the multitudes of Hackney or hired Coaches : but they ne- 
ver fwarmed fo thick to pefter the ftreets, as they doe now, till the 
yeare 1605, and then was the Gun-powder Treafon hatch'd, and at 
that time did the Coaches breed and multiply. 

He hath out-liv'd the P"aftiion, at leaft 40 times over and over. 

He hath Icnown many Changes of Scarcity (or Dearth) and Plen- 
tic : but I will fpeake oncly of the Plentie. 

In the yeare 1499, the ij of Henry 7, Wheat was fold for 4. s. 
the quarter, or 6. d. the bufliell, and Bay fait at 4. d. and Wine at 40 
fhillings the Tun, (which is about three farthings the quart.) 

In the firft of Queen Mary, Beere was fold for fixpcnce the Bar- 
rel!, (the Caskc and all) and three great loaves for one peny. 

In the yeare 1557, the fifth of Queen Mary, the Penny Wheaten 



A Pofcript. 

Loafe was in weight, 56 ounces, and in many places people would 
change a Bufhell of Corne for a Pound of Candles. 

So much fhall fuffice for the declaring of fome Changes and Alte- 
rations that have hapned in his time. 

Now for a Memoriall of his Name, He give a little touch. 
I will not fearch for the Antiquity of the name of Parr, but I find it 
to be an Honorable name in the 1 2 yeare of King .Sofwi^rfi? the fourth, 
the King fent Sir William ParrKnight, toceafeupontheArchbifhop 
of Yorks Goods, at a place called the More, in Hartfordjhiere, 1472 : 
this Sir William Parr was Knight of the Right Honourable Order 
of the Garter. 

In the 22 of Edward the fourth, the fame Sir William Parr went 
with an Army towards Scotland, with Richard Duke of Glojler. 

In the yeare 1543, the 35 yeare of King Henry the eight, luly 22, 
the King was married to Lady Katherin Parr; and the 24 oi Decern. 
following, the Queene's Brother, William Lord Parr, was created 
JLavle of JSJfex, and Sir WilliamParrtheirVnclewasma6el.ordParr 
oi Norton, and Chamberlaine to the Queene, and the firft of King 
Edwardiki^{\K.t, William Parr, Earle of .£^;ir was created Marqueffe 
of Northampton ; and in the 4 yeare of King Edwards raigne 1550, 
the faid Marqueffe was made Lord Great Chamberlaine oi England, 
and on the laft oiAprill, 1552, hee (amongft other Lords) Muftred 
100 brave well appointed Horfmen of his owne charge before King 
Edward in the Park at Greemvich (his Cognifance or Creft being the 
Maydenkead) in the firft of Queene Mary hee tooke part with the 
'L.adylane againft the Queen, for which he was taken and committed 
to the Tower, luly 26, and (contrary to expeftation) releafed againe 
fhortly after, March 24. 

Alfo the firft of Queene Elizabeth, William Parr, Marqueffe of 
Northampton fate in Wejlminjier Hall, Lord High Steward, upon a 
Tryall of William Lord Wentworth, (who had been late Lord De- 
puty of Ca/^j; which noble Lord PfV«/z£/or///,came off moft Honou- 
rably acquited, Aprill 22. 

After the death of King Henry the eight, Queene Katherin Parr 
was married to Sir Thomas Seimer, 'Lord High Admirall,and fhe dy- 
ed the 2 oi September, 1548. 

And thus I lay downe the Pen, leaving it to whomfoever can, or 
will make more of this Old Man, than I have 



Part of this Summers Travels, 

[Not in Hazlitt nor Lowndes.] 

Part of this Sum^ 

mers Travels. 

Or News 

From Hell, Hull, and Halli/ax, 

from York, Linne, Leicefter, 

Chejler, Coventry, Lichfield, 

Nottingham, and the 
Dive Us Ars a Peake. 

With many pleafant paffages, 
worthy your obfervation 

and reading. 

By yohn Taylor. 

Imprinted by y. O. 


A few words of direHion to 
the Reader. 

Have not written every 
place in that order, as is 
fet downe in the Title of 
this Pamphlet , but of 
fuch places as I travelled 
unto, I have truly related 
the paffages , and the time , both when, 
where, why, and how I went, came and per- 
form'd It. If any man aske wherefore this 
Book is good, or how it may be any way 
ufefull, I anfwer that it is foure ways com- 
modious : Firfh, it is profitable, for it will 
dire6l a man the high-wayes of croffmg di- 
vers Countries from place to place, which 
no other Book fhews, as from Leicejler to 
Linne in Norfolke, from Linne to Kingfione, 
A 2 upoii 

upon Hull in Yorke/hire, from Hull to 
Yorke, thence to Hallifax, to Chejler, Darby, 
Nottingham, Coventry, Lichfield, and the 
Devils Ars a Peake : all thefe ways are here- 
in defcribed ; fecondly, there are fome Mo- 
numents of Antiquitie are mentioned, 
which greater Authours have omitted ; 
thirdly, there are fome paffages of delight- 
full Mirth and Recreation. And laftly, all is 
true, or elfe you have the Authours leave to 
travell as hee hath done, and doe your beft 
and worft to prove him a liar. 


Paffages and Entertainments 
from London to Leicejler , 

with fome obfervations 

of the faid Town 
and Shire. 

\Pon Saint Swithins day, I noted well, 
I The wind was calme, nor any rain then fell. 
Which f aire day (as old fawes faith) doth 
That heaven to earth, will plenteous harveft fend, 
The morrow being ] uUes fxteenth day, 
In my progrefjion I began my way. 
T need not to relate the towns that lie 
Jufi in my way, (as T road through or by) 
Onely at Mims, a Cockney boafling bragger 
In mirth, did aske the women for Belfwagger, 
Butflrait the females, like the Furies fell, 
Did curfe, fcold, raile, cafl dirt, andflones pell mell, 

A 3 But 


But we betook us nimbly to our /purs, 
And left them calling us rogues, Knaves, and airs, 
With other pretty names, which I difcern'd 
They from their old fore-mothers well had learn' d. 
The reafon why they are with rage inflam'd, 
When as they heare Belfwagger nam'd. 
Is (as report doth fay) there dwelt a Squire, 
Who was fo full of love, (or lufls defire) 
That with his fair e tongue, Hippocritick-hood, 
( By flanderous people 'twas mifunderflood) 
The women were fo fruitfull, that they were 
All got with childe, in com.paffe of one year e. 
And that Squires name, they fay, Belfwagger was, 
A nd from that tale, the lying jeere doth paffe. 
Wherefore the ivomen there will chide and fwagger, 
If any man do aske them for Belfwagger. 
Thence pafl I on my jotirney unto Hockly, 
Where as I faw a Drunkard like a block lye, 
There I alighted at thefanguine Lion, 
WJtere I had meat, drink, and a bed to lie on, 
Tlie next day I road flately to Northampton, 
And all the way m.y horfe inoft proudly flampt on. 
On Thurfday, trotting, galloping and ambling. 
To Leifter, I proceeded in my rambling : 
There, at the blue Boare / was welcome than 
Unto m,y brother Miles, a downright man. 
Plain dealing, free from flattery, fraud orfeare, 
Who hath liv'd long ivith reputation there. 



He's old and honejl, valiant, courteous, free r 
(I write not this for making much of me) 
But they that doubts on't, let them go and try 
And if he be a changling, fay I lie. 
That houfe, King Richard lodg'd in, his lafl night f 
Before he did the field of Bofworth fight. 
And there's a Room, a King to entertain. 
The like is not in Leifter Town again, 
Th'Af/izes then were there, fome caufes tride, 
And Law did there the corps and fouls divide. 
Of two offenders, one had with a Knife 
Stabd his contrasted love, and reaifd her life, 
'Tother, a wench that had fiolne fome poor rayment. 
And fir' d the houfe, deferifd the Hangmans fay- 
King Leir a Temple did to Janus reare (ment. 
And plac'd a Flamine in't, there doth appeare 
The arched Ovens foure yards thick at leafl. 
Wherein they Heathen Sacrifices drefi ; 
Like as the Jews in their Idolatry, 
Offered their fonnes and daughters impioufly, 
To Moloch, Nifroch, Afhtaroth, and Ball : 
And to thofe devillifh gods adore and fall. 
So people here, when war re or peace they fought ; 
They offrings unto Janus Temple brought ; 
This was eight hundred forty and foure yeare 
Before our Saviours birth, built by King Leire, 
Long after Eltreldred (the Mercian King) 
A happy and a Chrifiian change did bring, 

A 4 The 


The Temple ra^d the Flamine he defac'd, 
And there a Chri/iia?t Bijhops Sea he plac'd, 
Which lafi but few yeares, for then this Land 
Was f even-fold yoaked, beneath 7 Kings command. 
And thofe Kings Jlill were in perpetuall wars 
That England was quite fpoy I'd with endleffe jars, 
And in thofe Garboyles Leifter had Iter fhare, 
Spoy'ld, rifled, ranfack'd, rob'd, and left tnq/i bare, 
Till Edelfred, with great magnificence. 
Repair' d and wall'd itftronglyfor defence. 
Then did itflourifh long in wealth andftate, 
Tillfecond Henry it did ruinate : 
He in out-ragious fury fir' d the Town, 
Difwall'd it quite, and cafi the Caftle down. 
So nothing butfome ruines doth appeare. 
Whereby tnen may perceive that fuch things were. 
Thus Leifter y^//, from ftate fuperlative. 
Her fifty churches all confum'd to five. 
Yet it is f aire andfpacious at this day. 
And Eaft, Wefi, North and South 'tis every way 
Above a mile in length, fo that no doubt. 
The Town's in circuit fix large miles about. 
'R&nry firfi Duke of Lancafter in war. 
In peace, or bounty, a bright blazing Star 
For buildings i7i this City is renown' d. 
Which as time rais'd, time did again confound. 
Yet one large fabrick there doth jlill abide. 
Whereby tlie good Dukes name is dignifide. 



And that's an Hofpitall or Bead-houfe, where 
One hundred and ten men are harbour' d there, 
From perilling through want, Jiill to defend 
Thofe aged men untill the world Jhall end. 
Twice every day a Chaplain doth repair 
To them ; and unto God fends prayfe and prayer. 
And Nurfes are allow' d to dreffe their meat, 
To make their beds, to wafli, and keep them neat: 
For which they thankefull be to God alone 
Who rais'd fuch means to eafe the poor mans mone. 
Good Henry Earle of Huntingdon (renown' d) 
A free fchoole did ereSl there, from the ground. 
With means (though meane) for mayntenance en- 
Two Vfhers, and one Schoolmafler allow' d, (dow'd 
They teach young lads, fitch Rules as do belong. 
To reade the Englifh and tlie Latine tongue, 
And when their knowledge is with hope difcernd, 
They in the Greek may learn, and be more learn'd. 

But to relate fomthing in profe of this ancient 
Towne of Leicefier, in the time of nine weekes, 
which I abode there to and fro, I obferved fuch 
a civill government and decency, which is not 
in many places to be found or equallized. 

Firft, I noted the peace, tranquillity, and unity 
which the people live in, under the rule and 
command of the Major and his brethren, to 



whofe authority and power (under the King) 
the inhabitants do willingly obay. 

Secondly, the Clergy (or Minillery) are lear- 
ned, diligent, and painfull ; and both Clergie and 
Layity, are conformable to the Orders and Dif- 
cipline of the Church of England, and I did not 
heare of any one, refiding there, that is, either 
Schifmatically opinionated with Dogmaticall 
Whimfeyes, or Amjter-damnable Fopperies. 

Thirdly, they are fo charitable and carefull 
in providing for the relief of the poore and nee- 
dy, that a man muft go feek where to beftow his 
almes, for there is not any one (that I could fee) 
that begg'd in the whole Town. 

Fourthly, the ftreets are fo well paved, and 
kept fo clean from dunghils, filth, or foyle, that in 
the wetteft or fowleft weather, a man may go all 
over the Towne in a paire of flippers, and never 
wet his feet. 

Laftly, the people are generally fo loving one 
to another, that the Lawyers want work, and fo 
honeft that the Apparitors are idle, and thofe few 
Drunkards which they have, are very civill and 
faire condition'd. 

Certain other obfervations. 

There is a faire Library, and a well founded 



Almes-houfe within the Town, alfo two Gaoles, 
two houfes of Correftion, and for mad and fran- 
tick people. Alfo it is reported, that when King 
Richard the Third went from Leicejler, to fight 
the battaile neer Bofworth, that then there was a 
man of mean calling (fome fay he was a weaver, 
and fome fay a Plough-wright by his trade) hee 
had a fpirit of divination or Prophecie, of whom 
the Tyrant' King Richard, demanded fome que- 
ftions, what the event of that dayes fight might 
be to him, to whom the other (moft bluntly an- 
fwered, Marke my words King Richard, that as 
thou dojl ride out of the Towne of Leicefter, this 
morning thou fhalt hit thy right foot againfi a 
ftone, and as thou returneft thou fhalt knocke thy 
head againfi the fame ; which proved true, for as 
he road, he did ftrike againft the corner of a wall 
his foot, and after hee was flain in the field, hee 
was ftript, and his body layd croffe behind a 
man on Horf-back (like a calfe) and in that vile 
and ignominious manner, as they brought his 
corps back to Leicefler, his head did knocke a- 
gainfl the aforefaid wall or ftone, which place I 
faw there ; alfo I went eight miles to fee Red- 
more field, where the King fell, which is a moo- 
rifh kinde of ground, altogether unfruitfull, and 
the water doth feem red, which fome foolifli 
people do fuppofe to be the flaine of K. Richards 

bloud ; 


bloud ; but it is onely the colour of the red earth 
that makes the water feeme fo, and the ground 
clofe adjoyning is very fertile for Corne and 
Pafturage, but in the lower parts it is boggy and 
moory : by nature, and not either barren or blou- 
dy by any reafon of the King's death. 

Another obfervation is concerning the altera- 
tion of the meafures of Miles, and good fufficient 
Pots or Jugs of drink, but the further I travelled 
Northward, the more the miles were lengthe- 
ned, and the Pots fhrunke and curtald ; but in- 
deed, what the liquor wanted in meafure it had 
in ftrength : the power of it being of fuch po- 
tentie, that it would fox a dry Traveller, before 
he had half quencht his thirft 

In this County of Leicejler, I obferved a piece 
of extream jufbice, executed upon three Geefe, 
which was thus. 

At a village called Dadlington, eight miles 
from Leicejler, there dwels a Gentlewoman a 
Kinfwoman of mine, who the lafi: Trinity Tearm 
1639 was at London, about fome bufmeffe in 
Law, which much concern'd her ; and in her ab- 
fence, the Pinder of Dadlington, finding three 
of her Geefe innocently grazing upon the Com- 
mon, for to Ihew the full power, force, vertue, 
and marrow of his office and authority, drave 
the Geefe into the Pound or Pindfold, and be- 



caufe they could procure no Bayle for their re- 
leafe, nor fureties for their true imprifonment, 
hee put all their three necks into a Horflock, 
which Engine or Neck-fetter was fo ftrait, clofe, 
and pinching, that the Geefe were all ftrangled : 
Now the queftion is whether Willy, Tilly, (the 
Finder fo filly) were the caufe of their deaths, 
or whether the Geefe did defperately caft away 
themfelves : all which I humbly refer to the dif- 
cretion of the Jury. 

But fome readers n^ay mufe why I do write fo 
much of Leicejler, in this little Book ; the reafon 
is that I lay there from the 17 of July, to the 20 
of Auguji, which was five weekes, but in the 
mean fpace, I road to Coventry, and return'd in 
a day to Leicejler again, of Coventry I have little 
to fay, but that it is a faire, famous, fweet, and an- 
_ cient City, fo walled about with fuch ftrength 
and neatneffe, as no City in England may com- 
pare with it ; in the wals (at feverall places) are 
13 Gates and Pofterns whereby to enter, and if- 
fue too and from the City : and on the wals are 1 8 
ftrong defenfible Towers, which do alfo beauti- 
fie it : in the City is a faire and delicate Croffe, 
which is for ftrufture, beauty and workmanfhip, 
by many men accounted unmatchable in this 
Kingdome : although my felfe with fome others, 
do fuppofe, that of Abington in Berkejhire will 



match it, and I am fure the Croffe in Cheapfide 
at London doth farre out-paffe it. I have bin at this 
City foure times, and have written of it before, 
and therefore at this time (my ftay being fo fhort 
there) I have but little to fay, onely this that 
fome are of opinion, that at the firft it was called 
Coventry, from the French word Trey Covent, be- 
caufe there were founded three Covents, for 
three feverall Orders of Friers, namely, the 
Francifcan Friers, the Augujiine Friers, and the 
Dominicans. It matters not much who erefted 
the faid foundations and Covents, but it is cer- 
tain, that the renowned King Henry the Eighth 
did fuppreffe and demolifli them, whofe memo- 
ries now is almoft quite buried in their owne 
ruines. Coventry is a County of it felfe, it hath 
been grac'd and dignified much by the Grants 
and Priviledges given to it by former Kings, as 
King Edward the third, and King Henry the 
fixt ; the Majors name (at my being there, was 
Mafter Thomas Forreji a Vintener) and Mafter 
Thomas Phineas Sword-bearer there dyed at the 
beginning of the Sefllons (much about the time 
of my being there) he was a man of that comely 
bulke and corpulency, that his Coffin was a full 
yard wide at the fhoulders, and it is faid, that in 
his life time hee could have been (at one Meale) 
the confumption of a large fhoulder of Mutton : 




but he and his good ftomack being both deceaft, 
I left Coventry, becaufe it was Seffions time, 
and returned to my Randevouze at Leijler. 

The eleventh day of Augujl I road from Lei- 
jler to Nottingham, where 1 lodged at the figne 
of the Princes Armes ; but I was wel entertained 
at the houfe of the Right Worfhipfull Sir Tho- 
mas Hutchinfon Knight, himfelfe and his 
good Lady made mee welcome, and did ex- 
preffe their bounty to mee in good cheere and 
money : for the which I am heartily thank- 

The Towne of Nottingham is feated on a Hill, 
which Hill is almoft of one ftony Rocke, or a 
foft kinde of penetrable fandy ftone ; it hath ve- 
ry faire buildings, many large ftreetes, and a fpa- 
cious Market place ; a great number of the inha- 
bitants (efpecially the poorer fort) doe dwell in 
vaults, holes, or caves, which are cut and digged 
out of (or within) the Rocke : fo that if a man 
be deftitute of a houfe, it is but to goe to Not- 
tingham, and with a Mattock, a Shovell, a Crow 
of Iron, a Chizell, and Mallet, and fuch inflru- 
ments, he may play the Mole, the Cunny, or the 
Pioner, and worke himfelfe a Hole, or a Burrow, 
for him and his family : where, over their heads 
the graffe and pafture growes, and beafts do feed ; 
faire Orchards and gardens are their coverings, 
and Cowes are milkt upon the tops of their hou- 



fes. I was much befriended by Mafter Palmer 
the Jaylor there ; for he went with me, and (hew- 
ed me the (fometimes) ftrong and defencible 
Caftle, but now much ruined : yet ftill there are 
many faire and fumptuous roomes in reafonable 
reparation and eftate. On the lofty Battlements 
of the faid Caftle, there is a moft fpacious pro- 
fpe6t round about : for from thence I could fee 
the mofl flately Caflle of Belvoyre or Bever 
Caftle, which doth (as it felfe) belong to the 
Right Honourable the Earle of Rutland ; and 
nearer hand, within three miles, I faw the an- 
cient Towne of Gotham, famous for the feven 
Sages (or Wife men) who are fabuloufly re- 
ported to live there in former ages. 

In the aforefaid Caftle of Nottingham, I was 
fhewed divers ftrange wonderfull Vaults, cut or 
hewen out of the Rocke, whereof one is faid to 
be the place where David King of Scots was 
detained many years in captivity ; where the faid 
King, with his owne hands (without any other 
inftrument than the nayles of his fingers) did 
with the faid tooles engrave and claw out the 
forme of our Saviour's Life, death and paffion ; 
which worke is there to bee feene upon the 

Alfo there is another Vault or paffage through 
the Rocke, whereby men may defcend or afcend 
out, or into the Caftle ; which Vault is called 




Mortimers Hole, through which hole (as report 
goes) the great Roger Mortimer, Earle of Wig- 
mor, and Lord of Wallitigford, had egreffe and re- 
greffe to the Queene, wife to King Edward the 
fecond, or the unfortunate Edward of Carnarvan. 
Thus having feene as much of Nottingham 
Towne and Caftle as is related ; on the twelfth 
oi Augujl, I road to the ancient towne of Dar- 
by: on the thirteenth of Auguji I left Darby, 
with an intent to retire to Leijier ; but after I 
had road halfe a mile, I met with an acquain- 
tance of mine, who was travailing towards the 
Peake in Darby fhire, to a Towne called Wirkf- 
wortk, and from thence to Chiejlerfield, I retur- 
ned with him. The Country is very Mountai- 
nous, and many Lead Mines are found there- 
abouts : the befl and moft richefl is called Dove 
Gany, within a mile or little more of Wirkf- 
worth (corruptly called Wort/worth) and two 
miles from thence are moft dangerous wayes, 
ftony, craggy with inacceflible Hils and Moun- 
taines : the grounds there are lawfull (as they 
told me) for any man to dig or mine in for Lead, 
be they of what condition foever ; for the Laws 
of mining is, that thofe that will adventure their 
Labours fhall have all the profits, paying the 
tenth part to the Lord or Landlord, of all the 
Lead which they get. If it happen that they take 
B. pains 



pains, a yeare or two in fundry places to finde a 
Myne if their fortune be fo hard to finde none (as 
it often falls out fo) they do work all that while 
for nothing, and finde themfelves as they are a- 
ble, and in the end their toyle and labour is all 
loft : but if they doe hit upon a good Myne that 
doth hold out, and yield plentifully, then they 
may quickly enrich themfelves (if they be good 
husbands.) I was told of a poore Thatcher that 
left his Trade, and venturing his time and pains, 
he found fo rich a Lead Myne, that he would turn 
a Gentleman, and he kept men in Liveries, living 
at the rate of the expence of lOO pound a week : 
fo that he fuppofmg that Leaden, Golden World 
would never be ended, took no care to fave any 
thing, but after a while, the Myne failed, and hee 
fpent that little which hee had left in digging 
for more, could find none, fo that for a conclu- 
fion, he forfook the Peake, and turnd Thatcher a- 

That part of the Peak, which is called the De- 
vils Ars, is at or neer a Towne named Cajlle- 
ton, or Caftle Towne, fo ftiled from an ancient 
ruined Cafi:le on a Hill, at the end of the Town, 
it is 30 miles from Darby, the Cafiile ftands on 
the top of a Hill, and under it is a Cliff or Rifife 
in the faid Hill, which is as wide at the entrance 
as three Barn doores, but being entred in it is 



enclofed again fo narrow, that a man muft ftoop 
to paffe further, but after that ftraight paffage is 
paft, there is rooms of incredible and wonder- 
full greatneffe, with ftrange and intricate tur- 
nings, and windings, which no man can fee with- 
out great ftore of lights, and by reafon that thofe 
things are naturall, and formed without any art 
or labour of man, and with all fo difmall hor- 
rid, darke and hideous, that place is called the 
Devills Ars a Peak, at or upon which I have (ac- 
cording to my promife) given three jerks with 
my pen, at the latter end of this Book. 

From thence I returned towards Leicejier, 30 
miles, on the 15 of Auguji, and lodged at a 
Market Towne called Narbury, and the next day 
I came all tyred and weary (both man and beaft 
to Leicejier) and on the 20 day, I took my jour- 
ney 64 miles into Norfolke, to the famous Town 
of Linne, and three miles from thence, at a Vil- 
lage called Wooton, I was there well welcomed 
by Matter Richard Miles (to whom I am and 
mufb be a thankfuU Brother in Law) whofe lo- 
ving kindneffe to me was fhewed in fuch extra- 
ordinary manner, which becaufe I cannot ex- 
preffe, I will remayn gratefuU with filence. 

Concerning Linne, it is an excellent Sea-town 
and ftrong Port, it is gravely and peaceably go- 
verned by a Major, 12 Aldermen, and a Recor- 

B. 2 der 



der. It hath bin honored by divers, but chiefly by 
King John 440 yeares fince, and by King Henry 
the Third, the firft gave them a faire gilt Cup, 
which is there to be feene, as a witneffe of his 
Royall liberality: and who fo will know more 
of Linne, let them goe thither and look the Re- 
cords of the Town, or elfe let them read Mafter 
Camdens Britania, or the painfull labours of 
Mafter John Speed. The troth is, mine Hoaft No- 
ble, was a noble Hoaft to me, at whofe houfe, my 
brothers Kindred and friends, gave me a friend- 
ly farewell. On Tuefday the 27 oi Augujl, from 
Linne to Bojlon in Lincolnjhire 24 miles, where 
I dined with the right Worfhipfull Sir Anthony 
Thomas Knight, from Bojlon I road 14 miles to 
Horn Cajlle, where I lodg'd the 28 of Augujl. 
But I crave pardon of the Reader, for I had al- 
moft forgotten a merry paffage or two which 
hapned in Norfolke, not farre from Linne ; and 
thus it was. 

At a place called Priors Thorns, neere to two 
Towns, namely, Northbery and Sapham, there 
dwelt a man named Frier, who was rich in fub- 
ftance, but very poore and miferable in his con- 
ditions : belike hee had read or heard of a Play 
that was written 40 years fmce by Mafter Ben- 
Jamin John/on, the Play is extant, and is called 
Every Man out of his Humour, in which Play 



was a6led and perfonated a mizerly Farmer, that 
had much corne in his Barnes, and did expeft a 
fcant or barren Harveft, that through want and 
fcarcity hee might fell his corne at what deare 
rates hee pleafed, but (contrary to his wicked 
hopes) the Harveft proved abundantly plentifull, 
wherefore hee being in an extraordinary merry 
or mad veine, put himfelfe to the charge of the 
buying of a two penny halter, and went into his 
Barn as fecretly as he could, and putting the hal- 
ter about his neck with a riding knot, he faftned 
the other end to a beam, and moft neatly hang'd 
himfelf : But (as ill luck would have it) his man 
prefently came into the Barne, and efpyde his 
Mafter fo bravely mounted, the unlucky knave 
drew his Knife and cut the halter, crying out for 
help as lowde as he could, rubbing and chafing 
his Mafter with all care and diligence to recover 
him to life again ; at the laft he awak'd out of his 
traunce and fetch'd a deep groan, began to ftare 
and look about him ; and taking the end of the 
cut halter in his hand, his firft words to his man 
was Sirrah, who did cut this, O Mafter (faid the 
fellow) it was I that did it, and I thank God that 
I came in good time to doe it, and I pray you to 
take God in your minde, and never more to ha- 
zard your foule and body in fuch a wicked man- 
ner : to which good counfell of the poor fellow, 
B. 3 the 


the Caitiffe replyde, Sirrah, If you would be 
medling (like a fawcy bufie rogue) you might 
have untyde it, that it might have ferv'd another, 
time, fuch an unthrifty rafcall as thou will never 
be worth fuch a halter, it coft me two pence, and 
I will abate the price of it in thy quarters wa- 
ges. And when the quarter day came, hee did a- 
bate the faid two pence, for the whicL the fellow 
would dwell no longer with him, but went and 
got him another fervice : This was afted really 
and lately at the place aforefaid, in imitation of 
that part in the Play, of Every Man out of his 

After the faid Frier had fome Hogs which 
were like to die with the Murrain, which Hogs 
he killed and powdred, and his wife, children, 
and Family, as many as did eat of the Porke, fell 
fick and dyed all : for the which the flave deferv'd 
a hanging, and a Hangman, but hee yet lives for 
fome worfe purpofe. 

Concerning a paire of Brewers, and a piece of 
juftice. Another fhort Norfolk Tale is not imper- 
tinent. There was one Mafler Feit a Brewer at 
Fenfham, and one Mafter Francis Dix a Brewer 
at Sapham, this Dix was riding in the Countrey 
amongft his Cuftomers (the Inkeepers and Vi- 
6luallers) and he call'd for a pot of Ale or Beere 
as he road by ; (now that Ale-houfe was a Cufto- 



mer to Fen, as foon as Dix had drank, hee asked 
who brewed that drink, to whom the Hoafteffe 
fay'd, that Mafter Fen of Fenjhani brewed it ; well 
faid Dix, I dare lay a wager, that I will give my 
Mare but a peck of Mault, and fhe fhall piffe bet- 
ter drink than this ; at the laft thefe words came 
to Fens hearing, for the which difparagement, he 
fued Dix, and recovered from him twenty 
pound damage, befides cofts, at the Affizes laft at 
Norwich 1639. And now to returne to the nar- 
ration of my Travels, from whence I have di- 
greft, fmce I lodg'd at Home Cajlle in Lincolne- 

From thence on the 18 of Augujl, I road 30 
miles to Barton upon Huniber, and the next day 
(being Friday) I tooke a Boat for myfelfe, my 
Squire, and my two Palfreyes, down to Hull, or 
Kingjlone upon Hull, the fbrength and fcituation 
of which Towne I have formerly written of: 
and I had no new thing there wherof to make 
any new relation : let it fuffice, that it is abfo- 
lutely accounted the ftrongeft and moft defenfi- 
ble Town in the Kingdome of England, and for 
good government inferiour to none : I might fpeak 
fomewhat of their good fellowfhip ; but my 
Book would fwell big with it, therefore I will 
pay them with thinking and thanking of them, 
both my old friends and new acquaintance all in 
generall. The 



The 31 of Atigujl I left Hull, and road to 
Holden, 16 miles, and on the morrow I road to 
Cowood Caftle, to fee the moft Reverend Doftor 
Neale, the Lord Archbifhop of Yorke his Grace, 
whom in all humility I do acknowledge myfelf 
much bound in duty daily to pray for, and re- 
member him with unfained reverend thankful- 
neffe, not only for the underferved favours and 
bounty which his Grace extended towards mee 
now, but for many other former approvements 
of his Graces love and liberality, when his 
Grace liv'd neere mee at Winchejler Houfe. At 
Dinner with his Grace, I had the happineffe to 
renew my Acquaintance with the Noble and 
Worthy Knight Sir Francis Worthy, who moft 
courteoufly invited and commanded me to vifit 
him in my journey, of which more followeth. 

My humble thanks rememberd to the right 
worthy worfhipfull Knight Sir Paul Neale, with 
his fair and vertuous Lady, as alfo my Grateful! 
remembrance to all my Lords Gentlemen and 
Servants, to whofe loves and for whofe friend- 
fhips I fhall ever acknowledge myfelfe an in- 
gaged Debter. 

Thus having paft the Sunday with my Lords 
Grace, and thofe other before named Gentle- 
men. On Munday the fecond of September, I 
took my Breakfafl and my leave both of Cowood, 



and road to Yorke, where I vifited the worthy 
Knight (my old acquaintance) Sir Arthur ht- 
gram, with whom I thank his worlhip, I dined, 
and alfo had fome other token of his love and 
bounty, for the which I remayn thankful!. 

Of Yorke I have but little to fay, though it be 
a great, a faire, and the fecond City in England, 
built 989 years before our Saviours Birth, by E- 
brank King of this Land, from whom the City is 
called Eboracenfis, this Ebrank is faid to have 
,21 wives, by whom he had 20 fonnes, and 70 
daughters : he raigned here when as King Solo- 
mon raigned in Jerufalem, hee overran France, 
he builded Alclaid, or Dumbritton in Scotland, 
hee founded York, hee ere6led a Temple there, 
and therein plac'd a Flamine to Diana; but 
after (in King Lucius time) Elutherius 
pull'd downe the faid Idolatrous wooden Tem- 
ple, and difplac'd the Flamine, and caufed the 
Minfter to be built in that magnificent manner 
of free ftone, placing there an Archbifhop ; 6"^- 
verus the Romait Emperour dyed there, and alfo 
there dyed the Emperour Flavins Vallerius Con- 
Jlantius (which fome call Chlorus) thofe that 
will know more of York, let them reade Chro- 
nicles and larger Volumes. 

The Lord Major of Yorke was (at my being 
there, one Sir Roger Jaques Knight, a Gentle- 

man of approved wifdome and government : my- 
felf did not flay three houres, and myne Hoafl 
Mafter Corney at the Talbot, told mee all the 
news which I heard there, which was a fellow, 
that (amongft other offenders) was the firft that 
was hang'd, and the laft that was cut down, and 
being put into the grave or pit, with his fellows, 
when the earth was caft upon them, he began to 
ftir and recover life, and was return'd to the 
Goale is now there living, and able to report 
truly what hanging is. Probatum ejl. 

From Yorke I rode after Dinner to Tadcajler, 
and fo to a place called Kidell, where at a poore 
Ale-houfe I was glad of entertainment, and had 
the Company of a Tinker who made pretty Mu- 
fique with his Banbury Kettle-drum, there was 
alfo with him two Drovers and 35 Hogs, which 
were to be driven on the morrow feven miles 
further to Leeds Market, this good lodging and 
company, I paft the night with all, and on the 
morrow I road to the Town of Leeds ; of which 
Towne I muft fay fomewhat. This Town is (for 
the bigneffe of it) one of the moft populous Towns 
in England, it hath in it above 12000 people, 
and having but one Church there, it was not halfe 
capable to receive fo great a Congregation, they 
were extremly thronged and dangeroufly crow- 
ded (efpecially in the heat of Summer, or fultry 




contagious weather) that the moft part of the 
people were inforc'd eyther to go two or three 
miles feverall ways to other Village Churches, 
or elfe to ftay at home and want the hearing of 
Gods Word, and the meanes of their falvation. 
The care and confideration of thefe Grievances 
entred into the pious minde of one Mafter John 
Harrifon Gentleman there, (now living) fo that 
God opened his heart, that of his owne proper 
cofts he caufed a Church to be built (though it 
have but the name of a Chappell) which is fo 
large, that it will contain 4000 people, it is fo 
neatly compacted and framed, with exquifite art 
of carving and Mafonry, with painting, gilding, 
polifhing, embellifhing, and adorning, with a 
moft ftately roofe, a fair lofty Tower or Steeple, 
a fweet ring of Bels ; befides the admirable and 
coftly Joyners and Carvers Workmanfhip in 
the Font, Pulpit Pewes, Chancell, Communion 
Boord, and all other things and ornaments for 
the decent adornment of fuch a Houfe confecra- 
ted and dedicated to the Service of God. I do 
abfolutely affirme, that neither the Church or 
the Founder hath any fellows to be found. 

This Chappell is called by the name of Saint 
John Evangelijl, it hath a faire Churchyard for 
Burials, well and ftrongly walled about, and at 
the Weft end of the Churchyard, the faid Gen- 


tleman hath founded a faire Almfe-houfe, and 
therein placed 2 1 poore aged people ; alfo liee 
hath founded and finifhed a faire School-houfe, 
for the inftru6lion of youth, and a fine fweet 
ftreet hee hath built on both fides in a uniforme 
and faire manner, with Houfes : the Rents 
whereof are for the mayntenance of the Almes 
houfes, the Schoole, and Reparations of the 
Church to the end of the World. And I leave 
this worthy Founder to God for a bleffing, and 
to the World for imitation. 

From Leeds I went to Wakefield, where if 
the valiant Pinder had been living, I would have 
play'd Don Quixoi's part, and challenged him ; 
but being it was fo happy that he was dead, I paft 
the Town in peace to Barnfley, and fo to Worthy, 
to Sir Francis Wortleyes ancient Houfe. The en- 
tertainment which himfelfe, his good Lady, and 
his moft faire and hopeful! daughter gave mee 
there, as I never did or can deferve, fo I never 
fhall be able to requite, to talke of meate, drinke, 
money, and free welcome for Horfe and Man, it 
were but a meer foolery for me to begin, becaufe 
then I fliould run myfelf into a Labyrinth, out of 
which I fhould hardly finde the way : Therefore 
to his Worfhip, my humble thanks remembred, 
and everlafting happineffe wiflied, both to him 
and all that is his. Yet I cannot forbeare to write 



a little of the further favour of this Noble 
Knight. Upon the fourteenth of September after- 
noon, he took horfe with mee, and his Lady and 
daughter in their Coach, with fome other Ser- 
vants on horfeback ; where three miles we rode 
over rocks and Cloud-kifling Mountains, one of 
them is fo high, that (in a cleere day) a man may 
from the top thereof fee both the Minfters or Ca- 
thedrall Churches, Yorke and Lincolne, neere 60 
miles off us : and as it is to be fuppofed. That when 
the Devill did looke over Lincolne, as the Pro- 
verbe is (that hee ftood upon the Mountaine) 
or neer it-: Sir Francis brought me to a Lodge, 
the place is called Wharncliffe, where the Keeper 
dwels, who is his man, and keeps all this 
Woody, Rocky, Stony, vaft Wilderneffe under 
him, for there are many Deere there, and the 
Keeper were an Affe if he would want Venifon, 
having fo good a Mafter. 

Clofe to the faid Lodge, is a Stone in burthen 
at the leaft 100 cart loads, the top of it is foure 
fquare (by Nature) and about 12 yards compaffe, 
it hath three feats in the forme of Chaires, made 
by art (as it were in the front of the Rocke) 
wherein three perfons may eafily fit, and have a 
view and goodly profpeft over large Woods, 
Towns, Corn-fields, fruitfull and pleafant Pa- 
fi;ures, Valleyes, Rivers, Deere, Neat, Sheep, and 
all things needful for the life of man : contayned 



in thoufands of Acres, and all (or the better part, 
belonging to that Noble Knights Anceftors, and 
himfelf. Behinde the Stone is a large infcripti- 
on, ingraven, where in an old charafter is de- 
fcribed the ancient memory of the Wortleys (the 
Progenitors to Sir Francis now living) for fome 
hundreds of yeares, who were Lords and Ow- 
ners of the faid Lands and Demaynes which hee 
now holds as their- right Heire. About a Bow 
fhoot from thence (by the defcent of many rungs 
of a ladder) his Worfliip brought mee to a Cave 
or Vault in a rocke, wherein was a Table with 
feats, and Turfe Cufhions round, and in a hole 
in the fame Rock, was three Barrels of nappy 
liquoui-, thither the Keeper brought a good Red 
Deere Pye, cold roaft Mutton, and an excellent 
fhooing-horn of hang'd Martimas Biefe ; which 
cheer no man living would thinke fuch a place 
could afford : fo after fome merry paffages and 
repaft, we-returned home. 

On the fifth of September, I hired a Guide, and 
rode to Hallifax i6 miles, the ways were fo 
rocky, ftony, boggy and mountaynous, that it 
was a days journey to ride fo fhort a way. At 
Hallifax I faw the fatall Engine, wherewith they 
do behead pilfering Thieves, which Sir Francis 
Worthy told me was fet upon this occafion fol- 




This Towne of Hallifax hath (for time out of 
minde) Hv'd and fubfifted by the rich and lauda- 
ble Trade of Cloathing, and often times their 
Cloathes were flolne from the Tenterhooks, (or 
Tenters) whereupon the King (then Raigning) 
upon their humble fuite had priviledge granted 
to the Town for ever : That if a Thiefe were ta- 
ken either of thefe three ways, which is. Hand- 
napping, Back-bearing, or Tongue-letting, that is 
either about to Jleale, or carrying it away, or con- 
fejfing, that then the party offending (after triall 
by a Jury of Townfmen) if the goods, be it cloth, 
cattell, or whatfoever is valuable, is judg'd to 
have their heads ftruck off with the faid Engine, 
without any Affize or Seffions. Now the Engine 
is two high pieces of Timber, an ell or yard 
afunder, fixed and clofed on the top, with a 
Croffe piece like a Gallowfe ; in the inner fides 
of the two {landing pieces are two gutters, and 
on the top (or croffe piece) is a pully through 
which they do put a fmall Line or Rope, and faft- 
ning it to another heavyer piece of wood of loo 
weight (in which they doe fix the fharp-edge 
toole) then they doe pull or hoyft up the faid 
weight, and the flolne goods is brought to the 
place of execution with the malefaftor ; now 
one end of the Rope is made faft to a pinne or 
(lake, which being cut, the Engine fals fo pon- 



deroufly and fpeedily, that it fevers the head from 
the body in a moment, but there is no man will 
or muft cut the line, but the Owner of the ftolne 
goods, which if he do, hee hath all again : if he 
will not cut it, then he mufl lofe all, and it is em- 
ployed to fome charitable ufes ; by which means 
the Thiefe efcapes ; and this is Hallifax law. 

The fixt day I left Hallifax, and road over fuch 
wayes as are paft comparifon or amending, for 
when I went downe the lofty Mountaine called 
Black/lone Edge, I thought my felf with my 
Boy and Horfes had beene in the land of Break- 
neck, it was fo fteep and tedious, yet I recove- 
red 12 miles to Rockdale, and then I found 
fmooth way to Manchejier, and to Sandy Lane 
end 13 miles; and to Ckejler 14 miles, which 
was the furtheft place of my tedious travell. 

For my fhort flay at Chejler (which was but 
one day and two nights, I had good and friendly 
entertainment, of many Gentlemen, to whom I 
muft reft thankfull, efpecially to the worfhip- 
fuU Mafter Alderman Edwards, and to Mafter 
Wright and his Wife. It was my fortune to fee 
and rejoyce at the fight of the Noble, Right Ho- 
norable Earle and Knight of the Renowned Or- 
der of Saint George, William Earle of Darby : 
And although I have no relation to his Lordfhip 
or acquaintance with him, yet for the reverend 



reverend refpeft which I doe owe and beare to 
Nobility, it did me good to fee fo grave and ho- 
nourable a Peere. 

The City of Chejler, is of ancient ereftion 
and fame, it was the Royall Seat of Kings, and 
there are yet fome ruines left of the memorable 
Pallace of King Edgar, to which Manfion the 
faid King was rowed in a Barge by eight Cap- 
tives (or Tributary Kings from Saint Johns) on 
the river of Dee, which river there is fpoyled 
and impeached by a bank of ftones all over it, 
onely for the employment of a Mil or two, which 
River other ways would be both paffable and pro- 
fitable to the whole Country, for many miles, for 
the carriage of goods in Boats and Barks. Chejler 
it felf is a fair City four fquare, well walled, with 
an old ruin'd Caftle, which hath beene a ftrong 
Fabrick, but now a Gaole, the flreets are fpaci- 
ous, the buildings fumptuous, and fo contrived, 
that four or five men may walk in the mod parts 
of a breaft, dry from the injury of Raine, or any 
falling Weather ; it is gravely and peaceably go- 
verned by a Major and his 12 Brethren, it hath 
foure Gates and three Poflerns, goodly Chur- 
ches, and chiefly painfull and learned Preachers. 
And fo much for Chejler. 

Onely a merry Tale, of a late true bufineffe 

which hapned there ; There dwelt a Bricklayer, a 

C good 


good Workman (but a good husband) whofe 
name was John Tilly, who had the good hap to 
fpend all that he got in his lifetime, except two 
fonnes and one daughter : And being ficke and 
in his death-bed, there came a poore neighbour 
to vifit him, whom he defired to make or write 
his laft Will and Teftament ; the poor man (ha- 
ving Ink and Paper) asked him what hee fhould 
write ? 

Quoth honejl John Tittle, my ejlate is but little, 
but I pray thee write thus. 

IMprimis, I give and bequeath to my Wife (for 
her folace and comfort) my little Dog, for it is 
a pretty nimble a6live Curre, and wil make herfome 
fport that may delight her, and put the grief of my 
death out of her fad remembrance. 

Item, I give and bequeath to my eldefi fonne 
John, all my working Tools belonging to my trade 
of Bricklaying, which as hee may ufe, may be as 
available to him, as they have beene to me, and this 
is thefumme of my Will. 

His youngeft fonne ftanding by, fayd, Father, 
have you nothing to give mee ? Yes fonne (quoth 
hee) I had almofl forgotten thee, but I will leave 
thee fomewhat. 




Item, I give and bequeath to my fonne George 
/even foot of ground under the Gallowfe. 

Good father take comfort (faid George) for my 
hope is that you will recover, and live to enjoy 
that Legacie your felfe. 

Then the daughter pray'd him to give her 
fomewhat whereby fhe might remember his fa- 
therly Love, Yes, quoth he, I pray write. 

Item, I give and bequeath to my onely daughter 
a Whores conditions and qualities, which as fhee 
may ufe them, fhe may live infuch eflate, and fame 
that fhe may be m.ijlaken for a Gentlewoman. 

Laflly, I doe make and ordaine my Neighbour 
here, my full Executour : and for his paines for 
writing my Will, I do give him and his heires male 
for ever, an old fhooing-horn. 

The ninth of September I turn'd my back upon 
Chefler, (almoft without taking leave) and road 
15 miles to Nantwich, the tenth I rode to Stone 
and to Lichfield, 32 miles. 

Of the Ancient Town of Lichfield I can fay 

nothing (by reafon of my Ihort ftay) onely there 

C 2 is 


is a faire and curious old Cathedrall Church or 

And the Towne hath that priviledge (as mine 
Hoaft told me) that they can draw and hang one 
another, and never trouble any other Judge, Af- 
fize or Seffions. 

The eleventh I rode to Fafeley, Aberfom, 
Hinckley and Dadlington, eighteen miles, where 
all weary and almoft worne out with age and 
travell, I refted untill Saturday the fourteenth 
of September, and then rode eight miles to my 
brother Miles, at my old welcome lodging at 





Newes from Hell, with a fhort 

defcription of the Hell 

at Wejlminjier. 

^kVKiri ^^ fyom that Hell where fouls tormented 

^mm£ In endlejfe Death, and yet Jhall never die, 
Where gnajhing cold, commixt with flames ftill 

Where's entrance free, but never back returning : 
Where notight but horrour, fiends, and torments 

I bring no news from that accurfed Hell ; 
Yet mine own merits are offuch low price. 
To bar re me from Celefliall Paradife, 
Andfinke me in that horrid Lake inf email. 
But that my hope and faith is fixt fupernall. 
The Hell T write of is well known to be 
A place of pleafure, and for all men free, 

C 3 Where 



Where wretched Ghojls are not in torments Jlayd, 
For all the pains upon the purfe is laid. 
To finde this Hellj/ou need not travell farre, 
' Tis underjlood the high Exchequer Barre 
At Weftminfter, and thofe who thither venter. 
Do not give Cerberus a fop to enter, 
For Charons /urj/, you need never feare it, 
(Although ten thou/and do land fomew hat neer it) 
Within this Hell is good content and quiet. 
Good entertainment, various forts of diet, 
Tables a f core at once, in fundry places, 
Where hungry mouthesfall to, andfayjhort Graces, 
And then (in fome fort) I may parallell 
This earthly Hell, with the inf email Hell. 
Hot fweltring vapours, Pots, and Cauldrons boy- 
Great vehement fires, with roafiing, flewing, broy- 

The Cooks & Scullions, all be fmear d and fmoak' d. 
And in their M after s Greafe well flew' d & foak'd, 
And had the Devill aflomack unto it, 
The Cook himfelfe is not the rawefi bit. 
Like as th' inf email Hell doth entertain 
All commers, fo this Hell doth not refrain 
To give free welcome unto every one 
If money fay le not, there's excepted None. 
This Hell is govern' d by a worthy Duke, 
That Pluto like, his under fiends rebuke, 




There the tormenting Tapjler is control' d. 
If courteoujly he Nick not (as hejhould) 
He tnuji attend at every knock and rap. 
His reverend Jugge deckt with a frothy cap, 
Hefils and empts, and empts and fib again 
Like Sifyphus, he toyles, but notfo vain, 
Like Danaus daughters, taking up, andfpilling. 
He's always emptying, and he's never filling. 
Thither the Counfellour for comfort comes 
To rince his toyling tongue, and wafh his gums. 
The Client having Tityus empty maw 
(His gtits tormented with the Vulture Law) 
He comming to this Hell may finde relief e. 
Of comfortable Plumbroath, and Roafl Biefe; 
There, for your folace you may feed upon 
Whole Seas of Pottage, hot as Phlegeton, 
And midfi thofe Seas, by art, the Cooks hath laid 
Small lies of Mutton, which you may invade 
Withflomack, knife and fpoon, or tooth and naile. 
With thefe, the viSlory you cannot faile. 
Therefore this earthly Hell is eafier farre. 
Then where the miferable damned are, 
There's no redeinption from tltat black Abiffe, 
And here regreffe, as well as egreffe is, 
Therefore they falfly do miflake theftory, 
To call this Hell, which is but Purgatory, 
For her ^s no Thraldome, from this place you may 
Get prefent freedome, if the fhot you pay. 

C 4 Heere 



Here followeth three Satyri- 

call Lajhes or yerks, given with 

the Pe7t of the Authour, at 

or upon the Devil's 

Ars a Peak. 

\ Ens, are mojl dangerous Tools, morejharp 
by ods 
Then Swords, and cut vtore keene then 
Whips or Rods, 
Therefore (mojl high and mighty Duke of Dis) 
Commander where the Lake Avernus is. 
Great Lord of Limbo, Styx, and Phlegeton, 
(y Tartarus, Gehenna, Acheron, 
Moft potent Monarch of black Erebus, 
Prince of the Triple-headed Cerberus, 




Sole Emperour of Darkneffe, and dark works, 
Majier of Hereticks, Infidels and Turks, 
Arch-flammin of hot To^^ihetsfmouldring flames, 
King of Cocytus, and th' inf email fir earns, 
Earle of all Errors, and chief Dominator 
Of all fins done, by Earth, Ay re. Land, or Water, 
Vifcount, and Baron of large Barathrum, 
Since I have lived to come fo neare your Bum, 
As is your wicked worfhips Ars a Peake, 
Though fame men think my Mufe is all too weake ; 
I with my Pen doe meane to yerke and ferke ye, 
And (as I promis'd) with three jerkes will jerke ye. 
T know that many fooles willjeere and frumpe. 
That I durfl comefo neare the Divells Rumpe, 
And lafh with my poore penne Satyricall, 
This great Don Diego Diabolicall : 
But I would have him and his friends to know, 
I jeere him not, for all his Bug-bare fhow : 
' Tis knowne that he, and all that him attend, 
To any Poet never was a friend: 
And therefore now I daring him oppofe. 
And jerke his hellifh Majefty in Profe. 

ALthough you (great Mafler of the perpetuall 
Hot-houfe) Don fel de Lucifer, have on the 
Earth in all places and Countries many multi- 


tudes of damnable fonnes, friends, and fervants, 
to oppofe mee and take your part, yet I being 
come fo neer your Podex, mufl jerk your breech 
with my Satyre Pendragonly Goofe quill, you 
know that reproofe is as ill taken as correflion 
by the ungracious. Therefore although you are fo 
bad that you are quite paft any mending, yet 
your graceleffe Majefty may be lawfully touch'd 
by reprehending ; you have been a Cheater ever 
fince the Creation, and in that Art of Coozening, 
you firft cheated your felfe of everlafting happi- 
neffe, and gained thereby perpetuall perdition, 
and ever fince you have play'd Hocus Focus, and 
with your tricks, fleights, and jugling Legerde- 
mayne, done your beft to draw all the whole 
Race of Mankinde after you into your King- 
dome of Cimerian Tenebrojitie ; you taught our 
firft Parents Infidelity, Pride, Difobedience and 
Lying, which qualities of theirs are fo natural- 
ly defcended to us, that (by your induftrious in- 
fligation) we do continually fhew (by our lives 
and converfations) of what houfe wee came. By 
their example of believing too much in you, we 
are growne incredulous in things which moft 
concerns our better and beft of being, and wee 
are fo inur'd and praftifde in lying, (by your in- 
fpiration being the father of lyes) that wee are 
doubtfuU to believe one another. And yet (like 




the Cretans) with long ufe and cuftome, 
wee doe many times believe our own lyes to be 

May it pleafe your infernall Hell-hood to take 
into your execrable confideration, that you were 
the firft inventer of the moft ignoble Science of 
Offence, you taught Caine the Imbrocado, and 
fliewed him how to murder his Brother, and 
from that time to this, the Art of Murdering, 
Killing and Cutting Throats hath beene univer- 
fally and perfeftly learned and praflifed. You 
have beene the inventer of all manner of de- 
ftroying weapons, from the high degree of the 
Welfh-hook, to the lower defcent of the Taylors 
Bodkin ; and in thefe later times you (with the 
helpe of a Frier) have devifde a burning, fmoul- 
dring, moft Hellifh and undefencible mifchief 
that murders men by heaps, and (with a pow- 
der) can blow whole Kingdomes into the Fir- 
mament ; and for the innumerable Engines that 
are daily ufed and caft for fuch ufes, your moft 
high and Imperiall malediction have declared 
your felfe an excellent Artift, from the dou- 
ble Cannon to the Elder Gun-mines, Counter- 
mines, Petards, Granadoes, Fire-works, Wild- 
fire, and the Devill and all doe continually feek 
and worke the deftruftion of miferable man- 
kinde. You are a great Traveller, and will take 



the paines to compaffe the whole Earth to finde 
juft man, on purpofe to doe him a mifchiefe, but 
for a crew of common Drunkards, Rafcals, 
Bawds and Whores, you know you need not wet 
your foot to feek them, they are your own alrea- 
dy, and by your good will, you would fill Hell 
fo full, that Heaven fhould have but a few. 

Andfo let that paffe for one and 
the fir ft Jerke. 

SEcondly, you know that there is but one nar- 
row way to happineffe, and many wayes to 
your Zona Torrida, Frigida, (for all thofe large 
wayes doe meet in one at the laft, and bring 
poore foules into your peftiferous Purfnet) fome 
go by the way of Sodome, to finde out your moft 
damnable Manfion, fome by the way of Inceft, 
fome by Adultery, fome by Fornication (for they 
fay you are the Mafter of the Honourable and 
Worfhipfull Company, and Brother-hood of the 
Fornicators) in which regard you are a great 
friend to Parators & Panders. You fhew'd Cham 
the way how to deride his father, by which ex- 
ample a company of Chammifts, have ever fmce 
praftifed not onely to mock, feoff, and abufe their 




naturall parents, but alfo to contemne, raile and 
revile againft Kings and Princes, who are the 
Royall Fathers of Terreftriall Government, and 
further to defpife, flight, and libell againft the 
moft Reverend Fathers, the Stewards and pain- 
full Difpenfers of the fpirituall food of Eterni- 
ty ; you direfted Corah and his Complices the 
high rode-way to murmur ; Achitophel to give 
wicked Counfell, and A bfolon to rebel and ufurpe ; 
you fhewed Joab the way to Treachery, Achan 
to fteale, Jobs wife to abufe her husband, from 
whom the moft part of women (like apt fchol- 
lers) are very expert in that kinde of miferable 
myftery. You put Gehezi into the high-way of 
taking a bribe, and it is too well known what a 
wicked number of followers he hath had of all 
degrees, from the Scepter to the Swain, from the 
black Gown to the buckrum bag. You directed 
Nabal (who Anagrammatized or lead backward 
is Labad) to be as churlilh as a Hog, from whom 
miferable Dives hath perfe6lly learn'd the way 
to true mifery, you taught Nimrod the way to 
tyrrannize, and enclofe and encroach upon 
Land and Territories, which hath beene the 
bounding, mounding, and curtailing of Com- 
mons. The rayfmg of Ambition, Pride, Volup- 
tuoufneffe, and fuch earthly vertues of accurfed 
Greatneffe, and to the Almighty making of Beg- 



gers. You tye faft the Rich mans purfe, and let 
loofe the poore mans curfe, you inftrufted Pha- 
raoh, Senacherib, and Rabjheka in the way of blaf- 
phemy, and from thofe Hellifh prefidents, their 
Wickedneffe is daily impioufly imitated, Shi- 
met was one of your Anathema profound 
fchoUers, and from you hee learn'd to curfe the 
Lord's Anointed extempore : once (as I have read) 
you were fo addifted to peace and unity that you 
made Herod and Pilate friends, who were hate- 
full enemies, but afterwards your Hypocrifie 
was found, that it was your plot to deftroy in- 
nocence : you made Demos to forfake the Truth, 
and embrace the World (your wicked filler:) 
you have never been unprovided of a Kennell of 
Whores, Queans, and Concubines, to tempt and 
draw the wifeft men to folly, and for him 
that is moft ftrong (in his owne opinion) you 
have alwayes one darling finne or other to fit his 
difpofition, conftitution, inclination, or humour, 
that like a Dalilah fhall weaken him, or quite 
overthrow him. 

And this Jhall fuffice for the 
fecond Jerke. 




THirdly and lafbly, you know that you end 
draws nigh, and therefore now you rave, 
rage, and are more mad then ever you were, you 
know that after Doomfday, that you fhall have 
no more power over Mortals, then you fhall be 
for ever chain'd in your Denne like a Dogge in a 
Kennell ; and therefore now you with all dou- 
ble diligence, doe endevour to doe your beft to 
doe your worft, and as much as in you lyeth, you 
draw us from bad to worfe, and from worfe to 
worft. The Hypocrite (by your intcitement) doth 
vizard all his villany, with the maske or veile 
of vertue ; hee follows the fteps of Ananias and 
Saphira to a haire, hee with his fower looke 
fhrowds a lofty minde. You have fcatter'd pride 
into as many fhapes as Proteus, fo that a proud 
fafhion hunter (if either money or credit will 
furnifh him) will transforme himfelfe into as 
many formes as you can do ; our roarers (who 
by your peftiferous favour are ftiled the damn'd 
crue) are fo given to moft unhallowed meditati- 
ons, that they lie a bed almoft till dinner time, to 
ftudy new oaths, to vent at this Ordinary, at 
Bowls, Cock-fighting, Horfe-race, Whore-houfe, 
or any other place of Gentleman like or noble 
exercife, and as you have taught them to fweare 




without feare, fo they doe often forfweare with- 
out fhame : although fometimes they hazzard 
their eares, as they doe their fouls. You fet bad 
Projeftors (and unprofitable) a work, as thick as 
Crab-lice or Caterpillers, and it is no doubt but 
you will deale fo juftly with them, that you will 
pay them their wages, and after you have fet them 
agog (with a vengeance) to doe injury with a 
mifchiefe. You are fo fkilfull in Phyficke, that 
you have made too many believe that the loffe of 
a Mayden-head is an approved and fpeedy Medi- 
cine for the Green fickneffe. Poets, Painters (and 
fome few Courtiers) you have fo well taught 
that they can flatter moft artificially with Pen, 
Piflure, and by word of mouth. 

It is long of you that what ever the Choplin 
and the Chaplin hath, yet the thin-cheek'd Chip- 
lin hath nothing at all. I know a poore Curate 
that comes and goes a mile every Sunday, be it 
Winter or Summer, all manner of weathers, 
fometimes wet to the skin, and preaches once a 
week (on Sundays) for bare five pound a yeare, 
the Tythe being valued at fixty pound/^>' annum, 
fo that the miferable Stipend or Hireling wages, 
will hardly buy wood to make a fire for him 
when hee comes home to dry him ; when hee is 
through wet. This is your worke {Monjieur 




Diabold) for it is your infpiration to put fuch 
wrangling fpirits into Impropriatours, that for 
the not paying of a tenth Pudding or a tythe Egge 
the Law muft take his courfe. You have brought 
the Schifmaticall Separatift to be as unconfor- 
mable as your felfe, for (like you) they cannot 
bide the Croffe or the figne of it (if it be not upon 
money) and you have made them as unmanner- 
ly as your felfe, for they will not move a Hat, or 
Bow a Knee at the name of our Saviour, and 
they are wax'd as folvenly as you can make 
them, for they hate clean Linnen, and all order, 
neatneffe and decency in the Church ; And you 
have long pradtiz'd a politick flight, which is, 
that when a Reverend Paftor is painfully, and 
carefully preaching to his Audience, inftrudling 
them how to avoid your fnares and traps ; then 
you are fo angry and impatient when you are 
told of your faults, and heare your damnable 
devices laid open, that you could afford to pull 
the Preacher out of the Pulpit by the Eares, or 
to teare himi in pieces, but that hee is fo happy 
that you have no power over him : your invete- 
rate malice being limited, curb'd, and fnaffled 
by an unrefiftable High and omnipotent power, 
and hee very well underftands and knowes in 
whofe fervice he is, and whofe Embaffage he de- 
D. livers. 

g 49 


livers, and therefore is fo valiant that he neither 
feares or cares a rufli for you ; which your im- 
periall malevolence perceiving, you have ano- 
ther trick for him, which is to lull the people 
afleep, (of which number many times the beft 
of the Parifh are fome) by which means you do 
debarre them of what they fhould heare, and in 
the mean time, the Preacher fpeaks to the bare 
walls. And I am perfwaded that is againft your 
will, that there is any good Preacher living, and 
feeing they do live (in defpight of you) and that 
by their care & induflry they doe now and then 
violently plucke a foule from you, in revenge 
thereof you chiefly feek their confufion, either 
by war, flander, or ftarving them through want 
of means. Yet this much may be fpoken as one 
of your good parts, which is, that you were ne- 
ver known to be drunke, and though' you never 
walke uprightly, yet you never ftumbled, you 
were never fo fox'd but you knew the way home 
(and the troth is, you are fo bold, that you would 
make every place your home) The Court, the 
City, the Country, the Pallace, the Caftle, the 
Cottage, and the Church and all, you are fo au- 
dacious either to enter them by force, or elfe to 
infmuate and fneak into them by craft and fubtil- 
ty. And though you are no drunkard, yet you doe 




love the whole Rabble of them fo well, that you 
are unwilling to lofe one of them all, but my 
hope is better. For if they leave it, and mend 
their manners as they fhould do, the Devill the 
one of them you are like to have. You have the 
art to make great Scholler to learne Retrograde, 
for if a man be never fo good a Grammarian, 
and hath Greek and Latine as perfeft as Homer 
or Virgil, yet (if he be married) you doe too of- 
ten teach his wife the way to reade him back- 
ward, like an Hebrician, and though he be never 
fo well skil'd in learned Volumes, and the Seven 
liberall Arts, yet fhee puts him againe into his 
Horn-book. You have fo much Devotion in you, 
that you doe affift thofe Brethren that doe pray 
zealoufly, that they may be difobedient with a 
fafe Confcience, and you make them fo ftout and 
valiant that fome of them are more able to doe 
more fervice in a white fheet then the honefleft 
man in a whole Shire can doe. You know that 
the Projeftor would be an honeft man if hee did 
not keep company with himfelfe, therefore you 
might do fomwhat to be talk'd off, if you would 
feparate him. It is a fcurvy falhion of your de- 
vifmg, that wifemen in Ruffet, muft reverence 
and ftand bare to filken fools ; but to conclude, 
you have gotten fuch a freedome that you have a 
D. 2 finger 



finger in all Trades, and an Oare in every mans 

Boat, nor was there ever any bad thought, word 

or deed, imagined, fpoken, or committed fmce 

the Creation, but- you were at the middle and 

both ends of it : and I do remember that I have 

read how once you bragged, boafted and promi- 

fed to give all the Kingdomes of the world to be 

worfliipped, and afterwards you were in that 

poor roguifh cafe, that you were faine to aske 

leave to take poffeflion of a filly Hog. In which 

manner of vain-glorious oftentation, bragging 

and boafting, the moft part of men are expert, 

and to promife much, and performe nothing is, 

fo eafie a leffon of your teaching, that many great 

men are more ready and perfit in it then in their 

Pater nojler. And now you Grand Mafler of mif- 

chief, you may truffe up your hofe, for at this time 

my Pen is worn blunt, my Inkhorn dry and my 

felfe weary with jerking, where corre6lion is 

in pain, and no poffibility of no amendment. 

Thus after the expence of much money, and 
ten weeks time, having ridden 645 miles (of 
fundry meafures and fizes) all weary and almoft 
mony-leffe, I returned to London on Friday the 
twentieth of September, 1639. 



The Praife of the Needle, 

[Hazlitt, No. 62.] 







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Differing Worfhips. 

[Hazlitt, No. 64.] 

Differing Worfhips, 


The Oddes, betweene fome 

Knights Service and God's. 


Tom Nash his Ghoft, (the old Martin 

queller) newly rous'd, and is come to chide 

and take order with Nonconformifts, Schif- 

matiques, Separatifls, and fcan- 

dalous Libellers. 

Wherein their Abufive opinions are ma- 

nifefted, their Jeeres mildly retorted, 

and their unmannerly manners 


By loHN Taylor. 


Printed for William Ley, and are to be fold at his fhop 

neere Pauls chaine. 1640. 




judicata, or Indifferent Rea- 
der, or Hearer, and fo con- 

fequently to all, and 
every body. 

I(wi^^ applaufe) have wriii, neere feaven/core Books, 
Yet never fear d bafe words, or f curvy looks : 
Though fame detraBing fpirits fnarle and hijje, 
I (with mine owne hand) doe acknowledge this : 
Let Rake-hells raile, and Rebels kick andfpurne ; 
The Bufh yhall be unburnt, when theyjhall burne : 
Such as would Jink the Arke (which doth denote 
That then Gods Church was in that/acred Boate) 

A 3 More 

To the Reader. 

More barbarous than the barbarous fouldiers were 
That did refufe Chrifts feam-leffe Coate to teare ; 
To/uch as the/e, and none butfuch as thefe, 
My lines may have a rellijh to difpleafe ; 
And I doe fay (as better men have /aid) 
God is my record, I am not affraid 
(9/" Force or Fraude ; for he that feareth fuch, 
Will never dare t' abide the Teft or Tutch : 
Nor is itflatiry that doth caufe me write, 
(My Climaftericall doth fay. Good Night) 
And 'tis a Court-like adulating finne, 
Which I nere us'd, nor will I now beginne ; 
He that's offended, let him tell wherefore, 
And fhew fame reafon why he hath therefore ; 
And where my error is, but fhew me it. 
In all Humility I will fubmit. 
Somefattin Momus, orfomefilken Zoylus, 
Or Midas />uft in plufk, or musky Troylus ; 
This was not writt to doe them any pleafure. 
Nor can their Wifedomes take of it true meafure ; 
If fuch as underftand not, are offended, 
I bid tJum all come kiffe my Mufe, and mend it. 
Butfure, as long as God is on my fide. 
What need T care if raskals doe deride ; 


To the Reader. 

My deere, deere Mother, Englands Church, 'tisjhe, 
(In humble duty) drawes thefe lines from me ; 
For though I am. no Clergie-man, I know, 
That I obedience unto Her doe owe ; 
In Her, I was bapti/ed, and in Her 
/ have been/hew' d Truth, and tojhtm to erre ; 
In Her tK eternall food (mofl excellent) 
I have received, in tK Word and Sacrament, 
And for HY.'s.fake (to vindicate her caufe) 
Expe£ling neither proffit nor applaufe, 
Thefe following lines unto the world I fend. 
Which (I am fure) fhall lajl, till timefhall end. 

I. T. Poeta Aquaticus. 


Differing Worfhips^ 


The Oddes, betweene fome 

Knights fervice and Gods. 

Andfirjl to begin with the Knights or Ladies 
High and Mighty WorJJtips. 

Ote the Rare fabrick of his Worjhips Building, 
Behold th' Illuftrious Splendor of the Gilding, 
View well the Columns, and the Buttrejjfes, 

Marke the faire Pompous Porches Glorious dreffe, 

The Pillars, and the Pillajlers admire, 

Looke how the pointed Pyramids afpire, 

The Obeliskes, Corinthian carv'd work fine 

Of pureft Marble, leat, or Serpentine, 

Oi Alabajler, Tutch, ox Porphiry, 

Or of th'admired (mock- J eat) Ebony ; 

From the Foundation to the Battlement 

Moft fumptuou.s, ftately and magnificent. 

B His 


His Worjhips Radient Hall, wood-linings pure, 

Miter d and Cipher d, and RevaVd Immure : 

His Marble Pavement Chequer d black and white, 

T' Amaze and Ravifh the beholders fight ; 

His Worjhips faire Glaffe-windowes, with his name 

And Armes, (which fhewes from what defcents he came) 

His Worjhip eats and fleepes, in Roomes, are hung 

With coftly Arras, and himfelfe among 

(I meane his Picture, if right underftood) 

Gentles Allyed, in Marriage, or in Blood ; 

See more, and take note what you fee, at length 

His WorJJtips Altar s Crown'd with Glorious ftrength 

Of Mafsie Plate ; His Worjhips Tables hold 

Lai-ge Purple Velvet Carpets, fring'd with Gold. 

His Worjhips Spouje, and IJ/ue ; like a Rood 

Of Glijiring Images ; his Worjhips food 

Approaching, Be uncover'd, Stentor cries ; 

His Worjhips Waiters bow before him thrice, 

With fervile reverence, humbly {looping low. 

They pay the duty they his Worjhip owe. 

His Worjhips Chaplaine, twice, (with double grace) 

In feare and trembling, takes and leaves his place. 

And (having read his Chapter) ftill muft; fay. 

Thus ends your Worjhips Leffon for the day. 

His Worjhips Lady (likewife mighty fine) 

Adored is, as 'twere a Thing Divine ; 

Her Waiting-woman, and her Chamber-mayd 

Is fude to, bow'd to, and implor'd and pray'd. 

Knights Service thus, and Lady Worjhip, fee 

How odly, madly Gods and this agree. 



Herefolloweth the unfajhionablefajhion, or 
the too too homely IVorJhipping of God. 

GO D s Houfes, almofh like Troyes Ilion, 
Are alfo built of courfe and bafer ftone, 
With broken Pavement, Window, Wall and Dore ; 
Well, if but White-lim'd, and then Oaker'd o're ; 
Drillings of Raine, make greene and yellow ftreakes, 
And (Where they give him place) the Painter fpeakes 
In Creed, Commands, and Prayer, and 'gainfl his Will 
To the Kings foes, puts Dizzie Painter flill, 
Sayes Woodcock was Church-warden, then cries Woe 
Over the Pulpit, and in mind to fhow 
Beggers at dore, how dreadfull to their trade 
Deatk is, he fets him working with a Spade. 
Nine dufly Seats, twelve Treffels, two crack'd Bels, 
Three broken Halters. And what ? Nothing elfe 
Goes to a Church ? The Chancell hath a Boord 
Worth nine pence (mofl unworthy of the Lord) 
With pretty home-fpun Linfey-woolfey fpread 
Under the Linnen, whither (fcarce white) Bread 
And cheape fowre wine, two hob-nail'd Wardens dragge 
In Gideons Bottles, and courfe Pudding-bagge. 
All manners, and all decencie mufl be 
Laid by ; as much as bowing of the Knee 
Unlawfull is, though Paul commands it fo. 
Yet many new pure fpirits doe fay no. 
That Kneeling, comes fo neere Idolatry ; 
T'avoid which, they will be fo mannerly 

B 2 To 


To be Chrlfts fellow, and to fit at's Table, 
And give his houfe like reverence as the ftable. 
Thus fawcie Mortals (vile and tranfitory) 
Doe rob themfelves of grace, and God of glory ; 
Thefe rude behaviours every good man greeves, 
When Temples are efteem'd like dens of Theeves. 
Gods Worfhip this : The great Kings Service ! fee 
How odly madly God's and mans agree. 

The unequallor incomparable comparifon. 

TIs ftrange that fome Religions doe allow, 
That men to ftocks and ftones fhall bend and bow ; 
And that the man that did the Image frame, 
Muft kneele (in adoration) to the fame ; 
Imploring aid, and hoping for a good 
From ragges and reliques, ftones, and ftocks of wood. 
Erefting Churches with great charge (profufe) 
For mans idolatry, and Gods abufe ; 
And think they merit their falvation 
For impious works of fuperftition ; 
With Ceremonies fuch fuperfluous ftore. 
As Pagans, Jewes, and Gentiles ne're had more ; 
With humble bending, bowing, crouching, creeping, 
With kneeling, croffmg, penitentiall weeping. 
With flavifh feare, and fearfull reverence, 
Prepofterous zeale, and blind obedience ; 
They think't too little, all they can or may 
In ferving God, the quite contrary way. 
On th'other fide, a peevifti crew doth lye 
(Moft perverfe pure, in their impuritie) 



And they fo fparing of their manners bee, 
They'le move no hat at Church, nor bend a knee ; 
And whilft they dwell in houfes feel'd in State, 
Gods Houfes mufl lye wafte and defolate ; 
The confecrated Temples they'le come in, 
Efteeming Reverence there to be a finne, 
And that (for holineffe) there is no ods 
In manners, 'twixt his horfes houfe and God's. 
But leaving this Saint-feeming holy crew, 
Who (in their braines) doe ftrange religions brew : 
Whofe Grounds have neither Reafon, Root or Pith, 
Which Patriarches were ne're acquainted with. 
Which from the Prophets were unknowne and hid, 
Which Chrijl and his Apojiles did forbid. 
Which Councels, or old Fathers ne're decreed. 
Nor from the firfh true Church did e're proceed. 
If either Separatiji, or Schifmatique, 
Or Anabaptijt, Hare-brain'd Heretique, 
From Scripture, Church, or Father could but fhow 
That reverently to God men should not bow. 
In triumph then, they might difplay their Banners, 
And fhew fome reafon for their want of manners. 
To thee (that read'ft or hear'fl) thefe lines I fend. 
That art fo ftiffe in th'hams, thou canft not bend ; 
Thou ought'ft (in feare and love) bow downe thy knee 
To him, whofe Grace and Love came downe to thee ; 
Oh fall before him that hath rais'd thee up, 
And (for thy foules life) drank Deaths bitter cup. 
Thy Body proftrate, that it may expreffe 
Thy Soules intentions humble thankfulneffe ; 
As hee's thy Maker, duteous honour doe him ; 
As hee's a Judge offended, kneele unto him ; 


They have 
neither Scrip- 
tures, exam- 
ples of Patri- 
arches, Pro- 
phets, Apo- 
ftles, Coun- 
cels, Ancient 
Fathers, nor 
the Primitive 
firfb true 
Church, but 
all are againft 
them in this 
point of duty. 



The Captive doom'd to hell for his offence, 

Ought kneele to Him that did redeeme him thence ; 

Fall downe, (and with thy foule) thy body bend, 

And then (no doubt) thy prayers will afcend ; 

For though Heaven be from Earth, a mighty fpace, 

The moft High's neer'ft the lowly with his grace. 

An injur'd man oft-times fuch mercy feeles 

To pardon his offender, when he kneeles. 

Judge and condemne thy felfe, and then the fruit 

Will be, God will not Judgement execute. 

For free remiffion of thy fmnes unholy. 

Thou canft not (in thy gefture) be too lowly ; 

He that's afham'd to worfhip God, is then 

Like him that doth deny him before men. 

Then, if thy foule be touch'd with penitence, 

Expreffe it, with thy bodies reverence ; 

For though God of our kneeling hath no need. 

To bleffe Humility he hath decreed. 

And not to kneele, when we Gods bleffmgs feeke. 

Doth fhew we neither lowly are or meeke. 

To bow thy heart, true faith doth thee perfwade ; 

And he that made thy heart, thy knee hath made ; 

And fmce he hath made all, and every part 

Hee'le have thy knees obedience, with thy Heart : 

Hee'le have no halfes, he made, and will have all, 

And there's no halting fafe, 'twixt God and Baal. 

Beware therefore, when God thou com'ft before. 

Thy rude behaviour not incenfe him more ; 

Thy mifery bewaile, upon thy knee 

And he (from mifery) thy foule will free ; 

For as thou often kneel'ft for daily Bread 

Wherewith thy earth-decaying corps is fed ; 



So forth' Eternall Living Bread muft thou 

Both heart and knee, both foule and body bow. 

The Prodigall with kneeling and with mourning 

Was grac'd, and feafled at his home-returning. 

That Chrijl to man Coheirefhip doth impart, 

'Tis Gods abundant Love, not mans defert ; 

His humble fervants here, by him fhall be 

Exalted to Eternall dignitie. 

V/ilt thou, or dar'ft thou (thou fraile earthy clod) 

Be fellow to th'Immortall Sonne of God, 

Or dar'ft thou ftand or fit with fawcie pride 

To entertaine thy Saviour glorifide ? 

Doft thou not know the Great Kings Seale of Heaven 

Is come from thence to thee, and to thee given, 

Wherein the pardon of thy fmnes is fign'd. 

Whereby thou may'ft true peace of confcience find ? 

Whereas Chrifts Holy Spirit prefent is 

Wherewith his Grace doth bleffe this work of his, 

Where Bread of Life, the bread doth fan6lifie 

To all that Eat it, in Humilitie : 

Thou alfo (in the Cup) by faith may'ft fee 

His precious Blood, that deign'd to die for thee ; 

Which fignes and figures of Remembrance muft 

Put us in minde that we muft firmely truft 

His Body offred for us, and his Blood 

Is All in All, the Summe of all our Good. 

He that Receives this, and will not afford 

To kneele and thank fo Great, a Gracious Lord ; 

Is Atheift, Pagan, or befides his wits. 

Unworthy of fuch bleffed Benefits. 

There is the figure of th' Eternall Feaft, 

And thither Grace invites thee as a Gueft, 



Gen. 17 

■ 17- 

Deut. 9. 


2 Sam. 

12. 16. 

1 Kings 

2 Chron 


I Kings 


Math. 8 
Mark. 1 
Luke 5. 
Math. 8 
Luke 7. 

. 2. 



Mark. 7 


Luk. 8. 


Luk. 8. 


Luk. 8. 



The Royall Robe, the wedding Garment there 

Is fet before thee, for thy foule to weare ; 

The King is prefent, Angels wait on thee. 

And wilt thou not kneele downe, and thankfuU be ? 

And now fome proofes I plainly will unfold 

How good men worfhip'd God in times of old. 

When God (who is for evermore I a m) 
Did promife Ifauc unto Abraham : 
The good old man his duty knew fo well, 
That humbly bowing, on his face he fell. 
Mofes did fall before the Lord, and pray 
He would from 7/^V/turne his wrath away : 
Bleft David all night on the earth did ly. 
And faft and pray in great humility. 
King Salomon did to this duty yeeld. 
That (though his prayer was long) he praying kneeld : 
Eliah humbly kneel'd, and prayd for raine, 
And bleffed fruitful! fhowers he did obtaine : 
The Leper worfhip'd Chrift, and faith procur'd 
That (I Will, Be Thou Cleane) was faid, which curd : 
When our Humility is of fuch proofe, 
To know our felves unworthy that our roofe 
Chrift fhould come under ; then fuch Grace we win. 
That then the King of Glory doth come in. 
The woman kneel'd and beg'd, and her requeft 
Was granted, and the devill difpoffefl 
The man poffefl, with many fiends fell downe. 
And all the Legion to the fwine were throwne. 
When lairus kneel'd, and did for favour plead. 
His daughter was revived, that was dead. 
The woman with the bloody Iffue fell. 
And kneel'd, and trembled, and fhe was made well. 



Among ten Lepers cur'd, Grace bore fuch fway, 
That one return'd, and tythe of Thanks did pay. 
Our Saviour (humbly) kneel'd and meekly prayd 
God his heavenly Father for his ayd. 
St. Peter kneel'd, and prayd unto the Lord, 
And Dorcas was from death to life reftor'd. 
And bleffed Paul with kneeling did implore. 
That God would bleffe his Church for evermore ; 
And when from Tyrus he did make repaire, 
He (with the reft there) humbly kneel'd in prayer. 
St. Steven kneel'd and prayd with veh'ment cryes, 
For his ftone-hearted ftony enemies. 
The flave did kneele, and from his Lord did get 
Forgiveneffe for ten thoufand talents debt. 
Th' Almighty (by himfelfe) hath fworne and vowd, 
That every knee fhall unto him be bow'd, 
In Heaven, in Earth, all things beneath the fame. 
That every knee fhall bowe at lefus name. 
The wicked and accurfed fiends of Hell 
In feare and trembling downe before him fell. 
In Heaven (where endleffe Glories Saints doe crown) 
The foure and twenty Elders doe fall downe, 
And worfhip him that fits upon the Throne, 
That lives for ever, the bleft three in one : 
There Angels, Heav'ns, and all the Powers therein. 
The chaunting Cherubin and Seraphin 
Continually three Holies lowd doe cry 
Unto the Lord of Sabbothes majefty ; 
The Glory of whofe majefty doth fill 
Both Heav'n and Earth, whofe praife is fmging ftill 
By bleft Apoftles, Prophets, Martyrs, and 
The holy Church through every Realme and Land ; 


Luk. 17. 16. 

Luk. 22. 41. 
Mat. 26. 39. 
Mark. 14. 35. 

Afls 9. 36. 40. 

A(fts 20. 36. 
A(5b 7. 60. 

Mat. 18. 26. 

did fwear here: 
and it is not in 
mans power to 
make him call 
it back. 
Phil 2. 10. 
Mark 3. II. 
Revel. 4. 10. 

The non-Con- 
formift may 
perceive by 
thefe comands 
and examples 
that kneeling 
and bowing 
muft be ufed 
but the Scrip- 
ture doth not 
command {lan- 
ding or fitting 
or difobedl- 
ence in any 




All thefe doe knowledge him alone to be 
The Father of infinite majefly ; 
Whofe honorable, true, and onely fonne 
By his obedience, hath our pardons wonne ; 
The Holy Ghoft, the comforter of all 
Such as with ftedfaft faith for comfort call ; 
To this God, Good and Gracious, Glorious, Great, 
To him all knees mufl bowe, all foules entreat ; 
All thofe that will not bend, fuch power he hath 
That he will break them in his furious wrath ; 
Private men 'Tis Well t'avoyd will-worfhip, but 'tis ill 
muft not frame To frame what kinde of worftiip each man will. 
Aev wiiL '^ When in the Temple we doe God implore ; 

'Tis God, and not the Temple we adore. 
Exod. 37. 6. The Prieft did worfhip t' wards the mercy Seate, 
I Kings 6. 23. ^^^ 't^\^i the Cherubim our God entreat ; 
He worfhip'd neither Seat, nor Ckerubins, 
But only God that takes away our Sinns. 
And as on Sea and Land, in every place, 
With humble reverence we muft fue for Grace : 
So in his Church, and houfes confecrated, 
And to his fervice only dedicated, 
Wherein Chrift Crucified is preach'd, where he 
In Word and Sacraments doth deigne to be. 
Sure, in thofe places, where Gods love is fuch, 
All mens beft manners cannot be too much. 
For though we owe God reverence everywhere ; 
Yet in the Church it beft becomes us there ; 
When we participate moft of his Grace, 
O, then, and there, fhew manners in that place. 
The Saints in Heav'n doe kneele, and praife Gods name. 
And Saints on earth muft likewife doe the fame. 

O come 


come let's Jing unto the Lord, rejoyce 

In our falvations Jlrength, our hearts and voyce ; pfai. 95. 

Let us (with thanks) before his face appeare, 

Andfhew (in him) with Pfalmes our GladneJ/e there: 

O, come, let's worfhip, fall, and kneele before 

The Lord our maker, let us him, adore. 

This do6lrine David to the Church did teach, 

Which (from thofe times to thefe) all good men preach. 

Only a new fantaflick upftart Troope 

Of proud contentious fpirits, fcorne to floope. 

1 have fhewd proofes, and more I will produce, 
How men are bound unto this reverent ufe. 
St. Paul repeats the places I have fhewd. 

That every knee fliall to the Lord be bowd ; Rom. 14. n. 

For there's no other name elfe under Heaven, 

But lefus name, by whom Salvation's given. ^^^ ,2 

Th' Apoftle kneel'd, and told th' Ephefans why, 

To pray that Grace their faith might frudlifie. Eph. 3. 14. 

In lefus bleffed name, our foules releife 

And life eternall doth confift in chiefs. loh. 20. 31. 

In all we fay or doe, we ftill muft frame 

To fay and doe (with thanks) in lefus name ; Coioff. 3. 17. 

Beleevers in this name, with faith mofl fleady 

Are fav'd, and unbeleevers damn'd already. loh ^ ,g 

This name alone was the Apoflle's ayde 

To difpoffeffe the devill from the mayd ; Adts 16. 18. 

That from this name no bonds fhould make him flye, 

And for this name he willingly would dye. A<fts 21. 13. 

Full of fuch proofes as thefe the Scriptures are, 

Which to all people plainly doth declare 

That 'tis th' Almighties Mandate and decree. 

That all, at lefus name, Ihall bend the knee. 

C 2 And 

c 17 

Lib. 5. §. 30. 
page 248. 


And in all ages, till thefe times and dayes, 
The Churches pra6lice it hath been alwayes ; 
And that (amongft us) this duty is not new ; 

iniuna ■;2 ^^^ Queene Elizabeths Injunftions view : 

Or elfe King lames his eighteenth Canon read ; 

There (by Authority) 'tis publifhed. 

Archbifhop Whitguift if you pleafe to note 

In's Book, which he 'gainft mafter Cartwright wrote, 

Maintaines, that all men muft this duty doe ; 

(Imprinted, page feaven hundred forty two.) 

And learned Hooker doth the fame defend. 

In that rare Tra6l and Treatife which he pend, 

Ecclejiafiick Polity inftil'd ; 

The true ufe there, of Kneeling is compil'd. 

So abfolute, acute, and exquifit, 

That all the Chriftian world approveth it. 

tutions lib. i. Thofe unkneeling fancy Separatifts 

cap. 13. §. 24. Are often falfly called Calvini/ls : 

lib 2 c "4 §'3 -^^^ mafter Calvin's flat againft their fide ; 

iib.2.c.i5.§.s. And they are all from his diredions wide : 

Ihefepia^er" He (in his Injiittitions) doth allow 

Calvin is plain At lefus name, that every Knee fhall bowe ; 

for the reve- jj^^f^ ^j^^^ ^j,j ^.^^j r^^ ^^^ pkccs) findc 

rend ufe and _ > J \ r 1 ^ 

praaiceof How Calvifi clearely hath declar'd his minde. 

this duty. Madde Innovaters, in their Confultations 

Doe nothing but cry out 'gainfl; Innovations ; 
Like he that rob'd himfelfe, and by and by 
Cry'd theeves, theeves, and purfude with Hue and Cry. 
So thefe men have new fafhion'd fangles found. 
Which have from Scripture or the Church no o-round. 
Whilfl; we in our Church Government doe hold 
Not any thing but what's authentique old : 




Yet vile Impuritans revile the State 

And Church ; when they themfelves doe Innovate. 

Sure they are Ignorants or Hypocrites 

That are infpir'd with thefe unholy fits ; 

And with a heav'd-up hand, and white of eye, 

They'le doe a man a mifchiefe zealoufly. 

And on religious points will Hand moft ftoutly, 

But in conclufion cozzen men devoutly. 

Thefe peoples braines are ftuft with froath and bubbles, 

Their concord's difcord, and their peace is troubles. 

He that can meafure fmoake, or weigh the wind, 

Or to the Peace the reftleffe Ocean bind ; 

Number the Starves, or Sands on Neptunes bounds ; 

Or take great Whales at Sea, with hunting hounds ; 

Make Mountaines fwim, flop Rivers in their fource, 

Or ftay the Sunne in his Dhirnall courfe : 

He that can doe all thefe, hath power and skill 

To fix thefe fellowes fledfaft in their will. 

Thefe are our Church and Ceremony haters, 

That love to fifh in foule and troubled waters ; 

Swift in defame, their reafon is their will. 

And Will fhall be their reafon, they fay ftill. 

To end this point, they are a fort of youths, 

Whofe judgements ftill are fartheft off from truths. 

But He that in the Heavens doth refide, 

Doth fee their malice, and their plots deride ; 

And though they rave and raile, our State fhall ftand 

Supported only, by th' Almighties hand. 

And through the venom'd vapours of their fpight. 

Our Churches Government fhall fhine more bright. 

Their errours have beene anfwer'd, quafh'd and quell'd. 

And often (by grave learned men) repell'd 

C 3 Their 



Their caufes have beene canvas'd and difputed 

By Scriptures, Councels, Fathers, all confuted, 

Ecclejiajiick Canons, Statutes, Lawes, 

Decrees, Senfe, Reafon, all againfl their Caufe ; 

All Injlitutions, Orders, Decencie, 

And Ancient Cuftome tells them all, they Lye. 

But all thefe they efteeme at flender rate, 

For they have vow'd ftill to be obftinate. 

They'have beene refeld by wife-men, grave, and good, 

And learn'd, and ftill all thefe they have withftood ; 

Therefore they are unworthy of Reply 

From wife men, but from fuch poore fooles as I, 

To Anfwer their poore cavils, they are fuch, 

A Scullers fitter than a Scholler much. 

I know two Enemies Gods Church refifts 

(The Papifts, and Schifmatique Separatifts) 

And Shee (alas) like Chrijl betweene two Theeves, 

Prays daily for their Pardons and Repreeves. 

For why ? Betwixt the Romane Monarchie, 

And the fevere Geneva Anarchie, 

Our Church difperfeth her refplendent Beames, 

As bleffed Vertue is 'twixt two extreames. 

For whilft Shee hath a biding in this world. 

From Wrong to Injury Shee's daily hurl'd, 

From Scylla to Charibdis, flung and toft, 

And (did not grace preferve her) fhee were loft. 

And yet Both thofe, that thus doe her oppofe, 

(One 'galnft the other) are inveterate foes, 

Yet both agreed, malicioufly entic'ft, 

Like Herod pyn'd with Pilate to kill Chriji. 

'Twas our fmnes kill'd him (as my faith avowes) 

And fliall we rend and teare his facred Spoufe ? 



(The Church I meane) O impious fhame of fhames ! 
Unworthy are all fuch oi Chrijlian names. 
The Ceremonies of our Church are three, 
Which neat, and decent, and convenient bee : 
Kneeling was one, which I have treated on ; 
The other two I'le not be long upon. 

The Croffe in Baptifme, (that moft Chriftian Signe) 
'Gainft which thefe feeming Chrifhians doe repine. 
About fome feven and thirty yeares agone. 

When blefl King lames did grace Great Britains Throne, ^oXutlon 
The firft yeare over England that he reign'd, Ecciefiafticaii 

Canons and Conjlitutions were ordain'd, io,Annoprimo 

• 1 • ^ 1 • lacobi 1603. 

Wherem this Ceremony they derive 
From the true Church that is call'd Primitive. 
For then the Ethnicks, and the faithleffe lewes 
Did both th'Apoftles, and the reft abufe, 
Becaufe they did beleeve and preach Chrijl dy'd 
And fuffring on a Croffe, was crucifi'd 
'Mongft mif-beleevers ; all Chriftians were then 
Derided and efteem'd the fcorne of men ; 
The Chrijlians (deeming all the world as droffe) 
T'expreffe their conftant faith, profeft the Croffe. 
The lewes did mock the Chriftians ; and againe. 
The Chriftians gloried in the J ewes difdaine ; 
The fcornes of men, not daunted them awhit ; 
The Croffe (their comfort) they rejoyc'd in it, 
They lov'd the Croffe, and triumph'd in the fame, 
And (for the Croffe) were never fear'd with fhame. 
Since then the Greeke and Latine Church combinde 
With great applaufe, and one confent of minde. 
That (at Baptizings) every Church and Nation 
Should Signe all Chriftned in each Congregation 



With that mofl Chriftian Badge, to fhew that we 
From world, flefh, fiend, and finfull lufls muft flee, 
And under our Redeemers Banner fight 
'Gainft finne, the Devill, and the worlds delight. 
Thefe reafons plainly doe demonftrate this ; 
This Ceremony now, no new thing is, 
Nor yet from Rome did firft admittance win, 
For fi-om th'Apoflles times it did begin ; 
Yet had it come from Rome, the Rommt faith 

* Orfubiijhed. Was * Famous through the world, th' Apofcle faith ; 

Rom. I. 8. And tliofe that will have nothing that was there, 

Muft neither have Gods Chnrch, his Grace, nor feare. 

The Romifh Church was Right, for many yeares, 

Till ('mongfl their wheat) the Envious man fow'd tares : 

Wherefore we firft began to leave her quite. 

When fhee began to mingle wrong with right. 

Shee parted not from us, but we from her. 

And we left her in all that fhe did Erre : 

As farre as fhee leaves Chriji, 'tis good that we 

Should fo farre from her Errors fundred be. 

The Romane Church was Right ; but fuperftition 

Hath made her Wrong, and altred her condition : 

Her Errors (not her Effence) we oppofe, 

With prayers and teares we doe refift our foes ; 

And they allow our Service and our Prayers 

Are good, and that we leave much good of theirs ; 

But let them keep what's good : Let us be glad 

That we have left them (only) in what's bad. 

And for the figne o'th CroJ/e, no man that lives 

Doth think it vertue unto Baptifme gives ; 

'Tis but a Ceremony (us'd of old) 

Which fignes Chrijls flieepe and lambes into his fold ; 



All Emperours and Kings, who Chrlft profeffe, 

All Potentates and Princes (great or leffe) 

Their Hatchments, Armes, Efcoucheons, every one, 

The figure of the Crojfe is formed on ; 

Their Banners, Enjignes, Flaggs, and golden Crownes, 

The Crojfe s figures fix'd for their Renownes : 

And by the Ball and Crojfe, the world may fee, 

That underneath the Crojfe the world muft be. 

And by the Crojfe they fhew (by fignes externall) 

The Chrijlian Faith (profeffed) is fupernall ; 

All Chrijlian Coynes doe, likewife Crojfes beare, 

(But thofe put not our Puritans in feare) 

The fight of thofe, to them are much delicious, 

They only unto fuch are fuperftitious. 

They love them, with fuch zeale and verity, 

They'l never part with them in charity. 

The Crojfe' s ufe prov'd fince th'Apoflles time, 

Through th' ancient praftice of the Church cald Prime, 

And in the raigne of th' Emperour Conjlantine, 

All Chriftians that were baptiz'd, had this Signe, 

And that from thence unto thefe very dayes ; 

This Ceremony hath been us'd alwayes. 

By Chrijlians through all Chrijlendome fo grac'd. 

So long a time with great regard embrac'd. 

Shall any proud Scifmatique, impure crew, 

Dare offer to fuppreffe't or call it new ? 

It addes no vertue to the Sacrament, 

Nor is it us'd for any fuch intent ; 

For after Baptifme's done, our Church doth ufe 

To figne with th' Crojfe (which wranglers doe abufe) 

Thus 'tis a decent and indifferent thing, 

And from it doth no fuperfbition fpring ; 

D . Yet 

Rom. 13. I. 2. 

2 Pet. 3. 16. 


Yet not fo' indifferent any fliould withftand it ; 

It muft be ; for the King and Church command it ; 

Th' Almighty doth the Higher Powers ordaine ; 

And Kings beare not the /word for nought, in vaine : 

And feeing this command is juft and good, 

It neither ought, nor muft not be withftood ; 

All power proceeds from God, therefore fubmit, 

And fcape Gods judgement in obeying it. 

We muft not dare to confter, mould, or fafhion 
2 Pet. 1.20. The Scriptures to each mans interpretation ; 

And furely, the unlearned and unjiable. 

To underjland hard Scriptures are unable. 

The Lords thoughts, and his wayes, are his, not ours, 
ifay 55. 8. 9. ^nd high as Heaven from Earth, above our powers. 

Where God commands, weake men muft not difpute, 
We ought to And where they underftand not, there be mute. 
obey the King Then, as the King is Gods Leivetenant here, 

m love, for _^, . . . . _ .„ ^ 

confcience Obey m couicience, not m Ilavilh feare, 
fake, efpeciaiiy And as the Church and State, with paines and cares 
commands as Ordain'd good Lawes obey'd for many yeares. 
are not contra- What bold audacious fpirits then are they 
word ° ^ That King, Church, State and Lawes thus difobey ? 
Ten millions of their braines can ne're devife 
A book fo good as that which they defpife ; 
(The Common Prayer I meane) if they ftiould fit 
Ten thoufand yeares, with all their Art and witt, 
They would prove Coxcombs all, and in the end, 
Leave it as 'tis, too good for them to mend. 
Thefe are the Crew that under f aire pretences, 
By flatt'ry caufe divijion and offences, 
Rora.16.17.18. Thefe ferve not the Lord lefus Chrifi a jot. 
They are their belly es fervants (well I wot) 




With adulating fpeech, and /aire deceit. 

They doe the hearts of Jimple people cheat ; 

Contentious men that doe contention crave ; 

We, nor the Church of Godfuch cufiome have : 

And thus to thefe croffe men I have declar'd 

How much of old the Croffe was in regard, 

And though the Paplfts ufe it with abufe, 

That cannot take away the lawful! ufe ; 

For though a golden Idoll be a curfe, 

That makes not God (well us'd) to be the worfe. 

Materiall Croffes made of wood or ftone, 

(Through zeale) moft of them are caft downe and gone, 

From age to age, the Sires to their fucceffion ; 

Thofe Croffes flood t' expreffe our faiths profeffion ; 

But when th' abufe of them began to grow, 

That to thofe Croffes Sotts would creepe or bow, 

For this caufe (chiefly) they were overthrowne, 

Abus'd from their firft ufe, were beaten downe ; 

But our Croffe us'd in Baptifme, ftill hath beene 

A figne invifible, yet never feene : 

Nor doth it on the Infants face appeare 

That ever any Croffe was figur'd there. 

Then what madde men are thofe, that beare fuch fpleene 

Againft a thing, not to be felt, or feene, 

Yet heard (though hardly to be underflood) 

By many of the perverfe brotherhood ? 

For of their conftant faith we may defpaire 

Who are affraid of fliaddowes in the ayre. 

And thus much for the Croffe may well fuflice 

To give content to all, except precife. 

Now, for the Surplice, which is third and laft 

Of Ceremonies, which make fooles agaft : 

D 2 Such 

I Cor. II. i6. 

Some 12 years 
fmce at Tewx- 
bury in Gloce- 
fterfliire, a pre- 
cife Church- 
warden pulled 
downe a croffe 
of ftone and 
caufed a hogs- 
trough to bee 
made of the 
top of it; but 
his hogs all ran 
mad and dyed, 
and he with 
his whole fa- 
mily came fud- 
denly ta mif- 
chances or un- 
timely ends. 



Such as doe prize it as a ragge of Rome, 

An iffue of the Whore of Babels wombe ; 

Such as doe hold it (for their Se6l) more meete 

To fuffer penance in a milk-white fheete, 

And think it better doth affe6l their fight, 

Than in the Church to fee a Surplice white. 

Thefe Amjlerdamnable opinions runne, 

As fierce as pellets from an Elder-gunne ; 

Their witt's leffe than their reverend beards by halfe, 

And each of them as wife as Walthams calfe, 

And wifedome is as thick amongfl the rout 

As Water-grewell when the Oate-meale's out. 

Yet they are wife enough, with tooth and nayle, 

To libell, and talke nonfenfe, rave, and rayle, 

And with a fcandalous and vile intent. 

To caft contempt upon all government ; 

Now, for an anfwer to their cavilling, 

(Who are indeed not worth the anfwering) 

Note, what high names the Holy Ghoji hath pend, 

To honour fuch as on his Church attend ; 

Revel. I. 2. For their great dignity he doth afford 

To call them Angels, in his facred word ; 

To th'^«^^/of the Church oi Ephefus, 

Of Smyrna, Sardis, and of Pergamus, 

Of Thyatira, Philadelphia, 

And of the (luke-warme) Laodicea ; 

To thefe feaven Minifters St. lohn did write, 

And gave them each an Angels Epithite ; 

And heavenly Angels often did appeare, 

Mat. 28. 3. ^" veftures white as fnow, bright, pure and cleare : 

Mar. 16. 15. Which doth denote that Church-men ought to be 

Luk. 24. Yxi Do6lrine found, and in integrrity, 

loll. 20. 12. a J ' 



Angelical, white, cleane and cleare, unfpotted. 
Wherefore the Surplice was to them allotted 
To be an Emblem of pure Sanflitie, 
And for difllnftion of their qualitie ; 
Whereby, the minifteriall fundlion may 
Be knowne, and well diftinguifht from the Lay. 
And as on White a fpot is fooneft feene, 
So with Gods Minifters it fliU hath beene ; 
A Lay-mans crimes like little Glo-wormes glow, 
A Church-man's like prodigious Comets fliow ; 
Therefore the Surplice was, on good pretence, 
Giv'n as a Robe of fpotleffe Innocence, 
To fhew (that though all men are fmfull, fraile) 
Pajiors fhould be mofl cautious how they faile ; 
Becaufe fo many looke on them and prie. 
And to their converfations have an eye. 
The Surplice came from Rome, I dare confeffe, 
(What tho, 'tis not to be efteem'd the leffe) 
Nay more, it was Romes Bifhop did ordaine it. 
And yet that not a jot at all doth ftaine it. 
Pope Stephen liv'd, as by Record appeares, 
Since Chrift, two hundred, fiftie and two yeares ; 
And as his Name was Steven, fo his fate 
Was, that he did Saint Stephen imitate. 
When Decius was the Romane Emperour, 
That Pope dy'd by that Pagan Tyrants power ; 
He (for his Saviour) fuffred Martyrdome, 
And he ordain'd the Surplice firft in Rome. 
Thus, when the Church was in her prime perfedlion, 
This veflment was ordain'd by good dire6lion, 


This Pope Ste- 
phen was a glo- 
rious Martyr, 
beheaded by 
Decius the 29 
Emperor from 
which 29 only 
16 did reigne 
but 45 yeares 
of 252 yeares 
time after 
Chrift. And in 
thofe times 
many Popes 
were put to 
death by thofe 
Tyrants, be- 
caufe they 
would not de- 
ny their Chri- 
ftian faith. 



For order, ornament, and decencie, 
And not for perverfe Non-conformitie. 
There were no Brethren then fo out of frame 
To think cleane linnen was the Churches Ihame ; 

Revel. 6. ,i.& No^ t^gy beleev'd That long white Robes in Heaven 
To tK everlajiing blejfed Jhould be given ; 

Revel. IS. 8. And in that place fev'n Angels did appeare. 

And they all pure white linnen Robes did weare ; 
Pure, fine, white fhining linnen doth expreffe 
The Saints moft ever happie bleffedneffe : 
And at the Marriage of the Lambe 'tis faid 

Revel. 19. 8. The Church (Chrifls Spoufe) in white fhall be array'd. 
And when our Saviour (gracioufly) did fhew 

Matth.17. 2,3. His Glory, to lohn, lames, and Peters view; 

His face fhin'd as the Sunne, his cloaths as white 

As was the radient lufter of the light : 

Yea, very white as Snow, and that no Fuller 

Mar. 9. 3, 4. Upon the earth can make fo white a colour ; 
And therefore with our glorious Bleft Mefsias, 
'■ "■ Appear'd two good men, Mo/es and Elias. 
Thus fpotleffe Innocence, Immaculate, 
In moft pure white was feene in glorious State. 
Thus Angels, Saints, and bleft immortall Spirits 
(Who are where all true happineffe inherits) 
And Chrifl, when he his three Difciples led 
To Tabors Mount, and was Transfigured, 
They all wore Linnen white, (or like the fame) 
They did themfelves in their appearance frame • 
The Saints wore white, as figures myfticall, 
Chrift as a glorious Robe Majefticall. 




Which fliewes Gods Minifters (in Imitation) 

May weare a Surplice in the Congregation ; 

For men (on Earth) are in the befl eftate, 

Who doe the Saints in Heaven moft imitate : 

Thefe Ceremonies (Three) are prov'd to be 

Pafl fifteene hundred yeares Antiquitie : 

And they that murmure, prate, and call them New, 

Are Corahs, Dathans, and Abirams crew. 

'Tis falfely call'd Religion that doth caufe 

Men to refill God's, King's, and Churches Lawes, 

They being all from Gods decree deriv'd 

So long us'd, with fuch charge and care contriv'd, 

So Tolerable to be undergone, 

So necelfary, eafie to be done, 

So reverend (in their ufe) difcreet, and neat, 

Mofl decent (as I did before repeat) 

That they who 'gainfl them doe revile and brawle, 

Are (in their fiery zeale) TopJuticall ; 

'Tis not Religion, 'Tis Divillitie 

T'oppofe the King, 'Tis bad Divinitie. 

And what a fine Church were we like to have 

If thefe companions had what they would crave ? 

Yet not to wrong their learning in a letter, 

'Tis knowne, no men can raile or libell better. 

As if th'had learn'd of Oyfter-wives to prate 

At th'Univerfitie oi Bellinfgate. 

Cain facrific'd, and lefabel did faft, 

Prince Ab/olom fome filly fooles embrac'd, 

So ludas kis'd when as to kill he meant, 

So Pilate wafh'd, yet was corruptly bent, 




So Ananias brought his feigned gift, 
So Satan alleag'd Scripture for a fhift : 
Thefe were all Hypocrites, and fo are you, 
Pretending Truths, intending nothing true : 
Whofe glazen Arguments will bide no hammer, 
For they are but bad Logick, and worfe Grammar, 
Their fuppofitions, falfe miflrufls and doubts 
They prove with nothing elfe but lyes and flouts. 
A Good caufe may be fpoil'd, and quite difgrac'd 
By indifcretion, and by words mifplac'd : 
But thefe mens caufes being bad, their courfe 
And filthy language makes it much the worfe. 
And thefe fweet Rules and Grounds they doe profeffe 
As mighty Maxims of their holineffe. 
Such men, who in authoritie are great. 
With Envie flill are round about be-fet : 
They are not only blam'd for doing ill, 
But for not doing all that all men will. 
Their honours are fo mixt with toyles and cares 
Which oft (before old Age) doth bring gray haires ; 
Their broken fleepes make us more foundly fleepe, 
Their unreft doth in reft and peace us keepe. 
And whilft the Peafant takes his fweet repofe. 
The Peere is round behem'd with cares and woes. 
No labour's like the labour of the minde. 
And Kings rich Crownes with pricking Thorns are linde. 
Shall we be difobedient then to fuch. 
Who for our peace diflurbed are fo much .? 
Shall Hell-hounds dare afperfions bafe to fling 
'Gainfl thofe that thus ferve God, the Church and Kino- ? 




No ; let's implore \S\Eternall Majejlie, 
To guide and guard their true integritie. 
To draw to end, kind brethren, take advice, 
In things indifferent be not over-nice, 
Prefume not to binde Princes Wills to yours ; 
Love, and feeke Peace, obey fuperiour powers ; 
Stand to the Faith, doe more good Workes I pray, 
And ferve not God the cleane contrary way. 
And now my pen in Quiet Ihall Remaine, 
Except fome mad-men Roufe it up againe. 



Lenvoy, or Poftfcrlpt. 

"T^Rom wronging of 7ny King, from State reviling, 
-*- From Libels writing or in Print compiling: 
From, troubling of my coxcombe, braines, or mazzard. 
From, putting m,y eflate or eares in hazzard : 
From feeding things that are beyond my reach ; 
Front dreaming I could all the Clergie teach ; 
From. Pride, Vain-glory, and Hypocrifie, 
Fromjiriving to obtaine a Pillory, 
And from, deferving of the triple Tree, 
Good Lord of Heaven and Earth deliver mee. 


A Swarme of Sectaries. 

[Hazlitt, No. 66.] 


O F 



Wherein is difcovered the ftrange prea- 
ching (or prating) of fuch as are by their trades 
Coblers, Tinkers, Pedlers, Weavers, Sow- 
gelders, and Chymney - Sweepers. 

By J OHN Taylor. 

The Cobler preaches, and his Audience are 
A s wife as M offe was, when he caught his Mare. 

Printed luckily, and may be read unhappily, betwixt 
hawke and buzzard, 1641. 

The ods or difference betwixt the 

Knaves Puritan, and the Knave 


Andfirjl of the Knaves Puritan. 

T T E E that refifls the world, the flefti, and Fiend, 
■■■ -*■ And makes a confcience how his daies he fpend 
Who hates exceffive drinking. Drabs and Dice, 
And (in his heart) hath God in higheft price ; 
That lives conformable to Law, and State, 
Nor from the Truth will flie or feparate : 
That will not fweare, or couzen, cogge, or lie, 
But ftrives (in Gods feare) how to live and die : 
He that feekes thus to do the beft he can. 
He is the Knaves abufed Puritan. 

The Knave Puritan. 

T T E whofe beft good, is only good to feeme, 
-*- -*- And feeming holy, gets fome falfe efleeme : 
Who makes Religion hide Hipocrifie, 
And zeale to cover cheating villany ; 
Whofe purity (much like the devils Ape) 
Can fhift himfelf into an Angels fhape. 
And play the Rafcall moft devoutly trim, 
Not caring who fmkes, fo himfelf may fwim : 
Hee's the Knave Puritan, and only He, 
Makes the Knaves Puritan abus'd to be. 

For (in this life) each man his lot muft take, 
Good men muft fuffer wrong for bad mens fake. 

A 2 To 


To he that will. 

THou that this little Book in hand doft take, 
Of what thou read'ft no falfe conftruftion 
Be not prejudicate, to carp, or grudge, (make 
And look thou underfland before thou judge : 
My Mufe is Muficall, and runs divifion. 
And holds all Critick Cockfcombs in derifion. 
The wretch, that true Religion doth defpife, 
Is like the Atheift, that his God denies, 
And thofe that do contemne Religious Rites, 
Muft look for portions with the hypocrites : 
And therefore with all Reverend due refpedls 
To Truth, I have difplaid fome peevifh Sefts, 
Full of foule errors, poore, and bare of fence. 
Yet tending to fome dangerous confequence. 
'Tis paft a Butchers, or a Brewers reach, 
To pearch into a Pulpit, or to preach ; 
A pot, a platter, dripping pan, or fpit. 
Are for a Ladies Bed-chamber unfit : 
Rich Hangings, Curtaines, Carpets, garments gay 
Doe not become a Kitchin any way. 
A Preachers work is not to gelde a Sowe, 
Vnfeemly 'tis a ludge fhould milke a Cowe : 
A Cobler to a Pulpit fhould not mount, 
Nor can an Affe caft up a true account. 


A Clowne to fway a Scepter is too bafe, 
And Princes to turne Pedlers were difgrace : 
Yet all thefe, if they not mifplaced be, 
Are neceffary, each in their degree, 
If each within their limits be contain'd, 
Peace flourifheth, and concord is maintain'd. 
The good man lob defcrlbes it plain and right, 
Where order is not, darkneffe, and the light 
Are both alike, for blindefold Ignorance 
Of perfeft wifdome hath no glimpfe or glance. 
But fuch as 'gainft all order doe rebell, 
Let them not doe as did Achitophell, 2 Sam. 17 

To fet his houfe in order home went he, ^^■ 

But what became of him, pray reade and fee. 
Kinde Brethren, I doe wifh you better fortune. 
And with tongue, pen, and heart, I you importune 
To have the patience but to heare, or reade 
What kinde of fellowes doe you thus mifleade ; 
I doe inveigh here with impartiall pen 
Againft no filenc'd, learned Clergy men, 
Nor any man that underftands me right. 
But will approve thefe lines which here I write : 
For let bafe fpight fay what it dare or can, 
I know, what's writ, offends no honefl man. 
I write of fome, that with tongue, pen and print 
Have writ and rail'd, as if the devill were in't. 
I could name many of that precious crew, 
And for a tafte I will recite a few. 

A 3 Firft 


Firft, of one that was a Merchant 
of Pitchards, Black pots, Double lugges, 
and Pipkins, and was forward to preach, 
not being called or fent. 

"VJ Eare to the lower end of Cheapfide late, 

■*• ^ There dwelt one Knight that fold much brittle 

As glaffes, earthen dilhes, pans and platters, (plate, 

Pots, pipkins, gallipots, and fuch like matters. 

This Knight the Brethren (by appointment fent 

To Loving-land, (an I lie) in Suffolk went, 

And at a Village (Summerlayten hight) 

A Sermon there was preached by that Knight. 

His prayer extemp're done, he op'de the book, 

And Vnto us a Childe is borne, he took 

To be his Text, and handled it fo gravely. 

That for it did in Yarmouth Gaole, the Knave lie. 

Knight had to aide him to negotiate, 

One Gault (a Shoomaker) Afs-fociate, 

Both which were quickly to promotion rifen, 

Preferr'd from Yarmouth, unto Norwich prifen. 

From thence Knight was unto the Gatehoufe broght 

Whence upon Baile, his liberty he fought. 

And was bail'd, but his baile and he both fled 

To Amfterdam, and there he publiflied 


Strange Libels, full of mifchiefe and debate, (State. 
Which here were fcatterd 'gainft the Church and 
Whereby he to the world did plaine reveale 
His mallapert, mofl faucie, purblinde zeale. 

Another fweet youth in a Basket. 

ONe Sidrach Cave made Baskets late in Elie, 
A conftant brother, rais'd up his maids belly 
But 'twas in Gandermonth, his wife lay in. 
His flefh rebell'd, and tempted him to fin ; 
And Caves wife tooke the wrong moft patiently. 
For which the Brethren prais'd her fandlity. 

A third Bird of the fame Nefl. 


AN other (one lohn Howgrave) dwelt at Yar- 
(Not hot, or cold, but with a meere lukewarm- 
From country, wife & houfhold late he fled (mouth) 
To Rotterdam, for's Confcience as he fed ; 
At lohn Burgaries houfe, he took his Inne, 
And woo'd his Hofteffe to the Paphean fin. 
Burgaries wife by him with childe was got, 
That Howgrave fearing Rotterdam too hot, 
Fled back to Yarmouth, whence at firfl he came ,- 
His fault was knowne, and he chid for the fame ; 
He faid it was not he did that vile deed. 
But fin that dwelt in him that fault did breed ; 
And that the devill fhould more damnation win, 
For tempting Gods deare childe to fuch a fin. 



Another like that. 

OF young, and old, both fexes late, a crew 
were bound from England old, to Engl: new : 
And flaying long at Yarmouth there together, 
Expecting Ships for paffage, winde and weather, 
A Brother came to Howgraves wife, and kift her. 
And told her fad newes of a new falne fifler, 
Falne (quoth fhe) from the Word ? I hope not that. 
And let her fall then, to no matter what : 
Ah no, fhee's fowly got with childe (quoth he) 
Now out upon her, pray by whom (quoth fhe) 
'Twas by a faithfull Brother he replide, 
Well, well, quoth flie, we all have gone afide ; 
If 'twere a Brothers, deed fhe could not fhun it. 
But 'thad been naught, had one of th'wicked done it. 

A precious youth. 

A Lfo one Spilsbery rofe up of late, 

(Who doth, or did dwell over Alderfgate) 
His office was to weigh Hay by the Truffe, 
(Fit for the pallat of Bucephalus) 
He in fhort time left his Hay-weighing trade. 
And afterwards he Irifh Stockings made : 
He rebaptiz'd in Anabaptifl fafliion 
One Eaton (of the new found feparation) 
A zealous Button maker, grave and wife. 
And gave him orders, others to baptize ; 


Who was fo apt to learne that in one day, 
Hee'd do't as well as Spilsbery weigh'd Hay. 
This pure Hay-lay man to the Bankfide came, 
And likewife there baptiz'd an impure dame, 
A Basket-makers wife, known wondrous well, 
In Moffe his Alley he and fhe doth dwell. 

As good as the reji. 

AT Brentford dwels the widdow Conftable, 
(As wife as was the Dean of Dunftable) 
Her husband dy'd, and fhe great haft did make. 
Our Church, and Churches dodlrine to forfake ; 
Profeffmg purity, chafte, undefil'd. 
Yet in a Gravell pit was got with childe. 
And now fhe bids Religion quite adiew, 
Turn'd from a Nonconformifl, to a Jew. 

THefe kind of Vermin fwarm like Caterpillars 
And hold Conventicles in Barnes and Sellars, 
Some preach (or prate) in woods, in fields, in flables, 
In hollow trees, in tubs, on tops of tables. 
To the expence of many a tallow Tapor, 
They toffe the holy Scripture into Vapor : 
Thefe are the Rabfhekaes that raile fo bitter, 
(Like mungrill Whelpes of Hells infernall litter) 
Againft that Church that hath baptiz'd and bred 
And like a loving mother, nurft & fed them, (them. 
With milk, with flrong meats, with the bread of 
Like a true mother, and our Saviours wife. (life, 

B Here 


Here followeth the Relation of the 
moft famous preaching Cobler Samuel 

(~\P late a wondrous accident befell, 
^^A zealous Cobler did neare Morefields dwell : 
A holy Brother of the Separation, 
A fan6lified member by Vocation. 
One that did place his principall delight, 
To fet fuch as doe walke afide, upright, 
To mend bad Scales, and fuch as go aftray, 
Difcreetly to fupport, and underlay. 
This Reverend tranflating Brother (H o w) 
Puts both his hands unto the fpirituall Plow ; 
And at the Nags head, neare to Coleman-ftreete, 
A moft pure crew of Brethren there did meete. 
Where their devotion was fo ftrong and ample, 
To turne a finfull Taverne to a Temple, 
They banifh'd Bacchus thence, and fome fmal fpace 
The drawers and the Bar-boy had fome grace. 
There were above a hundred people there, 
With whom few underftanders mingled were. 
Who came to heare the learned Cobler How, 
And how he preach'd, pray mark, He tell you now : 


He did addreffe himfelfe in fuch a fafhion 
As well befitted fuch a Congregation. 
He made fome faces, with his hands ere6led, 
His eyes (moft whiteft white) to heaven dire6led : 
His hum, his fhroking of his beard, his fpitting, 
His poftures, and impoftures done moft fitting. 
A long three quarters prayer being faid, 
(The good man knowing fcarce for what he prai'd) 
For where his fpeech lack'd either fence or weight, 
He made it up in meafure and conceit. 
A worthy Brother gave the Text, and than 
The Cobler (How) his preachment ftrait began 
Extemp'ry without any meditation. 
But only by the Spirits revelation, 
He went through-ftitch, now hither, & now thither, 
And tooke great paines to draw both ends together : 
For (like a man infpir'd from Amfterdam) 
He fcorn'd Nefutor ultra crepidam ; 
His Text he clouted, and his Sermon welted. 
His audience (with devotion) almoft melted. 
His fpeech was neither ftudied, chew'd or champ'd. 
Or ruminated, but moft neatly vamp'd. 
He ran beyond his latchet I affure ye. 
As nimble as a Fairie, or a Furie : 
He fell couragioufly upon the Beaft, 
And very daintily the Text did wreft ; (him. 

His audience wondred what ftrange power did guide 
'Tis thought no man can do the like befide him. 
Yet fome there were, whofe cenfures were more quicker. 
Said Calveskin do6lrin would hold out no liquor. 
'Gainft Schooles, and learning he exclaim'd amain. 
Tongues, Science, Logick, Rhetorick, all are vain, 

B 2 And 

And wifdome much unfitting for a Preacher, 
Becaufe the Spirit is the only teacher. 
For Chrifl chofe not the Rabines of the J ewes, 
No Doftors, Scribes, or Pharifees did chufe : 
The poore unlearned fimple Fifherman, 
The poling, ftri6l tole-gathering Publican, 
Tent-makers, and poore men of meane defart. 
Such as knew no degrees, or grounds of Art ; 
And God ftill being God (as he was then) 
Still gives his Spirit to unlearned men. 
Such as are Barbers, Mealmen, Brewers, Bakers, 
Religious Sowgelders, and Button-makers, 
Coopers, and Coblers, Tinkers, Pedlers, Weavers, 
And Chimney fweepers, by whofe good endeavours 
The flock may fru6lifie, encreafe, and breed 
In fandlity, that from them may proceed 
Whole multitudes of fuch a generation, 
As may hold learning in fmall eftimation. 
The Latine is the language of the Beaft, 
Of Romes great Beaft, that doth the world moleft ; 
Befides the Bifliops fpeake it when they will, 
And all the Preachers babble Latine ftill ; 
Then fmce it is the Romifh tongue, therefore 
Let us that doe not Antichrift adore, 
Leave it to Lawyers, Gentlemen, and fuch 
Whofe ftudies in the Scriptures are not much. 



THis was the very fumme, the root, and pith, 
The Coblers Lefture was full furnifh'd with : 
And having faid his All (his prayer pafl) 
He bleft his Brethren, and came to his Lafte. 
And in fome points, the Coblers cafe is cleare, 
Chrift chofe not learned men when he was here. 
Not Mafters, or expounders of the Law, 
(For he knew all things, and all things forefaw) 
For had he chofe great men of wealth & arts, (harts) 
The Jewes (with flanderous tongues and hardened 
Would then have faid that what he did, or faid 
Was done by their affiflance, and their aide. 
He therefore chofe poore men in meanes & tongue. 
That by weak means he might confound the ftrong. 
Yet this is certain, that at Pentecoft, 
(When on th'Apoftles fell the holy Ghoft) 
Each of them fpake, each feverall language then. 
And were, and ne're fhall be fuch learned men. 
Not all the Univerfities that are. 
Or were, or will be, with them may compare. 
For never Bifhops, or Divines inferiours, 
But did acknowledge them for their fuperiours 
For fan6lity, and working Miracles, 
For preaching facred heavenly Oracles, 
For perfect knowledge, and integrity. 
For life and do6lrines pure fincerity 
Th'Apoftles had more than the whole world had. 
Therefore the Cobler and his crew are mad. 

B 3 Objea. 




13 Ut fome (perhaps) may anfwer me, that then 

-^No humane learning did infpire thofe men. 

And that the Spirits mighty operation 

Gave them the language of each feverall Nation : 

Indeed true Chriftian Churches have confeft, 

That long; ag-one all miracles are ceafl, 

We muft not look for fignes and wonders now, 

God plentifully doth his Word allow. 

And Tongues are not fo eafily difcern'd, 

But men muft ftudy for them, to be learn'd. 

For when the Apoftles all were gone and dead, 

By learned men the Gofpell was or'efpread : 

And publifh'd, and tranflated every where, 

Elfe we had never had a Bible here. 

'Twas Schollers, and grave learned men that did 

Tranflate the Scriptures, which had ftill been hid 

From all Sefts, that would Order undermine. 

Maintaining learning fits not a Divine. 

Therefore if they (as they doe boaft) inherite 

So large a meafure of th'unmeafur'd Spirit, 

Let them fpeak tongues, as then the Apoftles fpake, 

To work great wonders let them undertake ; 

Let them convert unto the Faith of Chrift 

Whole nations (whom the devil hath long entic'd.) 

Let them the Moores, and barbarous Indians teach. 

And to Man-eating Canniballs goe preach : 

Let all thofe Brethren leave great Britaines Coaft, 

And travaile where the devill is honour'd moft. 


All you that are this Kingdomes peftilence, 
I wifh you goe, and drive the devils thence ; 
And then my Mufe and I, In Verfe will tell, 
You and your Spirit have done wondrous well. 

J^ 0|^ dF> «^ ^■?>^i^^<^4&<$i<$><«!> <^ d(^ w <$• ^!> 

A Short relation of fome of the 
mighty Miracles done by the Apoflles in 
the name and power of I e s u s. 

THree thoufand Soules, S. Peifer in one day, Ail. 2. 41. 
By preaching, turn'd into the heavenly way ; 
He cur'd the Cripple, reade but A^s the third, 
Strooke dead two deep diffemblers with his word : Ads 5. i. 
Cur'de old yEneas, palfied, weak, and lame, acIs 9. 34. 

Thefe things Saint Peter did in le/us name. 
Cur'd people with his fhadow, and reviv'd 
Tabitha (whom Death had of life depriv'd. Ads 9. 40, 

And after (fetter' d) in clofe prifon fhut. 
An Angell him at liberty did put. 
Let me fee one of you fuch rare things doe. 
And then He fay you have the Spirit too. 
Saint Paul gave Sergius Paulus heavenly light, Adis 12. 7. 

Inchanting Elimas he reav'd of fight ; 

Did Lidia and the Jaylour both convert, aAs 13. & 

And did the holy Ghoil to twelve impart, '^■ 

And they ftraitwaies fpake feverall tongues moft 16. 
And I believe ne're went to fchoole again. (plain. 



If Napkins or handkerchiefes did but touch 
The corpes of Paul, the force of faith was fuch, 
That fiends did flie, and vexed foules had reft ; 
And from poffeft men devils were difpoffeft, 
And were but fome of you well hang'd or whip'd, 
And that your fhirts v/ere from your corpfes ftrip'd 
Or elfe your whip, or halter well would try, 
If (by their touch) they'd make the devils flie. 
And leave poffeffion, I dare lay my life 
There's many a man would ufe them on his wife. 
But no fuch vertue doth from you enfue, 
For if there did, the devill would flie from you. 
Sweet Brethren of the Se6l of Ignoramus, 
You that defpife Te Deum and Laudamus, 
You that doe for our humane learning blame us, 
I wonder what Religion you would frame us ; 
You, without any learning, barbarous, rude, 
How dare you facrilegioufly intrude 
In Church-affaires, not being call'd or fent, 
And with your brazen faces impudent. 
To pick Gods fecret Cloffet ope, and pry 
(Moft faucy) In th' Almighties fecrecy : 
Is't not enough, you have his Will reveal'd, 
But you'le needs know his fecret will conceal'd, 
Break up the cloffet doore, and boldly get 
Into th'eternall, heavenly Cabinet. 
This is a theft contemptible moft high, 
(Tranfcendent Felony and Burglary) (looke 

And thofe proud thieves, at doomes day muft not 
To be repriev'd, or faved by their booke. 
Some there have been, fo malapertly mad, 
To gueffe what talk Chrift with the DocSlors had : 



To know where Mofes body buried lies, 
Where Edens garden was, or paradlfe, 
What God did doe before the world he fram'd. 
And where hell ftands (appointed for the damn'd) 
Thefe curious Conflables would fearch and peepe 
Through heaven, earth, fea, aire, and th'infernal deep, 
And for their needleffe ftudies, paines, and care. 
They do conclude (like Cox-combs) as they are. 
In boafting knowledge they themfelves advance, 
When all their skill is blinded ignorance. 
All you of this pure felf-conceited Seft, 
That brag your felves to be the Lords Ele6l, 
Me tjiinkes it is too much for you or yours, 
To be Gods Courtiers, not his Counfellours ; 
Where have you that rare revelation found. 
The Scriptures clofeft myfteries to expound : 
Is it becaufe you wit and learning want, 
Or will the truth dwell with the ignorant : 
Muft the beft preachers be unlearned fooles ? 
Then downe with Univerfities and Schooles, 
Your Libraries, your Halls, and Colledges, 
If ignorance furpaffe your knowledges. 
The word of God was faithfully tranflated 
By learned men, o're-fpread and propagated : 
'Twas done by Schollers, had it not been done 
Till you had don't, we all had been undone. 
Ye'r bid to fearch the Scriptures 'tis confeft, 
You are not bid the Scriptures fence to wreft. 
To metamorphofe, alter, wring, and wrie 
Gods Word according to your fantafie, 
Ye'have leave to heare, or reade it, 'tis not fit 
You, or your Kennell fhould interpret it ; 

C For 


For fhould we trull to your interpretation, 
We fhould have an unhandfome Congregation. 
When God declar'd his Law in dreadful! thunder 
Upon Mount Sinai, full of feare and wonder, 
Exod. 19. 'Twas prefent death to any that was there, 
'^- That dar'd to touch the hill, or come too neere. 
When as the Ark was back return'd again. 
That feven monthes with the Philiftines had lain, 
Then fifteen hundred Bethfhemites were ftrooke 

1 Sam. 6. Stark dead, for daring in the Ark to looke. 

>9- When Vszak, fearing that the Ark would fall, 

2 Sam. 6. Put to his hand, was ftraight flrook dead withall, 
7- His office only was to drive the Cart, 

To touch the Arke was no part of his part. 

Since Vszak for his good will to hold up 

The falling Ark, did tafte deathes bitter cup ; 

Since thofe that once to looke into it dar'd. 

Or thofe that toucht Mount Sinai were not fpar'd. 

What can a Cobler look for, or a Knave, 

Who in the Church (or Arke) no funftion have ? 

Yet dares mofl faucily to preach and prate 

Againfl all orders, learning. Church, and State. 

It is mofl lamentable that fo far. 

Men fo befotted, or be-devill'd are. 

That witleffe Rafcals are held more divine 

Then lerome, Ambrofe, Gregorie, Augtiftine, 

Or all the ancient Fathers (in a word) 

Their learnings and their labours held abfurd 

By fcabs, and varlets, of no worth or merit, 

But impious boafling of th'infpiring Spirit ; 

And had each one of you his right and due, 

Your fpirit fhould be fharply whip'd from you. 


And when you felt the acuteneffe of the lafh, 
You would efteem your dodlrine Balderdafh. 
For in Saint Aujlins time, he made complaint, 
That eighty two Sefts did the Church attaint ; 
Since when, could I all Herefies recount, 
The number (trouble) treble will amount ; 
Yet in that Fathers dales, that reverend man 
Did ne're heare of the Sedl call'd Puritan, 
And fure the name of Puritan doth yeeld, 
A good mans nickname, and a bad mans fhield. 
It is a cover for a cheating Knave, 
And 'tis a jeare, a good man to deprave ; 
But both the good and bad, what e're they be, 
They get no name of Puritan from me. 
I write of Separatifts, and Schifmatiques, 
Of fhallow-pated, harebrain'd Heretiques, 
Such as doe make the Text a Lesbian rule, 
Whofe faith or reafon (like the Horfe or Mule) 
Whom neither Law, or fence can curb or bridle. 
Who ne're are well imploy'd, nor never idle. 
A man may well compare thofe Separatifts 
Unto the hot Gun-powder Romanifts : 
For though they doe each other deadly hate. 
And one the other faine would ruinate. 
Yet both in their conclufions doe agree, 
The ruine of our Church and State to be. 
Their head's (like Sampfons Foxes) fundred wide, 
But yet their tailes are faft together ty'd ; 
For both doe joyntly joyn, and both defire. 
With fire-brand zeale to fet our Corn on fire. 
To fpoile our Government eflablifhed, 
And (through the world) moft famous publifhed, 

C 2 They 


They joyne together to confume and burne, 
And with confufion wafte and overturne . 
All ancient order, rule, and decency. 
And doflrine, from the prime antiquity. 
Thus both the grounds, & aimes of both thofe Se6ls: 
Agree both (in their tailes) for their effedls, (fever, 
How er'e their heads, Eaft, Weft, South, North, may 
Their ends are one, to feek our downfal ever. 
And of thefe two oppofers (I'le bar fwearing) 
'Tis hard to know which barrell's better Herring : 
But (of the twaine) a man fhall alwaies finde 
The Schifmatique moft obftinate inclin'd, 
And the more ignorant he is, the worfe, 
Moft ftubborne, fenceleffe, ftiallow in difcourfe ; 
The Papift makes fome fhew of wit and fence, 
And feeming reafon for his falfe pretence, 
And from him I may fomething gain, whereby 
My faith (more firmly) I may fortifie ; 
For though I doe not'credit his difpute, 
Yet (by difputing) I may gaine fome fruit. 
But from the other fide I dare prefume, 
I fhall have nothing elfe but froth and fume. 
With hafty anfwers, peevifh, tefty, fnappifh. 
Untoward, wayward, nonfence, fruitleffe, apifh. 
Thefe, none but thefe hold learning in difdain, 
And all for ufe divine, accurft, and vaine. 
All humane knowledge therefore they deteft, 
Th'unlearn'd (they fay) do know the Scriptures beft : 
That humane learning breeds confufion, 
Moft fit for ^gypt, Rome, and Babylon, 
And that the learned ones were, are, and fhall 
Be ignorant of humane learning all. 


Thefe with fome other idle fancies mix'd, 
In their unfix'd opinions are all fix'd. 
But flay (my Mufe) hold, whither wilt thou gad ? 
The learned Reader fure will thinke thee mad, 
Becaufe thou art fo tiring, tedious, long 
About thefe Screetchowles with thy Cuckoes fong : 
And though I feeme thofe Caitiffes to condemne, 
Yet idle babling makes me feeme like them, 
'Tis befl therefore, no longer time to fpend, 
But fome few lines, and briefly make an end. 

A Zealous brother did a fifter meete. 
And greeted fweetly in the open ftreete ; 
Thou holy woman, where haft been faid he, 
I came from a baptizing Sir (quoth fhe) 
Pray whofe childe was it (he again requires) 
She anfwerd, fuch a Taylors in Black-fryers, 
Hee's one of us, the man reply'd again, 
Hee's one (quoth fhe) that doth the truth maintain ; 
Quoth he, what might the childe baptized be ? 
Was it a Male She, or a Female He? 
I know not which, but 'tis a Son fhe faid, 
Nay then (quoth he) a wager may be laid ; 
It had fome Scripture name, yes, fo it had 
Said fhe, but my weak memorie's fo bad 
I have forgot it, 'twas a godly name, 
Though out of my remembrance be the fame : 
'Twas one of the fmall Prophets verily, 
It was not Efay, nor yet leremie, 
Ezekiel, Daniel, nor good Obadias, 
And now I doe remember, 'twas Golias. 

C 3 Another 


AN Other filler (as the Spirit rap't her) 
Said to her Boy, come firrha, reade a Chapter ; 
The Boy por'd on the Book, and fumbling fate, 
And had more minde to be at Ball or Cat ; 
His mother faid, why dofl not reade thou knave. 
The Boy ask'd her what Chapter fhe would have : 
Thou paltry Imp (quoth fhe) canft thou finde none 
'Twixt Genelis, and Revelation ; 
To learne thy duty, reade no more but this, 
Pauls nineteenth Chapter unto Genefis. 

ON London Bridge I lately did confer 
About fome bufmeffe with a Stationer : 
A young man came into the Shop, and fought 
Some holy Ballads, which he view'd and bought. 
And there he pray'd the Shop-keeper to looke 
The Epiftles of Saint Ovid (a fine Book) 
Upon Saint Peter, Paul, lohn, lude, or lames, 
They will not put the Saint unto their names, 
But yet their ignorance impure, precife, 
A heathen Poets name can Canonize. 

/^Ne Mapleton, at Reding late did dwell : 
^-^Becaufe his flefh did 'gainft his minde rebell, 
He cut it off fo clofe unto the ftumpe, 
That he fcarce left himfelfe a piffmg pump ; 
And hee's one of thofe wife men, and 'twere good 
That all the Tribe of his fweet Brotherhood 



Would follow his example on themfelves, 
Then they would not beget more froward Elves : 
Then peace and reft our Church and State fhould 
All windmills, and vagaries of the brain (gain ; 

Would from unquiet England banifh'd be, 
And from difturbance we fhould foon be free. 
Thefe, with the reft (unknowne) may be compar'd, 
Whofe love to learning I have plain declar'd. 
To wofull paffe our Church were quickly brought : 
If thefe companions had but what they fought, 
From Rome, from them, from all that wrong us thus 
Good Lord of Heaven and Earth deliver U S. 




IF Prelates have by fraud, or frailty Jlip' d, 
My Penfhall not in Gall of Afpes be dip'd; 
rie pray we may have better in their places. 
Whom Grace may guide, tofJttm tJu like difgraces ; 
Let tradefmen ufe their trades, let all men be 
Imployd in what is fitting their degree, 
A fid let the Pafiors Urym, and his Thummim 
Be upright, andfincere (as doth become him) 
Let each man doe his befl, himfelfe t'am.end, 
And all our troubles foone will have an END. 

'Tis madneffe, that a crew of brainleffe blocks 
Dares teach the learned what is Orthodoxe. 


Religions Enemies. 

[Hazlitt, No. 68.] 




Relation, as by Anabaptists, Brownijis, Papists, 

Fami lists, Atheijis, and Foolijls, fawcily 

prefuming to toffe Religion in 

a Blanquet. 

The Anabaptift. The Brownift. 

The Familift. The Papift. 

Printed at London for Thoi7ms Bates in the Old-baily. 1641. 




their diverfe and erroneous opinions 

againjl the truth of the Go/pel. 

^ \^ O begin to fome purpofe in profe , becaufe nothing 
I to any purpofe either in Verfe, poetry, Rime, or 
-^ reafon is for their flomacks, nor are they much affe- 
6led with good profe (for as the Tree is knowne by the fruit 
it beares, fo they may be perceived of what fpirit they are by 
their fpeech and writings, and daily HbelHng. And to the 
end that I may rather prove my felfe a juft reprehender of 
their folHes, then an impudent rayler at their fooling and 
fawcie ignorance, (which in plaine tearmes is no better then 
malice and madneffe) I am induced to mix that which is ma- 
teriall, true, and ferious, with fome things that may feeme 
harfh, tart, and diflaftfull to the pallats of thefe curious fu- 
rious lavifh Libellers, and peftiferous platform ers : Indeed 
they doe pretend faire colours for their foule intentions, 
ftrong proofes for their weake Affertions and fcandalous Af- 
pertions, their talke being reformation, rediifying, mundify- 
ing, clarifying of the Church, and nothing is in their mouthes 
or pens but rayling and reviling againft our Church of Eng- 
land, the Booke of Common prayer, preaching. Sacraments, 
Ceremonies, Rites, Orders, Government and Governours ; 
for Governours and Government was inftituted by the Pa- 
triarkes before the Law, by Mofes, the prophets and priefts 
under the Law, by our Saviour Chrifl Jefus and his Apoftles 

A 2 and 


and fucceffours, fmce tlie time of the Gofpel, eftablifhed, 
confirmed, and ratified by Scriptures, Generall Councells, 
Ancient Fathers, Ecclefiafticall Canons, Martyrs and Con- 
feffours, by Acts of Parliament ordained and decreed, and 
by all the aforefaid Authorities continually ufed and daily 
practifed within the Church of Chrlft Catholike, Apofto- 
like and Militant over the face of the Earth, and received in- 
to this Kingdome when Lucius was King heere, and Fleuthe- 
rius was then BiQiop of Rome, who was the thirteenth Bi- 
fhop of that See, Anno 179. fo that the Inftitution and pra- 
ctife of our Church and religion hath continued amongft us 
neere 1500. yeeres, except when It was eclipfed by popery, 
even from the neere time of the death of fome of the Apoftles 
or their next fucceffours : For Saint lerome faith that Saint 
lokn the Apoftle and Evangelift did live 68. yeeres after our 
Saviours paffion, and that hee dyed in the yeere of Chrift 
10 1, and that he out-lived Saint Paul, and Saint Peter, whom 
fome improbable Authors fay was the firft Bifhop or Pope 
oi Rome; alfo that he furvived hmus, Amacletus, and to the 
ninth yeere of Clement, the firft bifhop of 'R.ome of that name, 
fo that by computation of time. Saint lohn could be no leffe 
then 1 20. yeeres of age when he dyed ; fo that our Church 
and Church-Government is no Innovation or noveltie, as 
thefe late licentious Libellers have malicioufly belyed her. 

But indeed it is no Innovation or Novelty, for the Church 
of God and the onely Spoufe of his only beloved Son Chrijl 
lefus to be defpifed, difperfed, perfecuted, hated, fcorned, 
jeer'd, contemned, derided, and traduced, for it hath been, is, 
and will be ever the markes & tokens of the true Church to be 
known from Heathens, Infidels, pagans, Atheifts, Mahometans 
Hereticks, Hypocrites, Schifmaticks and Se6laries, with the 
whofe rabble of the Kingdomes of Satan and Antichrift, for 
fince the beginning the Devill hath been bufie to intrap and 
deftroy her. 



By the word Church I do mean all the faithfuU people of 
God that have ever been created, or that are to be to the end 
of the world, of what Nation, condition, or fex foever they 
be, if they make a confcience, to be obedient to Gods Lawes, 
and with gladnes embrace the Gofpel of lefus Chrifl, in whofe 
faith if they live here, they are {^n Grace) his Church militant 
here, and dying in Gods favour they are, that are fo departed, 
& fhalbe in glory his Church Triumphant hereafter eternall. 

This Church hath many times bin fo over-whelm'd with af- 
flictions, tribulations and perfecutions, that fhe feemed to be 
quite funke, or finking as S. Peter was when he walked on the 
Sea, Mat. 14. 31. then God in mercy hath ftill held forth his 
gracious hand of power, providence, protection and preferva- 
tion, hath flill fupported, held her up, ftrenthned, comforted 
and delivered her, fo that in difpight of the raging of Tyrants, 
the rigour of torments, the ftormes and tempefts of perfecu- 
tion, fhe hath ftill refplendently broken thorow and difperft 
all the obfcure clouds of the Devils malice, fo that the gates 
of Hell hath never prevail'd againft her. 

This Church was, by the fubtilty of the Devill, affaulted in 
paradice in the perfons of our firft Parents ; This Church was 
perfecuted by Cain when he murdered his righteous brother 
Abel; this Church was oppofed and rebellioufiy murmured 
againft by Corah, Dathan, Abiram, and their complices ; this 
Church that was prefigured by the Arke of Noah that fwom 
and floated when all the world elfe was drowned, & none were 
faved that were not in it, which Arke, maugre all ftormes and 
tempefts, was preferved and refted on the mountaine Ararat, 
which was a Type that the true Church doth reft upon the moft 
High : this Church was alfo fore-fliewed by the Bufh that bur- 
ned with fire, & was not confumed, which prefigured her pre- 
fervation : & this Church was & is as the feamles coat of Chrifl 
not to be divided, this is that Church which thefe factius men 
would fink, burn, and rend in pieces, they being more merciles 

A 3 then 


^4) , , 

then the raging waters, their blinde zeale more hot then the 

violent flaming fire, and their manners and civility farre lefle 

then the barbarous fouldiers. 

The Arrians, Anabaptiflis, Brownifl;s, Donatifls; Erti- 
cheans, Familifts, Marcianifts , Montanifl;s, Nicholaitans, 
Pelagians, Papifts, Puritans, Nonatians, and all other forts 
of Herefies and Sefts doe ftiffely hold and maintaine to their 
uttermoft power that every one (in his owne opinion) in each 
of their Sefts are the true Church, and under the colours of a 
feigned piety they are all in violent oppofition againft each 
other, in a difunion and diverfity among themfelves, and all 
in a generall malignant inveterate hatred againfl the Govern- 
ment, the Governours, and of the true Church indeed. 

God hath ordained certaine Orders, Degrees or Functions 
of men in this Kingdome for the defence, guard, guide, pre- 
fervation and falvation of mankind ; the firft is Kings, Prin- 
ces, Potentates and Peeres ( or Nobility ) whofe wifdome 
and power may and have made Lawes and Statutes agreeable 
to Gods Word, the fpring and Fountaine of which Lawes are 
derived from the Law of God ; fecondly, (under Kings and 
Rulers) there are the moft right Reverend Fathers the Cler- 
gie for the Churches Government, and for the diredling and 
guiding of the wandring and ftraying Flocke of Chrift, whofe 
Learning, wifdome, gravity, painfull life and example may 
draw foules unto God. And whofe Office and Authority 
which they have from and under the King (as from Gods 
Lieutenant) is fuch that they by impofition of hands alwayes 
have done and doe (as occafion requires) ordaine Minifters 
for the Church, for the preaching of the Word to the people, 
for prayer for them, and for the true and due adminiftration 
of the ^"acraments to them ; and alfo by their power to main- 
taine Order and Decencie in the Congregation, and in their 
Jurifdiftions and charge to admonifh, reprehend, and excom- 
municate all obflinate and erroneous offenders, and (in fine) 



advance the Word of God, and make it propagate, and to 
trample on, tread downe, and fuppreffe all Herefies, feds, 
fchifmes, and needleffe and impertinent innovations, that 
might any way difturb the peace of the Church. 

Thirdly, the Phyfitian is to be honoured, becaufe hee is 
Gods Inflrument for the health and prefervation of the body, 
but as much as the foule (which is immortall) is in value a- 
bove the body, which is fraile, tranfitory, and mortall, fo far 
is the holy Funflion of a fmcere and painfull Divine, (who is 
a phyfitian for the foule) to be preferd before any Phyfitian 
for the Body. 

And fourthly, the Lawyer is to be reverenced and efteem'd 
for he is (or Ihould be) the rule, fquare, guide, and redifier of 
all our temporall Actions, a righter of wrong, a true and im- 
partiall Decider and Judger of all matters of debate and con- 
troverfies amongft men, concerning our houfes, lands, debts, 
touching eftate or loffe of limbe or life, and all thefe are com- 
prifed under the title of the goods of Fortune ; in which, were 
not the Lawyer expert, the Law it felfe is but a dead letter, 
and of no Force or Vertue : Now, as much as goods and all 
outward meanes, which are called the goods of Fortune, be- 
caufe they are uncertaine, here to day and gone to morrow, 
are fhort of the eflimation of bodily life and health, fo much 
is the Lawyer below the Phyfitian in ufe or eflimation. 

But men being conftant in nothing but in wavering incon- 
ftancie, doe in a perverfe and prepofterous manner begin at 
the wrong end, and as they doe make more account of body, 
goods and Fame, then they doe either of their foules or ever- 
lafting happineffe, fo much they efleeme the Phyfitian and 
the Lawyer above the Divine ; I confeffe them all to be as 
worthy of Honour as they are endued with Honefty, and each 
of them to be held in as much regard and Reverence as their 
paines and ftudies fhall merit for their true fervice to God 
and man ; yet, with Mary, I humbly defire to make choyce of 


the better part which Jhall not be taken from niee, Luk. lo. and 
41. 42. 

In the meane fpace, (amongft mutable and contentious 
fpirits) Religion is made a Hotch potch, and as it were toft 
in a Blanquet, and too many places of England too much Am- 
Jterdamnified by feverall opinions ; Religion is now become 
the common difcourfe and Table-talke in every Taverne and 
Ale-houfe, where a man fliall hardly find five together in one 
minde, and yet every one prefiimes hee is in the right. The 
Booke of Common-prayer which was eftablifhed by Aft of 
Parliament by that good and godly King Edward the fixth, 
and after re-eftabli(hed by another Parliament, by that un- 
paraleld and peerleffe princeffe Queen Elizabeth, and conti- 
nued fince in the happy Raignes of two gracious Kings in 
the Church of England for the fervice of God thefe ninetie 
yeeres ; yet one would have it to be cafh out now, holding it 
a falfe worfhip ; another is angry at the veftments and habits 
of the Miniftery ; one will not kneele, another will not ftand, 
one will fit downe, one will not bowe, another will not be un- 
covered, one holds all good manners to be popery, another 
that all decencie is fuperftitious, another that railes are Ro- 
mifli ( which is falfe, for the papifts have no railes in their 
Churches, nor any thing fo convenient : One foolifhly af- 
fumes and prefumes to fave himfelfe, and fome of his Neigh- 
bours too, by his good workes ; another will be faved by a 
bare and lazie Faith that will doe no worke at all, and thus 
religion is puft and blowne to and fro with every wind of do- 
dlrine, and as it were toft in a Blanquet; but of this more 
largely hereafter in another part which will fuddenly be prin- 
ted, till when and ever it fhall be my hearty prayers, that as 
there is but one Shepheard, that God in his gracious good- 
neffe and mercie would make us all one fheep-fold. 


The Liar. 

[Hazlitt, No. 70.] 


L^ 1 J\ rv» 


A contradi6lion to thofe who in the titles of their 

Bookes afifirmed them to be true, when they were 

falfe : although mine are all true, yet I terme 

them lyes. 

Veritas veritatis. 

V y y yy n 




yyyyy y?r 

▼ y y ? y T 7 V V 


1 ~> 

Printed in the yeare 1641 


^Ia^Ia^a^I^ ^Ia^I^^^Ia^ ^I^^^Ia/^I^ 

A Booke of Lyes. 

THere was an Englifhman which 
travelled to the Swedifh army, and 
began to relate very ftrange paf- 
fages which he had feene here in 
England, thinking that travellers 
might lye by authority ; for faid he, in the Coun- 
ty of Berke, at a place called Abingdon, when 
the Earle of Strafford lofl his head, was fuch 
thundring and lightning, and earthquakes, that 
it is almofl incredible. Surely I thinke it is in- 
credible indeed, for I know 'tis no fuch matter. 
He told too that the very fame day that my L. 
Archbifhop of Canterbury was committed to 
the Tower, there was a child born in the Coun- 
ty of Somerfet with a Miter on its head, a marke 
on his breaft like a Crucifix, and many other 
ftrange things which were there feene. 

Another time, faid he, I faw a Lady goe over 
Thames at London ftarke naked, without fwim- 
ming, for fhe cannot be drowned, ergo fhee is a 

A 2 Item, 

Item, he related unto them that the Bifliop of 
Canterbury was little better then a Papift, and 
that he was committed for that occafion to the 
Tower, and that he was not like to be freed from 
thence till he came with his heeles forward. 

Item, he reported that Q. M. was to leave the 
fragrant foile of England, and go into Italy. 

Item, he related that Sucklin, Davenant, and 
Pearcy were accufed as traytors, and fearing to 
be hanged, fled for it beyond the Seas, becaufe 
they would not be chid. 

Item., he told them that Wrens neft was defiled, 
■ and that the Jefuits and Friers had almoft wept 
their eyes out for his fall. 

Item, all the Brownifts and Anabaptifts, and 
the like, of what age foever, that fhall come to 
be baptized, may have a twenty fhilling piece 
laid on his forehead, as foone as the Minifler 
fhall have figned him with the figne of the 

Item,, There is a booke come out of the Kings 
entertainment in Scotland fome certaine dayes 
before he came there. 

Item, he fwore that he never did tell a lye in 
all his life. 

Item., hee vowed moft deeply that the Scots 
were as many in number as the flars in the sky. 

Item, he told that the Turk and the Jew were 
as good friends as ever was friend to friend. 

Item, he moft falfly protefted that he fuffered 


as much in Hungary of famine as ever did Ger- 
many in all its warres. 

Item, he vowed that our Bifhops did bend like 
greene flicks, and therefore he thought that they 
would never break, and that they were all bow- 
ers to the Altar, and Papifts,for they loved Ima- 
ges extraordinarily. 

Item, he told a moft notable lye, that Law- 
yers in England did fcorne to take any fees for 
pleading any caufe : then faid one, How doe 
they live ? he anfwered, like Camelions, they 
feed upon the ayre, and cloath themfelves with 
honefty, which is the warmeft weed they can 
weare in thefe times. 

Item, he fwore that any man might fteale any 
thing now in England, and never be fhent for it, 
for all the ludges are hanged becaufe they have 
taken bribes. 

Item, he protefled that Greg-ory theliangman 
is growne very rich, becaufe none are hanged. 

Item, he vowed he faw St. Pauls fteeple ftand 
in its owne place where it was built, and Cha- 
ring croffe quite ruinated. 

Item, hee told that there were a great many 
Puritans in England, and that they did now fo 
difturbe the quietneffe of the Commonwealth, 
that it was now almoft turned topfie turvy. 

Item, hee protefled that all the women in 
England were growne precife, and turned Prea- 

A 3 Item, 

Item, hee told them that it was as common a 
thing for Sow-gelders, Tinkers, Felt-makers, 
Buttonmakers, Weavers, and Coblers, to preach 
in a tub, a joyn'd floole, or fuch like thing, as for 
a man to drinke when he is thirfty. 

They heard him with patience till hee 
had made an end of his lying, and then they 
asked him whether yea or nay hee faw thefe 
things he fpake of, he prefently fwore all the 
oathts of God that he faw thefe things with his 
owne naturall eies, which he had reported, 
and he would maintaine it, though he fpent his 
deareft blood in the doeing of it ; well they 
heard his protefttations, and made a full account 
that they would prove his conflancie whether 
he would be a Martyr yea or nay, in the meane 
time they horfed him, and this was the manner 
of it. 

There was a great high thing raifed to the 
hight of twelue of fourteene yards, made of 
Iron, whereon he was feated, with two great 
weights on his toes, and the like on his hands 
where he fate in great paine, if he fhould chance 
to eafe himfelfe upwards, there were fharpe 
nailes over his head which would prick him, 
thus he fate, and thus he fufifered, till they had 
fufficiently made a laughing flock of him ; well 
when hee had fuffered enough they let him 
downe.and incontinently he came backe againe 
into this country, where he related as follow- 
eth, The 

The Emperour (faith he) hath given fuch an 
overthow to the Sweeds that I thought not one 
would have returned againe; the Canons roared, 
the skies were dimmed with fmoke, and the 
earth fhooke with an earthquake ; another time, 
the Swedes gave the Emperour fuch an over- 
throw, that I dare fay he will never rife againe, 
which made the Pope proclaime a faft for fix 
and thenty weeks, but a pox choak them they 
eate fifh a little too much. 

A little after there was a commet feene in the 
ayre, forth the fpace of two moneths, with 
great thundering and lightnings and fuch like, 
which made all the whole Country amazed. 

Thefe and fuch like things he related till hee 
made the wearie eares of honefl men glow, and 
if they had ferved him as he was ferved before 
he had had his defert, and hang him that would 
pittie him for me, but in conceit either in the 
flocks, cage, counter, or Bridewell I leave him. 

Gentle reader, I have heere related under the 
name of lies nothing but true tales, for if a man 
doth now fpeake truth he Ihall be fure to fmart 
for it now a dales, either heere or in other places; 
read gentlie, and buy willingly. 


A Pedlar and a Romifh Prieft, 

[Hazlitt, No. 71.] 






In a very hot Difcourfe, full of Mirth, Truth, 
wit, Folly, and Plain-dealing. 

By lohn Taylor. 


Printed in the yeare 1641. 


sveaf* «vP5v^ «^5/e svpgjri) stpsya <5VP3fi> s^gv* 
(»F.5mi (»JC3Ks (5^3KS) e45aM> c!>^3Mi aJs^M) <»>€aNS) 

A Pedlar and a Romlfti priefl in a very hot Dif- 

courfe, full of Mirth, truth, Wit, 

Folly, and plain-dealing. 


Poland Pedlar went upon a day, 
Vnto a Romifh Priefl to learne to pray ; 
The Priefl faid Pedlar get thee to the cloifter 
And learne the Ave and the Pater Nojler. 

Pedl. Now good fir lohn (quoth he) what talk is that 
I heare you fpeak, but God in Heauen knowes what. 

Prieji. It is that worthy holy Lattin letter 
Doth pleafe the Lord wel and our lady better. 

Pedl. Now good Sir lohn, I know not what they be 
The Lattin tongue is heathen Greeke to me. 

PrieJl. Pedlar if thou to me wilt but repaire 
Within one Month, I'le teach thee Lattin Prayer. 
And though thou underfland not what thou fayft, 
Thou fhalt fpeake pretty Lattin when thou prayefl 

Pedlar To pray fo fir, is onely but in faying. 
In words, not fence, a prating, not a praying ; 
Shall I that am a man of perfe6l age, 
Talke like a witleffe parret in a Cage. 

PrieJl. A parret can but prattle for her part, 
But towards God hath neither mind or heart. 

A 2 Then 


Then feeing I have head and heart to pray, 

Shall not my heart know what my tongue doth fay ? 

For when my tongue talkes, if my heart mif-carry, 

How quickly I may marre your Ave Mary ? 

And I fir having many things to feeke, 

How fhould I fpeed not knowing what I fpeake. 

Prie/l. God underflands all tongues, & knows, & he 
The thoughts and fecrets of the heart doth fee. 

Pedl. Then if I think one thing and fpeak another, 
I wrong my felfe, and Chrifl, and his blefl Mother ; 
For when I pray they would my pack repaire, 
Your Ave nmry is a fruitleffe prayer. 

Prieji. The Latin prayers are but generall heads. 
For our Reliefes in all our wants and needs : 
The Latin ferves us as a Liturgie, 
As curious Arts directs Chirurgery, 
And in that language Maffe is faid and fung, 
For private things pray in thy Mother tongue. 

Ped. Then I muft have a tongue, fir lohn, for either, 
I for the Mother and i for the Father, (fmall things, 

Prie. Thinkft thou the Mother doth not know fuch 
Chrift is her Son man, and he tells her all things. 
But where did that bleft Virgin learne her Latin, 
For in her dales was neither Maffe nor Mattin, 
Nor yet one Prieft that Latin then could fpeake. 
For holy words were Yiebrew then or Greeke, 
She never was at ^ome, nor kill Popes feet. 
How came fhe by the Maffe faine would I weet. 

PrieJl. Pedlar, if thou beleeve the Legendary, 
The Mafse is older farre then Chrift or yiary, 
For all the Patriarkes both more or leffe. 
And great Melchifedeck himfelfe faid Maffe. 


Pedl. But good fir prieft, fpake al thefe Fathers Latin 
And faid they Mafse in golden Coapes or Satin ; 
Could they fpeake Latin long e're Latin grew, 
(For without Latin no Mafse can be true) 
And you that would inforce us to this taske, 
Me thinkes 'tis like a may-game or a mafque. 

Priejl. Well Pedlar thou art too too curious, 
Thy pur-blinde Zeal's fervent, but furious, 
I rather would a hundred monkes dire6l, 
Then fuch an ignorant of thy mad fedl ; 
This thou muft know, this cannot be deni'd, 
^me govern'd all when Chrift was crucifi'd. 
'Rome, Heathen then, but afterwards converted. 
And grew fo honeft, and fo holy-hearted, 
That now our Emperour is turn'd to a pope, 
Whofe Holines (as you have heard I hope. 
Hath made a Law that all the world muft pray 
In Latin language to the Lord each day ; 
He's Chrift's full Vicar, and He boldly fay. 
That what he doth command we muft obey. 
He bids us pray in Latin, even fo 
We muft doe, where we underftand or no, 
He hath full power to confound or fave. 
And who dares then but doe as he will have. 

Pedl. This purpofe to fome purpofe puts me back, 
And hath more points, then pinnes are in my pack. 
What ever power you give unto your pope. 
He cannot make a man an Ape, I hope, 
And if he be full Vicar to our Lord, 
Should not his words and Chrifts keepe one accord. 

Priejl. Doubtles they doe, and never are contrary. 
In Pater nojler, Creed, or Avemary. 



Ped. But Chrifts Difciples when they made their 
Vnto their Mafter, how to make devotion, (motion, 
As I have done to you (fir lohri) to day ; 
I pray you in what tongue bade he them pray, 
Chrifl did not one word Latin to them fpeake, 
Their talke was then all Siriack, Webrew, Greeke, 
He bade all Nations pray after one manner, 
But bade not all take Latin for their Banner : 
Your Latin is but one of the Tranflations, 
Why fhould it then exclude all other Nations ; 
And on my foule, fir lohn, if I doe fay, 
In mine owne mother tongue when I doe pray 
Lord helpe me. Lord forgive me all my finnes. 
Yea (why not) Lord fupply my packe and pinnes. 
And every thing whereof I fland in need, 
(For this depends upon our daily bread) 
I hope in God that I fhall fpeed as well. 
As if in Latin I my wants did tell : 
And fmce fome tongues have more antiquitie 
Then Latin, were it not iniquitie 
To force all people to pray like the Pope, 
No good (fir lohri) you'l not fay fo I hope. 

Prieji. Wei pedlar, one thing I would faine make 
Return we to our Lady back again, (plain. 

And if thou hadft as much capacitie 
As roving wit, with great audacitie. 
The cafe is cleare, that Virgin Mary meeke. 
Could all and every tongue and language fpeake. 
Haft thou not heard man how the Holy Ghoft, 
Came downe like cloven tongues, at pentecojl. 
And fill'd the houfe where all the 12. were ready. 
And one tongue truly lighted on our Lady, 


And thinke not that I talke of toyes and dreames, 
Aske but the Reverend Jefuites of RAemes, 
And what they write of this but wifely note. 

Ped. In faith fir loAn it is not worth a groat ; 
Will I beleeve't thinke you becaufe they fay it ; 

Priejl. Nay but they prov't as no man can denay It ; 
Saith not the Text, that when the Lord afcended, 
Vnto the 12. he earneftly commanded, 
That from lerufalem they fhould not goe, 
Vntill the Comforter did come, and fo A61. \, 

They all conjoyned with one joynt confent, 
And to an upper roome together went, 
Where Mary was and others whole fix fcore. 
That with the 1 2. did daily God adore. 
Then (fayes the text) when Pentecoji was come. 
They were together then both all and fome. 
And all were filled with the Holy Ghoft. (Hoft, 

Ped. Now good fir Prieft you count without your 
I fee well that your Rhemifh Jefuites tongues. 
Hath cloven the text even to the very lungs. 
That (ALL) for which you reckon up fix fcore, 
Is here meant onely of the 12. no more; 
Nor Mary is not named there as than, 
What need we then beleeve it, holy man. 
On with your fpeftacles fir lohn and read. 
And credit this as one point of your Creed, 
The Holy Ghofl did fall upon no more, 
Then he was promifed unto before : 
Now he was onely promifed to the twelve, 
Looke on the text, I pray, and iudge your felve ;. 
Speake man, and be not filent, I am forry, 
To fee you ignorant of fuch a ftory ; 


For ftiame, let not a pedlar with his packe, 
Put you with all your Sophiftrie to wracke. 
For as the Stories in themfelves are divers, 
Flowing and falling into fundry Rivers, 
In divers Chapttrs fo they ftand divided, the\.&2. 
So that the cafe may clearely be decided ; _ chap. 
For when thofe 6. fcore were at firft convened. 
There was another myfterie then meaned ; 
To wit, Mathias free Eleftion, 
And fo Saint Peter gave direftion, 
That all thofe fix fcore then fhould beare record 
Of their proceedings then before the Lord : 
The choofing of a paflour was in hand, 
Which without Churches knowledge cannot ftand. 
And fo Mathias, (by the power of Heaven) 
By lot was tooke as one with the Eleven. 
Then (faies the the Text) all thefe together were. 
What all thefe were doth very plaine appeare, 
To be the 12. in the lafl verfe before, 
And not make Leape Yeare of eleven verfe more. 
To draw all backe to that hundred and twentie, 
Indeed this way fhould have tongues in plentie. 
They differ in 1 2. verfes, the Text faies, 
Befides the time is different full 10. dayes. 
The firft upon the day the Lord afcended. 
The other when the holy Ghoft defcended. 
Such glaZen arguments will bide no hammer, 
For they are but bad Logick and worfe Grammer ; 
As for the Holy Ghoft 'tis verifide. 
His comming downe, unto no Law is tide ; 
Sometimes invifible, and fometimes feene, 
As diverlly at divers times hath beene. 


Few needes to fee his comming with their eyes, 
His workes are witnefses which may fuffice ; 
And fo Saint Paul this gift found privately, 
By Annanias hand affuredly. A£l. g. 

And fo, fir loAn, to fhew you all my packe, 
And let you fee my breaft as well as backe ; 
I .wonder yee confider not the end, 
Why God the Holy Ghofl: in Tongues did fend : 
Know ye not women are forbidden preaching. 
Know ye not tongues were onely given for teaching ; 
Women (at home) have hardly leave to fpeake. 
But they take leave, and often filence breake ; 
Their husbands mufl permit their tongues to walke. 
And therefore, in Gods Houfe, they may not talke : 
And then, fir loAn, what worfhip doe you win 
Vnto our Lady, when you bring her in 
As a Companion with the whole fix fcore. 
Who gat the Holy Ghoft and fhe no more. 
And where the Pope hath made her Queen of heaven. 
You make her here like one of the Eleven, 
In this, her dignitie doth feeme to fall, 
Ydu thrufl her to the Kitchin from the Hall. 
And this is alfo one of your rare Themes, 
Held by your reverend Jefuites of Rhemes, 
That Latin came not with the Holy Ghofl, 
When as the tongues came downe at Pentecq/i. 
Now if it came not then I pray, exprefse 
How came it by that perfe6l holines. 
That in it onely, and no other tongue. 
Both Mafse and matins muft be faid and fung. 
Your lafl refuge will be unto the Pope, 
So knit up all together in a Rope. 

B Prieji. 


Pri. Wert thou at Rome, & half thefe words didft 
Pedlar it were enough thy neck to break ; (fpeak, 
But here you live, and talk and prate fecure, 
And undervalue that blefl Virgin pure, 
Yeelding no honour, or no adoration 
To her, or to her dayes of celebration. 
(Goe but to Spaine, and fhew thy vild condition. 
Thou fhalt be tortur'd in the Inquifition.) 
Her Miracles, of fmall worth you efleeme, 
Her merits at low value you mifdeeme. 
Her facred Reliques you condemne, difpife. 
And all her attributes you much mifprife : 
Thou faift with fix fcore I doe make her fhare. 
Your felves will her with your courfe wives compare. 
Shame and confulion doth to all belong, 
Who dare the beft, moft bleft of creatures wrong. 

Pedl. Indeed (fir lohn) you come upon me now. 
With fome things which my faith doth difallow, 
I pray you to confider but a little. 
You give her many a title and a tittle, 
For which you have no warrant in the word. 
And yet purfue us both with fire and Sword, 
As Heretiques, for doing not as yee doe. 
Yet, what the word bids and no more that we doe ; 
Thinke you that anie man can be fo mad. 
As to hold Chrifl his Saviour, and fo bad. 
As to hold Mary for his Saviours Mother, 
And not to love her farre above all other. 
Above all Creatures, fhe was full of grace. 
And fure in Glory fhe hath fupreme place 
And eminence, all other Soules tranfcendingf 
In joy and bliffe, that never fhall have ending. 


_ (9) 
The Holy Ghoft infpir'd her beyond meafure, 
She was poffeft with Heaven & earths whole treafure, 
And grant fhe could fpeake Latin, and all Tongues, 
Yet Maffe or Mattins to her not belongs. 
Of all that mortall were fhe was the beft. 
And her immortall foule is now mofl blefl. 
Her memorable Honour to preferve. 
Her dayes of celebration we obferve. 
The Feaft of her Annuntiation, 
Her cleare and pure Purification, 
The Church (in reverence) hath ordain'd thefe dayes. 
On which we fhould fend up our prayers and praife. 
To our good God, whofe mercie was fo great, 
To leave his glorious and immortall Seate, 
And to the bleffed Virgins wombe he came. 
And tooke on him our filthy finne and fhame ; 
And on thefe dayes we pray that we may be, 
The Virgins followers In Humilitie, 
That our true meekneffe, and our lowlines, 
May raife us to eternall blefsednes ; 
We hold it the fure way to our falvation. 
To follow her in holy imitation ; 
Through heavenly influence her excellence^ 
Muft be admir'd with love and reverence. 
And thpfe that dare compare moft fawcily, 
Their wives or jmothers with her fan6litie, 
Are fawcie knaves in pride and ignorance, 
Or Aiheijis, fit to lead the hang-mans dance ,- 
We love her then, though we beleeve not in her. 
Nor (by will-worfliip) doe we thinke to win her ; 
We hold her blefsed for Chrifts flefli conceiving, 
But farre more blefsed for Chrifts faith receiving : 

B 2 She 

She was his mother, fo 's the Church his wife, 
Which was to him much dearer then his life, 
Now if that one could fall at oddes with th' other, 
He would refpeft his wife before his mother ; 
For who fo to him once a wife doth take, 
Muft father, mother, friends and kin forfake. 
And this is every Spoufes carriage, 
But moft in this fpirituale marriage, 
As Manes mother of Chrifts humane life, 
She's but the Daughter of his heavenly wife. 
By which meanes onely, faith doth me perfwade. 
Of Chrift blefl body fhe's a member made ; 
Whereby thefe glorious Titles fhe hath won. 
Maid, mother, wife, and fifter to her Sonne. 
All this fir lohn I doe but briefly fay. 
To let you fee you play us much foule play. 

Pri. Well Pedlar, tho that pack about thou beare, 
Th'art fome apostate Monke or Frier I feare. 
Of Luthers love, or Calvins curfed crew, 
And fent abroad fuch bufmeffe to brew, 
Difguifed like the perfon of fome Pedlar. 

Ped. No faith (fir lohti) I am not fuch a medler. 
Nor have I mind or meanes, fo high to mount, 
A little I can read and caft account. 
My wits are weake to utter Rime or Reafon, 
I know not what you call your Kerrieleifon. 
So help me God (fir lohn) I know no better. 
Nor in your Latin can I read a letter. 
For Latin is a Language admirable, 
And my poore friends and parents were unable, 
To purchafe one fcrap of it, for my fhare, 
And fure without it I can fell my ware, 


And though I have no Latin, yet I can 

Afke what I want of either God or man, 

In mine owne mother tongue, I know and fee, 

How fimple foules by you abufed bee. 

And how your do6lrine half our praiers would carry, 

From Chrift our Saviour to the Virgin Mary, 

I alfo doe perceive how you doe frame, 

Strange innovations to that heavenly Dame, 

Afcribing her that honour, which to none 

Is due, but onely unto God alone : 

Of which Ihe takes fmall notice, nor will fhe 

For it, at any time your helper be. 

Prieji. Read but the Legend, Pedlar, and ther view 
Her miracles, approve her honour due. 
For which the Pope in Latin doth preferre. 
That Maffe and matins muft be faid to her. 
Read, and confider, and believe it well. 
Or elfe thou art at leafl: half wayes in hell. 

Ped. Sure Hell is not within the Popes commiffion, 
Though purgatorie, and the Inquilition, 
Are things which he himfelfe of late created. 
Yet of fmall worth, by wife men they are rated ; 
I anfwer as I oft before have faid 
I love, and reverence that bleft mother maid. 
But I beleeve in God, and when I pray, 
Chrift help me (when my foule or corps doe ftray) 
And fo what e're I either have or want, 
I neither pray to he or to fhe Saint ; 
And as for Tongues, I have but one, no more, 
And wot ye well, although I had fix fcore, 
I would conforme my felfe to Pauls commanding. 
Pray with my tongue, pray with my underftanding. 

B 3 Thinke 



Think you the twelve, when they receiv'd the tongues, 

Talkt, and knew not whereto their talk belongs, 

Yeelding a found not knowing what they faid, 

Idle in preaching, ideler when they pray'd, 

No, each of them knew well what he did fay, 

And why not we (fir lohn) as well as they ; 

For fince each man hath one tongue at command. 

Shall men fpeake tongues they do not underftand ? 

Alas good fir, had I been train'd at Schoole, 

As I am but a fillie fimple Foole, 

A hundred Queftions more I might have moved. 

But here I ceafe for feare to be reproved. 

For thefe few doubts I learn'd in fundry places. 

Me thinkes fuch men as you fhould cleare all cafes. 

Priejl. Now Pedlar, I confefse thou putfl me to it, 
But one thing I will tell thee if thou'lt doe it ; 
If to our Prior thou wilt with me goe backe, 
Perhaps he will buy all that's in thy packe, 
And teach thee better how to pray then any. 
For fuch a holy man there are not many, 
Be here to morrow Betweene fix and feven, 
And thou wilt find thy felfe halfe waies in Heaven. 

Ped. Content fir lohn, but there is one thing more, 
I muft have your opinion in before, 
Suppofe the holy Priour have no leifure, 
To talke of every purpofe at our pleafure, 
Your Booke which is the golden Legend nam'd, 
(Wherein as many lies as lines are fram'd) 
And, on my confcience, I doe thinke that you, 
Doe know the mofl on't to be moft untrue ; 
And therefore tell me fir before you goe, 
Whether your felves beleeve it, yea or no. 




Priejl. Yes verily we doe beleeve it all, 
And hold it holy and authenticall. 

Ped. Then He repeat a tale or two In profe, 
Which few wife men beleeve as I fuppofe. 

IN the 45. and 46. leafe of the aforefaid Booke, I 
have read, that in the Raigne of King William the 
Conqueror, the Danes had a purpofe to warre againft 
England; to prevent which, the King William fent 
Hellifeus the Abbot of Ram/ey Embafsadour into 
Denmarke, who having ended his Embaffie, as hee re- 
turned homeward, he was on the Sea dangeroufly di- 
ftreft with an impetuous and terrible Tempeft, fo 
that the Mafter of the Ship, and all the Marriners did 
yeeld themfelves as loft men : In which extreamitie 
they all prayed devoutly to our Lady for helpe, and 
fuddenly there appeared walking on the water a Re- 
verend perfonage in the form or likenes of a Bifhop, 
who called the Abbot Hellizeus to him, and told 
him that our Lady had heard their prayers, and that 
fhee had fent him to deliver them from the ftorme, 
and that it was her pleafure to have the day of her 
Conception kept holy yearely for ever on the eight 
day of December, which the Abbot promifed to do, 
and prefently the Angel vaniihed away, the Tempeft 
ceafed, the Abbot arrived fafely in England, and re- 
ported what he had heard, feene, and fuffered ; and 
laftly the feaft was commanded to be kept on the 8. 
day of December accordingly. 



ALfo in the fame Booke and leafe is related, that 
a Coufin german of a King of Hungary, who 
raigned I know not when, whofe names were I know 
not what, did marry with a Lady (I know not who) 
at a place I know not where, did I know not why, for- 
fake his wife I know not wherefore, to ferve our La- 
die I know not how ; for the ftory lies thus, that hee 
was a devout and daily invocator to the blefsed Vir- 
gin, and (being newly married) the fame day of the 
marriage the Bridegroom flaid alone in the Church, 
remembring that hee had not that day done his ac- 
cuflomed Orifons, wherefore he fent his new Bride 
home, and himfelfe ftaid in the Church to performe 
his devotion, where prefently our Lady appeared to 
him, and taxed him with unkindnefse, in that hee 
would leave her and betake himfelfe to another, but 
if hee would forfake his wife, and follow her in a de- 
vout life and converfation, then fhee promifed to 
give him the Kingdome of Heaven, whereupon it is 
faid, hee prefently forfooke his wife and ever after 
was a true fervant to our Lady. 

What think you now (fir lohn) is this good fluffe. 

It edifies me, much like blind man buffe ; 

Is't not a fhame, that you thefe things dare doe, 

To wrong poore people, and our Ladie to ; 

You have no ftarting hole, nor no excufe 

To cover or to colour your abufe ; 

But by your leave, I'le tell a tale or twaine 

In profe, and fall into our Verfe againe. 




IN the 88. leafe I did reade of another nameles La- 
dy, that dreamed fhe was before the fhrine of our 
Lady on a Candlemas day, fhe then (as fhe dreamed) 
had a burning Candle in her hand, which Candle fhe 
three times commanded to offer to the Image of the 
Virgin, which fhee not doing, the Angel ftrove with 
her for it, and brake it in the midfi:, at which the La- 
dy awaked, and found halfe a Candle in her hand, 
which fhe ever after kept as a holy Relique, and with 
the touch of it did many Miracles, and cured a great 
number of difeafes onely with the very touch of the 
faid Candle. 

THere was a Thiefe whom they call a Knight, that 
had long time ufed to rob on the High way, 
by which accurfed Gentle-man-like Trade, hee was 
grown very rich, and kept tall fellowes to attend him, 
who were as arrant Thieves as himfelf, amongft whom 
one that performed or ferved the office of his Cham- 
berlaine was a Devill in the fhape of a man. It fell 
out fo, that they rob'd a holy man, who defired hee 
might fpeake with the chiefe or Mafler Thiefe, which 
being granted, the Holy man requefts that hee might 
fee all the fervants together, whereupon they were 
called, then faid the Holy man. Here are not all, and 
then they miffed the Chamberlaine, and called him, 
who was no fooner come into the faid bleffed mans 
prefence, Hee cryed out, faying, I am a Devill in this 
humane forme, who have followed this Knight a long 
time to deftroy him for his bad Life, but I could ne- 
ver have any power over him to hurt gim, becaufe he 

C did 


did daily, with great devotion, oftentimes falute the 
bleffed Virgin Mary, with Ave Maria, leaf. 105. 

IN the 1 1 7. leafe there is a tale of a Monke, that 
was a great Lecher, who by accident was drunke 
and drownd in a River which he fell into, and the 
Devils came bufily about his Carkas to carry it to 
Hell, but becaufe the faid Monke had ufed conflant- 
ly to pray to our Ladie, fhee then appeared her felfe 
and commanded the Devils to depart, and then fhee 
gave the foule of the Monke into his dead bodie a- 
gaine, and ever after he had a care to live honeflly. 

IN the fame 217. leafe there is a Relation of a 
Knight that had fpent all his fubflance waftfully in 
riot, and being defperate in his wants, he would have 
fold his wife to the Devill for a great fumme of mo- 
nie ; but the bargaine being made, and the good Gen- 
tlewoman to be delivered to the fiend, our Ladie ap- 
peared to her, and laid her in a fleepe, taking upon 
her felfe the Ihape of the fleeping Gentlewoman, 
which when the Knight would have delivered, the 
Devill began to roare and howle, and trembling faid, 
that the Knight had deceived him, in bringing the 
Mother of God to him inftead of his wife ; and with 
that the Devill fled away, and the Knight with repen- 
tance tooke his wife againe, and in conclufion our 
Ladie gave them wealth, fo that ever after they lived 
together lovingly. 



T N the 220. leafe it is faid, that as the body of the 
-*- blefsed Virgin was carried towards her grave or bu- 
riall, that a Jew in defpightfuU manner laid both his 
hands on the Beire, and violently would have over- 
throwne it, when prefently his hands fundred from 
his armes, and clave faft to the Biere, at which the 
Jew roard, cryed out and repented, and Saint Peter 
commanded him to kifse the Beire, whereby hee was 
prefently recovered, and had his hands reflored to his 
armes againe. 

Alfo it is faid, that the houfe that the blefsed Vir- 
gin dwelt in at Bethelem was removed by heavenly 
Angels, and carried through the aire many thoufand 
miles over Sea and Land, to the Countrie of Dal- 
matia, where it did remaine for a certaine time, and 
then it was againe removed to 'Loretto in Italy, where 
it remaines to this day, being a Holy place, much vi- 
fited by Pilgrims, and (by vertue of it) many mira- 
cles are wrought daily. 

And thus the Booke you brag of, far excels 
The lyes of Jewes, Turkes, Moores, and Infidels ; 
And fure the Heathen,, hearing of thefe lyes. 
The Chriftian Religion difpife ; 
He that will one day guerdon good and bad, 
T'whofe word we muft not dare abate or adde, 
Againft thofe he will draw his vengefuU fword. 
That mingle fables with his facred Word. 

C 2 Prieji. 



Pri. Thy blinded Zeale my very heart doth grieve, 
Thou underflandft not what thou fhould believe, 
Thinkft thou fo many Grave and learned men, 
Have liv'd and dy'd in bleare-ey'd errours den, 
Doft thinke all Popes, all Cardinalls, all lyers. 
Abbots, moft zealous Monkes, moft holy Fryers. 
Doft thinke all thefe for many a hundred yeare, 
Did not profeffe and know the Truth fmcere ? 
Thefe men maintain'd the Church in glorious ftate, 
Till Luther and curft Calvin 'gan to prate. 

Ped. Like as a Squirrill skips from tree to tree, 
Euen fo (fir lohri) you from the matter flee : 
Our talke was Latin, and our Lady firft, 
And you to other arguments out burft. 
I tell you I that Virgin love and honour, 
Although my prayers doe not wait upon her, 
Nor doe I hold her Reliques of fuch price, 
To raife foules to the heavenly Paradife. 
You her fuppos'd apparell doe adore, 
Haire-lace and Slippers (which fhe never wore) 
Her Combe, her Girdle and her Gowne of filke. 
Her apron and the pot that held her milke. 
Her cloake, her Hankerchiefe, her Hood, her Haire, 
To thefe you mumble many a Latin prayer. 
And therefore I defie you, and in fadnes, 
I hold fuch holines a kind of madnes ; 
And fo, fir lohn, we two will make an end. 
And each of us about his Bufines wend. 
Yet e're we part I would fall to againe. 
And of the Latin fpeake a word or twaine. 
There was but one tongue at the Birth oi Abel, 
And many at the building up oi Babel, 


A wicked work, which God would have confounded, 
But when Chrift came, all tongues again refounded, 
To build his Church, by his Apoftles teaching ; 
Which was in praying fure as well as preaching ; 
For prayer is the full and true perfection 
Of holy fervice (faving your correftion) 
Then if our Lord to mine owne tongue be readie, 
What need I then with Latin move our Ladie, 
Or if to both my prayers muft be in, 
I pray fir tell wth which fhould I begin, 
And to pray jointly to them both as one. 
Your Latin prayers then are quickly gone^ 
For Pater nojier never will accord 
With her, nor Ave Mary with our Lord. 
If I have him, what need I feek another, 
Or will he nothing doe without his Mother, 
And this (fir Priefl) was much in Queftion, 
Difputed long, with deep difgeftion. 
Whether the Ave Mary fliould be faid 
To God, or to" our Lady when they pray'd, 
With which Saint Andrewes Univerfity, 
Was puzled with a flrange diverfity, 
And fate fo long they cooled all their Kale, 
At laft the Mafter Cooke heard of the tale. 
And like a mad man ran among the Clergy, 
Crying with many a Domine me a/perge, 
To give the Pater noJler to the Father, 
And A vies to our Lady altogether, 
And every man may thinke (that wife or grave is) 
She's more then fatisfied with Creeds and Aves. 
At which the Clergie (fearing more confufion) 
Were all contented with the Cookes conclufion. 

C 3 Prieji 


Priejl. Pedlar, this tale, is of thee coyned new ; 

Ped. Sir lohn lie leefe my packe if't be not true : 
Againe, all learned Menkes and Fryers have read. 
How Chrift himfelfe taught us of his owne head, 
That every foule that is with finne oppreft, 
Should come to him, and he would give them reft : 
Come all to me (faid he) not to another, 
Come all to me (faid he) not to my Mother. 
And If I doe as our good Lord commanded, 
I know our Lady will no wayes withftand it. 
And fo if I fhould fay my prayers in Lattin, 
Unto the Lord at Even-fong or at Matin, 
And never underftand what I were faying, 
Thinke you the Lord would take it for true praying. 
No fure, he will not, for I truly know. 
My tongue and heart muft both together goe, 
And hereupon I'le tell you what befell, 
To learned Clearkes, that Latin well could fpell. 
With whom by chance I lodged at an Inne, 
Whereas an old wife on her wheele did fpin. 
And towards evening fhe fell to and pray'd, 
But neither they or I knew what fhe faid, 
One faid fhe canted, others faid fhe mumbled, 
And ftill ftrange language from her lips fhe fumbled. 
Round run her wheele, and round her tongue did run. 
She mumbled and fhe flaver'd, and fhe fpun ; 
What think you now fir lohn of this old Huffie, 
Where was her heart when as flie was fo bufie. 
At laft (faid one) Dame wot you what you fay. 
No, not (quoth fhe) but well I wot I pray ; 
You pray (quoth he) and know not what I grant, 
Alas how can you be fo ignorant. 



The woman, tnufing little at the motion, 

Said, ignorance is Mother of Devotion. 

If Ignorance be mother then (faid he) 

Sure darkneffe muft her onely daughter be ; 

Pray'd you, (quoth I) when al the time you fpan. 

What matters that, quoth she God's a good man. 

And knowes what I fpeak in the Latin tongue, 

Either at Matins or at Even-fong. 

Alas, good fir, was not this wife abus'd, 

Whofe foule and fences all were fo confus'd. 

You know thefe unknown tongues can profit no man. 

And one tongue is enough for any woman ; 

But when we pray in true finceritie, 

As God commands in fpirit and veritie. 

The heart fends up the tongue as Meffenger 

Unto the Lord, a pleafant paffenger. 

Priejl. But Pedlar, here's a prettie little Booke, 
Wherein if thou wilt fpare the time to looke. 
Set forth by a good Catholicke Divine, 
Which out of doubt will fettle thy ingine 
With it, thy confcience will be better fram'd. 
The Gag of the new Gofpel it is nam'd : 
He clearely proves by Zacharies example. 
When he did facrifice within the Temple, 
And all the people prayd and flood without, 
They knew not then what tongue he fpake no doubt ; 
Ergo the Mafse may be both faid and fung, 
In other language then our mother Tongue. 

Ped. Sir lohn I fee your holy Catholicke, 
Upon the Text hath put a pretty tricke, 
Did Zachary fpeake in a Latin flile, 
When all the people ftaid without the while. 




He was a Jew fure, and knew Hebrew well, 

And fpake no Latin for ought you can tell ; 

For if the people heard not what he faid, 

Could they or you know in what tongue he pray'd 

Since underftanding commeth by the eare, 

He cannot underftand that doth not heare. 

Prove it that Zachary fpake Latin, then 

rie fay all Monkes and Fryers are honeft men. 

Becaufe a learned Prieft may pray in Latin, 

And mumble o're his Even-fong, Maffe, and Matin, 

Ergo a Pedlar to the Lord may pray. 

And know no fiUable that he doth fay. 

So when you put me to your Pater nojler, 

I aske an Egge when I would have an Oiftef. 

And feeing thus our Faiths doe difagree. 

That neither I with you, nor you with mee 

Can be united, with one minde and heart, 

I thinke it bed we take our leaves and part. 

rie pray that God, in Grace and mercy, would 

Bring all his ftraying Flock into his Fold. 


A Tale in a Tub. 

[Hazlitt, No. 78.] 



/n a 





As it was delivered by My-heele Mend/oak , 
an Infpired Brownift , and a mod upright | 

; /n a meeting houfe neere Bedlam, the one and 
twentieth of Decembler, Laft, 1641. 

Written by J.T. 

London, Printed 1641. 




A TVB Ledture, 

Beloved Sifters, and my well infe6led Brethren, at- 
tend this Text, as you fhall find it written in the 
firft Chapter of Bell and the Dragon, the third 
Verfe, as it foUoweth. 

Now the Baby lonianshadanldollthey called Bell, and there 
were /pent upon him every day, 1 2 great mea/ures of fine flow- 
er, and /f^oflieepe, and fix ve/sels o/wine. 

I will firft of all make a Divifion in the former part 
of my Text, I will leave the latter to the Laft, and ex- 
pound that as I fhall Wax to an End. 

Now the Babilonians had an I doll they called Bell. 

This fentence I fhall divide into 4 parts, becaufe your 
underftandings my Beloved Brethren, confifteth chiefly 
in the Knowledge of Divifions, the particles are thefe. 

I. The Time. 2. The Nation. 3. The Crime. 4. 
The Denomination. 

The Time, Now. The Nation, The Babylonians. The 
Crime, had an Idoll. The Denomination, called Bell, 

Now the Babylonians had an Idoll called Bell. 

Firft I will begin with the time, you muft not con- 
ceive that it was i. 10. 100. 1000 yeares agoe, but Now, 
at this prefent, Now the Babylonians, &c. Beloved there is 
much evill and abomination to be picked out of thefe 
three letters Now, according to the explication of a 
deare deceafed Brother of ours which you cald Anthony 
Now, Now, and cald he was from us too foone, yet the 
worft the wicked can fay of him is, that hee dyed a 
dutifull death, and hee did but Come when he was called, 

A 2 but 


but leaving our Brother as he hath left us, I will proceed 
with this word Now , Now the Babybnicens. Now doth 
plainely and fignificantly expound it felf in thefe words, 
at this time, this prefent, this inftant, and never were peo- 
ple more ftrangely mifled by falf teaching and preaching 
then Now : you fhall heare how many fentences or quefti- 
ons this word Now will anfwer me : When were golden 
Croffes, Images & pidlures fuffered to ftand in defiance 
of the Brethren, nay even in the open flreetes ? my Text 
doth anfwer Now : When were lying , fcurrilous pam- 
phlets, which abufe the Brethren in profe and Verfe , by 
the Name of Rownd-heads , more in Fafhion then Now. 
There was one who writ a Booke, intituled , A Medicine 
for the times, where affuredly he doth vindicate that pillar 
of Golden fuperflition , Cheap fide Croffe , calling us 
thieves , who bare away the lead, becaufe thofe limbes 
fhould not be agen fet up by Idolatrous people, & when 
was this booke generally fold to draw the hearts of 
the people from us , but according as it is in my text, 
Now : but were he in our Conventicle that writ it, and he 
that printed it, I thinke it were convenient that all of us 
with one a-cord fhold endeavour to hang them to death , 
and were they here, no fitter time then Now : but fi- 
thence they are not prefent, we will defer their execution 
till wee can confidently fay we have them Now : but be- 
caufe I will not trefpaffe upon your patience much long- 
er then my limited time , 6 houres, I will Now conclude 
this part of my Text, and proceed to the next, which is 
the Nation. 

This Nation were Babylonians, for fo my Text telleth 

Now the Babylonians. 

Beloved, thefe Babylonians are a Nation that inhabi- 

ted Babylon, and derive their names from Nimrods Tow- 
er, Babel, a. Tower, which according to my Authors de- 
fcription, was 4 hundred thoufand times higher then the 
Tower of London, bearing twice as many hundred thou- 
fand piece of Ordnance, for it was the intention of that 
proud Nimrod, to fhoot downe heaven : amongfl this 
Nation lived that grand enemy to our fe6l , The Whore of 
Babylon, a moft fathomleffe Harlot, and corrupted every 
man that had any Part in Babel { the more fooles they ) 
this Nimrod was the firft that ever taught Idolatry, for (as 
I have bin told) you know I cannot read my felfe, before 
ever the Art of carving or painting was, hee taught the 
people to adore the fire, which expreffed his hot zeale in 
Idolatry, it was onely their ignorance in arts , that kept 
them from fetting up fuch a Croffe, as is in Cheap-fide : not 
long after Nimrod fucceeded King AJliages : after his 
deceafe, Cyrus of Perfia received his Kingdome , as you 
fhall read in the firft Verfe of this Chapter , and accor- 
ding to my Text is living at this prefent, for. 

Now the Babylonians had an Idoll, called Bell, 

And thus much fhall fuffice to have bin fpoken for the 
fecond part of my Text, which is the Nation, Babilonians, 
now the Babilonians, I will now proceed unto the third , 
which is their crime, their Idolatry, their Image worfhip 
the Divell by this time had inftru6led them in the Art of 
making Idols, for fo my Text faith, 

Now the Babylonians had an Idoll. 

This Idol was made of Braffe without and clay with- 
in, a brazen face, and an earthen heart, fil'd with corrup- 

A 3 tion 


tion and fraught with abhomination. This word I doll 
properly derives it felfe from Idle, which in fignificati- 
on, my attentive Brethren, is floth, lazineffe, they wold 
imploy their times in nothing but making Images. He 
warrant you in thofe dayes a Journeyman Image-Maker 
might get his halfe crowne a day , doe you but cenfure 
then, my deare Affembly, how they flourifhed In their 
wickedneffe, but, fmce they had nothing elfe to doe but 
to fet up Idols, it fhall become us to make it the bufmes 
of our whole lives to pull them downe : but take this 
caution with you , when you next attempt the holy 
deftruftion of that nefi: of Idols, Cheap-fide CroJ/e, be not 
too violent, leaft you fuffer as our Brother did, yet had 
hee pafl the Pikes, he had bin living to this day. This 
I doll in my Text, was Braffe without, and earth within, 
a cheape I doll to thofe in Cheap-fide, for they are Gold 
without, and lead within. Beloved, Lead was not made 
to forme Idols with , but for the good of mankind , 
which is to make Bullets, and Tyle Houfes ; your onely 
way to confound this aforefaid Cheap-fide Croffe, is to 
pull downe to the ground, that old IdoU Charin , and 
beat downe this with the flones, that wee may have no 
more caufe to fay, 

JVow the 'Babylonians had an Idoll called Bell. 

I am now come to the Denomination of this Idoll , 
they cald him Bell, for fo faith the Text, 

Ntfzy ihe Babilonians had an Idol 
This notorious Babe of Idolatry, who hath to name, 
Bell, hath his name derived from that generall enemy 
to mankind Belze-bub, one whom we all know to bee the 



Devill ; this Be// was made of braffe, & that is the only 
reafon (my beloved^ that our Be/s be hel'd fo much 
in contempt amongfh the Brethren. This Be// according 
to the text had fpent upon him every day 1 2 great Mea- 
fures of fine Flower, 40 Sheepe, and 6 Veffels of Wine : 
now who devoured this Flower f Bell, who confumed 
the 40 Sheepe, but Bell f who dranke the wine, fo that 
there was a generall exadlion laid upon each Pint and 
Quart, but Bell, or A-bell. 

I have obferved that there was never any good in that 
word where Be// had a fhare in't what was Adam Be//, but 
a hunter , fo was Nimrod, who built that ambitious 
Tower Babe/; I have heard with mine owne eares, thofe 
blads which call themfelvs Cava/eroes call a Croffe Bard 
fword Troy Be/, what is a ^^/-man but a night walker (as I 
apprehend him) nay doe not your fuperftitious papifts 
curfe the Bretheren with Be// Booke and Cande//; was not 
that Cardina// an arch Heretick who had to name Be// 
Armine; doe not thofe perfecuting papifts in Ire/and Re- 
Be/, yes double and Tre-Be/; and I hope there will be 
fuch an Equall uniformity amongft us who are the fe- 
left Brethren that no particular man may be fayd to bare 
the Be/: nor ftiall any man hereafter be counted a man 
the founder for being Be/-Me//e, for Be/ was Brajfe with- 
out and Clay within. 

^ow the Babi\onians had an I do/ ca//ed Be//, 
and there was fpent upon him every day 1 2 meafures of 
fine flower, and 40 fheepe and 6 Veffels of wine, beloved 
had I been to ferve Be// with this banquet I would have 
made Be/s eares ring Jtoone ere he fhould have had it ; now 
who doe you conceive fliould worfhip this Be//f noe 
v/orfe man then Cyrus the King, as you fhall find it in the 

fourth verfe ; 


^«flf Syrus worjhippedit and went daily to adore it. 

And it is thought (by fome Authors) that this Syrus 
firft made this Bel, if hee did, hee was but a ^^/-founder ; 
or at leafl the firft that ever was a ^^/-founder. I ftiall 
love a ^^/-founder the worfe for it all dayes of my life ; 
I could proceed further and would but for feare of the 
law , who if I ftiould be too zealous, would cenfure this 
Lefture to be a Libell, therefore , this fhall fuffice at this 
time, next meeting fhall perfedl the worke begun : repaire 
to your houfes and confider of thefe fayings. Farewell. 


A full and compleat Anfwer. 

[Hazlitt, No. 79.J 

A full and compleat Anfwer 

againft the Writer of a late Volume 

fet forth, entituled A Tale in a Tub, 

or A Tub Le^ure : with a Vindication 

of that ridiculous name called 


Together with fome excellent verfes 
on the defacing of Cheap-fide Crojjfe. 

Alfo proving that it is far better to preach 
in a Boat than in a Tub. 

By T H o R N Y A I L o, Annagram. 

Printed {or F. Cowles, T. Bates, and T. Banks. 1642. 


Firft, The Complaint of the 

abufed moft ridiculous 

I Ome, brethren, let's deplore our wofull ftate, 
Since all we have done is almoft undone : 
Our paines and charges both betimes and late 
Is like the battry of an Elder Gun ; 

We back againe unto our trade muft fall, 

Nor fhall we be allow'd to preach at all. 

And we from Sylla to Charybdis caft. 
And from CImrybdis back to Sylla hurld, 
From wrong to injurie, from griefe that's part 
To woe that's prefent, we rub through the world, 
'Twixt Hawke and Buzzard, we feeme Planet-ftruck, 
'Midft Chance and Fate, bad Fortune and ill Luck. 

'Tis manifeft that we have done our beft. 

To bring all wit and learning in difgrace ; 

The Church and Church-men we do ftill moleft, 

In hope we each might have a Preachers place : 
Our zeale hath ftill the Houfe of Prayer deni'd, 
And many a Barne and Stable fanftifi'd. 

What have we not done .' we have rav'd and rail'd, 
Vnrail'd, revil'd, exclaim'd, and made a noyfe, 
Brake windowes downe, left nothing unaffail'd, 
And wanting men (to clamour j borrowed boyes ; 
We have moft ftoutly play'd the beafts like men. 
In hope to be all benefic'd, (But. when .? ) 


'Tis faid, that they which China dilhes make, 
Doe burie them in the earth an hundred yeares : 
Their Makers being dead, their Heires doe take 
Thofe difties from the earth, and all our feares 

Is, that doe what we can with works and wifhes. 

Our labours will be like to China difhes. 

For now againe the wicked 'gin to rife. 
And call us Round-heads , and fuch fcurvie names. 
And do our pure profeffion fcandalize 
With Libels, Pamphlets, and moft true exclaimes : 
So that we gape like pining Tantalus, 
For all we have done is worth fcant a Lowfe. 

But why do I thus tell our griefes in Meetre, Profe is mee- 
ter for our capacities by halfe, hang Poets and Poetry, wee 
could never endure them, no verfe is more fweet than a mans 
neck-verfe (if it be faid in feafon) and as for Rhime, it is as 
much diftaftefull to us as Reafon. Yet I would needs know 
by what Reafon wee have the name oi Round-heads put upon 
us ; me thinks our heads are no rounder than our fore-fathers : 
Some fay they call us fo, becaufe our tongues do trowle more 
roundly than our Anceftours did, and that they did ufe ho- 
neft Square dealing, and we only profeffe and praftife Round 
Talking or fpeaking. Others fay, that we are fo termed, be- 
caufe wee doe cut our haire fhorter than our eares ; and the 
reafon is, becaufe long haire hinders the found of the Word 
from entring into the heart : and (truly) it is no fhame for 
a man to weare his owne eares. Yet in the 19 Chapter of 
Leviticus, and the 27 verfe, wee are forbid to cut round the 
corners of our heads, or to mar the tufts of our beards ; but thofe 
words were fpoken to the lewes by Mofes, and all the world 
knowes that we are Gentiles , we have nothing to doe with 
lewes or ceremonies , I can eat Pork and Pig ( which was for- 
bidden to the lewes ) and I love a good Sow or a Bore next 
my wife and my felfe. 

Others there be that fay we are called Round-heads, in re- 
gard that by our heads wee are more like Globes than thofe 

A 2 that 

that weare their haire long, and man being a little world, is 
by the roundneffe of the head a figure or embleme of the 

Morgan Llewellin (that grave Greek Author j faith in the 
ninth Chapter of his Litigious Aphorifmes, That Bias the 
Philofopher was borne in an Haven Towne of lotiia, called 
Priene: This Bias had a Round Running head, and hee devi- 
fed ( from the mold of his head ) the firft Round Bowles, in 
memorie whereof they are called Bias Bowles to this day ; 
but the world is too full of rubs now, and moft heads run like 
Bowles, contrary to the Bias, that an honeft man can hardly 
win a good game all his life time. 

There are fome that report, that wee are called Round- 
heads, and Ovall-heads, by reafon of the fimilitude of an &^g, 
I mufed why that comparifon was, but at laft I perceived, that 
the allufion was not to the Ovall forme of the Egg, but to the 
addleneffe of the braines in the head, which I hold to be very 

There was a fellow lately did fet forth a Pamphlet, enti- 
tuled A Tale in a Tub, or A Tub Ledlure ; The fpeaker of it 
hee faith was one My heele mend fole, an infpired Brownift, 
and a moft upright Tranflator : The houfe { where it is faid 
to be fpoken) was neere Bedlam ; the time when, the 21 of 
December laft, and the writers name of it, is only under the 
two thred-bare letters of /. T. 

I could almoft perfwade my felfe, that thofe letters of I. T. 
fhould ftand for lohn Taylor the Aquaticall Poet, and yet mee 
thinks he fhould have preferred a Boate before a tub to make 
a pulpit of , for a Boate is more primitive to preach out of, 
then a Tub or a Kinderkin. A fifhers boate once ferved the 
beft Preacher that ever was, for a Canonicall Pulpit ; but 
let that bufineffe alone, and returne to the Tub. It is not im- 
posfible, but a Cobler may draw or vent a Firkin of fmal wit 
out of a Hogs-head, and fverily) me thinks it was a rare bufi- 
neffe, that the Hogs-head did not leake when the man ran o- 
ver amaine ; But it is the property and policy of a Learned 
man to barrell up more then he can broach. There was fuch 
Vertue once in a Tub, that a grave and wife Philofopher made 


choife of one for his ftudy , which Tub hee valued fo highly, 
that he would not change it for the Palace of Alexander the 
Great, {ox Alexander of St. Magnus) and that may bee the 
reafon that our brother (the Cobler j made choyfe of a Tub, 
(he that is offended at it, I wifh him in Cornelius his Tub, and 
that is a pocky Tub, as a French Gentleman told me the o- 
ther day) but to returne to our purpofe , I have read of a peo- 
ple inhabiting fomewhere beyond the unknowne Southerne 
World (or Terra Aujlralis Incognita) thefe people do once 
a year offer their old fhooes and boots to their Heathen Gods, 
O what a mighty trade might a preaching Cobler drive there 
being able alone of himfelfe, to prepare and offer the Sacri- 
fice, and fo preach the oblation Sermon too, I know a wor- 
thy member fit to be an Asfiftant to him, one that is original- 
ly a Heele-maker, but now he is an infpired expounder, there 
are fo many of us now a dayes in England, that fome may bee 
well fpared into other Countryes. 

In the hiftory of Spayne in the City of Salamanca , there 
dwelt a moft Heroicall and Magnificent Cobler named Sig- 
nior Lazarillo Bobadilla de Tonnes, this brave Sparke (at his 
death) and on his deathbed called his eldeft fonne to him, and 
after he had given his laft bleffmg, he gave him this counfell. 
My fon (quoth hej I muft leave thee , thou knoweft that my 
father (and thy Grandfather) was a famous Cordwainer in Ci- 
vill, thy mother a Millers daughter of ToUedo, they and I 
here live in fame and reputation, and I dye a man renowned 
for my Art. And therefore I charge thee (on my blesfing) 
that thou do thy beft endeavour to retaine the dignity of the 
Majefly of fo great a family. Truly, a man of fuch mighty fpi- 
rit was too good to be a Spanyard, a Papift or a Cobler , had 
he been infpired as fome of our Brethren are, he would have 
proved that Simon called Simon Magus was at Rome once, 
(welfare all good tokens he brake his neck therej but as con- 
cerning Simon Peter, many wife men will never beleeve that 
he was there, though the Papifts fay to the contrary and with 
Tooth and Nayle defend their furious affeverations. Alfo he 
would have proved Pope lone to have been both literally and 
mvftically the Arrant whore of Babylon. 

■^ It 


It is devoutly acknowledged that we have had many wor- 
thy and zealous Brethren that have ftifly flood for the caufe, 
(as the Sifters can teftifie if they pleafe) as namely the reve- 
rend Mr. How the Cobler , The moft induftrious Mr. Walker 
the Ironmonger, the zealous Mr. Greene the Felt-maker, the 
painefuU Mr. ^^^^t^r the Stablegroome, the pavior oi Mon- 
mouth, the Sowgelder of Wallingford , the Barber and Baker 
of Abingdon, and many hundreds more of true religious Mil- 
lers, Weavers, I had almoft forgot Taylors, but that one Mr. 
Squire, a Gentleman of that function at Roderhith being a 
double yarded man, becaufe he hath two, but neither of them 
London meafure, he is a mighty paines taker for us all in the 
true way of rayling downe Learning, wit, order and decency, 
what though he faile now and then in ftretching filver lace 
on a petticoate, that he can frugally fave out of 4. yards com- 
paffe one yard ; I fay a Taylor may ftretch lace and confci- 
ence, and his bill too, but all is one for that, he is a true zelot 
& fo forth, but though thefe have the honour to be named in 
our catalogue of remembrance, yet one of our chiefe props and 
pillers , is ingratefully forgotten, he being a man of fuch a 
vaft merit, that it is a fhame hee fhould be buried alive ( in 
his fame I meane^ the firft letter of his name is a Brewers 
Clarke, he is a man that hath more in him then all the world 
is worthy to fee or know, he hath fome pith or weight in him 
& had he but couragioufly attempted the downfall of the Ba- 
bell Croffe in Cheapefide, if he had been but valiantly fe- 
conded hee would have laid it levell with the pavement, 
for he feares not the Hangman, and is able to keepe a Quar- 
ter as big as halfe a yeare with any man. 

But I am afraid that our cake is but dough bak'd, (though 
our zeale was warme enough to heate the Oven as hot as a 
furnacej for we are croft, and the Croffe ftands to baffle and 
brave us, and further an unhappy pated fellow did lately 
write thefe following Verfes, in the behalfe of the Croffe, & 
difgrace of us. 



Verfes upon the defacing of Cheape- 

fide Croffe, with the Pidtures of Chrift 

and Saint Peter. 

HOw ? fteale the leade from Cheapefide-croffe ( O bafe ) 
rie take my oath on't 'tis a heavy cafe : 
Some fay the Devill did it, and I graunt 
The Devill is a mighty Puritant. 
He never could endure the Croffe, becaufe, 
Man (on the Croffe) was ranfomd from his claws ; 
But whofoe're 'twas, Brownift, Punk or Pimp : 
If not the Devill, 'twas the Devils Impe, 
What e're he may pretend, he is a Groffe 
Dam'd lew, that tortures Chrift upon the Croffe. 
I wonder why the watchmen did not fcare Vm, 
Sure 'twas fome fleeping watch that lackt a larum 
And fo St. Peter ( whom our Saviour chofe ) 
One of his twelve Apoftles, had his Nofe, 
And both his Armes knockt of, where was the 
That did not wake S. Peter at that knock .' (Cock 
Chrift made him an Apoftle, now who can 
Without his Arms make him a Gentleman } 
Some Crop-eare did it in revenge I feare, 
Becaufe St. Peter cut off Malchus eare. 
What did the babe, what did our Lady do } 
Poore Innocents alas, they fuffered too. 
This fhews the Devils brood, like th'Irifh wild. 
Will fpare no man or woman, maid or child .• 
Now my opinion of the croffe is this, 
It is amiffe to fuch as make't amiffe. 
To fuch as reverence it, or adore it. 
Or fay their prayers to it, or before it. 
Such do pervert it from its proper ufe. 
And turn an Ornament to an abufe. 
Turks, Infidels, Moores, Pagans, Heathen, lewes, 
They know not Chrift, therefore no Croffes ufe. 



And no true Chriftian juftly can repine, 
To let a Croffe ftand as a Chriftian figne. 
Knaves may deface it, fooles may worfhip it. 
All which may be for want of grace or wit, 
To thofe that wrongd the Croffe this is my curfe. 
They never may have croffes in their purfe. 

And thus Brethren you may perceive and fee , how thefe 
ligmaking jeering Poets, doe with their peftiferous Rimes 
(or Verfes ) fupport and prop up that Golden-Leaden nefl of 
Idols and Images, but for a conclufion, if I cannot have it o- 
verthrowne, demolifhed , caft downe, raced , confounded , 
overturned, defaced, delapidated, diftroyed, laid wafle, rui- 
nated, fubverted, or call it what you will, (fo it bee taken a- 
way) and the lead melted into bullets to kill Irifh Rebels ; I 
fay if I cannot have it fo , I will wifh it fo , and there is an 
end before Finis. 

FIN rs. 


A Plea for Prerogative. 

[Hazutt, No. 72.] 

A Plea for 


O R, 
Give Ccefar his due. 

Being the Wheele of Fortune turn'd round : Or, 

The World turned topfie-turvie. 

Wherein is defcribed the true Subjedls loyalty to maintain his Majefties 

Prerogative and priviledges of Parliament. 

By Thorny Aylo : alias, ^okn Tayler. 

Malice, Difloyalty, War and Sefts afpire, 
Religion, Peace, Obedience are ith mire. 

Religion, Peace, Obedience, Love, no doubt. 
Though they be loe, the Wheele will turne about. 

London, printed for T. Bankes. 1642. 


A Plea for Prerogative: 


Give Ccefar his due. 

■^ H E Divel's horne-mad, Religion here fhould florifh, 
Or England conftantly the Truth fhould nourifh .- 
And He (contriving with the Romijh Se6l) 

They foon a hellifh ftratagem projedl, 

That with a ftrange blaft of a Powder-blow, 

Into the Ayre the Parliament to throw, 

And with a whirle-winde terrour to appall 

Gods Word profeft, the Court, the State and all 

Records, Lawes, Statutes, Grants, Decrees and Charters, 

Men, women, children (piece-meale torne in quarters ; ) 

Magnifique Buildings, pompous Monuments ; 

Illuftrious guildings, fumptuous ornaments ; 

King, Prince, Peeres, Commons, with one puffe fhould caper, 

And (in a moment) turn'd to ayre and vapour. 

The Divell and Rome are all ftarke mad at this. 

That they, their great defired aime fhould miffe, 

Devis'd more mifchiefes from th'infernall pit, 

To make us this deliverance to forget, 

And be ingratefuU to that power above. 

Who this great danger from us did remove ; 

For Sathan knowes, that bafe ingratitude 

Doth all, and every damned vice include ; 

And therefore 'tis the totall of tranfgreffions 

To be unthankfull for Gods gracious bleffmgs : 

A 2 Ther's 

There's nothing elfe drawes down th' Almighties hate, 

It hath difmembred wretched Englands ftate ; 

Pride, avarice, luft, hath broke our happy peace, 

And daily do our fins, and fhames increafe. 

He's a wife man (that without danger) can 

Serve God his King, and be an honeft man ; 

For (in thefe dayes) to fpeak truth and do right, 

Is paid with fcandall, danger and defpight. 

Thus vice is entred, vertue is thrufl out. 

And Fortunes Wheele is madly turn'd about ; 

Peace, Love, Religion and Obedience 

Are vertues of exceeding excellence ; 

Yet as the Pi£lure in the Wheele doth fhow. 

They are turn'd downwards in the fpokes below, 

Whilft Malice, War, Se5ls and Dijloyalty 

Are in the w^'^&r fpokes, exalted high. 

And true Obedience neuer did refufe. 

To give to God and Ccefar both their dues ; 

Though fhe be humble, free from arrogance, 

Yet her humility doth her advance : 

And though fhe be trod downe, I make no doubt 

But Fortunes Wheel will fhortly turn about : 

Dijloyalty doth proudly over-top her. 

And makes a gliftring guilded fhew of copper. 

Full of corruption, bafeneffe and deceit. 

Deluding and mofl feigned counterfeit. 

Some do complain of Fortune and blinde chance, 

And do their hands and eyes t' wards heaven advance ; 

And cry, O God (which madft the glorious Sun, ) 

What hath poore England 'gainfl Religion done. 

That all her goodneffe topfie turvie lyes 

Derided, jeer'd at, wrong'd by contraries ? 



Religion was the facred bond and tye, 

The rule and fquare how men fhould live and dye ; 

The ground and fole foundation of the Law ; 

The good mans fword and fhield, the bad mans awe ; 

Twas one entire in Majefly high Hated, 

Now broken, fra6lur'd, rent and diflocated ; 

Divided into Se6ls, in pieces fhatter'd ; 

And (like a Beggers cloake) all patch'd and totterd. 

And what hath England done to worke all this ? 

Nothing at all, but doing all amiffe ; 

Efteeming earths corrupted fading droffe, 

And flighting heaven, and true Religions loffe. 

Thefe are the caufes, thefe for vengeance cals ; 

This makes high climers to have loeft fals. 

When men feeke Honour with ambicious guile, 

My little wit doth at their follies fmile ; 

That though they feeme moft glorious, great and ftout. 

Yet Fortunes Wheele will quickly turne about. 

The potent Pope and Conclave of that Seft, 

Did (and do) daily ftratagems proje6l. 

The mungrill Papift, the Arminian, 

The confubflanciall mifled Lutheran ; 

The Anabaptijis, Brownijls, Arians, 

Sci/maticall Difciplinarians. 

Thefe, and more Sedls of Seperatifts befide. 

Do from Religion to opinion Aide ; 

And as they from each other difagree. 

In various fafliions God is ferv'd we fee. 

Th'eternall Word's high Majefly is fuch 

(That man can never honour it too much,) 

Is turnd unto the loweft fpoke o'th Wheele, 

And too too few the overthrow doth feele. 

A 3 The 


The Kinff, who is the Lords anointed knowne, 

Whofe Crownes and Kingdomes (under God's) his owne ; 

I will not fay't t'oppreffe, but true and jufl 

To guide all under his great charge and truft ; 

Though he (next Chriji) imediate power hath ; 

And his refifters merit heav'ns hot wrath : 

Yet this is not remembred, very few 

Will render Ccefar what is Ccs/ars due ; 

Which is obedience, loyalty and love 

(Becaufe his power is from the power above ; ) 

But Church and State, are by the rabble rout 

Abus'd ; thus Fortunes wheele is turn'd about. 

Religion {true) that ought to be the tye 

From God to man, that man fhould rule thereby, 

Is made 2.Jlable, a very ftaulking-horfe, 

Wherein each beaft doth run a beaftly courfe. 

Religion now each ignoramus whirles 

Into the fancies of fooles, boyes and girles. 

Who dare talke of Miflerious Canticicles 

(Better then Bijhops can) in their Conventickles. 

They can finde out Daniels prophetique meaning, 

And from the Bible they have fo much gleaning. 

That they dare venture with their quirks and quips 

To expound Saint ^ohn and his Apocalips. 

Thus they thinke we, and we thinke they are out. 

But Fortunes wheele I hope will turne about. 

Sedls up are mounted, and their impudence 

And ignorance hath drove Religion hence ; 

As once the Papifts, in Queene Maries raigne, 

The Proteflant profeffion did difdaine ; 

When fwords and halters, and tormenting flames, 

Exiles, imprifonments, and all th'extreames 



That hell or Roman mifchiefe could devife, 

The Gofpell to fuppreffe by tyrannize ; 

And now the Almighty hath this Kingdome grac'd, 

That Popifh fuperftition is defac'd : 

A crew of new Se6ls are fprung up of late, 

As bad as Papifts were to Church and State ; 

Whofe barren knowledge feemes all things to know, 

Who would all rule, and learning overthrow ; 

Whofe wifdomes ftill are in the wane, moft dull ; 

Whofe ignorance is alwayes at the full ; 

Whofe good workes are invifible, fo good 

Not to be feene, felt, heard, or underftood : 

Of thefe mad Sedls, ther's too too many a wigeon, 

That doth defpife the Proteftant Religion ; 

And worfe then Papifts they deride and flout, 

But Fortunes wkeele, I gueffe, will turne about. 

Peace (the fame day that Chrift rofe from the grave) 

Was the firft gift He his Difciples gave ; ^ 

And that his Peace fhould ftill with them remain > loh. 20. 19 

He (eight dayes after, gave them Peace again ; ) 26. 

That Peace which pajjeth under/landing all, Phil. 4. 7. 

Is racketed and bandied like a ball : 

Warre,Jirife, contention, mifchiefe and debate 

Oppofeth Peace, and feekes to ruinate 

Faire England, by the meanes of men accurft. 

Who wrong her moft whom ftie hath bred and nurft. 

And now againft her Peace th'have madly fought. 

But Fortunes wheele I know will turn about. 

Love is the Livery, cognizance, and Creft 

Chrift gives his fervants, who are ever bleft ; J oh. 13. 35 

Th'immortall God, left glorious heaven above, 

And was made mortall (O tranfcendent Love ! ) 


Nay more, he for his enemies did dye, 
And rife, that they might live eternally. 

He cald them brethren (fo their loves to win) Heb. 2. 12. 

And made himfelfe like them, in all but fin. 
He cals each true beleeving foule his brother ; 
And lov'd us fo, caufe we fhould love each other ; 
But all this love which he beftow'd fo free, 
Is back repaid with Malice, as we fee : 
The Wheele doth fhew us how the cafe doth ftand. 
Malice and hatred hath the upper hand ; 
Our words and works do fhew we love him not ; 
Our love to one another is forgot ; 
We fay and do the moft part to this end 
(He that fo lov'd us) how we may offend ; 
And ftead of loving one another, as 
Our bleffed Saviours lafl Commandment was. 
With malice we would cut each others throats ; 
Which fhewes we do not wear Chrifts livery coats : 
And as Himfelfe hath long agoe foretold, 
TK increafe of Jin makes many mens love cold. 
Thus man his malice againfl man doth fpout, 
God grant the Wheele may quickly turne about. 
Nor fhall my Mufe in this taske further run ; 
I wifh the King and Parliament had done ; 
That as his Majefty is knowne to be 
Gods chiefe vicegerent in his foveraignty ; 
So He with them may All as one combine 
To fettle things, both Humaine and Divine ; 
That we may be held free from all offence, 
And gaine him hither, and not drive him hence 
With Libels, tumults, and a wretched rout. 
For which Tie hope the Wheele will turn about. 


Life of Henry Walker. 

[Hazlitt, No. 75.] 


Whole Life and Progreffe of 

Henry Walker the Ironmonger. 

Firjl, The manner of his Converfation. 

Secondly, The feverall Ojfences, and fcandalous Pamphelets the /aid 
Walker hath writ, and for which he is now a Fr if oner in New-Gate. 

Thirdly, The forme of the Inditement which is laid againfi him, by the 
Kings Sergeants at Law, and his learned Counfell. 

Fourthly, His ConviSlion by the Jury. 

Fiftly, His Recantation, and forrow for the publicke wrong he hath done 
his Majefly and the whole Kingdome. 

Here are alfo many remarkable paffages concer- 
ning the offence, and apprehending the faid Henry Wal- 
ker, with a true Relation of his feverall efcapes and refcues 
from the hands of Juflice; &c. 

ColkSled and Written by John Taylor. 

Printed at London 1642. 

Walkers Recantation, together with his 
Life and Converfation. 

T is too much apparant to this whole Land or King- 
dome (which our Gracious Soveraigne is the Lords, 
Annoynted over ) what, and how many, and num- 
berleffe Pamphlets , feditious and fcandalous Libells, 
impudent over-bold , impertinent and fawcy Petiti- 
ons, to the great difcontent of his Majesty, the abufe of the High 
Court of Parliament, and diforder or caufe of the ( too much confu- 
fion throughout all his Majeflies Dominions have bin difperfl. 

The chiefe or maine flickler in this caufe hath bin this Henry 
Walker, of whom I entend to treate in thefe enfuing lines ; and firft. to 
begin with his beginning ( as far as I know ) The truth is, he was an 
Apprentice to one Mr. Holland, an Ironmonger in Newgate Market; 
his time being expired ( I know not how or when ) he did fet up that 
Trade in divers places of this City of London ; but his Trade and hee 
fell at odds one with the other, fo that there was a breach betwixt 
them, & being there was no reconciliation they parted, & never mean 
to come together againe : Then he having left felling Grydirons and 
Gads, with a gadding braine walk'd and found out a fofter occupa- 
tion, and fetting up a Booke-fellers Shop, fell to Booke-felling ; Hee 
not having any word of God in his faid Shop above the bulke or fize 
of a Horne-booke. In thefe troublefome times Mr. Walker fet his 
wits a worke to compofe fuch things as he fuppofed would vent or 
be faleable, amongft. fuch people as underftood them not, loved con- 
tention, or were wilHng to beleeve any thing that tended to rend or 
fliake the piece of either Church or State, and fuch ( and no other but 
fuch) were all the Pamphlets, which he (the faid Walker compofed, 
caufed to be printed and fold, of which kinds of fluffe it is fuppofed 
that he hath written neere 300. feverall ones, of which number ma- 
ny of them have bin printed 1500. or a 200. at an Impresfion. and 
100. ( at the leaft^ of any one of them, befides fome of them have 
bin printed twice or thrice over, fo that there hath not bin fewer 
then between 4. or 500000. of fuch Pamphlets of his difperfed, by 


which means or doings, fome hundred of thred-bare fcriblers fell to 
Trade of fcandalous Writing, and Newes making, and would bee 
called Poets, fome halfe a yeare { or there abouts ) Mr. Walker did fet 
his name to his worthleffe workes, till at lafl, his name grew odious 
and contemptible, fo that his phlimflams would not fell, if people did 
perceive that they were of his doing. Then hee fet out his Rarities, 
nameleffe and fhameleffe, in greater numbers than formerly he had 
done, fo that all this Kingdome or ifland of Great Brittaine, with the 
Principallity of Wales and Realme of Ireland, were embrodered o- 
ver with Lyes, Libells and Lice ; nay thefe fcandalous fooleries (ox 
knaveries) were of fuch Attracftive force and power, that they drew 
at leafl. 500. Vagrants and Vagabonds from all the Shires round a- 
bout London, and they were all fuddainely Metamorphif 'd and Tranf- 
form'd into wandring Booke fellers ; every one of them ( like apt 
Schollers ) had quickly learn'd the Art to Cry, Will you buy a new 
Booke, new lye come forth. This hath pafl without controlement to 
the abufe of Church and State, the fcandall of the whole Kingdome, 
the injury to this Honourable City; the rayfmg of flrifes, divifions, 
and bad opinions in many people of weake capacities and judge- 
ments; and to the mighty impeachment and detriment of the Wor- 
fliipfuU Brother-hood of the Stationers, who are at great charges in 
paying all duties and Taxes, and that now ( almofl two yeares ) the 
Bread hath bin eaten out of their mouthes by thofe Vagrants, com- 
monly called Mercuries and Hawkers. 

Walker continuing Hill in this courfe, curfed courfe, his ragged 
Regiment of Tatterdemallions daily vending and difperfmg his pe- 
ftiflferous Pamphlets, at laft, one night late he was by a Watch in 
London taken for a Rat and carried to the Counter; the next day he 
was brought before the Right Honourable Sir Edmond Wright, (then 
Lord Major) where fupon fome occafions) was one Nathaniel Brown 
a Stationer, whom Walker defured to fpeake a good word for him to 
the L. Major, to whom Browne anfwered that he would fpeake. 

And fpeake he did to the purpofe, for when my L. came to examine 
Walker what he was, and how he lived, he being not able to give a 
good account for himfelfe, then Browm began to certifie my Lord of 
Walkers good behaviour in manner and forme foUov/ing. 

My Lord ( quoth he) I doe know this Walker to be an arrant Rafcall, 
an Jronmonger by his Trade, which though it be a WorJhiJ>full Company, 
yet it cannot containe him, nor he it ; but he is a bafe intruder , and a 
Jhifting Jhufler into the Trade of the Stationers or Booke-felkrs, wherein 

A 2 he 

he unlawfully doth invent, turitc, print, and fcatter all the ahufive lyes 
and babies ( or the mojl part of them ) that doe beflrow the City and court- 
try , and I doe humbly befeech your Lordjhip to take fome courfe with 
him, in reflraining him from doing any more. Upon thefe words the Lord 
Major would have bound Walker to anfwer at the Sesfions, but he pro- 
mifing to defifl and returne to his old Trade againe, was difmifl, andfo 
for that time got off. Yet for all the promifes Mr. Walker walked on 
in his callumnious Art and mystery of Libelling, untill at lafl his old Ma- 
ster owing him ajhame, paid him in his owne Coyne thus : 

He having gotten fome notice from fome of his Slavonian Hungarian 
fcowtes, that his Majefly intended to come to London, to the Guild-Hall 
the next day, which his Majefly did, and dined at Sir George Garrets 
Knight, and one of the Sheriffes and Alderman of the City, {near Alder- 
mary Church) Walkers invention being mounted upon the Altitude of 
mifckiefe, he plotted and contrived with a Printer, the faid night before to 
write and print a perrillous Petition to his Majefly, and borrowed tlie 
Printers wives Bible, out of which he tooke his Theatne out of the firfl of 
Kings, Chap. 12, ver. 16 part of the verfe; To your Tents O Ifrael. 
T/iere was ivriting and printing all night, atid all tlie luxt day thofe Li- 
bels were fcattered, and when his "Majefly had dined, and had taken 
Coach to returne to White -Hall, Walker flood watching the Kings 
camming by amongfl the Drapers in Pauls Church-yard, and having one 
of his Pamphlets in his hand meaning to have delivered it to his Ma- 
jefly, but could not come at him by reafon of the preffe of People, info- 
much as Walker ( mofl impudently fawcy ) threw it over the folkes heads 
into his Majeflies Coach. The Earle of Effex being alfo in the Coach 
tooke it up, and kept it till his Majefly came to his Pallace, where hee 
caufed it to be read, and finding it a mofi feditious thing, the next mor- 
ning after caufed the L. Chiefe lufUce of the Kings Bench to be fent for, 
who obediently came to his Majefly, to whom the faid Pamphlet was de- 
livered, with charge with all diligent fpeed to fend forth Warrants, for 
the taking of Walker and the Printer, in which buftneffe there was ufed 
fuch vi^lant care, that they were both taken that very day and brought 
before the faid L. Chiefe luflice, and being examined apart. Walker faid 
he wrote it not, but that he bought it of a young Schollar all in blacke in 
Westminfler Hall, and that it cofl him two fhillings fixe pence, this was 
Walkers Confeffion, which hefubfcribed unto. 

But afterwards the Printer was examined, and he affirmed that Wal- 
ker writ it all with his owne hand, and for the doing of it made ufe of 
his Wives Bible, in his houfe, to which confeffion the Printer hath alfo 
fet his hand. My 


My Lord Chiefe luflice caufed both their Mittimuffes to be made, 
whereby they were fent to the Kings Bench in South-warke by two 
Officers of good place and trull ; in which Prifon they remained a 
weeke or neere, untill it was thought meet to remove them from the 
Kings Bench to Newgate , whereby they might be tryed at the next 
approaching Seffions, for which purpofe they were removed as afore- 
faid two daies before the Seffions ; but they taking Boat on the Bank- 
fide were landed at the black Friers, whereby a Rout or rabble of 
( little better then ) Rebells, they were violently taken from their 
Keepers, refcued, and fo got away that there was no finding of them 
in many weekes fearch and enquiry. 

But all thefe faire warnings could not make M. V/alker give over 
writing, lying and Libelling, ( felUng fcurvy bafe words for good 
mony) lodging in by places, holes and Cellars, till one time he was 
feene to goe into the houfe of another ufurping pamphleteere, one 
Fijher a Barber an Affociate of his, but as forne would have appre- 
hended him, he made ufe of his heeles, for at that time there was no 
Officer to be found to take liim. 

From this fecond efcape he fled into St. Martins, whither he was 
purfued, and where he had a Printers Preffe at worke, but being not 
able to recover that houfe, he got into an Ale-houfe called the figne of 
the Caflle, the owner of it f^as I have bin certified ) is one lohn White, but 
from thence he was fet free by the diforderly flir and force of fome 
unruly lournimen Shoemakers ( who furely knew not what they 
did ) and this was his third efcape. 

The newes of this caufed more and more Warrants to be iffued out 
for his apprehenfion ; and there was fuch narrow fearch made for him 
that he was deprived of all his flarting holes, and could fculke no 
where fecure, fo that he was faine to veile himfelfe in the difguife of 
a Minifler in a black Cloak pendant to his Ankclees, a fpirituall Caf- 
fock, girt to him with a filke girdle and a Canonicall knot. 

With this Artificiall borrowed habit (and fome naturall impudence 
of his owne) he prefumed to mount into the Pulpit, at Saint Mary 
Magdalens, at JBermondfey in Southwark, where hee fo handled a 
Text, and made fuch a preachment, that what with liking and difli- 
king the people were ready to goe together by the earesj at which 
time an Aldermans man (being curious to heare what lluffe Walker 
would vent) was abufed much, and beaten a little. 

All this while his Majefly is juftly and highly offended, that no or- 

A 3 der 

der is taken for the fuppreffing of feditious and fcandalous Pam- 
phlets, and in two Meflages at feverall times from his Majefty to 
both the Houfes of Parliament, he nominates Walkers Pamphlet of 
To your Tents Ifrael : and indeed whofoever fhall read that Text 
and confider the mifchiefe it did in the daies of Rehoboam, the Son 
of Salomon, in making lo. of the 12. Tribes to fall from the King to 
leroboam the Son of Nebat, (they being both wicked Kings ^ may 
thinke it a llrange piece of Scripture to be fpoken, written, or printed 
in thofe times under fo mild and gracious a King, to AlUenate or e- 
flrange the hearts of wavering Subje6ts from their allegiance. 

Well, great enquiry is made night and day, and Walker having a 
houfe about Moore-fields, he forfakes it, and efcapes when it was be- 
fet for him, from thence he got into the Tower liberty into an Up- 
holflers fliop in the Bulwarke ; and being heard of, new Warrants 
being out for him, he was efpyed in the faid Ihop by one that knew 
him, and that he knew came to take him, wherefore by the helpe of 
two women there, he violently burfl away, running towards the 
Tower Stayers, crying an Arrell, an Arreft, and fo got into a Boate, 
offering any gold or filver to be carried away. 

Thus flood he in the Boate almofl a quarter of an houre, hundreds 
or multitudes of people flanding on the fliore on the Tower-wharfe 
the Officers not daring to fetch him of the water leafl, they Ihould 
entrench upon the liberty of the water Bayliffe, fo that fome would 
refcue him ( amongfL whom two feemed to be Lightermen ) and doe 
deferve to have a reward over the fhoulders ; others would have 
him come on Land and yeeld himfelfe : at laft the Officers that were 
appointed to take him went to Sir lohn Conniers Knight, Lieutenant 
of the Tower, to crave his Command for taking him. Mailer Lieu- 
tenant prefently fent his Clarke to the water fide, upon whofe com- 
ming the Boate began to Rowe away with Walker ; then ftraite foure 
paire of Oares made after them, who beleagured him on both fides, 
and with much adoe brought him to Land, and into the Tower, 
"where he now remaines, expediing his time of Tryall, and let him 
efcape how he can or may, it is mofl certaine that hee hath done 
more mifchiefe by his Pamphlettizing feditions , fcandalous ri- 
diculous Lyes, and rayling Libells, then one thoufand of his 
heads are worth. 

But now to come a litde nearer, Henry Walker, who is now to 
be removed by a Warrant direded to the Lieutenant of the Tower, 


which was on Tuefday lafl being the fifth of this moneth of luly, to 
have the body of this aforefaid Walker to be removed to Newgate, 
and there at the Seffions houfe in the Old-Baily to have an Indite- 
ment framed and drawne up againfl the faid Henry Walker, for the 
feverall adts which he hath committed in and about London : the 
true Inditement being made by the advice of the Kings Serjeants 
and Counfell at Law, was preferred againfl the faid Walker on Thurf- 
day after being the eighth of the aforefaid moneth, which being read 
openly in the Court, and Walker there prefent at the Bar; pleadedto 
the faid Inditement not guilty; and being asked how he would bee 
tryed, anfwered, by God and his Country, and withall further defi- 
red of the honourable Bench ; that he might firil have a Coppy of his 
Inditement. Secondly, that the ludges who were then prefent with 
the reft of the honourable Bench, that they would be pleafed to grant 
him the liberty, in regard he knew not the Law, that he might have 
feme Counfellor of the Law to plead his Caufe for him ; both which 
requefts were granted to him which was a great favour. Then the 
Bench asked Walker what time he would require to make his An- 
fwer; then Walker defired but till the next day in the morning to 
make his defence, which was Friday; Friday being come about ten 
of the clock the Queenes Attumey and two Serjeants at Law, caufed 
the Inditement to be read ; which being done, they began to fhew 
and did make it plain how odious the matter was, and how it was a 
fa<Sl of a high nature ; firft againft his Majefty, to make him as it were 
odious to his people : To your Tents Ifrael; as if the King were a 
Tyrant, bidding as it were every man to take his Sword and Armor; 
and oppofe all Authority whatfoever, obeying no Law but that of 
their owne humour and will ; what can there be more faid, but that 
it was very plaine, but that this Walker did by thofe words labour to 
inftigate and ftir up the Kings Subjedls to a mutiny, and to caufe tu- 
mults to arife in this Kingdome, nay in the heart of this Kingdome, 
in the City of London too; not onely to teach thefe words, but to 
caufe them at his owne charge to be printed, and to divulge the fame 
through his Majefties Kingdomes : Nor did this Walker reft himfelfe 
therewith fatisfied, .but in an audacious way, and in a bold manner, 
as the Kings Majefty paffed through the City of London riding in his 
Coach, threw one of them into the very Coach it felfe, and in the 
very face of the King; what an affront was this? can any age para- 
lell it, or any Chronicle make mention of the like, and in a Civill 
Common-wealth ; and in a well governed City ; I thinke not : nor is this 
all, for this Walker hath invented and writ divers Pamphlets, and other 


fcandalous Bookes , to the great diflurbance of his Majefly, and of his 
Liege people, a meere fower of divifion, an upholder of a new Govern- 
ment ; an inventer of a new Doftrine, nay, he is become a Preacher 
and a deliverer of this his humour even in the Church, and openly in the 
Pulpit too, and on the Sunday : drawing after him, and feducing poore 
ignorant people to the very ruine of their foules, if it were poffible. This 
adt of his, it was done with much venome, malice, bitternes, and rankor ; 
confidering the time becaufe the King and his Parliament were then at 
fome difference, who did as much as in him lay to fet his Majefly and his 
Subjefts together at difcord ; it was drawne with cunning, and at fuch a 
time publiflied, that if envy itfelf had plotted it, it could not have come forth 
in a more dangerous feafon. He confeffed it was his owne worke, & done 
by night ; and the next day by him expofed to fale .• it was a foule mifde- 
meanour, and it was publifhed with an ill intent. Nay what is this Wal- 
ker not, what wrong hee hath done let his owne confcience , his feverall 
Bookes and Pamphlets, which hee hath both v/ritten, made, and printed 
them himfelfe witneffe. Well, the Jury heares the information, the feverall 
pleadings, the feverall Witneffes thut this Walker was the onely framer, in- 
venter, publilher, and difperfer of that Booke To your Tents O Ifrael ; up- 
on which feverall Evidences the Jury withdrawes themfelves, {being 12. 
honefl. men and of a good rank and quality^ to confider of the matter ; w'='^ 
being truely weighed, and a long time debated and fcanned, agreed all in 
one mind, calleth for Henry Walker to the Bar ; who being come to deliver 
their Verdidl, they all declared him by the voyce of their Fore-man to be 
guilty both of the Trefpaffe and of the mifdemenour. He was convidted, 
I. For writing of it. 2. For the compofmg of it. 3. For the publifhing of 
it himfelfe at the Printers houfe, and receiving money for them. Which 
done he had nothing to fay for himfelfe, nor his Counfell neither, but onely 
he did it not with an ill intent to doe any harme. And now he is heartily 
forrowfull for it, and begs the Kings mercy, and the charitable cenfure of 
all men for his rafhneffe & over-hot zeale; efpecially of his facred Majefly, 
whom he hath mofl. offended ; and for his Majeflies clemency to him, hewill 
ever be bound to pray for him ; becaufe his Majefly did give Command 
that his Inditement fhould not be put againft him for Treafon, but onely 
for a mifdemenor ; w* if it had bin preferred for Treafon, it might have bin 
as well found and have coft. him his life, as for this fadt of mifdemenour ; 
and ialH. Walker am heartily forry, and defire God, his Majefly, and all 
his Majeflies Subjedls to forgive me, and by my example to forfake thefe 
private and fecret meetings, or rather conventicles ; and fo with teares I 
fubmit my felfe to the Law ; and the punifhments whenfoever it fhall bee 
denounced and inflidted upon me. Dated the 12. of luly, 1642. 


Mad Fafhions. 

[Hazlitt, No. 86.] 



All out of Fafhions, 

The Emblems of thefe Diftra6led times. 

By lohn Taylor. 

Printed by lohtt Hammond, for Thomas Banks, 1642. 

Mad fajhions, od fajhions, all out of fajhions, 


The Emblems of thefe diJlraHed times. 

THe Pidlure that is Printed in the front 
Is like this Kingdome, if you look upon 't : 
For if you well doe note it as it is, 
It is a Transform'd Metamorphafis. 
This Monftrous Pi6lure plainely doth declare 
This land ( quite out of order ) out of fquare. 
His Breeches on his fhoulders doe appeare, 
His doublet on his lower parts doth weare ; 
His Boots and Spurs upon his Armes and Hands, 
His Gloves upon his feet ( whereon he ftands ) 
The Church or'eturnd ( a lamentable fhow ) 
The Candleftick above, the light below. 
The Cony hunts the Dogge, the Rat the Cat, 
The Horfe doth whip the Cart ( I pray marke that ) 
The Wheelbarrow doth drive the man ( oh Bafe ) 
And Eeles and Gudgeons flie a mighty pace. 
And fure this is a Monfter of ftrange fafhion. 
That doth furpaffe all Ovids Transformation. 
And this is Englands cafe this very day. 
All things are turn'd the Cleane contrary way ; 
For Now, when as a Royall Parliament, 
( With King, and Peers, and Commons whole confent ) 
Have almofl fate two yeeres, with paines and Cares, 
And Charge, to free us from our Griefes and feares, 
For when many a worthy Lord and Knight, 
And good Efquire ( for King and Countreys Right ) 
Have fpent fo much time with Great Toyle, and Heede, 
All Englands Vicious garden how to weed, 

A 2 So 

So like a Wilderneffe 'twas overrun, 

That though much hath been done; All is not done. 

The Devill doth perfwade, entice and lurke, 

And force bad men to fet good men aworke. 

That whilfl the Worthies ftrive to right our wrongs, 

And give to each man, what to him belongs ; 

Whil'ft they take paines to fettle all things heere, 

An Irijh Devill, doth madly domineere. 

From Hells black Pit, begirt with Romifh Armes, 

Thoufands of Locujis are in Troopes and Swarmes, 

More Barbarous then the Heathen, worfe then I ewes. 

No Turkes or Tartars would fuch Tortures ufe. 

Sure that Religion can no wayes be good, 

That fo inhumanly delights in Blood : 

Nor doth that doftrine from the Scriptures fpring. 

That Subiedls fhould Rebell againft their King. 

Nay ( further ) murder, ravifh, fpoile, deflowre, 

Burne and lay wafle, depopulate, devoure. 

Not fparing Infants at the Breaft or wombe, 

(To die where firft they liu'd, their Birth, their Tombe ) 

'Tis faid no Serpent, Adder, Snake, or Toade, 

Can live in Ireland, or hath there aboade : 

'Tis flrange that fhee thofe Vipers doth not Kill, 

That Gnawes her Bowells, and her blood doth fpill. 

Can Irifh Earth Kill all things vennemous, 

And can fhee nurfe fuch Vermin Mifchievous : 

Her owne fonnes Native, worfe then Strangers Borne, 

They have their Mothers Entrailes rent and torne. 

Yet ftill her Indulgencie, harbours thofe, 

And feeeds thofe Rebells that doe breed her woes : 

God ( in thy Mercy ) give her ftrength and Ayde, 

And courage, make her foes and ours difmay'd, 

Thou Lord of Hofts, thine owne caufe take in hand , 

Thy foes ( Thine Antichriftian foes ) withftand ; 


Defend thy truth, and all our Armies guide, 

Our enemies to fcatter and devide. 

Thus leaving Ireland (with my hearty prayers ) 

To Brittaine back againe my Mufe repaires : 

Where I perceive a Metamorphofis, 

Is moft prepofterous, as the Picture is. 

The world's turn'd upfide downe, from bad to worfe, 

Quite out of frame, The cart before the Horfe. 

The Felt-maker, and fawcie flable Groome 

Will dare to Pearch into the Preachers Roome, 

Each Ignorant, doe of the Spirit Boaft, 

And prating fooles brag of the holy-GhoJi, 

When Ignoramus will his Teacher Teach, 

And Sow-gelders, and Coblers dare to preach. 

This fhewes, mens witts are monftroufly difguif'd, 

Or that our Countrey is Antipodis'd. 

When holy Common Prayer, is by the Rable 

Accounted Porridge, and unfruitfuU Babble, 

When our Beliefe is not fo much as fed, 

When as the Ten Commandments are not read. 

When as the Lords Prayer is almoft negledled. 

When as all decencie is quite reie6led, 

When to avoid a Romijk Papijis name, 

A man muft be unmannerly, pafl fhame. 

When he that doth fhew Reverence, doth offend. 

And he feems beft that will not bow or bend. 

When he that into Gods Houfe doth not come, 

As to a Stable, or a Tipling Roome, 

Is counted for a Popifh favorite, 

And branded fo, defpis'd, and fcorn'd with fpite. 

When He that (of his wayes) doth confcience make. 

And in his heart doth world, flefh, feind forfake, 

Loves God with all his foule; adores no pelfe. 

And loves his Neighbour, as hee loves himfelfe, 

A 3 This 


This man is Rare to finde, yet this Rare man 

Shall have the Hatefull name of Puritan ; 

When execrations pierce the firmament, 

And oathes doe batter 'gainft Heavens Battlement : 

When Imprecations, and damb'd Blafphemies, 

In fundry curfed volleys fcale the Skies, 

When men more Bruitifh then the Horfe or Mule, 

Who know not to obey, prefume to Rule, 

Thus Church and Common-wealth, and men, all are 

( Much like the Pi6lure ) out of frame or fquare. 

And if 'twere poffible our fathers old 

Should live againe, and tread upon this mould, 

And fee all things confufed, overthrowne. 

They would not know this Countrey for their owne. 

For England hath no likelyhood, or fhow 

Of what it was but feventy yeeres agoe ; 

Religion, manners, life and fhapes of men, 

Are much unlike the people that were then, 

Nay Englands face and language is eftrang'd. 

That all is Metamorphis'd, chop'd and chang'd. 

For like as on the Poles, the World is whorl'd 

So is this Land the Bedlam of the World ; 

That I amazed, and amated am, 

To fee Great Brittaine turn'd to Amjierdam, 

Mens braines and witts (two fimples beat together) 

From thence (mix'd and compounded) are fent hither. 

For Amjierjiam is landed (as I heare ) 

At Rye, or Hajiings, or at Dover Peere, 

At Harwich, Ipfwich, Sandwich, or at Weymouth, 

AtPort/mouth, Dartmouth, Exmouth, Plimouth, Farmouth, 

At Yarmouth, and at all the Ports to Tinmouth, 

And weflward unto Brijiow and to Monmouth ; 

From all thefe Mouthes and more, mad fe6ls are fent 

Who have Religion all in pieces Rent, 



One would have this, Another would have that, 

And moft of them would have they know not what. 

God give us peace, and eafe us of our paine, 

And fend thofe fe6ls, from whence they came againe, 

The Papift, and the Schifmatique ; both grieves 

The Church, for fhee's like Chrijl (Between two Thieves.) 

I took the Proteftation twice of Late, 

Where I protefted not to Innovate. 

'Tavoide all Popifh Rites, and to expreffe 

Obedience to what Englands Church profeffe, 

My Loyalty unto my King is bent 

With duty to the Peers and Parliament. 

With Prayers, and my befl fervice for them all, 

That on them may Heavens chiefeft bleffings fall. 

That with one heart, as one man, with one minde, 

(For Gods great glory) they may be combinde. 

And never vary, but goe boldly on, 

To end the good worke, which they have begun. 

This is the Sum ( which ne'er fhall be forfooke ) 

Of what I in the Proteftation tooke. 

But, for all this, I may be mannerly 

In Gods Houfe, and be free from Papiftrie ; 

I hope I may put off my hat, and be 

Allow'd to Kneel, and Pray, and Bow my Knee, 

When as divine Command bids, onely then 

rie Bow to God, and not to Saints, or Men. 

And from thofe dueties I will never vary 

Till death, or Order doe command contrary. 

Th' Almighties Name be ever prays'd and bleft. 

That Romifh fuperftition is fuppreft, 

Wee have no Abbyes, Abbots, Friars, or Monks, 

Nor have we Nuns, or Stewes allow'd for Punks, 

Wee have no Maffes, or no Maff-Priefts heere. 

But fome are hang'd, and fome are fled for feare. 


All thofe that are fo bold to flay behind, 

I wifh they may like entertainment finde ; 

Beades, Babies, Relliques, Tapers, Lamps or Lights, 

Wee have no fuperftitious Romifh Rites, 

Wee feek our Pardons from our Heavenly Hope, 

And not by works, or favour from the Pope ; 

To Saints we make no prayer, or Interceffion, 

And unto God alone wee make Confeffion ; 

Wee hold no Reall Prefence in the Bread, 

And wee doe know King Charles our fupreame head 

(Beneath God, who hath plac'd him in his Throne j 

For other Supreame, wee acknowledge none. 

No Purgatory, Image, Wood or Stone, 

No Stock, or carved Block, wee truft upon, 

Nor is our Church difcretion heere fo little, 

.^s to Baptize with Cream, with fait and Spittle. 

Wee have as many Sacraments, as Heaven 

Ordain'd ; which are but two, and Rome hath feven. 

Wee doe not Chriften Bells, and give them Names 

Of Simon, Peter, Andrew, lohn and lames ; 

Wee ufe no Pilgrimage, or Holy-water, 

Nor in an unknowne tongue our Prayers fcatter ; 

-(411 thefe, and many more, in Rome are us'd 

Which are by us reiedled and refuf 'd. 

Awdi yet too many faults, alas remaines, 

VVhich are the Churches, and the Kingdomes ftaines. 

The Church Triumphant is not cleere from fpots, 

The Poore Church Millitant hath ftill fome blots, 

Heer's all unperfeft, fomthing's ftill amiffe, 

u4nd nothing's blefl, but in Eternall Bliffe. 

Meane time, till wee amend, and leave our crimes. 
The Pidlure is the Emblem of the Times. 


An Apology for Private 


[Hazlitt, No. 81.] 





are warranted , or rather juftified , which 

the malignant Se6l contemne, and daily by 
prophane Pamphlets make ridiculous. 

"Preaching in a Tub. 

Teaching againjl the backe of a Chair e. 
/ -y. V . Injiru6ling at a Tables end. 

Revealing in a Basket. 

Exhorting over a Buttery Hatch. 
-Reforming on a Bed fide. 


(Indeed) any place, according to Infpiration f' fince it is 

knowne ) the Spirit moves in fundry places.) 


Conjoyned, or furthermore united, or 
moreover knit, the Spirituall poftures, allu- 
ding to that of Musket and Pike. 

By T. J. 

Jun. 28. Printed for R. Wood, T. Wilfon, and E. Chriftopher. 

To you the Sanftified, Eledled, Purified, 
Mundified, Juftified, and Separated Bre- 
thren, I make this worthy and acceptable 
(although not Learned) Apology. It is not unkown 
to you how often we have beene vilified by the name 
of Puritans, Brownijfs, Separatijis, Familijls, and 
(at laft) cenfur'd with the deteftable name of Round- 
heads and Prickeares ; that wee are fo 'tis confeft, 
but why fhould we be tearmed fo in the way of dif- 
grace, or villification, the manner of fpeaking makes 
the difference , I have knowne one man call another 
Sir in anger, likewife a woman beat her Maid by 
the name of Gentlewoman, termes in themfelves gra- 
cious and acceptable, but according to finifter con- 
ftrudlion, the parties fo termed appeare fcandalized 
and rediculous ; next they abufe our Doftrine of 
Infpiration , and tell us it proceeds from the fpirit 
of contradidlion, but little do they imagine our con- 
tradiftion is begot by infpiration : for unleffe our 
bodies be haunted with fandlified fpirits, how is it 
poffible we fhould reveale the word , fince moft of 
us fcarce know a word of the Booke, and that is the 
reafon that we can preach as well without a Booke 
as with it, but if we can continue and confide as wee 
have begun ( which I fhrewdly doubt ) it fhall bee 

A 2 law- 

full for every Elder and every Seledl Brother to ufe 
a Horn-booke (provided he be married) for I have 
heard a little reading will do a man no hurt, let him 
be learned paft the Graces and the Sacraments , and 
(for ought I knowy) hee may bee as fit to teach as the 
beft on's, and go roundly on with his bufineffe, accor- 
ding to his own head , and in conclufion gain the 
prick and praife, agreeing with his Auditors Eares, 
which are long enough to make Affes of thofe that 
write our Names backwards, and fix them before li- 
bellous Sermons, faying they do NOT RVB, when 
they do Rub, and rub the skin of to, wofuU experience 
has made it manifeft, but thogh we defire to have our 
heads rounded, we not care to have them rounded fo 
clofe ; there ought to be a mean in all things, but 
now He proceed to my Apologie which mufl prove 
how neceffary it is for a Tradefman of any degree, to 
preach in a Tub, teach againfl the back of a Chaire, 
inftru6l at a Tables end , exhorting over a Buttery 
hatch, Revealing in a Basket, Reforming on a Bed- 
fide : 

I fhall begin with the firft, and produce you the 
facred Antiquity of Tubs , in the Days of Dido and 
Ricliard the third. There lived an honeft. Religious, 
and fair fpoken man called Diogenes, a Round-dealing 
Man, and was fo infpired with the fpirit of opofition, 
that he boldly durfl affront the King , and bid him 
fland from betwixt him and the Sun ; and beleeve it 
there was fome miflery in thofe words : This man (to 
make fhort of my Tale> lived in a Tub, and he being 
a devout man, we muft of neceffity have this Argu- 
ment allowed, that if he lived in a Tub, he preached 


alfo in a Tub, fo that at laft hee Reformed the King, 
who would daily leave his Palace to hear his worthy 
and Religious Tub Ledlures, I wifh our Times 
would not be more proud then the former, hee was a 
man of good life and converfation, and the Squares 
went Round with him, and when hee was fmitten in 
Age, the King gave him the Title of Elder every day 
with which he continued till the houre of his Death, 
and fo much for this piece of Antiquity. 

In the dayes of King Arthur of Bradley, and his 
four hundred forty fixe Elders of the Round Table, 
the firfl men that ever wore Round-Robins, there li- 
ved a Paftor whofe Fame ( you all have had a fpice 
of) called Cornelius, a fickly man, and did all in a Tub 
with very good Ordure, and one that was infpired 
with the fpirit of Repentance, and a man whofe Zeal 
to the Sifter-hood hath caufed him in one Ledlure to 
fweat fix hours by the clock, where it was his Fate 
by the heat of overmuch Devotion, to conclude .his 
dayes, and preach his own Funerall Sermon. 

And fo much Teftification I think may fland to 
juftifie the lawfulneffe of the aforefaid Tub, whofe 
fpirituall Hoopes I hope will never fayle. 

The Back of a Chaire is fo far from having prio- 
rity of the T V B , that it is much inferiour to it, 
and is never provided , but when the good Wife 
hath employed the T V B about fome other bufi- 
neffe , the body muft as well be eafed as the mind, 
but moft commonly it is a wicker Chair , which 
though it bee not altogether Round , is halfe 


round, and doth almoft agree as well with the fpiri- 
tuall groane as the Tub, and in cafe of neceffity may 
ferve as well ( take top and bottome) as the Tubbe ; 
^but we doe not boldly (as that Arch Square-head 
of prophaneneffe the Pope doth) tearme our Chaire 
St. Peters Chaire, though wee have much more rea- 
fon, and fo it being needleffe to juftifie with ftronger 
Arguments the benefit of the Chaire, it being to- 
ward noon, I will draw neere the Tables end, where 
I doubt not but I fhall picke out many wholefome 
Arguments , and enough to fatisfie any reafonable 
man without that prophane porridge the Service- 
Book, and in this piece of Doftrine (by your favour) 
will be my owne Carver : this Table being finifhed 
with fubftance to worke upon will allow a fweete 
favour, and not ftrengthen but advance the fpirit, and 
maintaine it when it is up, then if this place be not 
fit that alloweth both forme and matter. He fland 
to the cenfure of the veriefl Epicure, who I beleeve 
would fooner fwallow this Do6lrine than a great 
many that feeme to make a more religious profefsi- 
on : And now I have fatisfied at the Tables end, I 
will make no more Apologie for it, fince apparant 
truths are rather hindered then helped with tedious 

I will now fet forward to my Revelation in a 
Basket, which hath beene held facred becaufe it was 
given at the coft and charges of our infpired Basket 
maker, a man infpired with much Charity, and got 
all his reliefe by the Basket, it was by himfelfe dedi- 
cated to the Sheriffes, and by them well furnifhed for 
the full edification of the poore, needy, and imprifo- 
ned brethren, who have fuffered for the conforming 


and tearing off of Surplices ; and why may not a man 
pioufly and zealoufly confirm the aged, and enflrudi 
the youth in a Basket, as well as in a pulpit : the Ta- 
bles end Lefture being ended for the Rich, the Baf- 
ket Ledlure for the poor and needy, let us proceed to 
the Buttery Hatch, which is the fitteft place in my o- 
pinion to adminifter the liquor of Life and fpiritual 
drops of comfort, where fome zealous men of our 
Brother-hood have fo overtyred themfelves with 
earneftneffe in this Do6lrine, that they have growne 
uncenfible, not able to ftand on their legs, or give a 
ready word, that even with Maudlin forrow percei- 
ving their weakneffe to proceed no further , they 
have wept with very griefe, being fupported home 
with expectation of next mornings Remedy. 

But he whofe flrength of brain and power of Spi- 
rit will preferve to hold out this Buttery Hatch Le- 
6ture, may with much eafe adminifter Reformation on 
a Bed-fide, where infpired with the Spirit of Vnity, 
we conftantly conclude, and joyn in a copulative love 
without the unneceffary affiftancc of any light, but 
the flame of our own Zeal, with which I doubt not, 
but that we are equally furnifhed , proceeding from 
the pretious Coals of Devotion ; and inflamed by 
the provoking Adminiftry of the laft Doftrine. I 
hope thefe Arguments will fuffice fufficiently to 
enform you of the neceffary and profitable caufes we 
have to vindicate and appologize for the Dignity of 
private preaching in fo many Forms and according 
to this Method. I flial now march on to the fpiritual 
Poftures, which have allufion to thofe for Pike and 
Musket, in which I will not prove tedious. 


It is not unknown to you my beloved Round-heads that 
there may be a fpirituall warfare, in which you are not par- 
ticularly exercifed in the poftures of your Doflrine you will 
goe neere to fuffer, and all the felefl of us ; the firft I will 
inftru6l you in fhall be that alluding to Pike. 

Rotmd heads Jiand to your Armes. 
When Authority is abfent,-- — D if order your DoElrine. 

When prefent, Order your DoSlrine. 

If abfent againe, As you were. 

If you conceive you fhall have the better on't, 

Shoulder your DoSlrine and march. 
If Authority bee too ftrong, then 

( Round-Jieads ) as you were. 
If Authourity appeare weake, 

Advance yon r Do£lrine. 

If flrong, As yon were. 

If you get ftronger in Faftion, — Charge to tJie Front. 
But if Authority come in full power, — Faces about. 

P rick-ear es, Jiand to your Armes. 

Now Authority is gone, Make ready your zeale. 

If Authority appeare not ye.^,— Charge your zeale. 
If you expefl the Victory — loyn your zeale and reft together. 

Blow your zeale. 
Prime your zeale. 
Blow off yonr loofe zeale. 
If Authority come not yet, for our Sifters fake 

Cock your zeale, 
Gtiard your zeale. 
Blow the coale of your zeale 
Now if you thinke to overcome Authoritie, 

Prefent your zeale to the Left, and give fire to the Right. 
But if you be vanquifhd betwixt this and Paddington, 

Faces about. 


A Clufter of Coxcombes. 

[In Lowndes, but not in Hazlitt.] 

A Clufter of 



A Cinquepace of five forts of Knaves and Fooles .- Namely , 

The Donatijls, Publicans, Difciplinarians, Anabaptijls, and Brownijis; 

Their Originals, Opinions, Confutations, and fin a word j their 

Heads Roundly jolted together. 

Alfo fhewing how in the Raignes of fundry Kings, and in 

the late Q. Elizabeths Raign the Anabaptifts have bin burnt 

as Hereticks, and otherwayes puniflied. 

And that the Se6t of the Brownifts is fo new, that many are alive 

v/ho knew the beginning of it. 

With other SeSls difplayed. By John Taylor. 

luly 13. Printed for Richard Webb, 1642. 


THe Author of this Herefie was one Donatus born in 
Numidia a Province of Affrica, their opinion was that 
they and none but they were the only pure Chriftian Congrega- 
tion, and that they (efpeciallyj were the true Church, fuch as em- 
braced their Difcipline and come to them, they baptized again of 
what age or feft foever, they affirmed that the Church confifted 
all of good people, and that no bad Chriftian was a member of it, 
this Herefie was in An. 353. look Bijhop Coopers Di£lionarie. 

/n the g. year of the Reign of K. H. 2. Anno 1 163, there came 
into this Kingdom one Gerrard, a German, with 30 more with 
him, and they called themfelvs Publicans, they denyed Matrimo- 
ny and both the Sacraments, Gerrard himfelf had fome Learning, 
the reft were ignorant perfons whom he mifled ; they were exa- 
mined and found guilty, and obftinate Heretiques, for which they 
wete marked in the fore-heads with a hot Iron, their leader was 
marked in the chin and fore-head ; after that they were allfharp- 
ly whip'd, which punifhments they feemed to receive joyfully. 
Laftly, by command of the iTing and State, they were turned out 
of prifon, and all people were forbidden either to harbour or re- 
lieve them, fo that with the extremity of the cold winter, and 
want of food and harbour they all dyed, miferably ftarved with 
cold, and familhed with hunger. Stow page 151. 

There came 100 and 20 perfons from Holland, Zealand, and 
thofe parts, through Flanders to London, where it was their daily 
exercife to pray and whip themfelves twice a day in Pauls, and in 
the ftreets, their body being naked from the wafte upwards, the 
whip being 3 whipcords with knots, fo that the blood ran down 
their fhoulders, arms and fides, and as they marched in this bloo- 
dy proceffiou, every one of them had a red croffe in his hat, and 4 
of their companions went finging before them, this fe6l was in 
the Reign of King E. 3. Anno 1349. Stow Chronicle. 

A 2 Ana- 

Anabaptifts of thefe latter times. 

On the 29. of April, in the 32. yeare of the Raigne of Henry 
the 8. Anno 1541. one Mandevill and one Collins (both Ana- 
baptifts j were examined at Saint Margarets Church at the Hill 
in Southwarke, and there they were condemned and judged to be 
burned as //ereticks, which was executed on them accordingly, 
in the High way betwixt Southwarke and Newington. 

In the 17. yeare of Queene Elizabetlu raigne, Anno 1574. 
there was one man and 10. women judged to be burned for be- 
ing Anabaptifts, but after much fuit made, one woman recanted 
and all the reft were baniflied. And in the fame yeare, the 12. 
oi June 5. Engliflimen of the fweet Se6t called, The Family of 
Love, did pennance at Pauls-Croffe, and there confeffed and de- 
tefted their wicked and damnable Herefies. And on the 22. of 
luly followingtwo, Dutchmen Anabaptifts were burnt in Smith- 
field. Alfo the fame yeare fin May 15. j 27. Anabaptifts were 
taken and imprifoned, and 4. of them bare faggots for penance 
at Pauls-Croffe, and recanted. Stow,pag. 679, 680. 

And in thefe our dayes the faid Anabaptifticall Se6l is excee- 
ding rife, for they doe fwarme here and there without feare of 
either God or man, Law or Order. 

In the 33. yeare of Queen Elizabeths taigne, An7io 1591, one 
Edmund Copinger Gent, and Henry Arthington Gent, thefe two 
on the 16. of luly in the morning in the yeare aforefaid went to 
one lohti Walkers houfe at Broken-wharfe, London, where they 
found a Yeoman of Northamptonfltire in the parifh of Oundle, 
named Williatn Hacket, to whom the faid Copinger and Arthing- 
ton faid, that they were come to anoint him King, but Hacket 
replyed againe, that they needed not fo to doe, for he was alrea- 
dy anointed in Heaven by the Holy Ghoft ; the faid 'Jacket 
caufed Copinger and Arthington to beleeve that he was lefiis 
Chrifl, and to proclaime him fo in London, and at laft for thefe 
horrible blafphemies and fome wicked Treafons againft the 
Queene, Hacket was hangd and quartered in Cheap-fide, 1595. 
his two prophets, one of them ftarvd himfelf to death wilfully, 
iu Bridewell, the other lay a long time languiftiing and repen- 
ting in the Counter in Woodflreet : he that lift to reade more of 


this at large, fhall find it truly related in Mr. Stoives Chronicle, 
page ^61, 762. 

Alfo one Francis Ket was burnt at Norwich, in the 3 1. yeare 
of Queene Elizabeth, 1589. he was a Mailer of Art, and juftly 
dyed for holding moft wicked opinions of our Saviour lefus 

In the 16. yeare of the rsigne of King lames. Anno 16 18. one 
lohn Traske denyed and defpifed our Church Government, re- 
fufed our Chriflian Sabbath, and affirmed that Brav/ne, Porke, 
Bacon, Pigge, and all fwines flefh was abhominable, for which 
Errours the faid Traske was on the 19, of June in the yeare a- 
forefaid, mounted to the pillory at Wejlininjler, and from thence 
whipt to the Fleet, where ( repenting and recanting ) hee was 
beneficed, and became an honeft, diligent, and painefull Prea- 
cher, Stow i02g.pag. 


This Sedl fprung from one named Brown, who is of that An- 
tiquity, that many fyet alive) did know him when hee was a 
Schoole-mafter to the Free 5choole in 5aint Olaves in South- 
warke: This man {Browne) in his browne ftudy, did plod to 
preach, and did pra6life and exercife in Woods, thickets, fields 
and under hedges, to a great many of poore people, whom hee 
feduced to be as wife as himfelfe : hee faid that the Church of 
England was not a Church (perhaps his meaning was it was not a 
true Church) but when he was preferred to the Benefice of a par- 
fonage in NorthamptonJJiire, the parifh being called A Church, 
tlien the Church of England was a Church with him, and his pa- 
rifh Church of A Church, was a conformable and a true Cano- 
nical! Church, and he lived till within thefe 7. yeares there, and 
dyed a conformable church-man, but he hath left a mofh perni- 
tious and feditious traine of his fe6l behind him , of all trades, 
ages, fexes, and conditions, and when all trades faile they can 
make a fhift to be all preachers. 

Amongft all thefe hereticks and herefies, fe£ls and feftaries, and 
fchifmatickes , I have not medled or mentioned the Puritan, 
the reafon is, that I doe not know any that either deferves 
or dares to take the name or title of Puritan upon them- 

It is an Epithite of reproach, which rafh or malitious men do 
cafb upon many perfons who do ftrive to live in Gods fear, & de- 
fire to dye in his favour, and it is likewife a name which covers 
a great deal of craft and villany, under the veil and vizard of Hy- 
pocriticall fincerity, and my opniion is, that if there be any that 
are to be fo called, they muft be fuch Romane Catholicks that doe 
prefume to be faved by their own good works, which pure, moft 
impure, Doftrine is one of the grounds and Tenent of the popifh 
Religion, and of no Church elfe in the world, fo that my conclu- 
fion is that none deferves the name of a Puritan, but fuch as dare 
prefume by their purity to fave themfelves and others : Thus have 
I briefly fhewed that the Church of Chrift hath in all ages been 
oppofed and oppreffed by Heretiques and Schifmaticks, I could 
name many more opinions of men, who were all great and glo- 
rious lights in the Church, and mofl illuftrious inftruments for 
the advancement of Chriftian Religion ; and yet they have in 
fome points differed one from the other, as Wickliffe, Luther, 
Beza, Calvin, Bucer, Melan£lon, Oeclampaditis ; yet for all other 
great diverfities, they have alwayes agreed in the main Funda- 
mentall points of Chriftian DoSlrine, fo that the outfides of Ce- 
remonies of Religion did not fhake the peace of the Church. 

But in thefe times the Church and Church-Government is 
not only fhaken, but fhattered in pieces, almoli for nothing elfe 
but outward indifferent Ceremonies, fuch as in themfelves fee- 
med offenceleffe Hand-maids for their order and decency, to 
wait and attend the Church as Ornaments, and not for fuperfti- 
ous Adoration Thefe fhaddows have not only bin with violence 
pul'd down, but the fubftance which is Gods Ordinance hath bin 
facrilegioufly intruded and ufurped upon by an imdudent rabble 
of ignorant Mechanicks, who have dared to prefume to preach, 
not being cal'd or fent, nor knowing how, or when, eyther to 
fpeak or hold their peace. 

I have read that the Grand Senior, or great Turk at Conjlan- 
tinople, did demand due of an Englijh Ambajfadour, this queftion. 
Quoth he, if I would be a Chriftian, there are fo many forts and 
fefls of them, which Chriftian fhould I be, to whom the Ambaf- 
fadour replyed, that it was the only fafe way to be a Proteftant ; 
but a French Nobleman ftanding by, being a Roman Catholicke, 


and he demanded of the Englifhman that if he would be a Pro- 
teflant, that hee would tell him which- Proteftant he fhould be, 
by this may be perceived, that the Turke takes notice of the di- 
vifions of Chriftian Religion, and the Papifts do take advantages 
at our difunion and contentions ; yet the Proteftant Religion in 
it felfe is in a moft fweet harmonious Uniformity, but the crew 
of Corah, Dathan, and Abiram, have done, daily do, and will do, 
their uttermoft malice and mifchiefe to rend all in pieces, whilft 
he is accounted the beft member in a Common-wealth, that can 
either Libell moft fcandaloufly, revile moft defpightfully , or 
teare and fpoile moft couragioufly, and villanoufly. 

And it is to be wondered at the many unlicenced licentious 
Pamphlets that have been fcattered about the Kingdome within 
thefe 23. months, wherein neither Religion, Church, King, 
Peeres, Prieft, or people have efcaped Railing, Libelling, and 
tranfcendent traducing, fo that it may be fuppofed, that the pa- 
per that hath beene wafted by thofe peftiferous pamphleteeres, 
would goe neere { if it were laid fheet by fheet ) to cover the 
whole Kingdome ; and this is certaine, that they have drawne 
many thoufands of poore idle people from all parts of England to 
London, where without ferving any Apprentifhip, they take a 
freedom to fell Bookes, fo that the Book-fellers are encreafed 
ten fold in number within thefe two yeares : And what ftuffe 
doe they fell ( forfooth ) things New Lye come forth and things 
either of no worth, or elfe Speeches fathered upon men that ne- 
ver knew of them, or Newes out of Scotland or Ireland, made o- 
ver night in au Ale-houfe, and printed in the morning Cum pri- 
vilegio, 1642. then are the ftreetes embroidered with lyes, lice, 
and Beggers, to the great abufe of true Writers, the fcandall of 
this Honourable Citie of London, and the univerfall injury to 
the whole Kingdome, for that fuch numberleffe numbers of lyes 
and Fables are fcattered and difperft ( not ouely here in our owu 
Couutrey, but in all parts elfe they are tranfported over the 
Chriftian World. 

To conclude this Booke of Errours and Herefies, feeing there 
have beene, are, and will be fuch to the end of the world, and 
that amongft all thefe wayes there is but one Right way. It is a 
griefe to any Chriftian heart to confider how many thoufands 

are out of the way, that doe dare to prefume to call themfelves 
Chriftians ; fome are fo farre blinded , that they hold all man- 
ners, Decencie, Order, comely Gefture, or Ceremony, as {lan- 
ding at the Beliefe, kneeling at the Lords Prayer, or at the re- 
ceiving of the Sacrament, Bowing at the Name of lefus, or Re- 
verence in being uncovered at the entring into the houfe of God, 
all thefe are accounted Superftition, Idolatry, and Popery ; but 
to come to the Church boldly or rudely as into a Taverne , an 
Ale-houfe or flable ; I am fure there is no Popery in that, and 
for Chriftianity a man may finde as much amongft the barbarous 

So that fome men are jeered out of true and fmcere Religion, 
for feare of being called Puritans, and too many have laid by all 
Order, Manners, and Decencie in the Church, becaufe they will 
not be accounted Papijis. 

Befides all thefe wayes of Herefie ('which are all out of Gods 
way) let us confider the infinite numbers of Atheifts, /feathens. 
Pagans, Jewes, Turkes, Infidels, and divellifli /dolators, that 
are upon the Face of the Earth ; If thefe things be but ponders 
in a mans heart that feares God, it will ftrike terrour and a- 
mazement into him, to confider how little fervice the Almighty 
hath from Ingratefull mankinde, for that he by his power, Pro- 
vidence and Mercie, made all, conferves all, and Redeemed all 
true Beleevers, yet for all thefe Alls, that good God hath not 
the tithe of halfe, either in meere thankfulneffe or acknow- 



[Hazlitt, No. 87.] 

A Q U A - M U S yE: 

O R, 

Cacafogo , Cacadaemon , 


Wrung in the Withers. 

Being a fhort lafhing Satyre, wherein the 

Juggling Rebell is Compendioufly finely 

Firked and Jerked, for his late railing Pamphlet 

againfl: the King and State, called 


Deus dabit his quoque Funem. 



{& i®3 4U2jl £^A ;%i tfllj Jtrfe ?J?iJ 

Printed in the fourth Yeare of 
the Grand Rebellion. 

To the Difhonourable , Difworfhip- 
full, Dilloyall, and deteftable the Rebells, 
of what Nation, Sex, Se6l) Degree, Quality, Ranke, 
Age, Funflion, or Condition whatfoever. 

Rave, Bold, Adventerors , and unmatchable 
Patrons, It ivas my chance {Jong Jince) to read 
a zvitty Pamphlet, Intituled, Peirce Penniles 
his Supplication, It was Dedicated to the De- 
vill, there werein it many Satyricalltniej^rks, 
Jybes, lefts, and leeres, which rejle£led and 
trencht much upon the Graund Signior Sultan Sathans Reputa- 
tion , wliich were much dijlajlfull to his hif email Hell-hood, 
with all the reft of his Members of that Lower Houfe. In I- 
mitation of that Supplication , dedicated to the Devill, I am 
bold to Dedicate this my Satyricall Poem to you his deare Adop- 
ted Sons [the Rebells) not doubting, but you will Patronize it, 
and Reward the Writer, asyour Father zuould have doneTova. 
Nafh, for his Penniles Volumne ; I know that you have more 
Power then your Syre, and for State Policy, you have fo farre 
gone beyond him , that he blufties for fhame, to heare how the 
World laughes him to f come, for being out ftrip'd and over- 
reach' d in his owne A rt, by his owne Sons, Schollers, and Ser- 
vants. He did once {fawcily and foolifhly) offer to give all the 
Kingdomes of the World, but you are better Httsbands then to 

A 2 give 

give Kingdomes, for you have done your bejt and worjl to take 
Kingdomes and Principalities, you have fold Ireland , and the 
Lives and Eflates of lOOOOQ People there, and with the Mo- 
neys which you received from your Mungrell Merchant Ad- 
venturers for Irifh Land, you have bought, or hired, Scottifh 
Rebells onpurpofe to make an Englifli Invafion. To effe£l which 
mofi unparalell'd defignes , your Pulpits, and Pamphlets have 
been mofi diligent and ufefull Aggravators and Propagators, 
amongfl whom, and of which tmmnnber d Numberleffe, dam- 
nable Number, Captaine George Wyther, is not to be accoun- 
ted a f mall Foole ; His Campo-Mufae, doth declare the Gentle- 
mans Loyalty with his Book, called, Brittaines Remembrancer, 
(in the 8* and(^ Cantoes) doe f hew his Art in Adulation, and 
whofoever either hath read, or will or can read, underjiand and 
confider thofe his tivo Books, may palpably perceive the conflancy 
of this Capricious Carpet Captaifie , and alfo difcerne wliat 
Spirit of Contradi£lion inspir'd his Mufe. I have briefly Writ 
this my Satyre as a gentle Reproof e of his Perfidious unmannerly 
Mutability , wherein you may defcry not onely his Rebellious 
Legerdemaine , but all his Mainiainers , Patrons, Adorers, 
Admirers, and Rewarders, may fee and be forry for their Er- 
rors ; He was a man that I have thefe 35 yeares loved and re- 
fpe£led, becaufe I thought himfivtply Jioncfl; But now his con- 
ceal' d Hypocrife is by himfelfe difcovcred, I am bold to take leave 
of him in thefe following lines. 


A Q U A -M V S ^. 

An Anfwer to Wither his 

A, let me fee, is that that Traiterous Thing, 
Whofe Campo-Mufce hath Revil'd the King; 
.Sure 'tis not he ; yet like him much he looks 
That late compos'd fuch finne Confounding Books, 
In fharp Ramnujiacs Piffe, his Pen he dip'd 
And Brittalncs Great Abufes Whipt and Strip' d. 
And in his Motto did with BraggS declare 
That in himfelfe all Vertues perfefl were. 
Art thou that wonder of the Vniverfe 

Whofe lines Heav'n, Hell, and Through the World did Pierce, 
In Sixteen hundred twenty fix, that yeare 
Thou V/rot'ft a Book ( Brittains Remembrancer ) 
And in that Book with Boafting Boldneffe, then 
Thou Vaunt'ft thy felfe a Miracle of Men, 
For never Hippocrite did fhew more skill 
And Pend fo Well, and yet intend fo ill. 
In thy third Page, thou in that Preface fay'ft, 
That thou his Majejlies High favour Weighft 
And that thou holdjl His Grace more deere to thee 
And Precious, then thy very foule could be. 
Thy fourth Page Sales, thy Mufe Spewes not Bafe Rimes 
'Gainffc Publique Perfons ('but to Lafh the Times j 
Thou applie'ft King Davids Nine and Thirtieth Pfalme 
His S tonnes of Grief es, his hidden fire, his Calme, 
All which Blafphemoufly thy felfe Applieft 
Vnto thy felfe ; And in Applying Lyeft. 
Thy ninth Page faies, bad Tongues willfet their Jlings 
Unjufily, on the Sacred names of Kings. 

A 3 Thy 



Thy tenth Page truely doth the Truth Repeat, 

That the King fits in God Almighties Seat. 

And thus ('with Pharifaicall Oftentation) 

Thou faift Commijfion, ( Calling, Revelation, ) 

Were given thee from above, Reader, pray Note, 

How this Impofture late hath turn'd his Coate ; 

View but his Campo Miifcs, and Confer 

The words and Senfe, with his Remembrancer, 

And wavering Lies and Lines {Black upon White) 

Shewes rayhng Hypocrite, Hermophrodite, 

Nor Male or Female, neither both or neither 

Much more Incongruent then flint and feather. 

Is this the Vulgar Vaffalls, Valiant George 

Whofe Whileom Mufe did oracles difgorge, 

Who was admir'd of every Man and Woeman 

Of all forts, from the Tinker to the Broomeman, 

Sure this cannot be he. And yet 'tis he. 

Then how fthe Devill) can he thus changed be, 

Can he, that fo much honefty profeft 

(As if all honefty had been in's Breft) 

Can he be Metamorphos'd to a Knave, 

And write and fight, his Soveraigne to out-brave. 

Can his Lines Lye ('that fweet Peace did defire) 

Yet flirs up Warres, to fet the Realme on fire. 

All this is poffible, all this is done, 

This is George Wyther, his owne Mothers Son. 

Now he's great George a Horfe-back, (mounted high) 

Dares to affront, and Raile 'gainft Majefty, 

This is the George thus alterd, thus all-turd 

Whofe Satyres Goofe-quill is transform'd t' a fword, 

For whofe fake, I proteft it with my Pen, 

I never will trujl Wall-eyd Jade ageti. 

Brave George, no George of Cappodocia, 

But famous George of Braggodocia, 

Ride on fierce George, untill thy high defert 

By Tranfmutation, make thy Horfe a Cart. 

What contraries doth thy mad Braines poffefle 

That with a Traiterous Warre doth Peace profeffe, 



That playes at faft, and loofe, with handy dandy 

Mak'ft Subjefls 'gainft their Soveraigne Bullets bandy, 

Much mifchiefe in that double mind did lurke, 

And Hell it felfe, fet that dam'd Mtife a worke. 

Was ever fuch vile fragment Riming Raggs 

Patch'd up together with abufive Braggs ; 

That who fo doth his Campo-Mufce Read, 

Will judge the Devill did his Invention Lead ; 

Like to a lefuited fubtill Fox, 

His Honefl Writings but a Paradox; 

His Verities are falfe , his Errors true, 

Such Riffe Raffe hotch Potch, his fweet Mtcfe doth Brew. 

How villany doth cunningly deceive, 

And good and bad together interweave ; 

He Praies, Inveighs, Commends, Contemns, Extols, 

Approves, Reproves, Loves, Scornes, Obeys, Controls, 

Admits, Commits, Omits, Permits, fubmits, 

Remits, and Limmits, as his humor fits, 

Toffing his Soveraignes Honour to and fro. 

Even as his fawcy Idle Braines do Crow, 

And with his Rimes doth Knaves and Fooles infpire 

To blow the Bellowes of Rebellious fire. 

Hell never Spewd worfe villaines then are thofe 

That weekly ( weakly ) Raile in Rime and Profe, 

'Mongft which accurfed Crew, a part thou Bearft, 

And in the Divells great name Rebellion Rearft. 

For had not that black Breed of Cerberus, 

Scout, Dove, Diurnall, and Britannicus, 

Wife Wither, Booker, and the damned fwarmes 

Of Rake-hells, Animated Englands harmes. 

All our Contentions had been reconcil'd 

Long fince, and bleffed Peace had gently fmil'd. 

Wer't not for theirs and thine ill working Braine, 

The King had luftly had His own againe.- 

Th' affrighting front of bloody Warre had not 

Diflurb'd no honefl: Englijh man or Scot. 

Thoufands of Soules are from their Bodies parted, 

('By Lyes and Curfed Libellers perverted ) 



Which may be fear'd did to perdition fall 

Before their Bodies could have Buriall. 

You Mungrell Whelps of Hells Infernall Litter, 

What is the caufe that makes your hate fo bitter, 

Is it becaufe you thinke your felves more Righteous, 

Or Yin the Devills name ) wherefore thus defpight ye us ? 

Is it becaufe the King's a Proteftant, 

That 'gainft him you are joyn'd in Covenant ? 

Is it becaufe he meanes to be fo ftill 

And never meanes to change, you vvifh him ill ? 

Is it becaufe hee's Merciful! and luft 

You thofe Indignities upon him thruft. 

Is it becaufe he ne're intended wrong 

That you doe hold his Life and Raigne too long ? 

Are thefe the Caufes wherefore you diflike him 

Are thefe th' occafions why your Malice ftrike him ? 

Goe hang your felves bafe Villaines, he fliall Live 

And flourifh, and his God will Guerdon give 

To you with Judas, and Achitophell 

Where unrepenting Curfed Rebells dwell. 

What Armes into the Field can Traitors bring 

But Arm'd Impiety againft the King ; 

Is not the Perfon of the King fo high 

As God Almighties facred Deputie ? 

Then what are thofe blafphemous Rabjhakaes 

Anathema's, and Maranathema'es ? 

Pfai. 14. V. 4, God lookes and fees how they doe plot and plod 

S. 6. 7. They imderjland not, nor feeke after God, 

Abhominable out ot'h ivay thefr gone 
Ther's none doth good amongst tJiem, no not one. 
Their Throats are open Sepulchers, their Tongues 
Have lyde deceitfully with flandring Wrongs, 
And underneath their Lips Afy&s poyfon is. 
Their Mouthes are full of Curfing bitter nes. 
Their Feet are very fwift mens blood tofJted 
Naples deflru£lion in the ivayes tliey tread. 
The zvay of Peace they have not knowne, and there 
Before their eyes of God there is no feare. 



Thus is the foureteenth Pfalme in Davids ftile 

Apply'd to fuch as dare the King Revile. 

And what art thou then, but a falfe pretender 

That feekes to Ruinate the Faiths Defender; 

To blow Warres Trumpet, without warrant for it, 

Is foule Rebellion, all good men abhorre it.. 

And what hath Roguifh Riming, Tricks and leeres 

But fet us all together by the Eares, 

To Murder, Pilfer, Plunder, and oppreffe, 

To make Wives Widdowes, Children fatherleffe, 

The Father 'gainfh the Son, Son 'gainft the Father, 

And Brother againft Brother force together, 

Whil'ft Chrijlian Faith, you Hipocrites or'ewhelme, 

And Publique Faith hath Cheated all the Realme. 

This (Mafter George) is your great Trades * Encreafe * A great (hip 

To Write, Raile, and difturbe your Countryes Peace, *^'"heEaft 

In Rime to render our Dread Soveraigne odious, indies called 

For your great profit hath been much commodious, the Trades 

Had'ft thou not Writ, and Raild as thou haft done Encrmfe. 

Th'adft been no Captaine, Th'adft bin hangd as foone ; 

The onely way to flourifh, and goe brave. 

Is to turne Retell, Hipocrite and Knave, 

If I my felfe, would but a Villaine be 

I fhould be Mounted and prefer'd like thee. 

Yet 'tis not feare of Heavens Eternall wrath 

Or Hells dam'd Tortures, me reftrained hath. 

But filiall feare of God, in me beares fway. 

That I in love his Ordinance obay. 

And thofe that doe not ( I doe feare ) their fate 

Will be the portion of the Reprobate. 

But whither Wither , doth my fancy flee 1 

I ought not write in ferious phrafe to thee, 

Thou precious moft pernicious Prelate hater 

To Durhams Reverend Bijhop thou waft Cater, 

Or Steward, where to make thy 'Compts feem cleare, 

Thou made' ft two Monthes of July in one yeare, 

And in the totall Reck'ning it was found D' Hmufen. 

Thou Cheat'ft the Bijhop of five hundred pound. 

B But 



But thou didft hold it for no finne at all, 
To Rob the Perfon that's Epifcopall. 
This is no Crime in thee or thy Compeeres, 
Tub-Preaching Tinkers, Pedlars, Pulpitteeres, 
Whofe beft Religion, is moft irreligious. 
Who think Church Spoylers are not facrilegious. 
Who hold the Clergy as fuperfluous People, 
And make the Chancell bafer then the Steeple. 
Thefe are as arrant Rogues as ever twangd 
And I doe wifh them in the Bell-ropes hangd. 
But leaving unto God, the wronged Clergie 
Now, with a frefli Charge, Wither I muft charge ye, 
And in a true way, I will make Relation, 
That thy beft Writings are Equivocation. 
And that thy mind and Mufe, were never friends 
In any goodneffe, but for private ends. 
But leaving that a while, I will difcourfe 
And once i'le put the Cart before the Horfe ; 
His Piaure Thy Pi£lure to thy Bookes was Printed, put 
graven before ^Vith curious Workmanfhip engrav'd and cut : 
Books the "^"'^ Verfes under it , were wifely pend 
Commenda- Which fooles fuppos'd were written by fome friend, 
tory Verfes to Which God knowes, thou, I, and a Thoufand know, 

the Piaure, ^j^^^^ jj^^^ .^^ ^^jf^ ^^jj-^x ^^^^ ^. f^jf-g jjj ^ 
were written , , ^ r i • -r-^rr- • 

by himfelfe. Thou dotedft fo upon thme owne Effigies, 
It look'd fo fmugge, Religious, Irreligious, 
So Amiable Lovely, Sweet and Fine, 
A Phifnomie Poetique and Divine; 
'Till ('like Narcijfus) gazing in that Brook, 
Pride drown'd thee, in thy felfe admiring Book. 
Yet for your Valour, you deferv'd much fame 
You Conquer'd Farnham Caftle, and did tame 
And vanquifht all the Cavaliers fo Bravely, 
( Look in a Glaffe, and you fhall fee the Knave Lye ) 
A Dogge, two Cats, and an old Woeman were 
Your oppofites , when as you entred there. 
For which great fervice, had your Mafters might. 
And power withall ; you had bin dubd a Knight. 



But 'tis no matter, they might doe as well, 

They may Create you halfe a Colonell. 

In Farnham Cajlle, thou waft great Commander, 

And Thoughtft thy felfe more great then Alexander, 

Yet in thy Carriage, Valour, Faihion, Forme, 

Thou waft a Strong, Infirme, Stout, Feeble Worme. 

For when thy Mafter Rebels call'd thee out. 

With all thy fellowes of that damned Rout, 

Thy Cowardife, thou finely did'ft difguife. 

Thy fight was dim, the blame was in thine Eyes. 

For want of fight, thou durft not fee to Fight, 

But like a Rebell Divell couldft fee to Write. 

'Tis well thou waft not Valiant, as thy Pen 

Emblazons thee, th' hadft then bin Man of Men, 

Great Agamemnon to thee were a Toy, 

And Brave Achilles but a prating Boy, 

UlyJJes a poor Silly Stoick Affe, 

And He6lor for a Foole in Armes fliould paffe. 

Oh had'ft thou had the profit of thine Eyne, 

Th' adft beaten purblind all the Worthies 9. 

Thus blind with Ignorance, and Impudence, 

And Wall-ey'de in thy feared Confcience, 

Thy Goofe-quill, hath Revil'd the King and Law, 

When as thy Sword thou never dar'ft to draw. 

For which from both fides thou deferv'ft a Fee, 

A Triple Twift at the Triangle Tree. 

And now I'le leave to fifh in troubled Waters, 
Let's talke a little of fome other Matters ; 
'Tis knowne that once within thefe thirty yeares. 
Thou waft in Jayle for fcandalling fome Peeres, 
And 'tis not lawfull for a Satyres Pen, 
To wrong the Honours of particular Men, 
Which you did, not for any hate you bore 
To Vice or Villany, but that therefore 
You would be famous, and to Prizen Committed, 
Whereby you feem'd moft wonderfully Witted. 
There, in the Marflialfeas, whole flights of Gulls, 
Of Schifmatiques, of Cuckolds, Knaves and Trulls, 

B 2 In 


In Droves and Heardes, in Pilgrimage they came 

fAs Er'ft Fooles did t' our Lady of Walfingham) 

You were their Idoll Saint, and at your Shrine 

They offred Hecatombes of Coyne and Wine, 

Sweet meates and lunkets, (more then you could dreame) 

Came flowing to you dayly like a ftreame. 

Thus to your Mill came tagge, ragge, great and fmall, 

You Ground, and f with the Cogges) took toll of all. 

At lafh to give fome Eafe unto your Mill 

You were Releaft from Priz'n againft your will. 

Then was your Pockets Treafure full to'th top. 

Which (by degrees) might t' a Confumption drop, 

Then after that (by chance) met you and I 

Where we us'de Complementall courtefy, 

And talkd of Poetry, and then I fayd 

You (by the Mufes favour) was well pay d, 

Whilfi I (for my part) whatfoe're I writ 

Though men approved and applauded it. 

Yet fortune unto me, iv as f till unkind 
Bounty ivas faft afleep, or hard to find, 

Verbofitie and Vapour was my Gaines 
A nd Poverty the Portion of my Paines, 
Though you found many an Igjtorant Mecenas, 

Which made you fat, fiill remain' d a Leane Affe, 
Words like to thofe, or much to this effeft 
I fpake, and you this Anfwer did direft. 
John, you must boldly doe, as I have don 
Againfl great Perfons let your Verfes run, 
Snarle at the State, and let your Satyre' s pen 

Write againfl Government, and Noblemeti. 

You mufi run wilfully into offence. 

What though they call itfawcy Impudence, 
And fo Commit you for' t, as they did me 

Then ftiall you Thrive, and be as you vuould be ; 

Your Books zvould fell your felfe get Coyn and Fame, 
And then (like mine) Renoivti d fJiall be your Name. 
I doe not fay our talke was punftuall fuch, 
But what we fpake imported full as much. 



By which may be perceiv'd thou Wrot'fl fo odly 

Not out of Hatred unto A6ls ungodly, 

By infinuation to intrude 

Into th' affeftions of the Multitude. 

Thus from poor witleffe Lumps of Ignorance 

Thou gatt'ft Applaufe, Coyne, Cloaths, and Countenance. 

As to their Coft, the moft of them can prove 

Thou Cheat'ft 'em of their Money and their love, 

And now your Campo-MufcB hath found Grace 

To grace you in a graceleffe Captains Place. 

Now dreadfull Warres, and Politique defignes 

Are the Effefts of thy Prophetique Lines : 

Armes, mighty Armes, and ftrange Redoubted deeds 

Are th' Iffues now that ftom thy Mufe proceeds, 

Th' afV turnd thy Anagt^ams to Anibufcadoes 

Thy Diagrams to terrible Bravadoes, 

Thy Chronograms to horrible Stockadoes, 

Thy Epigrams to defp'rate hnbrocadoes, 

Thy Dijlicks to Redoubts and Barricadoes, 

Thy DaSlills and thy Spondees to Scalladoes, 

Thy meafur'd verfe to Marches and Soldadoes, 

Thy Cantoes, and Acrojlicks to Granadoes, 

Thy Canzoes to Brigades, and Canvafadoes, 

Thy Dialogues to Bruifing Bajlinadoes, 

Thy Prologues to moft Barbarous Stab-adoes, 

Thy Catalogues to Vagrant Renegadoes, 

Thy Epilogues to Warlike Pallizadoes, 

And Warwick playes th' ufurping Adelantado, 

For Englands ruine rules the Kings Armado, 

But 'tis my hope your ends will prove Mockado, 

Not worth a ragge of rotten welch Freezado, 

And thou efteemed leffe then a Lantzprezado. 

For if thou durfl lay by thy curfed Spleen, 

And fpeak but Loyally of King and Queen, 

Ceafe to bely the Lords, and but deny 

Thou never flandred'ft them with Papiftry ; 

Ceafe to Abufe the Bifhops, and the Tribe 

Of facred Levi, ceafe thou curfed Scribe, 

B 3 T' applaud 



T' applaud foule Treafon, and approve all thofe, 

That to Gods Church the King, and Peace are foes; 

Seek but thy Countreys Peace in word and deed. 

Thy Maifters then will hang thee for thy Meede, 

Be but an Honest man two dales together. 

No more a Captain then, but Poor George Wither. 

Should I but anfwer every Lye and Line, 

In that Bafe Balderdafh poor Thing of thine, 

I might b'accounted fo, fo. Thus and Thus, 

An Affe impertinent, Voluminus, 

A Murderer of Paper, a time Wafter, 

A Folio Foole, a Zany Poetajler, 

Thy Apifh Coxcombe ( in thy imitation. 

Like theej the Squirt-Rime of our Troubled Nation, 

One of the Sages of Old Gothams Clarkes 

That makes reply to every dog that Barkes. 

E're rie fo be thy means for Maintenance, 

Let thy Applauders dye in Ignorance, 

For 'tis moft probable thy jeeres and Lying, 

Thou wrot'ft in hope of Gaine by my Replying. 

And if men truly would thy Book examine. 

There may they find both Senfe and Reafons famine. 

All broken Numbers, fraflions, fa6lion, fiftions, 

Meer Mutabilities, felfe Contradi6lions, 

In Dock, out Nettle, here, there, every where. 

And in conclufion, no where, here nor there. 

The Phrafe wherewith thy Verfe are Beawtifide, 

Is onely where the King is Vileifide, 

And that for which thou moft art Gratifide, 

Hath made a Thoufand fooles mif-edifide ; 

With impudence thou art fo fortifide. 

And with Hipocrifie fo Quallifide, 

And (to the World; thy felfe haft juftifide. 

That from the World thou art cleane Mortifide, 

All which thy Boafting Rimes have certifide, 

For under thine own hand 'tis Teftifide, 

And by a crew of Rebels Notifide, 

(Such as with Ignorance are Stupifide) 


That thofe bad times fo fowle and Putrifide, 

By thy rare Writings are much purifide ; 

And as we finde by warre fo mundifide, 

Vnparallel'd and unexemplifide, 

( Or at the leaft fo neatly reftifide ) 

That thou deferveft to be ftellifide, 

Or Idoliz'd and almoft Deifide, 

In the mean time thy fame is Magnifide, 

Thy perfon wondred at, and dignifide, 

And ( if they could ) thou fhouM'ft be fatisfide, 

('Although themfelves were double Damnifide ) 

Thy Female faire, adorn'd and turpifide, 

Should, for thy fervices be Ladifide : 

All this by Fooles and Rebels Ratifide, 

Is by all wife men fcorn'd and Nullifide. 

Our Miferies thou haft not moUifide, 

Thou our calamities haft amplifide, 

And this my Satyr's Lafh hath verifide. 

This thou maifl fee, and this thou muft allow, 

I can Rand words, and Rime as well as thou / 

Speak and write Nonfence, even by thy example, 

(Though not like thine Admir'd abroad fo ample) 

Like to the inundation of a flame, 

Or like a Mad Lord, never out of frame. 

Or like the Entrailes of a purple Snaile, 

Or like the wagging of the Dog-ftarres Taile, 

Or like the Froft and Snow that falls in June, 

Or like fweet Mufique, that was ne're in Tune : 

Or like a Ship that wants fides, Stem and Keele, 

Or like the Marrow-bones of Fortunes Wheele, 

Even fuch is Wither, like all thefe or nothing. 

Yet like himfelfe, in every good mans Loathing. 

And is not this rare Nonfence, prethee tell, 

Much like thy writing, if men marke it well; 

For Nonfence is Rebellion, and thy writing. 

Is nothing but Rebellious Warres inciting. 

Bafe Scandall, Lyes, and Difobedience, 

Is mofl Ridiculous, and poor Nonfence, 




Ther's nothing is true fenfe, but what is true, 
And Hanging is good fenfe for fuch as you. 
Apollo made not thee his onely Heire 
In Poetry, I gat fome part for my fhare. 
And though with Art thou partly art endo'wd. 
Yet God and Nature, me fome Guifts allow'd; 
Which I fas my poor Tallent will extend) 
To Vindicate my wronged King Fie fpend. 
Nor am I bound fwhate're thou may'ft fuggeft) 
To think 'mongft Englands Poets thou art beft. 
Thy Verfes many wayes applauded are 
Yet many that Boafl leffe may reach as farre. 
Doth all invention in thy Braine Confift, 
Art thou the Bounds, the Limits and the Lift, 
The Longitude of Wit and Honefty, 
The Latitude of true Integrity ; 
Art thou th' Hyperbole wonder, whofe Rare Partes 
Is Non Plus Ultra, of all Armes and Artes, 
Art thou all this, the Devill thou art. Bragge on. 
My felfe once gat a Sippe of Hellicon, 
Which with Enthufiafmes did infufe 
Into my Braines fome Rap'ts of every Mufe, 
And therefore, I am fure, thou haft not all, 
I have my Portion too ^although but fmall.) 
Which i'ft t'were leffe by halfe, I dare affay. 
To Cope with thee, in any Loyall way. 
But to write Verfe, that may Rebellion breed 
* Thefe Therein thou art too hard for me indeed, 
pu^ofely clo- I" ^^^^ meane fpace, thou Pigmey Impe of Warr, 
ven or fplit, Rodomontado , Champion for the Par- * 
(landing"of ^' Lament, we grieve for grieved Englands woe, 
the Learned, Whilft every true Man's driven from his Po- * 
Grave Ridi- SeJJtons may try thofe Knaves that look fo big ; 
culous Rea- And then 'tis ten to one, but Honeft Grig- * 
Or I, in Lofty Verfe thy praife fhall Sing, 
And Thou high Mounted to thy Merits, Swing. 





The Complaint of Chriftmas. 

[Hazlitt, No. 99.J 



after Twelfetide, and Printed be- 
fore Candlemas. 

By lohn Taylor. 

A N any Chriftian or Colechefter man tell Chriflmas day 

poore old Chriftmas day where he is f ^v^^^^ by 

, . g word of mouth 

Is this England or Turkey that 1 am m / -^^ ^^^ ^^^^ 

or is this London or Conjlantinople that perfon. 
gives me no better Entertainment? I was 
on the 15 day of December in France, 
Spaine, Italy, Germany, and in moft of 
the Kingdomes of the Chriftian World, and in all places I 
was joyfully received with mirth and merry cheere ; The 
Rich did feafl me; The Poore rejoiced, and all forts of people 
in every houfe made me heartily welcome, and my company 
made them as heartily merry ; and all their mirth and jocun- 
dity was in Venerable Thankful! Remembrance kept and fo- 
lemnized amongft all Chriftians thefe 1645 yeares paft, in a 
Pious gratitude of our Bleffed Saviour, and Redeemer's Nati- 
vity. But in all this trail of Time and yeares, there was never 
any Kingdome or People did afford me better welcome then 
England, where I landed (as I was accuftomed every yeare) 
on the 25 o{ December, expefting the like entertainment that 
I was wont to have. But ('alas) the cafe was alter'd, and the 
whole frame of the Kingdome turn'd quite Topfy Turvy, up- 
fide downe, or (as I may fay) with the Bottome upwards. 
I wifh this were a Lye. I gazed about me, and with aftonifh- 
ment I faw Churches, and Steeples, and Houfes, and Chim- 
neys, But I could heare no found of any Bell, or fo much 

A fmoake 

fmoake as might put me in Comfort that there was any fire 
in the Kingdome ; Thefe unexpefted fymptomes put me into a 
Browne ftudy, which made me wilh my felfe a favourite to 
Tke Governour of Abington. Thus I being old, cold, weather- 
beaten, froft-bitten , and hungry, began to view certaine 
Townes and Cities, fuch as Londoii, Gloucejler, Yarmouth, 
Newbury, with all the reft of Schifmaticall, and Rebellious 
Receptacles, where affoone as I was entred , I was more and 
more amazed, for I could perceive no figne or token of any 
Holy day ; The Shops were open. The Markets were full, 
The Watermen rowing, The Carmen were a loading and un- 
loading, The Porters were bearing, and all Trades were for- 
bearing to keepe any refpeftive memory of me, or of Chrift, 
in whofe memory I was firft inftituted by the Church fo many 
ages and yeares foregone. After I had walk'd through every 
Streete, Lane, and Alley (with other by places) the weather 
being cold, and my entertainment colder, I went to a Cob- 
lers ftall, and demanded of him what harme old Chrijlmas 
had done them, and wherefore he was banifhed fo fuddainly ? 
the Cobler replied, that it was pitty that ever Chriftmas was 
borne, and that I was a Papift, and an Idolatrous Brat of the 
Beaft ; an old Reveller fent from Rome into England, and that 
the latter end (or lafl fyllable of my name) was Popifh, as o- 
ther fuperftitious dales were, fuch as are Chrijlmas, Candle- 
mas, Lammas, Michaelmas, Hallowmas, Martinmas, &c. But 
that now, he praifed the Lord, and the godly Parliament, that 
their eyes were opened to perceive and fee their Antichriftian 
errours, and that now the cleare funfhine of the Word hath 
(by the operation of the Spirit^ illuminated their underftan- 
dings, and enlightened them out of Egyptian darke- 

Thus ftood I quaking with cold, whil'fl the Cobler was 
pipeing hot with zeale ; So that if I had not tooke him off 
with a fhort Anfwer, I might have beene fterv'd with a foure 
or five houres Leflure ; I asked him if he knew what the 
word Maffe meant f he faid the very word Maffe was abho- 
minable, deteftable, Babylonian, Idolatrous, Romifh, Super- 
ftitious, Blafpheamous, Anti-chriftian, &c. with other imper- 

tinent words and Epithites. I told him againe that the word 
Mq^e was no other but a difmiffion, or a giving the People 
to underftand , that fuch and fuch fervice of prayers and 
thankfgivings were ended as were appointed by the Church 
for that day ; And that the Congregation might all depart and 
be gone about their other lawfull Affaires ; And that the Pray- 
ers and Service ordained on Chrijlmas day by the Primitive 
Church, were to give thankes to God the Father , our Crea- 
tour, for fending his Sonne our Redeemer , who fent us the 
Holy Ghoft to fanftify us, and that upon all other dayes 
(wherein the memory of Saints were celebrated) there was 
never ufed any prayers or Invocation to any Saint or Angel 
whatfoever, but laud and praife was given onely to God, for 
that he had beene pleafed to make fuch godly men and wo- 
men Inftruments for his Glory, and our Imitation ; That we 
by following their examples, might (through faith j finde fa- 
vour of God (by and through the merits of our Redeemer) 
to have part with them of perpetuall happineffe. And this is 
the whole effeft wherefore Chrijlmas day, and all other dayes 
of the names of Saints, were ordained and fet apart from o- 
ther dayes ; But for all that I could fay, the Cobler was im- 
moveable Round, and Roundly he bade me leave prating, for 
I hindred him from mending Alderman Pennington's fhooes, 
fwho had gone much afide) and that his efpeciall care and 
charge was, to fet him upright if it were poffible. 

Thus was poore old Chrijlmas entertain'd at London, Wejl- 
minjler , and all other places within their Heathen Line of 
Communication, and Covenanted Bounds or Commands of 
their execrable Affociation , whofe beleife was onely in the 
Publique faith of the new Religious Dire£lory (ox Alcaron) 
which made me to examine my felfe and all the twelve dayes 
(my followers) what injury any of us had done them, or 
wherein we had deferved to be thus unexpeftedly and Un- 
chriftianly excluded and contemn'd . At laft I perceived that 
all thofe places were inhabited by none but Gadarens , who e- 
fteemed their Swine more then their Saviour, and dejired him 
to depart out of tJteir coajls. 

So thefe Hogrubbers banifli'd me, becaufe that (once a 


yeare) I came to put them in minde that God Almighties Son 
Chrijl, and our Jefus, was borne, and that I ( being the day of 
his Birth) was to be obferved with joy and thankfgiving. 
The old ufe was, that the Rich releived the Poore, the Poore 
had caufe to pray for the profperity of the Rich , one Neigh- 
bour Feafted another, every one in his degree made good 
cheere, for Chriflmas came but once a yeare. 

And indeed I bethought my felfe that I {Chriflmas dsy) was 
inftituted by the Primitive Chriftian Church ; by the Fathers ; 
by General! Councells ; by Parliaments, Abraham did fee that 
day and rejoiced ; Saint Paul calls it the day of Salvation ; 
The Angels and Heavenly quires did fing at it ; and old Sime- 
on was Rapp'd with joy at the grafping of his Saviour ; The 
Gentiles were enlightened, and none but Infidels and lewes 
are blinde, and will not fee and rejoice in it. 

As I was thus pondering and wondring, I met with an old 
acquaintance of mine, one that had worthily held a good Par- 
fonage in the Country, a frequent Preacher , a good Hofpita- 
ble Houfe-keeper, a charitable Almef-giver, and every way 
comformable to the eftablifhed Government of the Church of 
England ; The Poore man and I were glad to fee each other. 
But yet I was amazed to fee him fo meanely clad, and fo leane 
and lanke more like a Skelliton (or Anatomy') then the man 
that I knew him to have beene formerly, I demanded the caufe 
of this his ftrange Alteration, to which (with fighes and 
teares ) he made this Reply. 

Ah (Mafter Chrijimas) I could wifh that I were the one, 
andonelydiftreffed wretched man in this miferableKingdome, 
and that all the Affli6lions that do oppreffe the Church, the 
King and his Loyall Subjefts might end with theprefent facri- 
fice of my Life. But fo it is, that too many mad feduced peo- 
ple, have madly rifen againft God and the King. They have 
defaced, deftroyed, and prophan'd Churches and Temples, they 
have hewen downe the carved workes with Axes and Ham- 
mers of thofe Houfes which were confecrated for Gods fer- 
vice. They have caftGods commandements out of the Church, 
the have fuppreft the beleife, and they have forbid the faying 
of the Lords prayer ; They have plunder'd, ftarv'd, famifhed, 


imprifoned, murdered, baniflied, fequeftred, beggered, and 
ruin'd all the Orthodox Clergy from the greateft to the leaft 
that would not worfhip the Bead of the Brownifts, Anabap- 
tifts, Familifts, Presbyterians, Independents, with a fhamefuU 
and damnable crew of other Se6ls ; They have kept me foure 
yeares in prifon, for no other caufe but that I would not beper- 
jur'd and damn'd with taking their acurfed Covenants, and 
fweare to live and dye a Rebell. They have not onely caft 
out,oromitted,the Lords prayer. But they have alfo puU'd and 
throwne downe all manner of monuments of the memory of 
Chrift, as Croffes and figning with Croffes ; And (in breife 
Mafter Chrijlmas) your day with the dayes of all the bleffed 
Saints and Martyrs, are all put downe by the ufurped power 
of a thing called a Parliament, on purpofe (as it is feared) to 
m.ake the people forget that ever they had a Saviour or Re- 
deemer borne. 

Concerning of the Croffe my faith is this 
It is amiffe, to fuch as mak't amiffe. 
To fuch as reverence it or doe adore it. 
Or fay their prayers to it or before it. 
Such do pervert it from its proper ufe. 
And turne an ornament, to an abufe. 
We ufe no croffe in Baptifme, with intent 
To adde fome vertue to the Sacrament : 
Nor is it ufd at all, by any one 
Untill the Child be baptif'd, and alls done. 
Turkes, Pagans, Heathens, Infidels, and Jewes, 
They know not Chrift, therefore no Croffe they ufe, 
But no true Chriftian, juftly can repine 
To let a Croffe ftand, as a Chriflian figne. 
Knaves may deface it, Fooles may worfhip it. 
And both are done for want of Grace, or Wit, 
Flagges, Enfignes, Armes for Sea, or Court, or Campe 
And all our monies beare the Croffes ftampe. 
And thofe that wrong'd the Croffes here's my curfe, 
May they want Croffes allwayes in their purfe. 

But my cufe in the laft line doth more frequently fall upon 
the Poet, who is terribly crofl for want of Croffes ; And thus 

A 3 ('Mafter 

(Mafter Chrijimas) I have made bold to give you a few verfes 
inftead of a Caroll ; But Sir I remember that it is written that 
Pharaoh King oijEgypt, kept his birth-day with mirth and 
feafling, Gen: 40. fo did Herod Mat. 14. Mark. 7. thefe were 
wicked Kings, the later of which was fo prodigall to give the 
head of a glorious Saint, to pleafe the humour of a vaineglori- 
ous Strumpet. We have a yearely day of Joy and thankfgiv- 
ing (on the 5 of November) for our great deliverance from the 
Gun-powder Treafon, for the which we can never fufficiently 
magnifieGods mercies in preventing our miferies ; Befides ma- 
ny other dayes have beene fet a part for faftings, or feaftings, 
fas time and occafion required) But you (Mafter Chrijimas) 
and all memory of you, are banifhed for yourMafters fake, and 
your Mailer is like to be baniflied for his Fathers fake, and 
his Father is like to be abufed for his mercyandgoodneffefake; 
whilft the King is tranfcendently injured for his juftice and 
clemencies fake, and all his loyall Subje6ls and fervants, are 
wronged for their Loyalties fake, whilfl our Enemies doe take 
great paines for the Devils fake, to purchafe damnation for 
their Workes fake. 

Thus the old parfon made a pittifull complaint to me, and 
would have proceeded further, but that fuddainely a tumultu- 
ous multitude of fundry forts of People came crowding upon 
me, with more clamours for redreffe of reall greivances then 
15 pretended Parliaments can re6lifie. The Grocers, they faid 
that every yeare (againft my comming) they were wont to 
take more then 1 00000' forfruite and fpice to make Plumb-pot- 
tage, Mince pies, and other Cookery kickfhawes ; The Mer- 
cers, Drapers, Silkemen, Taylors, Shoemakers, Cookes, (and 
allmoft all Trades) cryed out they were undone, becaufe of my 
abfence ; The Apprentices of many occupations , with the 
Kitchin maides. Butlers, and porters of great mens gates, 
Brewers Draymen, Bakers with numbers ('pad numbering) 
came to me, fome curfmg, fome crying, fome ftamping, and 
ftareing, all complaining and exclaiming that their Chriftmas 
Boxes were banifhed with me ; Aud that whereas by the be- 
nefits of them they had good meanes, (for my fake) now they 
were paft hope of any helpe, except I were reftored to my an- 

cient right and dignity. The Renowned and famous inftru- 
ments for Warre, Triumph, or Pleafure, Drums, Trumpets, 
Phifes, who were fupported where I came, with guifts, offer- 
ings, and other worthy gratuities and encouragements, are all 
caft off. Thefe with thoufands more of memorable, and com- 
mendable of your goodneffe (Mafler Chrijlmas) are defunft 
and vanifhed, and all the liberty, and harmeleffe fports, with 
the merry GamboUs, dances and frifcolls, which the toyling 
Plowfwaine, and Labourer, once a yeare were wont to be re- 
created, and their fpirits and hopes reviv'd for a whole twelve 
month, are now extinft and put out of ufe,in fuch a fafhion as if 
they never had bin. Thus are the merryLords of mifrule,fupprefl; 
by the mad Lords of bad rule atWeftminfter. Nay more, their 
madneffe hath extended it felfe, to the very vegetables, the 
fenceleffe Trees, Hearbes, and Weedes are in a prophane efti- 
mation amongfl them, Holly, Ivy, Mijletoe, Rojemary, Bayes, 
are accounted ungodly Branches of Superftition for your en- 
tertainement. And to roafl a Surloyne of Beefe, to touch a 
Collar of Brawne, to bake a Pye, to put a plumb in the pot- 
tadge pot, to burne a great Candle, or to lay one blocke the 
more in the fire for your fake (Mafter Chrijlmas) is enough to 
make a man to be fufpefted and taken for a Chriftian, for 
whichhefhall be apprehended forcommiting high Parliament- 
Treafon, and mighty malignancy, againft thegenerall Councell 
oftheZ>2>^^i?r2««, private /'rig/'^^/^maw Conventicle. And for Mafter Lilly 
a conclufion it is fayed that either MaHerBookerjOrMaiievLye (°^ ^y^ ^V') 
Lye (ox both of them) have framed a new Almanack, their ac- , \ ^1 V' , '^ 
count of yeares begins from the fall oi Lucifer 5639 where in- tion, for he in 
flead of Chriftmas day, and all other Saints dayes, they have (his laft An- 
put in other Saints as followeth;firftMafterO^?/?;^«i-yourday ^■^^'^"■f) wnt the 
hath 3 round Ciphers 000, with the word Fafl, after that, is -^^^^^ ° (hi! 
Saint Cain, Saint Chorah, Saint Dathan, Saint A biram, Saint yeare , to be 
Achitophel, Saint Sheba the fonne of Bichrie, Saint Shimei, '^e 18 of this 
Saint Rabfliekah, Saint Ifcariot, Saint Simon Magus, Saint 1";"""^ ^"^^t 
Elimas the forcerer, Samt Alexander the Copper fimth, Samt t^e 21. 
Nero, Saint Caligula, Saint Domitian, Saint Heliogabalus, 
Saint y?</2OT the Apoftate, SB.mtHilclebrand, SaXntMackiavel, 
SdJmt Richard tYic third, Saint BaltazerGerrard, Saint Ravili- 


ar, ^^SxAFaux, Saiat Garnet, Saint Brookes, Saint Hampdm, 
Saint lechoniak A bercromey. Saint Pym, Saint Burton, Saint 
Pryn, Saint Bajlwick, Saint Kimbolton, with the Renowned 
memory of the thirty Tyrants oi Athens, with Saint Rebell, 
Saint Mercurius Britannicus, Saint Waller, with his Sainteffe, 
Saint Wither ( I had almoft forgotten Saint 5aj/ the Confeffor,) 
with them a great number more of old Saintes and new Saints, 
Martyrs, and Confeffors,the Predeceffors and Coadjutors in and 
of this famous RebeUion, this Almanack and Prognoftication 
is calculated for the Meridian of London, and Wejlminjler, 
with all other places of this Parliamentall Hemifpheare, thefe 
unwelcomed exclamations and alterations put me into fuch a 
perplexity, that poore old Chrijlmas made all the hafb out of 
England that he could before Candlemajfe, not defpairing but 
that he may come againe the next yeare and finde better en- 


Printed at the charges of the Author, who 

is of that humble condition- that he will 

refufe no gratuities of words or deeds 

from any body. 


The Kings Wellcome to 

Hampton Court. 

[Hazlitt, No. ioi.J 





Wellcome to his owne Houfe, 
Truly called the Honour of Hampton 


Who came thither on the 24. of 
Augujl, and fo confequently hoped and hum- 
bly defired to White-Hall. 

Written by his Majefties moil humble fervant 

John Tailor , one of the Yeoman of 

His Maiesties Guard. 

Alius Poeta Aquatticus. 

From my Houfe at the.Crowne in Globe Lane (Alias Phcenix Al- 
ly, nere the Globe Taverne in Long Aker. 

Printed in the Yeare. 1647. 


d!p#4'4:'4r4'i4?4'4'44?444'4'44'#"l?4'4''l'4? i^'Ib'jHI'M sil^^^"^^? 



Moft Excellent M a i e s t i e s, 

Wellcome to his owne 
Houfe, Truly called the Ho- 
nour of Hampton-CoMYi. 

MOft Gracious (fufFring) Soveraigne Lord & King 
Had I a quill pluckd from the Phoenix wing, 
Or Homers Mufe, or Virgills towring ftile, 
(Thy ten times long wilh'd wellcom to compile ) 
Had I all thefe great aides, all were to few, 
Thy Subjefls long expefted joyes to Ihew 
Thy prefence hath infpir'd this Mufe of mine, 
More then Apollo and his triple Trine, 
Hee's dull braind, and a Poet cannot bee. 
That wants a Mufe (great King,) and writes of thee. 
A jufter Mafler fervants never had 
And fervants falfe to man, to to bad 
But as the Eagle never call his eyes. 
On abje<5l, objeds, vermin, gnatts or flies, 

A 2 So 


So thou not minding injuries, haft ftill, 

With thine owne goodnes overcome their ill. 

Ingratefull men tooke cloathing, wages, food. 

From thee, and have repaid thee ill for good : 

Which thy Heroicke mind ftill flighted hath. 

As moft unworthy of thy Royall wrath. 

Ther's not a grace, a vertue or an Art, 

But are in throned in thy Princely Heart : 

Faith and Fame unfliaken with the wrongs, 

Of perjur'd writers and perfidious tongues. 

Thy certaine Hope in thy Majeftique Breaft 

That fix'd beliefe, fliall be made manifeft 

By Charitie, which thou haft fliew'd to thofe 

Who are thy curfed caufeles mortall foes. 

Whereby thy virtues patient conftancy, 

Hath won thee a more glorious vi6lory, 

Then if (by conqueft) thy fharpe fword fhould peirce 

Through all the Kingdomes of the Univerfe. 

Thy Mercy and thy lujiice are the Jems, 

And richeft Jewells in thy Diadems. 

To fumme up all ; 'tis truly underftood 

Ther's nothing may be named /^ ox good 

But is in thee ingraff'd, and nothing ill 

Thou fayft or do'ft, but 'tis againft thy will. 

Thy Mafter Chrijl (the light made thee difcerne, 

And this bleft Leffon thou from him didft learne. 

That he that Loveth, Father, Mother, Wife, 

Children, earths goods or glory, or his life 

More then his Saviour (fuch a fordid Spirit) 

Is moft unworthy of his Mafters Merrit : 

This precept thou haft pradlis'd this thy troath 

Kept in thy Chriftian Coronation Oath, 



Wife, Children, Crowne, and Kingdomes, friends. Life, all 

Thou hazzard'fl either to rife, ftand or fall. 

Thy Love ( Great King ) to thy great King of Kings, 

By thee hath been prefer'd above all things. 

For which he'le crowne his Gifts in thee, and hee 

Will crowne thee glorious with Eternitie : 

Thy Conftancie hath trip'd up Fortunes heele, 

Thy mind ne're minded her Inconftant Wheele ; 

What good, or bad Occurrances effedled ; 

Thy Spirits were ne're erredled or dejefted ; 

Not with a ftuped Humor floicall, 

But with a Chriftian Mind Majefticall ; 

And with Impregnable ftrong coniidence, 

Still trufting in the Almighties Providence. 

Now may wee fee that Patience, Clemencie, 

Religion, and true Magnanimitie, 

Are Talents lent, whofe value doth excell : 

And all the Proffits their's that ufe them well. 

And ( Royall Sir ) Thou haft done well (no doubt^ 

Thou haft not wrap'd thy Talent in a Clowte, 

But fo improv'd thy truft, in thy Truftee, 

That tenfold ten times more thy truft ftiall bee. 

And now poore England, hath fo many years 

Bin Plagu'd with caufles Jelbjies and Feares, 

Which (like Blacke clouds) difperft with wavering wind : 

Made Wit fquint-ey'd, and Vnderjlanding blind, 

Whearby each howre was frighted hence fweet Peace 

And every moment miferies encreafe : 

But as bright Phebus (interpof'd by Clowds, 

Which with a mourning face the earth e'n ftirowds ) 

At laft difpells them with his Radient Ray, 

And makes the dolfome darke, a gladfome day. 




So wee ( miftaken Subjefts ) hood-winck over 

With Ignorance, our fights againe recover, 

King Charles fhines cleare, as Sols Corufcant Beames 

Hath prov'd our Jeallous Feares wer leffe then dreames, 

Milde Dove-like King brings Peace with th' Ollive Braunch, 

Whofe Love (Hke Balfome, Bleeding wounds will ftaunch 

Our chearefuU faces, fhewes our minds ( like Mirrors ) 

Free from fufpitious thoughts, or needleffe Terrors : 

Hearts over flow'd with Joyes, Thankes up eredled 

To God, who for us hath this good effefted : 

Our joyfull eyes fhewes Aprill drops of pleafure, 

And fhowrs of Joy fill th' Horizons meafure, 

Th' Almightie hath thy troubles feene and heard, 

And hath thy upright heart in fuch regard 

That (mauger mifchiefe) His outflretched Arme 

Hath, doth, and will defend thee ftill from Harme, 

Bafe Shiemei Railes not as he erft hath done, 

Nor rake-hell Sheba [Bieri's curfed fonne) 

Doth rore and raile with lowd Infernall yell. 

Or cry out, to your Tents o Ifraell 

That Sedaries no more contention Breed 

But humbly learne to know their Chriftian Creed, 

That luda/ses no more Hayle Majler fay 

When as they meane their Mafter to betray. 

That Reverend Levites of a new hatcht Brood, 

Make England drunk no more with Englifh Blood. 

That we may have our Qveene and Prince once more, 

And ufe them Kinder then we did of yore. 

Triumphing trumpetts fownd fhall mount toth' ftarres 

Hnd not the dreadfull charge of civill warres. 

Sweet Peace (we hope fhall MS. the Churlifh Drumb, 

And Murd'ring, Thundring, Guns. Commanded Dumb, 


lujlice and Mercy both Kiffe (when they meete) 

No heavy fad complaining in our ftreete, 

No more fhall England bath in her owne Gore, 

Or leading to captivity no more. 

Sword (drunk with blood) fhall in their Scabberds reft, 

No plundering or free quartering ftiall moleft. 

The painefuW /armer, ploughman, or the fwaine, 

And weapons fhall give place to gownes againe. 

The Church refume her rights (he had before, 

The Cleargie to be fcandaliz'd no more. 

Thus each man hopes he fhall his right enjoy 

And all ceafe one another to deftroy. 

The King fhall have his owne againe, and fee. 

His enemies afham'd and odious bee. 

Upon thy Head ftill flourifh may thy Crowne, 

And ten times troubled be thy high Renoune 

That thee and thine in glory here may Raigne, 

Untill the King of glory come againe : 

For fuch as fpeake peace, and doe warre intend. 

For any Sinifter or private end. 

That of tranquillity doe prate and prattle. 

But wifh for war, yet dare not fee a Battle, 

Let all fuch never claime a Chriftian Name 

Whofe trade or pleafure in Blood and Flame, 

Of their deere Country ; to Rippe, Rend and teare, 

Their Mothers Woombe, which did fuch Baftards beare 

Belike fome feare that Peace would drive 'em hence 

To England New, or th' I fie of Providence: 

Virginia, Barmoodies, or St. Kitts. 

Barbadoes, Mevis, or befides their witts : 

But thofe that offering to the Altars bring, 

To raife new warres 'gainft Kingdome Lawes and King, 



Let them goe Weft-ward to the Triple tree, 

And like falfe Traitours, hang both he and fhee. 

Thofe Sonnes oi Hittits and oi Amorites, 

God doe to them, as to the Midianites, 

As Heathen Si/era, and as Fabin dyd 

At Endors Field, (where Kijhowes Brooke doth flyd) 

As they became as dunge, fo let them be, 

That to a bleffed Peace will not a gree, 

The peace of God, grant us thou God of Peace, 

Let us ceafe finne, thou wil't our forrowes ceafe. 

Let's frame our lives according to thy word 

And let no Sword be drawne, but Juftice Sword, 

To which ends, thou good God of Confolation, 

Send happy peace to this affli6led Nation. 

So Wellcome good King Charles to Hampton Court, 

And God be ftill thy fhield, defence and Fourt. 


^^^^ ^3i^>^^^ ^;^,2l^^^d^3^3^^^^2^^3^ ^^^^^ 


An Ironicall Expoftulation. 

[Hazlitt, No. 104^.] 

'I n n-'A N p n n S: 

O R, A N 

Ironicall Expoftulation 

DBA T H and FA T E, 

For the Loffe of 

The late Lord Mayor of London; 

Who on Friday Odtober 27. 1648. expired to- 
gether with his Office ; and both He and his 
Bay-Horfe di'd o'th' Sullens. 

VVhereunto is annexed an Epitaph both 
on Mayor and Horfe. 

Alfo a Dialogicall brief Difcourfe held Odob. 29 

between Col. Rainsborough and Charon, at 

their Meeting. 

— _ . — — — — — ^ 

Compofed hy Philanarzx^A Mifojiratus, two London -Apprentices 
once in-Counter'd laft yeer for their Loyalty. 

Si Cato reddatur, Cmfarianus erit. M artial . 

Printed, Amio exulantis Monarchies 8. 
Anno Domini 1648. 


mnjWm #^i^ fTv^vR fwrvHik n 

I n n-^ Nepiinos: 


An Ironicall Expoftulation with 

Death and 7^«/^, for the lofife of the late 
Lord Mayor of London. 

FOrtmte, thou art a Whore ; and Death, thou art 
("Tis ro be fear'd) a Cavaleer in Heart: 
You, that fo formall ftand with Scythe and Glaffe, 
Think not in private with our Lord to paffe. 
Was there but one choice peice ? one dainty bit, 
And your leane ugly Jaws muft fall on it ? 
Were there not Dray-men, Butchers, plump and fat, 
But you muft pick a Weajle out, a Rat ? 
Was it you took a liking to the Elfe, 
For his Complexion, 'twas fo like your felfe ? 
Or for your Eafe, left a more weighty pack 
Should in the tranfportation break your back ? 
Was it you found him grating of a fcuU 
Which you might call your owne, you did him cull ? 
Or that his foveraign * Drugs reftor'd a Brother, * }Je was a 

That through an Hurdle fuckt (^you'l fay) his Mother ? Druggijl in 

Was it you came before his Plots were ripe. 
And he refus'd to ask you, fmoake a Pipe ? 
If none of thefe, why then fo hajly, Death ? 
What, not afford a Lord Mayor two dales breath ? 
When the Potato-Pies, and Capons were 
Bought, and in readineffe to end the year ? 
If 'twas his lot to die, well ; elfe 'twas bafe, 
To cull a Magiftrate for's Chain, or Mace. 
This was plain Tyranny, we cannot blame 
Him for an Independent, when you came. 

A 2 Reftore 


Mr. War- 

Reftore him to us ; fure 'twas a miftake. 
King Noll and's Kindred elfe will make you quake. 

Was it for this he did fo long oppofe 
Monarchy, and Princes, to be led by th' Nofe, 
And fhown in Pluto's Court, with O yes ! here 
Comes my Lord Mqyre and' s Hor/e; provide um cheere? 
Was it for this he became Pimp, to th' State, 
And to admit their Army op'd the Gate? 
While in Triumphant manner they beftrid 
London, like George on Horfeback, as they rid ? 
Was it for prefervation of \ihs: flock, 
So many o'th' wicked he condemn'd to th' Block ? 
And with his fwoi'd of Power cut in two 
What neither Law nor Jujlice e're could do ? 

O Death ! thou art ungratefull ; he has fent 
More to thee in one yeare then th' Plague or Lent. 
By Proclamations, by Colle£lions too 
'Gainft th' Common Enemy what e're would do. 
I fay again, reftore, or wee'l appeale 
And have you put down Traytor under feale. 

Say Mr. Speaker, is't not Treafon fcan'd. 
For Death t' arreft a Member under hattd 

And without th' Houfes leave f I know 'tis fo, 

Youl find it Caroli Vicefimo. 

Is't not againft an Order lately made. 
All Members to be free, their debts uupaid } 
Did they not pitch upon a day, to wit. 
Doomsday ith' Afternoon to think on it .' 

But all this will not do : hee's gon to tell 
Hampden and Brooks , and Pym the Newes in Hell. 

How there is Peace ( God bleffe us ) coming on 
( That Antichriftian brat of Babylon ) 
When 'tis againft his Confcience to fubmit 
Or have 2. finger in reftoring it. 
Would not the world cry fhame, fliould he accord 
Who in his Name has War, and's Armes the fword .' 
Hee's gon to tell them of a certain thing 
Coming to London, whom men call the King : 


Whofe Scepter will out-fway, and bring in thrall 
Th'eftablifli'd Government Anarchicall. 
And with his Radiant luftre quite difpell 
What for thefe /even years has been hatch'd in Hell. 

Yet let none fay he's broke or run away, 
But fas the wifer call't) he did convey 
Himfelfe into a Church, in policie, 
Where he was fure none would fufpefl him lie. 
No clamorous Bell pronounce his fall, no Gun, 
He was no Warriar, nor no Whittington. 
f Only the joviall Butchers (in the Stocks) 
Gave him a difmall peale with cleaver-knocks.) 
Let him fans Common-Prayer in filence paffe. 
Be buried with the buriall of an Afse. 

So farewell horfe and man, dead and forgot. 

Both infamous let both together rot. 

Rejoyce Apprentices, your day is come 
No more to fland in fear of Martyrdome : 
No more Ihall yee to Bridewell go, and pay 
For your extravagance the lajl Lords day. 
Now ye may circumambulate, and fee 
Morefields and IJlington without a fee. 
No more henceforth fhall th' Surry Cavaliers 
Go home and fhake their heads without their eares. 
All troubled waters now fhall to their fprings 
Returne, and one raigne, not five hundred Kings. 

Yet all this while we erre, and accufe Fate, 
When he his own end did accelerate ; 
For having drunk di/cruple over-night 
Oijealoufies dind fears, he took his flight. 
Thus Hanniball, and thofe heroick blades. 
Minding an eafie way to get to th' Shades, 
Made ufe o'th' Druggijls Art, and to provide 
'Gainfl future vengeance, drunk their doffe, and di'd. 

A 3 An 


An Epitaph on the Mayor, &c. 

VNder this Tomb-ftone lies a thing, 
Enemy both to Church and King. 
No Protejiant, and yet no Papijl, 
A Puritan, and yet an Atheiji. 
For Magijlracy a grand ftickler, 
Yet a moft zealous Conventickler : 
One that for Chrijl would live and die, 
(Yet kept no Chrijl-tide verily.) 
One that the Prophets flew, and took 
Th' Apojiles badge from out the Booke. 
One that the Kubrick took away, 
And gave th' Apprentices Tuefday. 
One that did every thing amifse, 
Then riddle me, riddle me, who was thisf 

An Epitaph on my Lord Mayors Horfe. 

HEre in this Oyle-Tub ^Reader ftand aloofe^ 
Lies Great Bucephalus, beware his hoofe ; 

Who out of a good nature needs would die, 

Meerly to keep his Mafher company. 

Bay was his name, fome call'd him, Rofemary, 

For his viftorious feats, and Chivalry : 

But if he had no name, the Bulks and Shambles 

Would fpeak him famous for his Chrijimafse Gambolls : 

When from an Amble to a Trot anon 

Bravely he trod down Superftition. 

For which rare fervice 'tis decreed he lie 

Pickled and Powder' d for Pofterity. 

And live by this Infcription (fomewhat courfe) 
Down went the Popijli Rites, Grammercy Horfe. 



A Dialogicall brief Difcourfe be- 
tween Rainsborough and Charon, at their 
meeting, 06lob. 29. 1648. 

Cha-'\ T 7'Elcome to th' fhades ; hail Brother Rain/bo- 
ron. V V / am a Boat-man, fo were you. {rough : 
Moft opportunely / See th' triumphant Mayor, 

(No leffe a man) is our firft fare. 
Had you not come, his Honour had (by Styx) 

Fairl' in a Sculler gone t' Old Nicf^s. 
Rainjb. Now he may ride in Oares — forbeare ; alas, 

He that you fpeak of may not paffe. 
What will ludge RJtadamanth and Minos fay. 

If we th' * arrefted Corps convey ? * Arrrejied 

I that on Earth was above Law, yet know by ct Knight 

How to conforme my felf below. zvkofe fonne 

Charon. Hum / I have lofl my Naula ; let it go ; wasjlain in 

Now to your bufmeffe Rain/borough. the late bic- 

Rainfb. Know then, that I from th' Englifh Coaft am fent kering in 

By th! States, to know your Government. London. 

And e're the Vote paffe, hence muft have command. 

That the new Anarchy may ftand : 
Speak Charon, fpeak ; if Pluto think it good, 
I have already feal'd it with my blood. 

Charon. Dull Man, or Ghojl; or whatfoe're thou art. 

Thou think'fl to alienate my heart : 
Know'll not we have a Prince ; and though the Devill, 

One that abjures all you that LevelP. 
You that incroach, my Office to enjoy ; 

Were you not once a Skippers Boy t 
By all th' infernall gods, lay by thy Spade, 
Or be fufpefted guilty Hell t' invade. 

Rainfb. No more ; I yeeld : the Government ftand, 
I was but fent here under-hand) 


Yet if our Agents with you here might try, 

They would put hard for Anarchy. 
Charon. Anarchy ? Hell and Furies ! fuch a word 

Once more, and thou go'ft over-board. 
Belzebub, if he knew thee at this height, 

Would have thee carbonado' d ftreight. 
Leave us — and yet I'le write thy Epitaph, 

Meerly to make the Devill laugh. 
For, by the Rabbles leave, without controule, 
'Twas not a * Fire removed his pure Soule. 

* So Walker 
upon Tho. 
rough, he 
that from an 
ger became 
a Newes- 
monger, & 
now makes 
and And- 
irons cum 


WEltring in blood fee here an Horfe-leech fprawll, 
Glutted 3XiA overcharg'd, yet loath to fall; 
Bred up 'ith Ocean ; lately crept to th'fhore, 
( Though he had all, yet covetous of more.) 
Which when the wife Phifitian faw, his thirfl 
That 'twas unfatiable, let him burft : 
So having empti'd and difgorg'd his Maw, 
Hence through the Rubick fea he fwam away. 
Feare not Colchefirian Dames, left Lucas 'rife ; 
Veng'ance is fully paid ; Here RainsVrongh lies. 


Wanderings to fee the Wonders 

of the Weft. 

[Hazlitt, No. 106.] 


Wandering, to fee the Wonders 
of the WEST. 

How he travelled neere 600. Miles, from London to the 

Mount in Cornwall, and beyond the Mount, to the 

Lands end, and home againe. 

Dedicated to all his loving Friends, and free minded 

In thele dangerous dayes for Rich men, and miferable times 
for the Poore Servants of the late King, ( whereof I was 
one, 45.yeers to his Royall Father and Himfelf ) I thought 
it needful to take fome courfe to make ufe of fome friends, 
and devife a painfull way for my fubfiftence ; which was 
the Journey I have part, and this Booke heere prefent ; for 
which purpofe I gave out many of thefe following Bills, 
to which neere 3000. Gentlemen and others, have kindly 
fubfcribed, to give me a reafonable reward. 

Printed in the Yeere 1649. 

The Bil of John Taylor, or a Tay- 
lors Bill, without either Imprimis, 
or Items. 

r\ Ld, lame and poor, by mad contentions beggerd, 

And round about with miferies beleaguerd : 
Too many Mafters made me MafterlefTe, 
Too many wrongs have made me monylefTe, 
Helples, and hopeles, and remedileffe. 
And every way encompaft with diftreffe. 
To eafe my griefes I have one trick of wit, 
(If you that read will fet your hands to it : ) 
Which is, when I do give you good account 
From London unto Cornevvals Michaels Mount, 
Of all my iourney, and what News I found 
In ayre, or fea, above, or under ground ; 
When I do give you truths of this in Print, 
How I did travell, gravell, duft, durt, flint, 
My entertainment, where tvvas good, where ill. 
Then (in good mony) give me what you will, 
Your, nams & dwellings, write that I may find you, 
And I shal (with my book) feek, find, and minde you, 
with humble thankes. 

CEven times at Sea I fervd Eliza Queen, 

Since when, I thrice in Germany have been. 
Once in Bohemia tvvixt Earth, Sea, and Sky, 
And once to Scotland, and the Mountains high : 
Then unto Quinbrough, in a Paper Boat, 
Then next (from London) I to Yorke did float 
With a fmall paire of Oares (or little Wherry) 
And in like fort from London to Salsberry. 
Next that my man and I did ride our Steedes 
To Leicefter, Lin, Hull, Hallifax and Leedes, 
Ore loftj' mountains, vvher the winds blew bleak. 
To Chefter, Darby, and Devils arfe a peak. 
Then with a Scullers boat to Cicefter, 
From thence (up Seaverns flood) to Glocefter, 
To Worfter, and the Town of Shrewsbery, 
From thence to BriftoU, and to Bath I fly; 
Thefe are no fictions, or falfe Idle Tales, 
I palTe from Bathe to the River Wye in Wales ? 
Then Hereford did me well entertain. 
From whence I home came ui my Boat again. 
Laft (to the King) at the Ifle of Wight I went, 
Since when my beft content, is difcontent : 
Thus having traveld North, and South, andJEaft, 
I meane to end my travels with the Weft. 



TAYLORS Wefterne Voy- 
age to the Mount. 

/s a mad world {my m,ajlers) and infadnes 
I travail' d madly in thefe dayes ofmadnes : 
Eight yeares a frenzy did this Land moleji. 
The ninth yearfeenid to be much like the rejl, 
My felfe {with age, griefe, wrongs, and wants opprejl. 
With troubles m.ore then patience could difgejl') 
Amongjt thofe IJles, I chofe the leajl and bejl, 
Which was to take this journey to the Wejl : 
And Jure it is an Argument m,ofifit. 
That he who hath a portion of /mall wit 
As I have, and good Jlore of friends, ' twere floth 
And foolery, not to make ufe of both. 
My wit was worne thread bare, halfe naked, poore, 
And I, with it, went woo l-gath' ring for more. 
This long walke {firfl and lajl) I tmdertooke 
On purpofe to get m^ney by m,y Booke : 
My friends {I kfiow) will pay me for m,y paine, 
And I will never trouble them, againe. 
Six hundred miles, I {very neere) have footed. 
And all that time was neither fhdd or booted ; 

B But 


But in light buskins I perform d this travell 

Ore hill and dale, through dujl, dirt, flint, andgravell. 

And now no more words T in vaine willfcatter, 

But come unto the marrow of the matter. 

My Reader mtifl not her fippofe that I 

Will write a treatife of Geography : 

Or that I meane to make exa£l Relations 

Of Cities, Townes, or Countries fcituations ; 

Such men as thofe, I turne them- ore to reade 

The learned Cambden, or the painefnll Speed. 

And now {good Reader) I my mufe do tune, 

I London left, the twenty one ^June : 

To Brainford, Colebrooke, Maidenhead and Henly, 

I pafl {the weather faire, the high wayes cleanely) 

To Abington, where fotire dayes I remain d. 

By friends and kins fo Ikes kindely entertain d : 

Thankes to my Nephew John, with all the refl. 

To whom that time I was a coflly Guefl. 

AND now me thinkes a little Profe may be reli- 
-^*-fhed amongft friends ; I left Abington on Wed- 
nefday the 27. of June, and (for the eafe of my purfe) 
I gave 2S. 6d. for the hire of the Skelliton or Anato- 
my of a Beafi; to carry me ten miles to Farington ; the 
thing I was mounted on was neither Horfe, Mare, or 
Gelding, it was all fpirit, with very little (or no flefh.) 
It was none of your purfy foggy Jades, and amongft 
Horfemen it might have paft for a Light Horfe , too 
much worke, and too little meate, made him as gaunt 
as a Greyhound : Thus (mounted like Don Quixot) 
I entred Farington, but worfe Guefts then I had been 


there fince thefe troubles ; for the Kings Party burnt 

one part of the Towne, and the Parliaments fired the 

reft, fo that between them there was a good hanfome 

Market Towne turned into Afhes and Rubbidge : It 

begins to bud and fpring out againe , for heere and 

there a pritty houfe peepes up : fo that it will in fhort 

time be rebuilt , and Phaenix like (out of it's owne 

cinders ) be revived and reneued to a more pleafmg 

and beautifull profpeft. 

From Farington I footed it foure miles to Hizvorth, 
(a Market Towne) and from thence to Purton feaven 
miles more , where I lodged, there was nothing re- 
markable in all that dayes travels ; but that in the mor- 
ning a Church at a Village called Kingjlon, (five 
miles from Abingion) having no fteeple ; but the 
Church at Purton (where I lay all night) had two ftee- 
ples ; but I was certified that the Minifter that had 
two fteeples, had but one Benefice, and he that had 
none, had two, by which meanes the reckoning was 
even betwixt them, for what the one had, the other 
had not. 

The 28. o{ June, I betook me to my feete an houre 
and halfe before the Sunne could fhew his face in So- 
merfetfhire , and for one fhilling I hired an old drun- 
kard to guide me eight long miles to the Towne of 
Malmsbury, where all worthy remembrance was, that 
I found an Ancient Towne, an old Caftle, and new 
Ale ; from thence I hired a Horfe for 2s. feaven miles, 
and footed it feaven miles more that day to the fa- 
mous, renowned, ancient, little pritty City of Bathe ; 
I lodged in the Mayors houfe : But his Worfhip was 
as ignorant as my felfe, for he being a Baker, had let 

B 2 halfe 

halfe his houfe to a Viftualler ; fo he fold bread 
without, and I bought drinke within : The next day 
I had notice where I was , wherefore I went to his 
flail or fhop window , and told him what I was, and 
that I was he who came nine yeares agoe from Lon- 
don, to that City with a fmall Scullers Boate ; Mr. 
Mayor was pleafed to entertaine me moft kindely 
(with both his hands in his pocket) and like a man of 
few words, forbore to fay wellcome to Towne ; fo 
wee parting dryly I left him in his fhop , Lord Baron 
of the Browne Loaves , and Mafler of the Rolls (in 
that place:) but there is no doubt but the man may 
live a faire age, and dye in his bed , if he efcape the 
unfortunate defliny oi Pharoahs Baker. 

Friday 29. of lune , I had the luck twice to have 
not one dry thread about me, ( being wet to the very 
skin) and yet my cloathes were as dry as a bone : the 
reafon is, that I was in the Bathe, and my cloathes out. 

lune 30. I travelled fifteene miles to the Towne of 
Wells, where I flayd but little, and found as little mat- 
ter of obfervation, but that thefe holy, prophane days, 
and bleffed execrable Times of troublefome tranqui- 
lity, have fpoyled and defaced one of the goodliefl 
and magnificent Cathedrall Churches in the Chrifti- 
an world : But fuch pious workes as polution and a- 
bufing of Churches , wee neede not goe amongft 
Turkes for proofes ; for though Peters at Wejimin- 
Jier hath fcaped reafonable cleanely, yet Pauls in Lon- 
don hath layen out of order, in ordure a battenning. 

The fame day I went foure miles further to the an- 
cient Towne of Glajlonbury, there I faw the Ruines 
of an Abby , which was one of the ftatelyefl and 


moft fumptuous iXru6iures'm £n£ land or Europe: there 
remaines yet the ruined walls of a Chappell built in 
memory of Jofeph of Arimathea (who as it is recor- 
ded by Authentique Hiftorians) did firfl convert this 
Land from Paganifme to Chriflianity : And wee have 
great neede of another good lofeph to come amongjl us, 
to doe as much for us now. But there is no memorial! 
of any place where that good old man was buried: 
the Abby was walled more then a mile about, with a 
.wall of free-ftone, as faire as London wall ; it is very 
probable that King Arthur ( our Englifh Worthy ) 
was there fepulchred ; for there I faw fome ftones 
of Marble, of which I placed the broken pieces toge- 
ther ; I read thefe words in Latin, 

Hie jacet Guineverus Regina, Vxores, &c. 

Queene Guinever was Wife to the great Arthur, 
and fhe being buried there, it is to be conjedlured that 
his bones were not layd far from her. 

Mr. Camden , doth quote the Ancient Hiftorian, 
William of Malmsbury , to write thefe words folio - 
wing concerning Glajlenbury. 

That it was the firfl Land of God in England , the 

firji Land of Saints in England, the beginning and f oun- 

taine of all Religion in England , the Tombe of Saints, 

the Mother of Saints , the Church founded and built by 

the Lords Difciples. 

rfaw a branth or flip of the Hawthorne Tree that 
did beare Bloffomes every yeare ( when all other 
Trees were froft-bitten, and feemed dead:) this Tree 
onely, on Chriftmas day , the day of our bleffed Sa- 
viours Birth; this Tree did (in its kinde) fhew its joy 
in comemoration of the Nativity of the Redeemer 

B 3 of 


of unkinde mankinde : There are all the Inhabitants 

in the Towne will verifie it, and thoufands in England 

and other Countries will affirme that it is no Fable : 

The Souldiers being over zealous did cut it downe in 

pure devotion ; but a Vintner dwelling in the Towne 

did fave a great flip or branch of it , and placed or fet 

it in his Garden , and he with others did tell me that 

the fame doth likewife Bloome on the 25. day of 

December, yearely ; I faw the fayd branch , and it 

was ten foote high, greene, and flourifhing; I did take 

a dead Sprigge from it , wherewith I made two or 

three Tobacco ftoppers, which I brought to London ; 

my humble thankes to Mr. Brooke , with (his good 

Sifter ) for they entertained me freely ; fo that the 

Towne of Glajlonbury was not one penny the richer 

for any expences of mine. 

Monday the fecond of July, I went to Bridgewater 
ten miles , where all that was worthy of note was, 
that neare the Towne, at a ftile I had a great difafter ; 
for a fhagge or fplinter of the ftile tooke hold of my 
one and onely breeches, and tore them in that extreme 
unmerciful!, unmannerly manner, that for fliame and 
modefties fake I was faine to put them off , and goe 
breechleffe into the Towne , where I found a botch- 
ing threepenny Taylor , who did patch me up with 
fuch reparations as made me not afliamed to put my 
breeches on againe , and trot five miles further to a 
ragged Market Towne called Neather-Stoy, where ex- 
treame weary, I tooke up my lodging, at a figne and 
no figne, which formerly was the Rofe and Crowne ; 
but Rofes are withered , and Crownes are obfcured! 
as the fipne was. 



Surely that day was a mad, fad, glad , aufpicious, 
unlucky day to me, worfe then an Ominous , Chil- 
dermas , or a dogged by ting dog-day ; for the Ho- 
fleffe was out of Towne, mine Hoft was very fuffici- 
ently drunke, the houfe moft delicately deckt with 
exquifite artificiall, and naturall fluttery, the roome 
befprinckled and ftrewed with the excrements of 
Pigs and Children ; the wall and fielings were ador- 
ned and hanged with rare Spiders Tapiflry , or cob- 
web Lawne ; the fmoake was fo palpable and per- 
fpicuous, that I could fcarce fee any thing elfe , and 
yet I could fcarce fee that , it fo blinded me with 
Rheum a figne of weeping; befides all this, the odorif- 
ferous and contagious perfume of that houfe was able 
to outvie all the Millainers in Chriftendome or So- 

I being thus embellifhed, or encompaffed with thefe 
moft unmatchable varieties ; but to comfort me com- 
pleatly, mine Hoft fwing'd off halfe a pot to me, bad 
me be merry, and asked me if I would have any pow- 
dred Beefe and Carrets to fupper ; I told him yes, 
with all my heart ; but I being weary of the houfe, I 
went and fate three houres in the ftreet, where mine 
Hoft often did vifit me with moft delightfull and hy- 
dropicall non-fenfe ; at laft, 7 of the clock was ftruck, 
and I went into the houfe to fee if fupper were ready ; 
but I found fmall comfort there, for the fire was out, 
no Beefe to be boyled , mine Hoft faft afleep , the 
Maid attending the hogs , and my hungry felfe halfe 
ftarv'd with expeftation ; I awaked mine Hoft, and 
asked him where the Beefe was , he told me that he 
had none, and defired me to be contented with egges 


fryed with parfly; I prayed him to fhew me my cham- 
ber , which he did ; the chamber was futable to the 
reft of the houfe ; there I ftayd till neere 9 a clock, 
expefling fry'd egges , when mine Hoft came to me 
with an empty anfwer, there were no egges to be had, 
fo at the laft I purchafed a piece of bread and butter, 
and to bed, and then began my further torments ; for 
thinking to take a little reft , I was furioufly affualted 
by an Ethiopian Army of Fleas, and do verily believe 
that I layd fo manfully about me that I made more 
then 500 mortuus ejl: they were fo wel grown that as I 
took 'em I gave 'em no quarter, but rub'd 'em between 
my finger and my thumbe, and they were fo plumpe 
& m.ellow, that they would fquafh to pieces like yong 
boyled peafe : But all thefe troubles I patiently paft 
by , making no more account of them, then of fo ma- 
ny Flea-bytings. For my further delight, my cham- 
ber-pot feemed to be lined within with crimfon plufh, 
or fhag'd fcarlet bayes, it had fcaped a fcowring time 
out of minde, it was fur'd with antiquity, and with- 
all it had a monumentall favour ; and this piffe-pot 
was another of my beft contentments. 

At laft, wearineffe and watching, began to inforce 
fleep upon me, fo that (in fpight of the fleas teeth) I 
began to winke, when fuddenly, three children began 
to cry, and for an hours fpace I was kept waking, 
which made mee fall to the flaughter againe. The 
children being hufh'd afleep, the game began afrefti 
amongft the dogs ; for the cry was up, and the baw- 
ling Currs took the word one from the other, all the 
Towne over ; and the dogs had no fooner done , but 
the day break appeared , and the hogs began to cry 


cut for their breakfafh : fo I arofe, and travelled (al- 
mofl: fleeping) lo. miles that day ; which was to a 
Towne called Dunjlar, where upon a lofty hill ftands 
a ftrong Caflle , it had then a Garrifon in it ; I muft 
confeffe I was free there, 

From najly Roomes, that never felt broomes, 
From excrements, and all bad/ents, 
From childrens bawling, and caterwawling, 
From grunting of hogs, and barking of dogs, 
Andfro7n by ting of Fleas, there I found eafe. 

The fourth of luly , I travelled to Exfourd (fo na- 
med) becaufe it ftands near the head, or fpring of the 
River Ex, which runs downe from North to South 
neere 40 miles to the City of Exeter, and to Exmouth, 
where it delivers it felfe into the Ocean, and from 
thence to Brayfourd, (another Fourd which runs into 
the River of Ex, as the people told rhe ; but I finde 
it not fo in the Map,) that dayes journey v/as fixteene 
miles, a teadious weary way for a crazy, old, lame, 
bad, foundered footman, I am fure I found it fo ; for 
when I came to my lodging I had more minde to eate 
then to fight, and a better ftomack to a bed then a 

The fifth of hdy, I walked but feven miles to 
Barnflable , a. very fine fweete Towne, fo cleane and 
neate, that in the worfe of weather, a man may walke 
the ftreets, and never foule ftiooe or boote ; there I 
ftayd till the next day noone, being well and well- 
comely entertained by one Mr. /ohn Downes , who 
gave me F idlers fare, meate, drinke and money, for 

C which 

which I heartily thanked him : From thence I pall 
by water five miles to Aplear. 

hily the fixt (being Friday) I paced it ten miles to 
a place named Ferry Crojfe, in the Parifh oiAllington, 
and the feven day I turned my back upon Devon/hire, 
having gone that day fifteene miles to the firfl Mar- 
ket Towne in Cornewall (on the North-fide of the 
County) named Straiten. 

Cornewall is the Cornucopia, the compleate and re- 
pleate Home of Abundance for high churlifh Hills, 
and affable courteous people ; they are loving to re- 
quite a kindeneffe , placable to remit a wrong , and 
hardy to retort injuries ; the Countrey hath its fhare 
of huge flones, mighty Rocks, noble, free. Gentle- 
men, bountifull houfekeepers, ftrong, and flout men, 
handfome , beautifull women , and (for any that I 
know) there is not one Co?-ni/Jt Cuckold to be found 
in the whole County : In briefe they are in moll 
plentifull manner happy in the abundance of right and 
left hand bleffmgs. 

It is a wonder that fuch rugged Mountains do pro- 
duce fuch fertility of Corn, and Cattle ; for if the hap- 
py dayes and times of peace were once fettled , Corne- 
wall might compare with any County in England, for 
quantity of all neceffaries needfull , and quallity of 

The ninth of luly I left Straiten, and ambled twen- 
ty miles to the Towne of Camelfourd, and to a Village 
called Blijiland , and there I was taken for the man I 
was not ; for they fufpe6led me to be a bringer of 
Writs and Proceffe to ferve upon fome Gentlemen, 
and to bring men into trouble ; But with much adoe 



I fcaped a beating, by beating into their beliefes that I 
was was no fuch creature. 

luly the tenth, I came to Bodman, (a Market Town) 
and from thence the fame day to a Village called St. 
Enedor, a part of which Parifh is called Penhall, there 
at a Smiths houfe was good lodging , better cheare, 
and beft drinke ; the Smith was lame, his Wife was 
faire and handfome , where if I could haue adled the 
part of Mars , there might have been played the Co- 
medy of Vulcan and Venus : that dayes travell was 
eighteen miles. 

luly eleaventh, I progreffed to Truro, another Mar- 
ket Towne, which is the Lord Roberts his Land ; there 
I bought a fifh called a Breame for three pence , it 
would have ferved foure men ; after dinner I went 
eight miles further to a Towne called Eedruith, in all 
that dayes travells eighteen miles , I faw nothing 
ftrange to me but a few Cornijh Dawes (or Choughs) 
with red bills, and legs : They faluted me upon the 
wing, jufl in the language of our Jack Dawes about 
London, Ka, Ka. 

The twelfth of luly, I came within two miles of 
Saint Michaels Mount , to an ancient houfe called by 
the name of Trimineague: it hath been, and is the birth 
place of Worthy Families, of the Noble name of the 
Gocblphins : The right owner and poffeffour of it 
now is Francis Godolphin, Efquire, a Gentleman en- 
dowed with Piety, Humanity, Affability and Abili- 
ty ; he hath a heart charitable, a minde bountifull, and 
a hand liberall ; he hath (defervedly) the cordiall 
love of all the County , and would have the enjoy- 
ments of earthly contentments, if once thefe difcon- 

C 2 tented 



tented times were quieted : Seaven dayes I flayed 
with him , in which time he was pleafed to fend a 
Kinfman of his (Mr. Knthony Godolphin) with me to 
fee the Mount , which I thus defcribe. It is about a 
mile in compaffe at the foote , and it rifes 700 paces 
very fleepe to the top , it is in forme like a great hay- 
cock or Reeke , or much like a Mounteere ; on the 
top or Piramis of it, is a fine Church called Saint Mi- 
chaels , the fayd Church is now for no other ufe but a 
well ftored Magazine with Ammunition . from 
whence (for a relique of remembrance) I brought 
halfe a yard of Saint Michaels Mounts Monumentall- 
Match : I went to the top of the Church Tower 
feventy fteps higher , and in my comming downe I 
viewed the Bells (which were five in number) being 
faire and handfome, they cannot be rung, becaufe the 
crack rope Souldiers have broke all the Bell-ropes, 
infomuch as for any more ringing there, the Bells be- 
ing ropeleffe, the people are hopeleffe. 

To fpeake the truth of this fo much talked of 
Famous Mount ; it is lofty, rocky, innacceffible, im- 
pregnable not to be taken, or kept, nor worth the ta- 
king or keeping : It is a barren ftony little v/en or 
wart, that with men, Amunition, and Vidualls is able 
to defend it felfe ; but if it hath not the Sea and Land 
to friend, there is an Enemy called hunger (or famine) 
that will conquer Mounts and Mountaines : It can do 
no fervice to the feaward, for the water is fo fliallow, 
that no Ihip can faile within fhot of it, and for Land 
fervice the Towne of Market lezu , ftands better for 
defence : The Mount is an I (land , and no Ifland, 
twice in every 24 houres : for when the Sea is up, 



Boates mufl be ufed to go to it , but upon the ebbe, 

Troopers may ride to it forty in Ranck : Market lew 
is about two flight fhoote of it , the Mayor whereof 
(one Mr. William Mabb) caufed me to dine witli him, 
for which I returne him a few printed thanks. 

In the Mount I faw a craggy rugged feat, of Rocky 
Upholftery, which the old fabulous rumour calls St. 
Michaels C hay re: and a Well I faw there, which twice 
in 24. howres is frefli water , and fait water : This 
Mount had a Garrifon within it , which made the 
Country people to grumble without it ; yet the foldi- 
ers are pretty civill : and one Captaine Geary did cour- 
teoufly regard and drink with me at the Maiors houfe 
at Market lew. From thence I returned to Mr. Godol- 
phins, and he did perfwade mee to fee the Lands end, 
fourteen miles further; for which journey on the 16. 
day of July, he did lend me 2. horfes, with his kinf- 
man to ride with me, where (for his fake) I was wel- 
come by the way, with a good dinner, at one Mr. Le- 
vales houfe, from whence I rode, and went as far as I 
could ride, goe, or creepe, for rockes and fea : and 
there I faw the Ifland of Silly, with other fmaller I- 
flands, which are fayd to be 16. or 1 7. in number. The 
mayne Ifland is held for the Prince, by one Captaine 
(or as fome fay, a Knight) called Sir John Greenvill ; it 
is very ftrong, with a good fafe harbour, and as it is 
reported there, hath a good fleet of fliips in it : fome 
doe call it a fecond Argiere, for there cannot a fhip or 
veffell paffe by it, but they doe make out upon them, 
whereby they have great riches, with all neceffaries : 
it was 8. leagues at leafh from me, infomuch that I 
could but onely fee it dimly, and 2. fhips I perceyved 

C 3 that 


that lay at road (perdue) to give notice (as I conjectu- 
red) of the appearance of any ihipping that fayled 
within their ken : I did cut my name 4. inches deep in 
a fmall patch of earth amongft the Rockes, at the 
Lands end, and I am fure no man can go thither and 
fet his name or foot, halfe a foot before me. 

The fame day I returned to one Mr. lones his houfe 
a mile thence , in the farthefl Weftern Parifh of the 
County of Cornwall, called Sevin ; there I had good 
entertainment all night, by the Gentlemans and his 
Wives free welcome , which was out of their owne 
curteous difpofition ; but chiefly for Mr. Godolphins 
fake, to whom at Trimiweagow I returned, on the 17. 
of July, where I refl;ed one day : and on the 18. day I 
tooke my leave , having received 7. dayes hofpitality 
in plenty, with many other curtefies in money and o- 
ther neceffaries which I wanted ; befides hee fent his 
kinfman with mee to dire6l mee the way to another 
Francis Godolphin of Godolphin houfe. That Gentle- 
man is the chiefe of that noble name; his houfe a flate- 
ly ancient Pallace, and my chear and welcome at din- 
ner, moft freely bountifull. After dinner hee walked 
with me, where (in my way) I faw his Mines of Tin, 
and a houfe where his workemen were refining and 
melting of Tin, which is a rich commodity. So at my 
taking leave of him, hee put ten fhillings in my hand, 
which came to me in an acceptable time. 

From thence I jog'd 3. miles further, to a houfe cal- 
led Clowance in the Parifli of Crowen, where dwells 
one Mr. lohn Sentabin, he is fonne in Law to the firft 
Godolphin I came to , whofe daughter he marryed (a 
vertuous and beautifull Gentlewoman) where I tooke 


a welcome, a fupper and a bed, till the next morning, 
being luly 19. he fent a man with me eight Miles to a 
fifter of his , named Mrs. Gertrude , to her I was fo 
welcome , that after I thought fhe had been weary of 
me , fhe would faine have had me to ftay two dayes 
more, which I (with thankes refufmg) (he lent me a 
Mare (and a man to bring her home againe) which 
Mare I roade to a Towne called Penny com quick, 
within a mile of Pendennis Caftle , which Caflle I 
looked on a far off, but I durft not attempt to offer to 
go into it, for feares and jealoufies might have mifta- 
ken me for a fpy ; for at all places of Garifon, there is 
very flridl examinations of perfons , and at every 
Townes end , in all the fea Townes of part of Corne- 
wall, Devon/hire, Dorfetjhire, and every Shire, no tra- 
veller could paffe without catechizing words : A^ 
wJmt is your name, whence came you, where dwell you, 
whither go you, what isyourbujineffe, andwhereforecame 
you hither? Now he that cannot anfwer thefe parti- 
cular demands pundlually, is to be had before Go- 
vernours, Captaines, Commanders, Mayors, or Con- 
flables, where if a man doe chance to be fuffered to 
paffe freely from them, yet it is a hazard of the loffe 
of a Travellers liberty by either their unbeliefe or 
mifprifion, and at the befl it is a hinderance to a mans 
journey and loffe of time. 

Thefe confiderations made me doubtfuU to pre- 
fume to looke into Pendennis Caftle , or any other 
Garrifon or place of defence : This Caftle is feated 
very high, and it ftands very defenfive for the famous 
Haven of Faymouth, (one of the beft Harbours for 
fhipping in the world :) it was built by King Henry the 


c 17 

eight, it is impregnable, and as long as it is well man- 
ned, amunitioned, and viftualled, it is thought to be 
invincible, and theres an end of that poynt. 

That day I pad a Ferry called King Harries Paf- 
lage, (but why it is fo named few men knowe) there 
I lodged at the Ferry mans houfe, and the next mor- 
ning being 2 1 of luly , I travelled twelve miles to a 
fifher Towne called Mevageajie ; that Towne hath 
in it two Tavernes, and fix Ale-houfes, to every one 
of which I went for lodging, and not any one would 
harbour me , then I fought for a Conftable to helpe 
me, but no Conftable was to be found ; the people 
all wondring at me , as if I had been fome ftrange 
Beaft, or Monfter brought out of Affrica ; at which 
moft incivill and barbarous ufeage, I began to be an- 
gry, and I perceiving that no body cared for my an- 
ger, I difcreetely went into the houfe where I firft de- 
manded lodging ; where the Hoftes being very wil- 
ling to give me the courteous entertainement of lack 
Drum, commanded me very kindely to get me out of 
dores, for there was no roome for me to lodge in. I 
told her that I would honeftly pay for what I tooke, 
and that if I could not have a bed , yet I was fure of 
a houfe over my head , and that I would not out till 
the morning : with that a yong fancy knave told me 
that if I would not go out , he would throw me out, 
at which words my choller grew high, my indignati- 
on hot, and my fury fiery, fo that I arofe from a bench, 
went to my youth, and dared to the combate ; where- 
at the Hofteffe (with feare and trembling) defired me 
to be quiet, and I fliould have a bed, at which words 
my wrath was appeafed, and my ire affwaged. 




But flraite wayes another florme feemed to ap- 
peare ; for an ancient Gentleman came fuddenly out 
of another Roome (who had heard all the former 
friendly paffages,) and hee told mee that I fhould not 
lodge there, for though I had fought and not found a 
Conflable , yet I fhould know that I had found a Ju- 
ftice of Peace before I fought him ; and that he would 
fee me fafely lodged : I was fomewhat amazed at his 
words, and anfwered him , Let him doe his pleafure, 
for I fubmitted my felfe to his difpofall. 

To which he replyde. That I fhould go but halfe 
a mile with him to his houfe, which I did, and there 
his good Wife and he did entertayne me courteoufly, 
with fuch fare and lodging, as might have accommo- 
dated any Gentleman of more worth and better qua- 
lity then one that had been ten times in degree before 
me : there I flayd the Saturday, and all the Sunday, 
where I found more Proteftant Religion in 2. dayes, 
then I had in 5. yeers before. The Gentlemans name 
is Mr. \ohn Carew, a Gentleman of noble and ancient 
defcent , and a worthy luflice of the Peace in thofe 

I was certified, that in that little Town of Mevage- 
fey, there are 44. Fifher Boats, which doe fifh for Pil- 
chards, that every Boat hath 6. men, and that every 2. 
Boats have one net between them : they doe call the 
2. Boats a Seine; fo there are 22. Seines, and 22. Nets : 
every Cornifh Bufhell is in meafure 2. Bufhels and a 
halfe of our meafure at London : every 2. Boates (or 
Seine) doe fpend 250. Bufhels of Salt (Cornifh mea- 
fure) to fait Pilchards only ; every Seine do ufe 100. 
Hogfheads to pickle the fayd Pilchards in yearly. So 

D that 


that this one little Towne, doth fpend by Gods blef- 
fing, and the meanes of thofe fmall fifhes , every year, 

Of Salt, 2 2 times 350 Cornifh Bufhells , which is 
in the number of our Bufhells, 14000,350. 

Of Hogfheads, or Caske, 2200. 

Of men for 44 Boats, 6 men for each, 264. 

Thefe men with their Families (being many in 
Number) are all maintained by Pilchard catching; 
but this is not all, for there are other greater I ownes 
in that County, which doe every one of them ufe the 
fame trade of fifhing, with more and greater numbers 
of men, boats, nets, caske, and much more quantity 
of fait ; fome of the other Townes are St. Keverne, 
Foye, Loo, with others which I cannot recite. 

This infinite number of Pilchards, being falted and 
put up in Caske, are bought a maine by the Spanifh, 
French, Dutch, Italian, and other Merchants, and by 
them they are either eaten or fold, and tranfported to 
many other people and Nations : And now I hope I 
have filled my Readers bellies with Pilchards, with- 
out cloying or offending their ftomacks ; if any one 
be queafie , or doe feele a wambling in the Gizzard ; 
let them call for a cup of Sack, drinke it, and pay for it. 

The 23 oi July, I came to Foye, and to Loo or Low) 
twenty miles ; this Towne of Loo, is divided in two 
parts, or two Townes together, two Mayors, two 
Churches, two Governours, and more then two Reli- 
gions ; all that I can fay of either of the Looes, is, that 
there was Souldiers and fwordmen, ftrong Beere and 
dagger Ale, Land flefh and Sea fifh in plenty. 

On the 24. of July, I turned my back upon Corne- 
wall, and went from Loo to Plimouth in Devonjhire, 


twelve miles : At Phmouth I ftayd not two houres, 
the Towne was too full of fufpitions to hold me : 
There I faw Colonel William Leg , a prifoner in the 
Towerhoufe, or Guild hall, I fpake to him (being on 
the one fide of the way in a window, and he on the o- 
ther) in a low whifpering voice that every one might 
heare what we fayd ; I wifhed him health and liberty, 
and fo left him in thraldome ; There was two Statio- 
ners did make me very welcome for two or three 
houres ; their names were Thomas Ratcliffe and Willi- 
am- Weekes, they gave me fmoake and drinke in Pli- 
mouth, for which I requite them in Paper and Inck at 

That afternoone I left Plimouth , and went foure 
miles further, to Plimpton, and on the morrow (being 
Saint lames his day) I hired a horfe forty miles to 
Exeter , where I was two dayes entertained at mine 
owne cofl , with fome charges that Burgomajiers and 
Bookefellers underwent : I can fay little of Exeter, but 
that it is a faire fweete City , a goodly Cathedrall 
Church (not yet quite fpoyled or ftabled) and it had 
large Suburbs, with long ftreets, and many fine dwel- 
lings till this mad fire of contention turned all to ru- 
ines, rubbidge, cinders, Afhes, and fume. 

Two houres before Phabus appeared in our Hemif- 
phere, I was on footback from Exeter to Honiton, the 
2 7. of July, there I had a nights lodging, and dyet of 
fuch a homely fafliion, as I have no occafion to boaft 
of; there I hired a Horfe (which proved to be a blinde 
Mare) fhe had two wens as big as cluflers of Grapes 
hung over both her eyes , and five or fix wens on her 
fhoulders and flanks, all which beautifull ornaments I 

D 2 could 


could not perceive or fee till I had road the bead 
foure mile , (for I was mounted before the breake of 
day;) but when I faw the comely neffe of the beaft, 
betweene fhame and anger I was almoft mad at the 
Rogue that owned her ; and being neere to a Market 
Towne called Axmijler,, I difmounted, and footed 
eight miles to Broad Win/or in Dorfetfhire , where I 
was better horft eight miles further to Ever/hot, and 
then I paced on foote eight miles further to the 
Towne of Sherbourne, that dayes travell was 31 mile. 

The 3 1 of July, I went from Sherbourne to Shaftf- 
bury, and fo to Wilton^ and Salisbury, 31 mile : At 
Wilton I faw the Earle oiPembrokes Magnificent and 
Sumptuous Building and repairing of fuch a ftately 
Fabrick, that for flrength, beauty, forme, ftate, gla- 
zing, painting, gilding, carving, pollifhing, embelli- 
fhing and adorning : It may be a Pallace for the grea- 
teft King in Chriftendome : the Springs, and Fifh- 
ponds, the Garden, the Walkes, the rare Artificiall 
Rocks and Fountaines , the Ponds with fifh on the 
houfe top, the flrange figures and fafhions of the wa- 
ter workes, the numerous, innumerable varieties of 
fruits and flowers ; yea all, and every thing that may 
make an earthly Paradice, is there to be feene, felt, 
heard, or underflood , (which becaufe I underfland 
not) I fhut up all with this , there is ineftimable cofi:, 
exquifite Art and Artifts, moft exceeding good work 
and workemen, onely one thing (that is quite out of 
fafhion almoft every where) is ufed there , which is 
good and juft payment. 

From Wilton, to Salisbury two miles, there I flee- 
ped out the later end of the whole Moneth of luly. 



I had a defire to go into the Church there (one of the 
faireft in England) but now the playes be downe, 
there was no fights to be feen without money, which 
though I could have payd , yet for two Reafons I 
would not ; the one was becaufe I had oftentimes 
feene that Church in former times, when Gods Ser- 
vice was fayd there , and the fecond caufe why I 
would not be guilty of Simony, and with corrupting 
Mammon enter or intrude into the Houfe of God. 

The firft of Kugujl, I footed to hndover, fifteene 
old miles , and eighteene new ones, (of the Pofts 
late meafuring :) The next day to Morrell Greene, 24 
miles, the third day to Stanes , eighteene miles, and 
the fourth of Augufl fifteene miles to London : My 
journey being in all 546 miles , which I went and 
came in fix Weekes , and lay ftill and refted twelve 
dayes in feverall places on Weeke dayes, befides fix 
Sundayes : But all this was nothing to me, being a 
youth of threefcore and ten , with a lame leg and a 
halfe, and there is an end of the fbory. 

Like to thejione ^Sifiphus, / roule 
From place to place, through weather f aire andfoule, 
A nd yet I every day niujl tvander Jlill 
To vent my Bookes, and gat/ter friends good will ; 
I mujl confeffe this worke is frivalowfe. 
And he that (for it) daignes to give a lowfe, 
Doth give as much for' t as 'tis worth, I know ; 
Yet meerly merily I this jaunt did goe 
In imitation of a m,ighty King, 
Whofe warlike ails, good fellowes often fing, 
The King of France and twenty thoufand men, 
Went up the Hill, and fo came downe agen. 
So I this travell pafl, with cofl and paine. 
And (as I wifely went) came home againe. 



The Number and Names of 

the Kings of England and Scotland. 

[Hazlitt, No. 107.] 

The Number and Names of all 
the Kings of 




From the beginning of their Go- 
vernments to this Prefent. 

As alfo how long each of them Reigned , how 
many of them came to untimely Ends, either 
by Imprifonments, Banifhments, Famine, Kil- 
ling of themfelves , Poyfon, Drowning, Be- 
heading, falling from Horfes, Slaine in Bat- 
tells, Murthered, or otherwife. 

Written by John Taylor, at the Signe of the Poets 

Head, in Phcenix Alley, neer the middle of 

Long Aker, or Covent Garden. 

L ON DON, Printed in the Yeare 1649. 


e^ k^£c ^^ 0> 

</3 a\» 'v W a^ T^ 'B'w* t/» 

N O V E R I N T 

BE it known unto all men &c. Hijiory hath fuck 
force and vertue that it wilmake a man a Tra- 
veller that never went lo. miles from home; it 
will defcribe unto him. Cities , Countries , Manners, 
Lawes, Cuflomes, Fafhions, Wars and Peace both atSea 
and Land, it will give him, admittance tofpeake with 
his hat on to the greatefl Emper ours, Princes, and Po- 
tentates, and all forts of people and Nations that have 
inhabited the whole world: all this, true and well writ- 
ten Hi/lories will furnifh a man withall in his owne 
chamber. And becaufe great bookes are of great pri- 
ces, and our large Chronicles are offuch high rates, 
that all men cannot reach to, I have at, mine owne cofi, 
written and caufed this Brief e to be Printed. Many 
Writers do make doubts whether this Land had ever 
any King called Brute ; but the m,ofl Authours do 
affirme , that when Troy was fpoyled by the 
Greekes , that Prince yEneas fled into Italy, 

A 2 and 

and there he was inarried to a daughter of Latinus, 
King of Tufcany, now the Dukedome of Florence, 
by which Lady he had a fan named Aicanms, who was 
the Father of Silvius Pofthumus , and that Silvius 
was the Father of Brute ; Brute being but 1 5 years 
old, unfortunately as he in a Forrefl was hunting, flew 
his Father Silvius with an arrow as hefhot into a thic- 
ket, thinking he hadfhot at a Deere, for which he was 
banifhedfrom thatCountrey, and fhippinghimf elf with 
a good, or great, number of his followers, he landed 
here, and was thefirfl King of this Land. This is the 
opinion of many grave Writers, but divers learned men 
do oppofe thofe A uthors. For my part, I am-fure that 
one King or other didreigne here when this Land was 
firfl a Kingdome , and becaufe it beares the ancient 
name of Brittain or Brutaine , / do hold with fuch 
Authours, as for Brute do hold with me. 




Anno Mundi 2858. Yeares before Chriji 1 1 08 . 

1 1 "\ Rute raigned 24. yeeres : to his 3. fonnes 
jr'^Locrinus, Camber, and Albana6l, hee gave 

-*— >/to the firft England, to the fecond Wales, 
to the third Scotland. 

2 Locrine raigned 20. yeers ; he beat the Hunns 
(or Hungarians) hence, who would have inva- 
ded this land , and their King was drowned in 
H umber. 

3 Queene Guendoline (wife of Locrine) raigned 

15 yeers, beloved and honored for her jufl 
and vertuous government. 

4 Madan raigned 40. yeeres , was eaten by 

Wolves, as he was hunting : he was fierce 
and tyrannous : he built Doncafter. 

5 Mempricius, the fon of Madan , raigned 20. 

yeers, and at laft (like his father) was de- 
voured by Wolves. 

6 Ebrank, built Yorke, and reigned 2 1 yeeres : 

he had by 21. wives, and other females, 20. 
fonnes, and 30. daughters : he lived in the 
times of K. David and K. Solomon. 

7 Brute 2. raigned 12. yeers, buried at York. 

A 2) 9 Leile 

8 Leile raigned 25. yeers, built Carlile , and 

fome fay Chefter. 

9 Rudhudibras raigned 29. yeers, built Canter- 

bury, Winchefter, and Shaftsbury. 

10 Bladud raigned 20. yeers, built Bathe, brake 

his neck in pra6lifing to flie. 

1 1 Leire raigned 40. yeers : he built Leicefter, 

before Chrifls birth 830 yeers. 

12 Cordelia, the Daughter of Leire, raigned 5. 

yeers : kild her felfe in prifon. 

1 3 Morgan and Cunedague were brothers , and 

grandchildren to Leire : they ruled toge- 
ther , but Cunedague flew Morgan at Gla- 
morgan in Wales, and raigned 33. yeers. 

14 Rivallo raigned 46. yeers : it rained bloud 3. 

dayes in his time : Rome was built out of 
the putrefa6lion of the bloud that fell : it 
bred fwarms of hornets and horfeflies, that 
ftung many folks to death ; infomuch that 
with famine, and other calamities, there 
died fo many that they which lived were 
not enough to bury the dead. 

15 Gurgtijltis raigned 38. yeers : a moft vicious 

Drunkard, and his Brother, 

16 Sicilius raigned 49. of both which our Hifto- 

ries make no good mention. 

17 lago raigned 25. yeers : a wicked Prince : he 

died of a fleepy Lethargy. 

18 Kim- 


1 8 Kimmartts raigned 54. yeers. 

19 Gorbodug raigned 63. yeers, as fome write' 

and fome write but 42. let the Reader be- 
leeve as he pleafeth. 

20 Ferex and For ex were brethren : they were 

the laft Princes of the Race of Brute ; Fo- 
rex killed Ferex; to revenge which their 
mother kild Porex, by which meanes this 
Land was without a King, and at divifion 
many yeares, and fhared into 5. petty king- 
domes. Some fay Ferex and Forex raigned 
50. yeers, and others write but 5. 

21 Malmutius Donwallo raigned 40. yeers : hee 

was the fonne of a Cornifh Duke , named 
Clotton : he brought this Land againe into 
one Monarchy, and was the firft King that 
wore a Crowne of Gold. 

22 Belinus and Brennus were brethren, and fha- 

red this Land betweene them ; but (difa- 
greeing) Brennus was forced from hence 
into France, from whence hee went and 
wan Italy, ranfackt Rome, and at a fiege of 
Delphos in Greece, he flew himfelfe ; Belinus 
raigned 26. yeers : he builded the Port cal- 
led Belingfgate. 

23 Gurguintus raigned 19. yeeres, hee overcame 

the Danes, hee fent many fcattered and di- 
ftreffed Spaniards to inhabite Ireland. 

A 4. 24 Guin- 


24 Guinthelinus raigned 26. yeeres : hee built 


25 Cecilius raigned 7. yeers, and was buried at 

Caerleon in Wales. 

26 Kimarus raigned 3. yeers : a wicked King, 

kild by a wild Beaft in hunting. 

27 Elanius raigned 9. yeers : hiflories make lit- 

tle mention of him. 

28 Morindus raigned 8. yeers : he fought with 

a ravenous Sea-monfler , which had de- 
voured many people , who alfo devoured 
the King, but hee killed the Monfter after- 
ward, for he was found dead with his dag- 
ger in his hand, in the belly of his devourer. 

29 GorSomanus raigned 11. yeers : a good King, 

built Cambridge and Grantham. 

30 Archigalo, Elidurus, Vigenius, and Peredurus, 

31 were crowned and depofed again, and with 

32 fhuffling fortunes thefe 4. Kings raigned 28. 


From the time of Elidurus to King Lud , there 
reigned in this Land 33. Kings, of whom Hiflorians 
doe make very various, or little mention, I will there- 
fore but only name them. 

Gorbonian raigned 10. yeers, Morgan 14. Eme- 
rianus 7, depofed. 

Ival 20. Rimo 16. Geruncius 20. Catillus 10. hee 


caufed all oppreffors of the poore to be hanged. 
But fince that time they have increafed much. 

Coylus raigned 20. yeers, Ferex 5. Chirimus r. he 
kild himfelfe with exceffive drinking. 

Fulgontd^vgcv^d 2. yeers, Eldred i. Androgius i. 
Eliud^. Dodamius ^. Gurginius'^. Merianusi. Blo- 
dunus 2. Capenus 3. Quinus 2. Sillius 2. Bledgabre- 
dus I o. Rodianus 2 . A rchemalus 2 . Eldalus 2 . Redar- 
gius 3. Samullius2.Pem/ellus 3. Pirhus 2. Caporus2. 
Dinellus \. Melius [or Elius ) i. From this King 
the He of Ely had its name. 

Of thefe Kings , 24. of them had very fhort 
times of either lives or raigns ; 4 of them raignd 
but 4 yeers, (that is to fay, each of them raignd 
but one yeere ) and in that courfe 1 1 of them 
reigned 2 2 yeares ( to years each, as many years 
as Eares) 4 reigned each three yeares, and one 
reigned 4 years ; 3 had the happy, or unhap- 
pineffe to beare the royall toile, hazard and fla- 
very each 4 years. But although Records and 
Hiflories are burnt, loft, and falfified , by the 
injury of warres, alteration of times, and parti- 
ality or flattery of Writers , that there is no 
mention made by what meanes all thefe Kings 
did come to their long homes in fo fhort a time. 
It is more then conje6lurable, that they died not 
all in their beds. 

64 King Lud reigned 1 1. yeers : he named Troy- 



novant, (^or this City of new Troy) Kair-Lud, 
or Ludjlowne : hee enlarged the building of 
London, from Ludgate (which he founded 
for Freemen to lie in bondage ) to London 
ftone, which ftone was fet up in memory of 
Lud, 60. yeeres before the Incarnation of 
our Saviour. 

65 CaJJibelane raignd 1 7. yeers : the 2. fonnes of 

Lud and Caffibelane fild this Land with blo- 
dy contention, that whilft they ftrived for 
the maftry, Julius Ccefar came in and ma- 
ftred them. 

66 Theomancius the fon of Lud raigned 2 3. yeers : 

all that I can write of him is, that in me- 
mory of his Father and himfelfe, his ftatue 
is on Ludgate. 

67 Ciinbelinus raigned 21. yeers : in his Raigne 

the Heavens did raine the fhowres, flouds, 
innundations of gratious love and favour 
to moft miferable Mankinde ; for in this 
Kings time our blefl Redeemer J ejus Ckriji 
was borne. 

68 Guiderius raigned 21. yeers ; in his time our 

Saviour fuffered ; then Tiberius Ccefar was 
Emperour of Rome, and commanded the 
knowne world. 

69 Arviragus 28 yeares, a valiant man; he 

founded and built Gloucejler. 

70 Maritis 

70 Martus reigned 53 years, he did much for 

the repairing of the Citie of Chejler ; in 
his time, it is written, that good Jofeph of 
Aramathea came hither, and taught the peo- 
ple Chriftianitie at Glajlonhury in Somer/et- 
Jhire ; fome Writers fay that he was bu- 
ried there, in a Chappell of his owne ere- 
cting, of which I faw the ruines and rub- 
bifh remaining in the yeare of grace, 1649. 

71 Coylus the fecond reigned 55 years; he built 

Coylchejier, and was interred at York. 

72 Lucius was the firfl King, of any Land a 

Chriftian, by the meanes and perfwafion 
of godly men whom Elutherius Bifhop of 
Rome fent hither , the King and People 
were broughr from Paganifme to Chrifli- 
anity : Luchis cafl downe 28 Heathen 
Temples, and erefted Churches for Gods 
fervice. He reign'd 12 years, buried at 
Gbcejler, Anno Chrijli, 194. 

73 Severus was an Emperour of Rome, he reign'd 

18 years, he made a flrong wall between 
England axid. Scotland, to fecure us from the 
Invafion of the Scois , the wall was 112 
miles in length , from the River Tyne to 
the Scottifh Seas. Hee was flaine 78 
years of age. 

74 Baffianus reigned 6 years, he was Emperour 



of Rome, and fon to Severus. 

75 Caurajius reign'd 7 years, flaine by Ale5lus; 

our firft Englifh Martyr (Saint Alban) 
fuffred martyrdome in his time. 

76 AleSlus was a bloudy Tyrant, reign'd 3 years, 

killed by Afclepiodates. 

77 Afclepiodates reign'd 2 yeares, as fome doe 

write, others relate 30 years ; he was alfo 
flain by Coyle Duke of Colchejier. 

78 Coyle Duke of Colchejier reign'd 14 years , he 

married Hellen who was the mother of 
the Emperour Conjlantine, fhe beautified 
Jerufalem, with many faire buildings and 
Churches, and fhe alfo walled London and 
Colchejier, where Coyle was buried. An. 315. 

79 Conjlantius reigned 4 years, a good King, bu- 

ried at York. 

80 Con/lantine the great was an Englifh man 

borne, he was Emperour of the Chriftian 
world ; he was the Founder of Conjlanti- 
nople, which was an old ruin'd Towne cal- 
led Bizantium , he was zealous for Gods 
glory, for which he was honoured on 
earth , and doubtleffe eternally glorified. 
He raigned 22. yeers. 

81 Conjlantinus raigned 5. yeers, and his brother 

82 Conjlantius 3. yeers : thefe were the fonnes of 

the great Conjlantine : they raigned toge- 

ther, and together by the eares they fell, 
and never agreed till death made an end 
of the quarrell. 

83 OSlavius (as fome do relate) raigned 54. yeers: 

he was Duke of Windfor ; hee was flaine 
by Traherus who fucceeded him. 

84 Traherus raigned 6. yeers, An. Dom. 353. 

85 Conjiantius 2. raigned i. yeer, flain by Gratian. 

86 Maximinianus raignd i. yeer, flain by Gratian. 

87 Gratian reigned not one full yeer, was flain : 

This Land at this time fhook off the Ro- 
man oppreffion , having beene vaffalls and 
payd tribute to Rome 483. yeers, An. Do. 446 

88 Vortiger raigned 6. yeers : hee was an Ufur- 

per , and by his murthering of his lawfuU 
Prince Conjians , (the fon of Conjiantius 2.) 
he gat the Crowne, and the peoples inve- 
terate hatred ; infomuch that he was for- 
ced to fend for Saxons out of Germany to 
ayd him againft his owne fubjefts ; which 
Saxons not onely ayded , but invaded the 
whole Land, and Vortiger was depofed, and 
afterwards hee and his Queene burnt to 
death, by firing of the houfe where they 

89 Vor timer the fon of Vortiger, raignd 1 1. yeers ; 

he was vi6lorious againft the Saxons, but 
was poyfoned by his wife. 

A tire- 


90 Aurelius Ambrofe raigned 32. yeers ; a good 

King, yet was poyfoned. 

91 Uter Pendragon , (which in Welfh is a Dra- 

gons head) he cornuted a Diike of Corne- 
wall , by corrupting the Dutcheffe Igrene, 
on whom he begot Englands & the Chri- 
ftian Worlds Worthy [Arthur;) Uter was 
poifoned by the Saxons, after he had raign- 
ed 18. yeers. 

92 Arthur raigned 16. yeers : hee was King of 

England, Denmark and Norway. He beat 
the Infidels and misbeleeving Saracens in 
12. great Battels : he inftituted the Order 
of Knights of the Round Table at Win- 
ch efter. He had a kinfman named Mordred, 
who ( in Arthurs abfence ) ufurped the 
Crowne ; but Arthur fought with the Re- 
bels, flew Mordred their Leader , and in 
the fight loft his owne life , and won the 
name and fame to bee one of the 9. Wor- 
thies ; he was buried at Glaftenbury. An. 
Dom. 541. 

93 Conjiantine, (fome have written him the 4. of 

of that name) raigned 3. yeers, was kild by 
his fucceffor. 

94 Aurelius Conanus raigned 33. yeers : Writers 

differ much in writing of this King, and the 
variation of times that were then : for this 


Land was divided by the Saxons into 7. 
Kingdomes, and in the time of 500. and od 
yeers following, they had to each King- 
dome thefe Kings under named ; and thofe 
Lands, Shires, and Counties heerunto an- 

1 . Kent, the firfl Kingdome of the 7. Divifi- 
ons, had to its firft King Hengiji, 2. Esk, 3. OSia, 
4. Ymerick, ^. Ethelbert, a good Chriftian King, he 
built St. Pauls London, and St. Peters at Weftmin- 
fter, 6. Eabald, 7. Ercombert, 8. Egbert, 9. Lother, 
lO.Edrick, 1 1. Withed, 1 2.Edbert, 1 2,-Edelbert, 14..A- 
lick, 15. Ethilbert, 16. Cuthred, I'j. Baldred: Thefe 
17. Kings raigned in Kent 372. yeers. 

2. The South-Saxons Kingdome was onely 
Suffex and Surry : it continued under 5. Kings 
113. yeers : and though Hiftories doe not men- 
tion their deaths, it feemes they died naturally, 
becaufe fo few Kings raigned fo long in fuch 
cut-throat times as thofe were. 

3. The third Kingdome was the Weft-Sax- 
ons, it endured 561. yeers : it had 17. Kings, and 
contained the Counties of Cornewall, Devon- 
fliire, Somerfetfhire, Wiltfhire, Hampftiire, and 

4. The Eaft-Saxons, they raigned only over 
Effex and Middlefex ; they continued under 14. 
Kings 281. yeeres. 

5. Nor- 


5. Northumberland had 23. Kings : it confi- 
fted of 6. Shires and Counties ; namely, Yorke- 
fhire, Durham, Lancafhire, Weftmerland, Cum- 
berland, and Northumberland. It was divided 
into 2. Kingdomes ; it lafted 379. yeers. 

6. The Eaft Angles bounds, were Suffolke, 
Northfolke, Cambridgefhire, and the Ifle of 
Ely : under 15. Kings it continued 353. yeers. 

7. The feventh, laft, and greatefl , was the 
Kingdome of the Mercians, it had 20. Kings : it 
continued 497. yeeres : it contayned 17. Coun- 
ties ; Northampton, Leicefter, Darby, Lincoln, 
Huntingdon, Nottingham, Rutland, Chefhire, 
Staffordfhire , Oxfordfhire , Worceflerfhire, 
Gloceflerfhire, Shropfhire, Bedfordfhire, War- 
wickfhire, Hartfordfhire, & Buckinghamfhire : 
All this while I finde that the Welchmen held 
their owne ; for there is no mention that any of 
thofe wrangling petty Kings had poffeffion of fo 
much as one Village in Wales. 

95 Vortiporus raigned 4. yeeres , an inceftuous 

Prince, with his WiveJ Daughter. 

96 Malgo raigned 5. yeers ; hee murthered his 

Wife, and lived incefluoufly with his bro- 
thers Daughter. 4. Learned men were fent 
from Rome hither , to convert the Idola- 
trous Heathen Saxons, from Paganifme to 
Chriftianity : their names were Augujtine, 
Mellitus, John and yujius. 97. Ca- 

97 Carehcsis raigned 3. yeers, and being oppref- 

fed with the Saxons, he fled for fafety in- 
to Wales, where he died. 

98 Cadwane raigned 22. yeers, he tamed the Sa- 

xons of Northumberland. 

99 Cadwallin raigned 48. yeers , a brave vi6lori- 

ous Prince : hee was buried in London at 
St. Martins Ludgate. 

100 Cadwallader raigned 3. yeers, a valiant and 
vertuous King : he was the laft King of this 
Land called Britaine till his time, for then 
it was, and not till then, named Anglia, and 
the men Englifh men. Cadwallader went to 
Rome, and died there. 

1 01 Atheljiane was a valiant noble Prince : hee 
raigned 15. yeers, he brought this Land to 
be but one Kingdome againe, after it had 
beene divided into 7. neere 600. yeeres : he 
was Crowned at Kingftone , and buried 
at Malmsbury, Anno Dom. 940. 

102 Edmund raigned 5. yeers : he was fon to A- 
theljlane, flaine, and buried at Glaftenbury. 

103 Eldred raigned 9 yeers : the Danes were en- 
tred heer and opprefl the people, and bani- 
fhed him : he was buried at Winchefter. 

104 Edwin raigned 5. yeeres, was crowned at 
Kingftone ; he was depofed for being an in- 
ceftuous ravifher of his own kinfwoman, & 
murdring hir husband. B Ed- 


105 Edgar raigned i6. yeers, he was brother to 
Edwin, (by birth, but not by nature) Edgar 
was crowned at Bathe : he was a vigilant, 
a valiant, and a pious Prince, he had a na- 
vie of 3000. fhips (as fome have written^ 
to fcowre the Seas from Enemies and Pi- 
rats, hee built, and repayred of Churches 
and Religious Houfes, the number of 47. 
He took 8. petty Kings of Wales prifoners, 
and they Rowed him in his Barge on the 
River Dee, to his Parliament at Chefter : 
buried at Glaftenbury. 

106 Edward raigned 3. yeeres, crownd at King- 
ftone, murdered by his mother in law, and 
his unnaturall brother Etheldred, buried at 

107 Etheldred raigned 38. yeers, he caufed all the 
Danes to be flaine, or expeld out of Eng- 
land, he was buried in St. Pauls London. 

108 Edmond ({xmdsci&di Ironjide) raigned 2. yeers, 
Canutus King of Denmarke came with a 
mighty power of Danes, to revenge their 
Nations being banifhed & kild in the time 
of K. Etheldred, but Edmond a.n6. Canutus co- 
bated fingly, with condition that the Sur- 
ving Vicftor fhould have all the Kingdom : 
The Royall Combatants fought gallantly, 
till through many wounds, & much bloud 


loft , they fell both downe in each others 
armes, and embraced : Then they agreed, 
that the Kingdome fhould be divided into 
halfes between them, and the longeft liver 
take all ; which agreement they lovingly 
kept till a Traytor named Edricus, murde- 
red K. Edmond; for the which the Danifh 
K. Canutus, put Edricus to death with moft 
grievous exquifite torments. 

109 Canutus raigned 20. years, buried at Win- 
chefter, An. Dom. 1038. 

no Harold Xh.^ firft raigned 3- yeers. 

1 1 1 Hardicanutus raigned 3. yeers : This King 
was given fo much to exceffive drinking, 
that hee dranke himfelfe to death at Lam- 
beth : in joy full memory wherof the merry 
Hock Mondaies were kept yeerly, with dan- 
cing, and friendly meeting of neighbours, 
which fome ( that have beene miftakingly 
thought wife) have judged to be Popery. 

112 Edward, called the Confeffor, raigned 23. 
yeers ; he freed this Land from Danifh fla- 
very, having no heire , gave his Kingdome 
by Will, to his Kinfman William Duke of 

1 1 3 Normandy , but Harold crownd himfelfe 
King, and in the ninth month of his raign, 
Duke William came, kild, and unkingd King 

B 2 Thus 


Thus ended the Raignes of the Britaines, Romanes, 
Saxons and Danes in this Land, from theyeer of the 
Worlds Creation 2858. before the birth ofChrifl 1 1 08. 
yeers, which was 1 1 i^o.yeeres : then (by Deed of Gift, 
fome write by Conqueft) William thefirfl came hither, 
after a bloudy battell, neere Hafiings in Suffex, with 
the flaughter of 10000. m.en on both fides, the Norman 
Duke was crowned an Englifh King on Chriflmaffe 
day following : he had a troublous raigne 2 1 . yeers. 

115 William 2 (firnamed Rufus) raigned 1 3. yeers, 
hee was flaine in Newforreft in Head of a 
Deere, as he was hunting, buried at Win- 

116 Henry the firft raigned 35. yeeres, in much 
vexation, he was buried at Redding. 

1 1 7 Stephen raigned 1 9. yeeres , in continuall 
trouble ; buried at Feverfham. 

118 Henry 2. raigned 34. yeers, in much unqui- 
etneffe. One of his fonnes named Jeffrey 
was troden to death in a throng at Paris : 
alfo his fon Henry he caufed to be crownd 
King in his own life time, which afterward 
vext him much : and ( to loade him with 
more afflictions) his wife, with his fonnes 
Richard and John , ray fed Armes againft 
him ; he died in France, buried at Fonteve- 
rard, 1189. 

1 1 9 Richard the firft, called Cor de Lion, raigned 
9. yeers, flaine. fohn 


120 John raigned 17. yeers, fome have written 
that he was poyfoned by a Monke, others 
write, he furfeited with eating Peaches. 

121 Henry 3. raigned 56. yeers, and after a long, 
tedious, and troublefome Hfe, had the mi- 
raculous fortune to die in his bed. 

122 Edward the. firfl raigned 35. yeeres. 

123 Edward 2. raigned ig. yeers, murdered at 

Barklay Caftle. 

124 Edward 3. raigned 50. yeers, was buried at 
Sheene, 1378. 

125 Richard 2. raigned 22. yeers, murdered at 
Pomfret Caftle. 

126 Henry 4. raigned 14. yeers, buried at Can- 

127 Henry 5. raigned 9. yeers, buried at Wefl- 
minfter, 1422. 

128 Henry 6. raigned 37. yeeres, murthered in 
the Tower. 

129 Edward ^. raignd 22. yeers, buried at Winfor 

130 Edward 5. was never Crowned, raigned o. 

131 Richard 3. raigned not 3. yeers, flaine. 

132 Henry 7. raigned 23. yeers, buried at Weft- 
minfler, 1509. 

133 Henry 8. raignd 37. yeers, buried at Winfor. 

134 Edward t. raigned 7. yeers, buried at Weft- 


B 3 Mary 


135 Mary raigned 5. yeers, buried at Weftminft. 

1 36 Elizabeth raigned glorioufly 44. yeeres. 

137 y antes raigned 22. yeers, a learned man, a 

Poet, a Poets friend, and a peaceable King, 
buried at Weftminfter. 

138 Charles raigned 24. yeers, Beheaded. 

Scotland began to bee a Kingdome 339. yeeres before 

the comming of our Saviour : it hath been neere 

2000. yeers under 108. Kings. 

A nno Mundi 1 64 1 . Years before Chrifl 330. 

1 "P Ergus raigned 25. yeeres, he was a gallant 
-*- fpirited man, and was drowned by ftorm 

& fhipwrack, neer Carigfergus in Ireland. 

2 Fetharius raigned 15. yeers, murthered. 

3 Mainus raigned 29. yeers, he died in peace. 

4 Dornadilla raigned 28. yeeres, lived and died 


5 Nothatus raigned 20. yeeres , a wicked man ; 

he was killed. 

6 Reutherus raigned 26. yeeres, a good King. 

7 Reutha raigned 14. yeers, hee voluntarily left 

the Crowne, and lived private. 

8 Thereus raigned 12. yeeres, was banilhed by 

his fubjedls, died at Yorke. 

9 Jqjina raigned 24. yeers, in peace. 

10 Finnanus raigned 30. yeers. 

1 1 Durflus raigned 9. yeers, a cruell tyrant ; he 

was flaine. 12 E- 


12 Evenus raigned 19. yeers, a juft King. 

1 3 Gilius raigned 2. yeers, he was baftard to E- 

venus, was cruell, was flaine. 

14 Evenus 2. raigned peaceably 17. yeers. 

1 5 Ederus raigned 48. yeers, a good King. 

16 Evenus 3. raigned 7. yeeres, a wicked man, 

he died in prifon. 

1 7 Metellanus raigned 39. yeers, a good King. 

18 Cara5lacus raigned 20. yeers, about this time 

our Saviour was borne. 

19 Corbredus raigned 18. yeers, a good King. 

20 Dardanus raigned 4. yeers, he was by his own 

fubjefts beheaded. 

21 Corbredus 2. raigned 35. yeers, a good King. 

22 Lugtharus raigned 3. yeers, he loved bloud- 

fhed and lechery, and was murdred. 

23 Mogallas raigned 36. yeers, a good man at 

firfl, but turnd bad, and was murdred. 

24 Conarus raigned 14. yeers, a tyrant, was de- 

pofed, died in prifon. 

25 Ethodius the firfl, raigned 33. yeers, murde- 

red by an Irifh Harper. 

26 Satraell raigned 4. yeeres , by his owne fer- 

vants hee was murdred. 

27 Donald the firfl, and firfl Chriflian King of 

Scotland, mAnno 199. he raigned 18. yeers. 

28 Ethodius the fecond, raigned 16. yeers, by his 

owne Guard he was murdred. 

B 4 29 ^- 


29 Athrtco raigned 12. yeeres, a wicked King; 

for his bad life his Noble men did rife a- 
gainft him fo furioufly, that to efcape them 
he kild himfelfe. 

30 Nathalocus raigned 11. yeeres, a tyrant, and 

was murdred, and caft into a Privy. 

31 Findocus raigned 11. yeeres, was murdered 

by counterfet Huntfmen. 

32 Donald 2. raignd one yeer, he was flaine. 

33 Donald :^. raigned 12. yeers, he was a tyrant, 

and flaine. 

34 Crathilinthus raigned 24. yeeres, he delighted 

in goodnes, he advanced Chriftian Religi- 
on, he lived peaceably, and died in peace, 
Anno 277. 

35 Fincormachus raigned 47. yeeres, hee was pi- 
ous and couragious, died in peace. 

36 Romachus raigned 3. yeeres, hee was a cruell 

tyrant, beheaded. 

37 Angujianus raigned 3. yeeres, a good King, 

and flaine in fighting with the Pi6ls. 

38 Fethelmacus raigned 3. yeeres , murdered by 

treafon of an Harper. 

39 Eugenius the firfl; raigned 3. yeers , flaine by 

the Pifts and Romans, in battell ; and all 
the Scotch people were forced to forfake 
their Country 44. yeeres. 

40 Fergus 2. raigned 16. yeers, he recovered his 


Country valiantly fighting with Romanes 
and Pidls, yet at laft was flaine. 

41 Eugenius 2. raigned 32. yeers, he was a good 
King, and died peaceably. 

42 Dongardus raigned 5. yeers, a juft couragious 


43 Conjlantine the firft raigned 22. yeeres, mur- 

thered by one of his Lords, whofe daugh- 
ter he had ravifhed. 

44 Congalus the firft, raigned 22. yeers. 

45 Goranus raigned 34. yeeres, a well 

governing Prince. 

46 Eugenius 3. raignd 23. yeeres, a good 


47 Congallus 2. raigned 11. yeeres. 

48 Kinnatillus raigned one yeer almoft. 

49 Aidanus raigned 35. yeeres. 

50 Kenelthus the firft, raigned one yeer. 

5 1 Eugenius 4. raigned 1 6. yeeres. 
Thefe%. weere good and jvjl Kings, and died naturall 
deaths : and among all the Chronicles of Scotland, fo 
many Kings fuccejjively had not the like fortune. 

52 Perqtiard the firft, raignd 12. yeer, a wicked 

man, he was caft in prifon by his Nobles, 
where he kild himfelfe. 

53 Donald /\, raigned 14 yeers, a good King, yet 

by misfortune drownd in the River Tay, as 
he was fifhing for his Recreation. 

54 Fer- 


54 Ferquard 2 raigned 18 yeers, a bad man, and 

a worfe king : he was killed by the biting 
of a Wolfe, as he hunted. 

55 Malduin raigned 20 yeers, his wife was jea- 

lous, and ftrangled him, for which fhee was 

56 Eugenius 5 raigned 4 yeeres, flaine. 

57 Eugenius 6 raignd 10 yeeres, a good King. 

58 Ambirkelethus raigned little more then one 

yeere, he was a vicious Prince , and being 
bad was badly ufed, murdred. Anno 697 

59 Eugenius 7 raignd 17 yeers, a good King, he 

died in peace. 

60 Mordacus raigned 16 yeeres. 

61 Etfinus raigned 31 yeers, both good Princes, 

and died peaceably. 

62 Eugenius 8 raigned 3 yeers, he was good at 

firfl, but hee changing his maners, his No- 
bles chaged their loyalties, & murdred him 

63 Fergus 3 raigned 3 yeers, as chafl as a Goat, 

was poyfoned by his wife. 

64 Salvathius raigned 20 yeers, a difcreet King. 

65 Achaius raigned 32 yeers, hee was a good 

King, Charles the Great being then Em- 
perour and King of France , this Scottifh 
King made a League with France, which 
League was never broken or crackt, al- 
though it be almoft 900 yeeres old. 

66 Con- 


66 Congallus raigned 5 yeers. 

67 Dongallus raigned 7 yeares, was drowned in 

the River of Spey. 

68 Alpinus raigned 3 yeeres, beheaded by the 


69 Kenneth 2 raigned 20 yeers , for his valour 

and other Princely vertues, he attained the 
firname of Great, hee quite overcame and 
flew all the Nation of the Pi6ls, and left 
his Kingdome, (as he died) in peace. 

70 Donald 5 raigned 5 yeers, a bad life founda 

bad death, for he kild himfelfe. 

71 Conjiantine 2 raigned 16 yeers, flaine, as he 

fought valiantly with the Danes. 

72 Ethus raigned 2 yeers, a wicked Prince, hee 

died in prifon. 

73 Gregorius (who by his proweffe wan the 

name of Magnus) raigned 1 8 yeers. 

74 Donald 6 raigned 1 1 yeers, a good King. 

75 Conjiantine 3. raigned 40 yeers, he was a va- 

liant man, but hee left his Crowne for a 
Cowle, and died a Religious Monke. 

76 Malcolme the firfl, raigned 9 yeers, a good 

King, yet murthered. 

Tj Indulfus raignd 9 yeers, a couragious Prince, 
flaine by Danes. 

78 Duffus raigned 5 yeeres, was murthered, al- 
though a good King. 

79 Cu- 

79 Cudenus raigned 4 yeeres, a vicious Prince, 


80 Kenneth 3. raigned 24 yeeres , a tyrant, hee 

was murdred. 

81 Conjlantine 4 raigned 2 yeers, an ufurper, he 
was flaine. 

82 Grimus raigned 8. yeers, a lewd Prince, he 

was flaine. 

83 Macolme 2. raigned 30. yeers, he was a ver- 

tuous Prince, yet was murthered by his 
chiefefl Courtiers, who flying away to get 
over a frozen River called Farfar, the Ice 
brake, and the murtherers were drownd. 

84 Duncan the firfl; raigned 6. yeeres , a good 

King, murthered. 

85 Mackbeth raigned 17. yeers, a cruell tyrant, 


86 Macolme 3. raignd 36. yeers, a good King, flain. 

87 Donald 7. raigned not a yeere, expulfl; as an 


88 Duncan 2. raignd one yeer, an ufurper, flaine. 

89 Donald 8. raigned 3. yeeres, he was taken by 

Egar, had his eyes put out, and died in pri- 
fon lamentably. 

90 Edgar raigned 9. yeeres, a good King. 

91 Alexander the. find, raigned 17 yeers, he was a 

valiant good Prince, hee was called Alex- 
ander the fierce. 

92 Da- 


92 David the firft, raigned 29. yeeres, a worthy 

King, hee built 11. flately Religious Hou- 
fes , died in peace at Carlifle , buried at 

93 Macohne 4. raigned 12. yeeres, a maiden un- 

married King. 

94 William raigned 49. yeers, for his courage fir- 

named the Lion. 

95 Alexander 2. raigned 35. yeers, a good King. 

96 Alexander 3. raigned 17. yeers, died of a fall 

from a Horfe. 

97 John Baliol raigned 4. yeeres, Bdzu. i. King of 

England depofed him. 

98 Robert Bruce raigned 24. yeeres , a wife, va- 

liant Prince. 

99 David 2. raigned 40. yeeres, a good King, 

was a prifoner 12. yeers in England, 13 10. 

At this time there was fcuffling for the Crown, 
Robert Baliol had the poffeffion, and David the fe- 
cond expeld him, their Raignes are uncertainely 

100 Robert 2. was the firft King of the name of 

Stuarts 1 371. hee was a good King, raigned 
19. yeeres. 

10 1 Robert 3. raigned 16. yeeres, a good King, 

whofe life was full of affli6lion, hi Sonne 


Prince David was famifhed to death by re- 
bells in Scotland, and his fon James was i8 
yeeres prifoner in England. 

1 02 James the firft, raigned 13. yeers, after his 
18. yeers imprifoned in England, hee was 
flaine by traytors. 

103 James 2. raigned 24. yeeres, flaine. 

104 James 3. raigned 29. yeeres, flaine at Ban- 
nockburne field. 

105 James 4. raigned 25. yeeres, flaine at Flod- 
don field. 

106 James 5. raigned 29. yeeres, a good King. 

107 Mary daughter to James 5. her raigne was 
fiiU of trouble, fliee was beheaded at Fo- 
dringham Caflle, after 18. yeeres thral- 

108 James 6. raigned 36. yeeres in Scotland, a 
moft Learned peaceable King. 

England had 33 Kings before Scotland had any : 
the number of our Kings were 138, whereof 23 
did not die naturall deaths ; for 7 were flain, 6 
were murdered , 4 were poyfoned , one was 
burnt, 2 fled the Land, one was beheaded , one 
dyed with drinking, one was banifhed, and one 

The Kings of Scotland were in number 108. 
whereof 2 1 were flaine , 1 9 murdred , 3 killed 



themfelves, 4 died in prifon, 4 beheaded, 3 drow- 
ned, I banifh'd, and 3 depofed. Thus of all the 
Scottifh Kings, onely 50 dyed naturally, and 58 
by cafualtiei'. 

By this fhort relation may bee perceived that 
the top of Honour is flippery, and moft unfure, 
where is not to be expe6led any fure footing, or 
endurance of ftanding. For the King of Kings, 
being the Great and only Difpofer of Kings and 
Kingdomes, hath in his juft indignation (for the 
peoples tranfgreffions) turnd and overturnd Mo- 
narchies , Principalities, States and Common- 
wealths. The Affyrian Monarchy began with 
confufion, and mouldred away to the Perfian. 
The Perfian glory was fwallowed in the rave- 
nous Gulph of a Grecian Conqueft. The Gre- 
cian (like a violent Blaze) was no fooner in but 
out, was grafpt into the hands of the triumphant 
Caefars. The Roman Greatneffe overthrew it 
felfe, with its owne weight ; infomuch that 
whereas it formerly had all , it hath almofl loft 
all. Our England hath had his fhare in chan- 
gings and alterations : firft, by the Britaines ; fe- 
condly, by the Romans ; thirdly, by the Saxons ; 
fourthly, by the Danes ; fifthly, by the Normans ; 
and now laftly, (by the permiffion of God) by 
our felves. There have beene Commonwealths 
tranflated into Kingdomes, as Ifrael and Judah, 



and Kingdomes turnd into Commonwealths ; as 
Italy is now divided into more then one, name- 
ly Venice, Genoa, Luca, Pifa ; Alfo the Swit- 
zers, or Helvetians, are a free State. So are the 
greateft part of the Netherlands. And fmce it is 
the Almighties unrefiftable will to change this 
Nations Rule and Government, from a 5. or 6. 
times changed Monarchy , into a Republique, 
I will not repine againft divine providence , but 
as I was a faithfull feryant and fubje6l 45. yeers, 
to two Kings, (who were good Mafters to mee) 
fo now I muft obey the prefent Government, or 
elfe I muft not expe6l that I fhould live under 
it, or be prote6led by it. 

F r N I S. 


Chriftmas In and Ovt, 

[Hazlitt, No. 118.] 


IN & OVT: 



Chrifts Birth-Day. 

To the Reader. 

Good Jofhua once ordain d a Holy-Day, 
Becaufe the Sunjloodjiill in Gibeon, 
And at his Prayers that the Moon didjlay 
His cour/e, above the Vaile of Aialon ; 
Andjhal not Chrijiiansjlil give thanks & praife 
On tU yearly day our blejl redeemer came ? 
Shall Powder Treafons and thank/giving dayes 
Bejiill obferved in Records of Pame ? 

Then let not Chrijls Birth-Day forgotten bee, 
Remember him, that doth remember thee. 

Thine J OHN TA YL OR. 


Printed at the Charge of the Authour, 


Chrijlmas, or Chrijls Day^ or Chrijls 

^N imitation of my great and glorious Lord 
and Mafter (Jefus Chrift) in love to them 
that hate me, I am come to them that love 
me not. My Almighty Mafter was, is, 
and ever will be GOD, from whom no- 
thing was, is, or ever fhall be hid ; and 
he did not onely know , but commiferate the miferies of 
his enemies (moft miferable mankinde) to whom he had 
often fent his Patriarks, Prophets, and other Meffengers of 
Peace and profperity, and how they were, and fhould be 
entertained in the world ; God knew before, and all Hi- 
ftories of the facred Volumes, or other Books of Eclefia- 
fticall Writings will teftifie. 

And as my good Mafter did know how courfely he 
fhould be dealt withall (by misbelieving hard hearted 
Jewes) yet he came on this Day, from whom I have my ' 
name of CHRISTMAS, or Chrifts Day: Even fo, I 
come this 25. of December, though I know I fhall be hard- 
ly welcome to a great many ; yet I am fure that as many 
as love my Mafter, will rejoyce to fee this Day : But as 
my firname of Mas , there is much exceptions taken , by 
fome that underftand not what Mas , or Chriftmas mea- 

I have heard Learned men fay, that the word Mas doth 



fignifie fome heavy or ponderous thing, as Majfa is a 
Wedge of Gold or Iron , or any thing that is preffed or 
made into a lump of any thick matter of Dough, or Curds, 
Cheefe, or fuch like ; but my firname of Mas is miftaken, 
for my name is Chrijli miffi, or Chrift fent, as being fent 
from God to us this Day. Chrift had his Miffion, he came 
not before he was fent, (as himfelfe faid to his Difciples.) 
" He that believes in you believes in me , and he that be- 
" lieves in me, believes in him that fent me. Here it is 
plaine that my Mafter was fent, and as he was fent , fo he 
fent his Apoftles, and they gave miflion to the fucceeding 
Miniftery, and they that were fent went, and none were 
fo bold to intrude into the Miniftery without his Miflion 
or Commiflion of being fent : and fo much concerning my 
name of Chriftmas. 

But I am more properly called Chrifts Day, for he 
himfelfe did honour me with that Name, and though all 
dayes are his (for as he is God, he is the Antient of Dales) 
for whem the J ewes did fpeak of ABRAHAM, J oh. 8, 56, 
My Mafter fayd, "Before Abraham was, I am, for A- 
"BRAMAM faw my Day, and rejoyced in it, and was 
" glad. He appointed me to be the peculiar Day of his blef- 
fed Birth ; he was promifed in Paradice , foretold and 
forefeen by the Patriarks and Prophets ; proclaimed by 
Angels, with " Glory be to God in the higheft , peace on 
"Earth, good will towards men, Luk. 11. 14. A Song or 
Chriftmas Carroll, of three parts, to God, to Earth, to 
Men, (Glory, Peace, & Good will) a gracious Confort fung 
by celeftiall Spirits, Angels, and a multitude of heavenly 
Souldiers, they fung and rejoyced all for our good , and 
not for their owne : Then let men fing Pfalmes and An- 
thems in Churches, and Hymns and Carols in our Houfes, 
let us give glory to God on high, and he will give us peace 

A 2 Faith 


Faith is very clear fighted, for ABRAHAM was more 
than two thoufand yeares before Chrift came in the flefh , 
yet fwith the Eye of Eaith) he faw Me, he faw my Mafter 
and my Mafters day, and rejoyced In it ; and his rejoycing 
was approved of, but the Jews which rejoyced not were 
reprehended. The holy Patriark rejoyced, and Chrift al- 
lowed iti and he did diflike the unbelieving Jews that re- 
juyced not. The Jewes did not (and do not) obferve it, 
but all Chriftians did, doe, and will celebrate it and ac- 
knowledge it, for no Chriftian will ftrike, blot, or fcrape 
Chrifts Day out of the Kallender. 

The Prophet Ifaiah did write of Chrifts comming 6oo 
years before he came , in thefe words, " Behold a Virgin 
fhall conceive and beare a Son , and he fhall call his name 
Immanuell, or Emanuell, Efay 8. v. 14. 

And again in the 9. Chapter v. 6. " For unto us a Child 
" is borne, and unto us a Son is given : He is born, and un- 
to us a Son is given, born of the bleffed Virgin his Mother, 
and given by Almighty God his Father : a Child, Natiis, 
a gift Datus, Is borne. Is given : The Prophet faies not, 
was borne and given, but Is, which is ever, in the prefent 
Tenfe, Borne ftill in the heart, foule, and memory of eve- 
ry Chriftian. He that Was, and Is, and Is to come. Was 
borne a Child and is born a Child unto us. Was given a 
Son, and is given a Son unto us, this Day of my Mafters 
bleffed Nativity. 

In the fecond of S. Luke, v. 10 11. "Then the Angel 
" faid unto them, be not afraid, for behold I bring you glad 
"tidings of great joy which fhall be to all the people, a 
Saviour is born on this Day, Chrifts Day, Chrifts Birth- 
day, my day, Chriftmas day. 

The Angel appeared to the Shepheards, and told them 
newes of a Lamb, " the Lamb of God that taketh away 
" the fins of the World : a Lamb that was come to fave all 



the fheep of Ifrael that were loft, and loft everlaftingly 
we ftiould have been, had not this bleffed Lamb come 
and redeemed us. 

And as he was a Lamb, fo likewife he was a Shepheard, 
the true Shepheard, the chiefe Shepheard, i Pet. 5. 4. the 
good Shepheard, Joh. 10. 11. 14. fo we read that his Birth, 
and Birth-day was firft made knowne unto Shepheards. 
Indeed Shepheards were in odious and contemptible ab- 
homination amongft the Idolatrous Egyptians , Gen. 46. 
32. So was and is my Mafter Chrifts Name and Birth- 
day to the misbelieving Jewes, mifcreant Turke, and Se- 
ftarian, Schifmaticall, out-fide feeming Chriftians. This 
day he that was prophecied of to come, did come, and he 
that was promifed is come ; an Angell preached at his 
comming, and Quires and multitudes of bleffed Spirits 
fung, when our Saviour came, who was, is, and ever will 
be, not only a Saviour, but falvation it felfe. 

He was the Word, and the Word was God, and God 
was the Word. Here God fthe Wordj was a Childe, a 
Babe, an Infant ; and here the Word was not able to 
fpeak a word, Joh. 14. "And the Word was made Flefh, 
"and dwelt among us, we faw the glory thereof, as the 
" glory of the onely begotten Son of the Father , full of 
" Grace and Truth. 

God fent his Son this day ; note who he was that did 
fend, and what it was that he fent : He fent firft to us, 
that fhouldin all humility have been Petitioners to him ; 
we were enemies to God, to us he had fent often by his 
Meffengers ; but this Day he fent his Son, who was and 
is himfelfe. 

Therefore let our deferved mifery, and Gods undefer- 
ved mercy, love and compaflion , be thankfully remem- 
bred this day, and every day in all places, times, ages, and 
■ generations. 

A 3 This 


This Day, " Mercy and Truth are met together , and 
" Righteoufneffe and peace have kiffed each other, Truth 
"fhall flourifh out of the Earth and Righteoufneffe hath 
"looked downe from heaven, Pfal. 85. Here was a gra- 
cious and happy meeting, here the Lord Chiefe Juftice of 
Heaven and Earth, brings juftice, truth , and righteouf- 
neffe to judge, and mercy and compaffion to fave ; here 
mercy ftiewed her felfe a good Miftris to mifery : This 
Day he came in clouts that will come in Clouds. " And 
" without controverfie great is the Myftery of godlinefs, 
" which is, God is manifefted in the Flefh, juftified in the 
" Spirit, feen of Angells, preached to the Gentiles, belie- 
"ved on in the world, and received up in Glory, i Tim. 
3, This was a great Miftery indeed ; this was the fumme 
and fubftance of all Tropes, Types, Figures, Shadowes, 
Sacrifices, Ceremonies, and the one and onely abfolute 
fulfilling and accomplifhment of all Prophefies. And in 
the firft Chapter to the Hebrewes, verfe i, 2, 3. the Apo- 
ftle faith : " And at fundry times, and in divers places, 
" God fpake in the old time to our Fathers by the Pro- 
" phets ; in thefe laft dayes he hath fpoken to us by his 
" Son. 

Thus my Mafter (who had no beginning) did begin 
this day to come and dwell amongft fmfuU men ; the Son 
of God, the King of Glory came this Day, and this Day 
was the firft Day of Chriftianity to all Chriftians, and as 
many as have true faith in Chrift. 

This was he to whom God the Father faid , Pfal. 2. 
" Thou art m.y Son, this Day have I begotten thee. And 
this was he that in the fame Pfalme was prophefied to fay, 
" Lord I will preach thy Law, and declare thy Will. The 
Evangelift S. Luke faith. Chap. 2. Ver. 12, 13. "And this 
" ftiall be a fign unto you, you fhall finde the Babe fwad- 
" led and laid in a Cratch, fome read it in a Manger. Here 



is to be noted the great humility of my Mafter, that 
though he were Lord and maker of all, the firfl: joyfull ty- 
dings of his birth was, not brought to Princes and Po- 
tentates, or to Scribes, Pharifees, Lawyers , or Doftors ; 
but he was gratioufly pleafed to be firft declared to poore 
and humble Shepheards, and not to be borne in any mag- 
nificent or ftately Palace , or in the beft room in the Inne : 
No, the Inkeeper had his Chambers filled with Guefts 
more welcome and gainfull then Chrift : There was no 
room for him in the Inne, therefore the Redeemer of 
mankind had entertainment in a Stable amongft Beafts, 
fwadled and laid in a Cratch. 

Neither would he be borne in any great or glorious 
City, Jerufalem had not the honour to be graced with 
the Birth and firfb prefence of the Son of God ; in great 
Cities there hath ever been more mifery than mercy; and 
more perfecution than pity ; therefore great Jerufalem 
was the place of his bitter death and paffion , and little 
Bethlehem was honoured with his birth, as it was pro- 
phecied many years before, by the Prophet Micah, Chap. 5. 
in thefe words : " And thou Bethlehem Ephrathah are 
" little to be among the thoufands of Judah , yet out of 
" thee {hall he come forth unto me, that fhall be the Ru- 
" ler in Ifrael, whofe goings forth have been from the be- 
" ginning, and from everlafting. 

"And Heb. 2. 16. For he in no wife took the Angells, 
"but the feed oi Abraham he took. 

He took our nature (in the feed oi Abraham) upon him, 
the nature of Angells he took not : He came this day to 
help us, who had moft need of a Saviour ; he gave to us 
not onely a dignity which he gave not to Angells, but 
alfo he gave himfelfe for us, and fure we cannot take a 
fafer or wifer courfe, than thankfully with all humility to 
give our felves to him that gave himfelf for us. 

A 4 My 


My Mafler gave power to his Church to celebrate and 
to ordain and command the annuall celebration of his 
bleffed Nativity, I have twelve dayes to attend me , and 
twelve moneths I do abfent my felfe before I come again, 
the kinde or courfe entertainment, the courteous or chur- 
lifh ufage to me, doth not, or cannot increafe, or diminifh 
my Mailers glory ; or adde to me, or take from me one 
minute of time ; if men could be as faithfull and charita- 
ble as Abraham, as humble as David, as milde and meek 
as Mofes, as zealous as Elias, as patient as Job, as folici- 
tous as Martha, and as devout as the bleffed Virgin Ma- 
ry : thofe gracious gifts have been, are, and will be a hap- 
pineffe unfpeakable to fuch as are by fupernall grace en- 
dowed with them, but the profit of them is onely theirs 
that have them, for he that is rich in mercy, cannot be in- 
riched by the piety, vertue, or merits of men , fo that e- 
very Chriflian may truly fay. 

Lord, the great love thou bear'ft to me is thine, 
But all the profit of it 's only mine. 

So likewife if poore old Chriftmas day be made wel- 
come, I am not the richer or fatter , if I be ill entertain'd, 
I will neither be poorer or leaner ; Let them make me a 
feafting or fafbing day, all my joy or grief is not of long 
continuance, I am but a fhort day, and not far from the 
fhorteft day, and therefore their loves are but fhort to my 
Mafter, that will not rejoyce and be glad at the comming 
of his anniverfary Birth-day. 

The old yeare was before Chrift , when misbelieving 
lewes and Gentiles lived in the darkneffe of ignorant I- 
dolatry under the Law, ( or without the Law ) but the 
New yeare came when the Father of Lights fent my Ma- 
fter ( the Light of the world ) who by the glorious light 
of his Gofpell expelled and difperfed the black clouds 
and mifts of Egyptian blindneffe, and devillifli Idolatry. 



Therefore with the old year let is fhake off our old faults, 
(the deeds of darknefsj and with the new yeare let us be 
renewed in our minds , and follow the true light , and a- 
mend our maners, & let our hearts be fiU'd with praifes & 
thankfgivings, before our bellies be overfill'd with meat. 

There were lately fome over-curious, hot zealous Bre- 
thren, who with a fuperbian predominance did doe what 
they could to keep Chriftmas day out of England ; they did 
in divers places Preach Me for dead in Funerall Sermons, 
and labour'd tooth and nail to bury me alive in the grave 
of oblivion ; they were of opinions, that from the 24. of 
December at night, till the 7. of January following, that 
Plumb-Pottage was meer Popery, that a Coller of Brawn 
was an obhomination, that Roaft Beef was Antichriftian, 
that Mince-Pies were Reliques of the Whore of Babylon, 
and a Goofe, a Turkey, or a Capon, were marks of the Beaft. 

In deteftation of which fuperftitious diet, they affum'd 
to themfelvs fpirituall and temporall jurifdi6lion, power, 
and authority to fearch and plunder Pottage-pots , to ran- 
fack and rifle Ovens, and to ftrip fpits ftark naked, and tri- 
umphantly carry the pillage to be difpofed of as they plea- 
fed , for the profit and edification of the righteous , and 
chaftifement of the wicked. 

As there are many fundry Nations, fo are there as ma- 
ny inclinations .■ the Ruffian, Polonian , German , Bel- 
gian, are excellent in the Art of Drinking , the Spaniard 
will Wench it, the Italian is revengeful! , the French man 
is for fafhions, the Irifli man Ufquebagh makes him light 
heel'd, the Welfh mans Cowfs-boby works (by infufion) 
to his fingers ends, and tranflates them into the nature of 
lime-twigs, and it is faid , that a Scot will prove falfe to 
his Father, and diffemble with his Brother ; but for an En- 
glifh man he is fo cleare from any of thefe Vices, that he is 
perfectly exquifite and excellently indued with all thofe 
noble abovefaid exercifes. I 


I am old and bold to tell the nofe wife Brethren of thefe 
critick dales, that my great Mafler is Kingof Kings, & Lord 
of Lords, who is the ancient of daies, who never had begin- 
ning, and never fhall have end. And on this day, which 
is kept in a thankfull remembrance of his bleffed incarna- 
tion, 1652 years fmce, I [Chriftmas] have not failed to 
make my aniverfary & yearly progrefs into Chriftendom. 

When my Mafter Chrift was gracioufly pleafed to ex- 
change his unexpreffible grory for mans unfupportable 
niifery, when (in his mercy) he put off the Majefty of his 
Godhead, and took upon him our miferable Manhood, lea- 
ving his glorious Throne for a Maunger, when he laid by 
his immortall honour, and cloathed himfelfe with our 
fhame, to free all true believers from eternall damnation : 
Then (on his daies birth) my day began. Then on that 
day, and at that time, as the Shepheards v/ere in the field, 
they were faluted with an Angel, and a multitude of the 
heavenly Hoft with a moft celeftiall Carroll. 

Luk. 2. All glory be to God on the High'ft, 
And on the Earth be Peace, 
Good will towards men, 'tis the will of Chrifl, 
Our joyes fhould never ceafe. 

Thus was my good Mafter ufher'd into the World, and 
for his fake, I with my followers (being 12 daies in num- 
ber) honeft Stephen & true John, with my Innocents Pages, 
and all the refl have been welcom'd and joyfully enter- 
tained ever fmce, by all forts of people that have lov'd or 
do love and honour the memory of the birth-day of my 
gracious and glorious Lord and Mafter. 

But now of late the cafe is quite altred , Chrift and 
Chriftmas are both alike welcome ; and if the Saviour of 
Mankinde fliould come perfonally here amongft us againe, 
he were likely (through ignorance, malice, and madneffe) 
to be re-crucified : if Chriftmas may be fo bold as to aske 



thofe fiery fpirited people the fame queftion as my Mafter 
might have asked the Jews ; for which of my good works 
that I have done do you flone me ? 

So I may fay to England, what harme have I ever done 
unto you ? I am fure I never perfwaded you to be fo un- 
charitable as to cut one anothers throats, and to ftarve and 
famifh the poore (as you have done continually) and do 
ftill ever fmce you banifhed me from your territories, and 
it is to be feared that you will never be quiet , or have a 
happy Peace amongft you, till you do give me better wel- 
come for my Mafters fake ; he is the Prince of Peace, and his 
peace you will never have that do unthankfully difpife & 
negleft to folemnize the day of his moft bleffed Nativity. 

It is a lamentable and too long a flory to relate in what 
a pittifull quandary I and my followers have been in any 
time thefe twelve years, when we came into this Country : 
I was in good hope that fo long a mifery would have made 
them glad to bid a merry Chriftmas welcome : But wel- 
come or not welcome, I am come, and at my comming (a 
little before day) I heard the Cock crow merrily, which I 
took for a good Omen, or Preface of a moft free and joviall 
accommodation, which rejoyced me much , for I and my 
men were as hungry as Hawks, and as cold as Snow-ball : 
the fable curtains of the night being drawn, I gazed to and 
fro to make choice of the befl houfes , and houfe-keepers 
to take up my quarters amongft them ; but alas, the com- 
fort that I found was colder then the weather ; indeed I 
faw many ftately buildings, but very little fmoak from the 
Chimnies, for moft of the owners did carry their Kitchins 
in Boxes, and the beft and deareft part of their Roaft-meat 
in Pipes ; befides there was a great complaint that Mr. Tax 
and Mr. Plunder had plaid a long game at fweep-ftake a- 
mbngft them , and that they would willingly have provi- 
ded good chear for me, but that they are fo miferable poor 
that they were not able to feed themfelves. This 


This was no good news to me and my company ; we 
had not been ufed to fuch uncomfortable 'breakfafts, 
which made us all fearch up and down the chief Cities for 
better chear, but my efpeciall mind was to try the curtefie 
of London, where I entred a fair houfe which had been an 
Aldermans, but it was now poffeft with a grave Fox-fur'd 
Mammonift, whom I found fitting over a few cinders to 
warm his gouty toes, ('for no other part of him did need 
the comfort of a fire,) from head to heel he was fur'd like 
a Mufcovite, and inftead of a Bible he had a Bond in his 
hand, which he poard upon to fee if it were forfeit or no ; 
he feldome looked upward, but as it were riveted his eyes 
to the earth, as if he had been looking for a Mine : his keys 
of his treafure were hanged at his wafte, and his clutches 
alwayes on them, and he no fooner efpied me and my 
Company, but he cried Thieves, Thieves, and reviled his 
poor ftarveling fervant, faying, thou Villain, hafl thou let 
in bafe Rakehells to rob me, and cut my throat. 

Then I began to intreat him to be patient, faying, Sir, 
there are none here that intend to hurt you, if you take any 
harme, it muft be your felfe that muft do it to your felfe, 
and not we. My name is Chriftmas thefe gray haired 
men that are with me, are men of my old acquaintance ; 
they are all poor and true ; we are come to dine with you, 
but if it be not your pleafure to give us entertainment, it 
is not onr purpofes to force it. 

This old muckworme caft as dogged a look upon me as 
if I had brought him a privy Seal to borrow money, and 
at laft he opened his mouth and faid, thou old fancy intru- 
ding fellow, I prithee let me have thy abfence, thou com- 
meft to do nothing but mifchief, to make men wafte and 
fpend fo much to entertain thee in twelve or thirteen days 
exceffe of riotous Gluttony and Gurmondizing, that for 
12. moneths after they can hardly purchafe a good meals 

meat ; 


meat ; befides thou art attended and waited on by a cur- 
fed crew of Gamefters, Cheaters, Swearers, Roarers, 
and whimwham Gambolls ; me thinkes one of thy age 
fhould have left off thy Coltifh tricks, and prodigall ex- 
pences : Doft thou fee any one that hath a care to Hve and 
thrive in the world , to be fo mad as to minde thee 
and thy Babies, we are grown fomewhat wifer in twelve 
yeares, than our Fathers were in twice eight hundred : 
There dwells my worlhipfuU good neighbour ( Sir A- 
chitophel Pinchgut, and M. Nabal ( an ancient luftice of 
the Quorum) it is neither they or my felfe that had ever 
come to have any eftates, if we had entertained thee, or re- 
lieved Baggers : I tell thee if we and a great many more 
had been as lavifhly minded as thou wouldfl: have us to be, 
we had then been as poore as thou, or any of the reft of 
the vaggabond beggerly Varlets that are thy hangers on, 
and fo let them hang ftill, or ftarve, all's one to me ; there- 
fore without any more adoe , avoid my houfe , I have 
nothing for thee , neither am I in the giving humour at 
this time. 

I could have anfwered him with divine Command- 
ments and Precepts, with many humane Hiftories and 
Examples concerning good houfe-keeping , and charita- 
ble Hofpitality ; but every vertue ( in this Age of Vice) 
is between two extremes, (as my Mafter was betwixt 
two Thieves ) as liberallity is in the middle , but prodi- 
gality and covetoufneffe are on each fide of her , alwayes 
ready to fpoil and devour her. 

All true Chriftians do know, that what reliefe foever 
is given to the poore , is lent unto my Lord and Mafter 
Chrift, and he hath, is, and will be bound to fee it paid 
with Heavenly intereft ; but he is a furety that few U- 
furers will accept of. 

At my departure from this old Father Penny-wife, his 



Sonne, (M. Pound-foolifli) defired his crabbed Sire to bid 
me ftay and dine with him, at which the miferable Cur- 
mudgeon was even half mad with anger, calHng his Son 
fpend-thrift, and prodigall Jack-an-Apes , faying, that 
if he bad me to dinner, that I with my followers, would 
take the boldneffe to fup with him, and lodge in his houfe 
till Twelftide was paft , and that I would draw more 
Guefts to his houfe then he had a mind to bid welcome, 
& more Beggers to his gate then he had a mind to relieve. 

Thus was poor Chrifi:mas ufed, which made me and my 
men look blank upon the matter, and without bidding 
him farewell, I took a going welcome from him , and 
wandring into the Countrey up and downe from houfe to 
houfe, I found little or fmall comfort in any ; fome would 
only fmile upon me, and (becaufe I fhould not piffe at 
their doors) they would give me a cup of fmgle, flender, 
lean, fmall Beer, or Ale, which had the vertue to caufe a 
man to make an Alphabet of faces, for it would have war- 
med a mans heart like pangs of death in a frofty morning. 
And as thinking or remembring former profperities, doe 
make adverfities feem the more heavy : So I call to minde 
the vigorous fpirit of the Buttry, Nappy, Nut-browne, 
Berry-browne, Ale Abelendo, whofe infufion and infpi- 
ration was wont to have fuch Aleaborate operation to e- 
levate & exhillerate the vitals, to put alementall Raptures 
and Enthufiafms in the moft capitall Perricranion, in fuch 
plenitude that the meaneft and moft illiterate Plowjogger 
could fpeedily play the Rhetorician, and fpeak alequently, 
as if he were mounted up into the Aletitude. This merry 
memory (or fad remembrance j of Ale, caufed me to ask the 
reafon of this alteration, to which qucftion an honeft 
Smith made this anfwer. 

Alas Father Chriflmas (quoth he) our high and mighty 
Ale, that would formerly knock down Hercules, and trip 



up the heels of a Gyant, is lately ftrook into a deep Con- 
fumption, the ftrength of it being quite gone with a blow 
which it received from Weftminfler, and there is a Tetter 
and Ringworme called Excife, doth make it look thinner 
then it would otherwife do ; before thefe times every 
Brewer did keep two ftrong fellows to carry the Mault, 
and one weake boy to pump the Water ; but now they 
have fhifted or changed hands unluckily ; for the poore 
boy carries the Mault, and the two ftrong knaves carry 
the Water. 

Indeed ( to fpeake truth ) my beft and freefh welcome 
with fome kind of Countrey Farmers, I will defcribe one 
for all the reft in Devonfhire and Cornwall,' where though 
both the Armies had been with them, and given them fe- 
verall vifits, infomuch that if the Cavaliers had taken their 
Horfes, thee other Party made bold with their Oxen ; if 
the one had their Sheep , the other plaid fweep-ftake ; fo 
that ^according to the Countrey phrafej great Crock, and 
little Chock , all was I go ; yet as foon as they fpied me, 
they faluted me with much love and reverend curtefie. ' 
The Good-man, with the Dame of the houfe, and all the 
reft of the men were exceeding glad to fee me, and with all 
Countrey curtefie and folemnity, I was had into the Par- 
lour, there I was placed at the upper end of the Table, and 
my company about me, we had good chear and free v/el- 
come, and we were merry without Mufick. 

A, ha, quoth I, this piece of the world is well mended, 
our Dinner is better then our Breakfaft, this was as Chrift- 
mas would have it, here is neither too much coft, nor too 
little meat ; here is no furfeit on the one fide, or hunger on 
the other ; they are alwaies the beft Feafts where the 
poor are reliev'd, for the rich can help themfelves. 

After Dinner we arofe from the Boord, and fate by the 
fire, where the Harth was imbrodered all over with roa- 



fted Apples, piping hot.expefting a bole of Ale for a coo- 
ler (^ which prefently was transformed into warm Lambf- 
wooU :) ' within an houre after we went to Church, where 
a good old Minifter fpoke very Reverendly of my Mafter 
Chrift, and alfo he uttered many good fpeeches concerning 
Me, exciting and exhorting the people to love and unity 
one with another, and to extend their charities to the nee- 
dy and diftreffed. 

After Prayers we returned home, where we difcourfed 
merrily, without either prophanenefs or obfcenity ; fup- 
per being ended , we went to Cards, fome fung Carrols, 
and merry Songs (fuitable to the times ;) then the poor la- 
bouring Hinds , and the Maid fervants , with the Plow- 
Boyes, went nimbly to dancing, the poore toyling wret- 
ches being all glad of my company, becaufe they had little 
or no fport at all till I came amongft them ; and therefore 
they leaped and skipped for joy ; finging a catch to the 
Tune of hey. 

Let's dance and fmg and make good Cheare, 
For Chriftmas comes but once a yeare. 
Thus at aftive Games and Gambols of Hotcockles, 
fliooing the Wild Mare, and the like harmlefs fports, fome 
part of the tedious night was fpent ; and early in the mor- 
ning we took our leaves of them thankfully ,'' and though 
we had been thirteen dayes well entertained, yet the poor 
people were very unwilling to let me goe ; fo I left them 
quite out of hope to have my company againe for a 
Twelve-months fpace, that if I were not banifhed in my 
abfence they fhould have my prefence again the next 25. 
of December 1653. 

Glory be to God in the Highejl, Peace on Earth, 
and to Men Good-will. 


A Short Relation of a Long 


[Hazlitt, No. 122.] 




I O U R N E Y 


By encompaffing the Principalitie of Wales, from 
London, through and by the Counties of Mid- 
dle/ex and Buckingham, Berks, Oxonia, Warwick, 
Stafford, Chejler, Flint, Denbigh, Anglefey, Car- 
narvan, Merioneth, Cardigan, Pembrooke, Caer- 
marden, Glamorgan, Monmouth, Glocejier, &c. 

This painfull circuit began on Tuefday the 13 of 

July lafl, 1652. and was ended (or both ends 

brought together ) on Tuefday the 7. of 

September following, being near 600. Miles. 

Whereunto is annexed an Epitome of the Fa- 
mous Hiftory of WALES. 

Performed by the Riding , Going , Crawling, 
Running, and Writing of John Taylor, dwel- 
ling at the Sign of the Poets Head, in Phenix 
Alley, near the midle of Long Aker or Covent 



Friends, that have fub/cribed to this follow- 
ing Bill; I humbly dejire them to read it a- 
gaine, and conjider the Contents of it, and 
content mee accordingly. 

A Taylors Bill, with few or no Items: by 
or for John Taylor. 

"\T Ow in the feventy fourth yeare of mine Age, 
-'- ^ / take an Englifh and Welfh Pilgrimage : 
From London yfj^ / bend m.y courfe to Chefter, 
And humbly I to all m,en am, Requejler ; 
That when I have pajl over Hills and Dales, 
And compajl with my Travels famous Wales, 
That when to you that I a Book do give. 
Relating how I didfubfijl and live. 
With all my Pajfages both here and there, 
And of my Entertainment every where. 
Write but your Names and Dwellings in this Bill, 
I' le finde you, for the Book give what you will. 
Twelve Voyages and fournies I have pajl. 
And now my Agefayes this may be my lajl. 
My Travels Story Jhall mojl pleafant be 
To you that read, though painfull unto me. 

IN this Bill I did promife to give to my friends 
(Subfcribers) a true Relation of my Journey, 

A 2 and 

and Entertainment , (which I have done) and I 
do give to them more then I promifed , which 
is a briefe Chironicle of Wales, ( which I did not 
mention in my Bill ) I know there are foure or 
five forts of Adventurers with me in this weari- 
fome Journey, fome of them have payd me al- 
ready ( before I went ) and their paine is pafl : 
If all the reft do pay me (being near 3000) I am 
deceived ; If none doe pay me I am miferably 
coufened : For thofe that have payd, or can and 
will pay , I thanke them ; for fuch as would if 
they could, or will when they can, I wifh them 
ability to performe their wills for their owne 
fakes, and mine both : But for thofe that are a- 
ble to reward me and will not , I will not curfe 
them, though I feare they are almoft paft pray- 
ing for. 



A Short Relation of a Long 
lourny, &c. 

A Traveller that loves to fee Jlrange Lands, 
May be a man or not a man of 's hands : 
But yet 'tis very requifite and m.eet, 
Hefhould be furnifJid with good brains and feet ; 
For he that wants legs, feet, and brains, and wit. 
To be a Traveller is moft unfit : 
Andfuch am I by Age offirength bereft. 
With one right leg, and one lame left leg left. 
Beggers on their backs their brats do reare ; 
But I my iffue in m,y leg do beare : 
I dreffe it often and im.patiently 
It lies and cries not, though it make me cry ; 
Yet I dare challenge Scottifh Jock or Jackey, 
Or any light-heel'd nimble footed Lackey, 
To travell fuch a Jaunt as I have done, 
With th' right leg going, and the left leg run : 
Or if I pleafe, the cafe I'le alter fo, 
To make the worft leg run, the befi to goe. 
Andfure my heart was flout, men may fuppofe. 
To venture Travell with fuch legs as thofe. 
But there be fame few that do under/land, 
' Tis merry walking with a horfe in hand. 

A 3 Such 

Such was my Lot, I had ajiately Courfer, 
None courfer quality d, and for a worfer, 
There's neither Halifax, or Hull, nor Hell, 
That for good parts my horfe can parallel ; 
He was a beafl, had heated been and cheated, 
Too much hard over rid and binder mealed, 
That he as gaunt as any Greyhound was, 
And for a Horfes Skelliton might paffe: 
You might have told his ribs, he wasfo thin, 
Andfeen his heart and guts, but for his skin ; 
He was not purfie foggy, cloy d with grease, 
And like his Rider lov'd refl, eafe, and peace : 
Dun was, and is the Dumb beafi, and was Done, 
E 're I begun, or he with me begun. 
He had a black Lift, from the Mane to Taile, 
Which is a colour that doth feldome faile : 
To change of paces he had been inurd. 
But yet not one f endure, or be endur'd; 
His Trot would fling a Dagger out ot'hfheath. 
Or jolt a man to death, or out of breath. 
His Ambling was invifible to me. 
From fu^h fmooth eafie garbs his feet were free : 
His common Pace in Sunfhine or infhowre. 
Was (as he pleas' d) about two mile an houre. 
1 never yet could put him. in afweat, 
For he was never free, but at his meat. 
Thus John upon Dun's back, were both Dun John, 
And thus the tedious way we, wandred on. 
Now to proceed in order duly, truly, 
T London left the thirteenth day of]^Ay : 


The Wayes as f aire as man could well dejire, 
'Caufe I had none to draw Dun out o'th mire : 
I fifteen miles (to Riflip) that day went, 
Baited at Edgworth, to give Dun content ; 
There my acquaintance, of good fame and worth, 
Did welcome me : the next day I fet forth, 
With Boots, Sans Spurs, with Whip, and Switch of Burch, 
I got on, twenty miles to Stoken Church : 
The fifteenth day, S. Swithin, / and Dun, 
Didfhufflefixteen miles to Abington ; 
There till the Tuefday following I abode. 
From thence T fixteen miles to great Tue rode. 
There at the Swan m,ine Hofi was free and kind. 
He had but one eye, totherfide was blinde ; 
Butfurely he a right Good-fellow was, 
And there one night my Dun did eat good grafs. 
On July's twenty one from Tue / went, 
And unto 'Wdxvi'ickfirait my courfe I bent. 
There did I find another figne dth Swan, 
Mine Hofieffe kind, mine Hofi a Gentile man, 
And for your love to me, good Mafier Venner, 
With humble thanks I am your praifes Penner. 
My gratitude to Mafier Jacob Harmer, 
His Drapers fhop could never make me warmer. 
Then high and mighty Warwick's drink did there, 
It made my brains to Caper and careere. 
It was offuch invincible firong force, 
To knock me (in five miles) twice from my Horfe: 
And fur e I think the Drink was certainly 
Infufed with the conquring ghofi of Qyxy. 

A \ On 

On July's two and twentieth day I came 
Unto an ancient houfe call'd Hunningham, 
There were two Ladies of good Worth and fame, 
Whom for fame reafons I forbeare to name : 
Their Son and Grandfon (John) I' le not forget, 
He's nobly minded as a Baronet ; 
Foure dayes they kept m,e with exceeding cheere, 
And gave mefilver becaufe Travels deare. 
From thence my Journey 5 miles I purfue, 
To Coventry, mofl famous for true blew ; 
There the f aire Croffe of ancient high Renown 
Stands firme, though other Croffes all are down. 
' Tis a dry City, and dry let it be, 
' Twas not made dryer onefmall drop for me : 
Like a Camelion there I brake my fcfl. 
And thence I twenty miles to Lichfield paft ; 
There at the George / took m,y lodging up, 
T well was lodg'd, and well didfup and cup, 
When there by chance, I cafl my wandring ey on 
The ruin'd Church, with grief e I thought on Sion ; 
IJigh'd to fee that fad confufion. 
Like th' Hebrews by the Brook ^Babylon. 
On July's twenty feventh I rode alone 
Fullfixteen miles unto a Town call'd Stone. 
Next day to Nantwichy^/^^;? long m,iles m,ore. 
From, thence to Chefler near the Cambrian Jhore : 
There was my welcome infuch noble fafhion. 
Of which in Profe I'le make fome brief e Relation. 


A /T Y Lodging at Chejler was in the Watergate 
-'■^J-ftreet, at the Sign of the Feathers, I lay on 
a Feather-bed, and in the fame houfe I met with 
two Brothers of mine acquaintance thirty years, 
they brought me to the Chamber of a Reverend 
Italian Phyfition, named Vincent Lance lies he was 
more then 80 yeares of Age , yet of a very able 
body , and vigorous conflitution : The Yong 
mens Names were Thomas Morrine and Francis 
Morrine, the people were pleafed ( out of their 
Ignorance, or in fmall Wit ) to call the old Gen- 
tleman a Mountebank ; but I am fure he was 
defervedly well reputed and reported of, for ma- 
ny Malladies and Difeafes which hee cured, 
whereof divers were judged incurable : He help- 
ed fuch as were grieved for three feverall confi- 

Firft, Hee cured the Rich, for as much as hee 
could get. 

Secondly, Hee healed the Meaner fort for 
what they could fpare, or were willing to part 

Thirdly, Hee cured the Poor for Gods fake, 
and gave them mony and other reliefs , as I my 
felfe (with thankfull experience) muft ever ac- 
knowledge : For he looked upon my lame leg, 
and apply ed fuch Medicine, as did not only eafe 
me, but I am in hope will cure me, the griefe be- 
ing nothing but a Blaft of Lightning and Thun- 
der, or Planet ftroke, which I received nine years 
pafl at Oxford. For 


For a further courtefie , when I was taking 
my leave of Chejier , I demanded what I had to 
pay for Lodging, Dyet, and Horfe-meat, mine 
Hofl fayd , that all was fully payd and fatisfied 
by the Good old Phyfition. My humble thanks 
remembred to Captain Vincent Corbet, but more 
efpecially to Captain John Whitworth at Chefter. 

On Fryday the 30. of July, I rode (and footed 
it) ten Miles to Flint (which is the Shire Town 
of Flint-fhire^ and furely War hath made it mi- 
ferable, the fometimes famous Caftle there, in 
which Richard the Second of that Name , King 
oi England was furprifed hy Henry oi Bullinbrook, 
is now almoft buried in it's own Ruins , and the 
Town is fo fpoiled, that it may truely be faid of 
it, that they never had any Market (in the me- 
mory of man) they have no Sadler , Taylor, 
Weaver, Brewer, Baker, Botcher, or Button- 
maker ; they have not fo much as a figne of an 
Ale-houfe, fo that I was doubtfull of a Lodging, 
but ( by good hap ) I hapned into the houfe of 
one Mr. Edward Griffith, where I had good meat 
and lodging for me and my dumb Dun Beaft, for 
very reafonable confideration , and this (me 
thinks) is a pitifuU difcription of a Shire Town. 

Saturday, the laft of July , I left Flint , and 
went three miles to Holy-well , of which place I 
muft fpeak fomewhat materially : About the 
length of a furlong, down a very fteep Hill, is a 
Well (full of wonder and admiration) it comes 


from a Spring not far from Rudland Caftle ; it 
is and hath been many hundred yeares knowne 
by the name oiHoly- Well, but it is more common- 
ly and of moft Antiquity called Saint Winifrids 
Well, in rhemory of the pious and chafte Virgin 
Winifrid, who was there beheaded for refufing to 
yield her Chaftity to the furious lufl of a Pagan 
Prince ; in that very place where her bloud was 
fhed, this Spring fprang up ; from it doth iffue fo 
forceible a ftream , that within a hundred yards 
of it, it drives certain Mils, and fome do fay that 
nine Corn Mils and Fulling Mils are driven with 
the flream of that Spring : It hath a fair Chap- 
pell ere6led over it called Saint Winifrids Chap- 
pell , which is now much defaced by the injury 
of thefe late Wars : The well is compaffed a- 
bout with a fine Wall of Free ftone , the Wall 
hath eight Angles or Corners, and at every An- 
gle is a fair Stone Filler, whereon the Weft end 
of the Chappell is fupported. In two feverall 
places of the Wall, there are neat ftone ftaires 
to go into the water that comes from the Well, 
for it is to be noted that the Well it felfe doth 
continually work and bubble with extream vio- 
lence, like a boiling Cauldron or Furnace, and 
within the Wall, or into the Well very few do 
enter : The Water is Chriftalline, fweet and 
medicinable, it is frequented daily by many peo- 
ple of Rich and Poore, of all Difeafes, amongft 
which great ftore of folkes are cured, divers are 


eafed, but none made the worfe. The Hill def- 
cending is plentifully furnifhed (on both fides of 
the way) with Beggers of all ages, fexes, condi- 
tions , forts and fizes , many of them are impo- 
tent, but all are impudent, and richly embrode- 
red all over with fuch Hexameter poudred Er- 
mins (or Vermin) as are called Lice in England. 
Monday, the fecond oi Auguji, when the Day 
begun, I mounted my Dun, having hired a little 
Boy ( to dire6l me in the way ) that could fpeak 
no Englifh, and for lack of an Interpreter , we 
travelled fpeachlefs eight miles , to Rudland , 
where is an old ruined winde and war-fhaken 
Caftle ; from that Town, after my Horfe, and 
the Boy, and my felfe had dined with Hay, Oats, 
and Barraw Caufs, we hors't and footed it twelve 
miles further, to a fine ftrong walled Towne, 
named Aberconwy ; there I lodged at the houfe 
of one Mr. Spencer (an Englifh man) he is Pofl- 
Mafter there, and there my entertainment was 
good, and my Reckoning reafonable : There is a 
good defenfive Caftle which I would have feen, 
but becaufe there was a Garrifon, I was loath 
to give occafion of offence , or be much inquifi- 

The next day when the Clock Jlrook two andfowre, 
I mounted Dun, Dun mounted Penmen Mawre ; 
And if I do not take m,y aime amijfe. 
That lofty Mountain feems the Skies to kiffe : 


But there are other Nils accounted higher, 
Whofe lofty tops I had no mind f afpire : 
As Snowdon, and the tall Plinnillimon, 
Which I nojlomack had to tread upon. 
Merioneth Mountains, and Shire Cardigan 
To travell over, will tire horfe and man : 
I, to Bewmaris came that day and din'd. 
Where I the good Lord Buckley, thought to find: 
But he to /peak with me had no intent. 
Dry I cam,e intds houfe, dry out I went. 
I left Bewmaris, and to Bangor tracd it, 
Thers a brave Church, but Time and Wardefac'dit: 
For Love and Many T was welcome thither, 
' Tis merry meeting when thiy come together. 

Thus having travelled from Aberconwy to Beu- 
morris and to Bangor, Tuefday 3. Auguft , which 
in all they are pleafed to call 14 miles, but moft 
of the Welfh miles are large London meafure, 
not any one of them but hath a hand bredth or 
fmall cantle at each end, by which means, what 
they want in broadnefs, they have it in length ; 
befides the afcending and defcending almoft im- 
paffable mountains, and Break-neck flony ways, 
doth make fuch Travellers as my felfe judge 
that they were no Mifers in meafuring their 
miles ; befides, the land is courfer then it is in 
mofl parts about London, which makes them to 
afford the larger meafure : for courfe broad- 
cloath is not at the rate of Velvet or Satten. 



Wednefday the 4. of Augujl I rode 8 miles 
from Bangor to Carnarvan, where I thought to 
have feen a Town and a Caftle, or a Caflle and 
a Town ; but I faw both to be one , and one to 
be both ; for indeed a man can hardly divide 
them in judgement or apprehenfion ; and I have 
feen many gallant Fabricks and Fortifications, 
but for compadlnefs and compleatnefs of Caer- 
narvon, I never yet faw a parallell. And it is by 
Art and Nature fo fited and feated , that it 
flands impregnable, & if it be well mand, vi6lu- 
alled, and ammunitioned, it is invincible, except 
fraud or famine do affault , or confpire againft 

I was 5. hours in Caernarvon , and when I 
thought that I had taken my leave for ever of it, 
then was I meerly deceived ; for when I was a 
mile on my way, a Trooper came galloping af- 
ter me, and enforced me back to be examined by 
Colonell Thomas Ma/on, (the Governour there) 
who after a few words , when hee heard my 
name, and knew my occafions, he ufed me fo re- 
fpe6lively and bountifully, that (at his charge) I 
ftayd all night, and by the means of him , and 
one Mr. Lloyd, (a. Juftice of Peace there) I was 
furnifhed with a Guide, and fomething elfe to 
beare charges for one weeks travaile ; for which 
curtefies, if I were not thankfuU , I were worth 
the hanging for being ingratefull. 

The 5. of Auguft I went 12. miles, to a place 


called Ckmeme, where the Noble Sure JohnOwen 
did, with liberall welcome, entertain me. 

The 6. day I rode to a Town called Harleck, 
which ftands on a high barren Mountaine, very 
uneafie for the afcending into, by reafon of the 
fteep and uneeven flony way ; this Town had 
neither hay, grafs, oats, or any relief for a horfe : 
there ftands a ftrong Caftle, but the Town is 
all fpoild, and almoft inhabitable by the late la- 
mentable troubles. 

So I left that Towne (for fear of ftarving my 
Horfe^ and came to a place called Bermoth, (12. 
miles that day , as narrow as 20. ) That place 
was fo plentifully furniftied with want of provi- 
fion , that it was able to famifh 100. men and 
horfes : I procured a brace of Boyes to goe two 
miles to cut graffe for my Dun, for which I gave 
them two groats ; for my felfe and Guide, I pur- 
chafed a Hen boyld with Bacon, as yellow as the 
Cowflip, or Gold Noble. My courfe Lodging 
there , was at the homely Houfe of one John 
Thomfon, a Lancafhire Englifh man. 

Saturday the 7. of Auguft, I Horft , footed, 
( and crawling upon all \.) 10. flender miles to 
Aberdovy , which was the laft lodging that I 
had in Merionethfhire, where was the beft en- 
tertainment for men , but almoft as bad as the 
worft for horfes in all Merioneth/hire. 

Auguft 9. I gat into Cardigan/hire , to a mife- 
rable Market Town called Aberifiwith , where 


before the late troubles, there flood a ftrong Ca- 
ftle, which being blown up, fell down, and ma- 
ny fair Houfes (with a defenfible thick Wall a- 
bout the Town) are transformed into confufed 
heaps of unneceffary Rubbidge : within foure 
miles of this Town, are the filver Mines, which 
were honorable and profitable , as long as my 
good friend Thomas Bujhell Efquire, had the ma- 
naging of them, who was mofl induftrious in 
the work, and withall by his noble demeanour, 
and affable deportment, defervedly gain'd the 
generall love and affeftion of all the Countrey, 
of all degrees of people : but fmce he hath left 
that important imployment, the Mines are neg- 

Yroxa. A berijiwith, I went to the Houfe of Sir 
Richard Price, Knight and Baronet, where my 
entertainment was freely welcome , with fome 
expreffion of further curtefies at my departure, 
for which I humbly thank the noble Knight, not 
forgetting my grateful! remembrance to Mr. 
Thomas Evans there : that whole dayes journey 
being 9. miles. 

Tuefday the 10. of Augufl , having hired a 
Guide, for I that knew neither the intricate 
wayes, nor could fpeake any of the Language, 
was neceffitated to have Guides from place to 
place, and it being Harveft time, I was forced to 
pay exceeding deare for Guiding ; fo that fome 
dayes I payd 2s. fometimes 3. befides bearing 


their charges of meat and drinke and lodging ; 
for it is to bee underftood that thofe kind of la- 
bouring people had rather reap hard all the day 
for fix pence, then to go ten or twelve miles eafi- 
ly on foot for two fhillings. That day, after fix- 
teen miles travell , I came to the houfe of an 
ancient worthy and hofpitable Gentleman, na- 
med SureWalter Lloyd, he was noble in bountiful! 
houfe-keeping , and in his generofitie , caufed 
his horfe to be faddled , and the next day hee 
rode three miles to Conway , and fhewd me the 
way to Caermarden, which they do call i8 fmall 
miles , but I had rather ride 30 of fuch miles as 
are in many parts oi England; the way continu- 
ally hilly, or mountainous and ftony, infomuch 
that I was forced to alight and walke 30 times, 
and when the Sun was near fetting , I having 
foure long miles to go, and knew no part of the 
way, was refolved to take my lodging in a Reeke 
of Oats in the field, to which purpofe, as I rode 
out of the ftony way towards my field-chamber, 
my Horfe and I found a fofter bed , for we were 
both in a Bog, or Quagmire, and at that time I 
had much ado to draw my felfe out of the dirt, 
or my poore weary Dun out if the Mire. 

I being in this hard flrait, having night (of 
Gods fending, ) Owl-light to guide me, no tongue 
to aske a queftion, the way unknown, or uneven, 
I held it my bed courfe to grope in the hard fto- 
ny way againe , which having found , ( after a 

B quarter 

quarter of an houres melancholy paces) a Horf- 
man of Wales, that could fpeak Englifh, overtook 
me and brought me to Caermarden, I found 
good and free entertainment at the houfe of one 
Miftris Oakley. 

Caermarden, the fhire Town oiCaermardenJhire, 
is a good large Town, with a defencible ftrong 
Caftle , and a reafonable Haven for fmall Barks 
and Boats , which formerly was for the ufe of 
good Ships , but now it is much impedimented 
with Shelvs, Sands, and other annoyances : It is 
faid that Merlyn the Prophet was born there ; it 
is one of the plentifulleft Townes that ever I fet 
foot in, for very fair Egs are cheaper then fmall 
Pears ; for, as near as I can remember, I will fet 
down at what rates viftuals was there. 

Butter , as good as the world affords , two 
pence halfe penny, or three pence the pound. 

A Salmon two foot and a halfe long , twelve 

Biefe, three halfe pence the pound. 

Oyfters, a penny the hundred. 

Egs, twelve for a penny. 

Peares, fix for a penny. 

And all manner of Fifh and Flefh at fuch low 
prices, that a little money will buy much , for 
there is nothing fcarce, dear, or hard to come by, 
but tobacco pipes. 

My humble thanks to the Governour there, 
to William Guinn of Talliaris , Efquire ; to Sure 


Henry Vaugha^z ; and to all the reft , with the 
good woman mine Hoftefs. 

Concerning Pembrookjhire, the people do fpeak 
Englifh in it almoft generally, and therefore they 
call it little England beyond Wales , it being the 
fartheft South and Weft County in the whole 
Principality : The Shire Town, Pembrook, hath 
been in better eftate, for as it is now, fome hou- 
fes down, fome ftanding, and many without In- 
habitants ; the Caftle there hath been ftrong, 
large, ftately, and impregnable, able to hold out 
any enemy, except hunger, it being founded up- 
on a lofty Rock, gives a brave profpedl a far off : 
Tenby Towne and Caftle being fomewhat near, 
or eigrht miles from it , feems to be more ufefull 
and confiderable. My thanks to Miftris Powell 
at the Hart there. 

Tenby hath a good Caftle and a Haven, but in 
refped oiMilford Haven , all the Havens under 
the Heavens are inconfiderable , for it is of fuch 
length, bredth, and depth, that looo. Ships may 
ride fafely in it in all weathers , and by reafon 
of the hills that do inclofe it , and the windings 
and turnings of the Haven from one poynt of 
land to another, it is conjeftured that 1 500 ftiips 
may ride there, and not fcarce one of them can 
fee another. The Haven hath in it 16 Creekes, 
5 Bayes, and 1 3 Rodes, of large capacity, and all 
thefe are known by feverall names. 

The goodly Church of S. Davids hath beene 

B 2 forced 

forced lately to put off the dull and heavy coat 
of peaceful! Lead, which was metamorphofed 
into warlike bullets. In that Church lies inter- 
red Edmund Earle oi Richmond, Father to King 
Henry the feventh, for whofe fake his Grandfon 
(K. Henry the eight) did fpare it from defacing, 
when hee fpared not much that belonged to the 

Thus having gone and riden many miles, with 
too many turning and winding Mountains, flony 
turning waies, forward, backward, fidewaies, 
circular, and femicircular , upon the 17. oi Au- 
gujt I rode to the houfe of the right Honourable, 
Richard Vau^-hanKarle oiKarbery, at a place cal- 
led Golden Grove; and furely that houfe, with 
the faire Fields, Woods, Walks, and pleafant 
fcituation , may not onely be rightly called the 
Golden Grove, but it may without fi6lion be juftly 
ftiled the Cambrian Paradife , and Elizium of 
Wales ; but that which grac'd it totally, was the 
noblenefs, and affable prefence and deportment 
of the Earle , with his faire and vertuous new 
married Countefs, the beautifull Lady Alice, or 
Alicia, daughter to the right Honourable the 
late Earle of Bridgwater, deceafed : I humbly 
thank them both , for they were pleafed to Ho- 
nour me fo much , that I fupp'd with them , at 
which time a Gentleman came in , who being 
fate , did relate a ftrange difcourfe of a violent 
rain which fell on the mountains in part of Rad- 



norjhire, and into Glamorgan/hire ; the ftory was, 
as near as I can remember, as followeth : 

That on Saturday the 17. oijuly laft, 1652. 
there fell a fudden fhowre of rain in the Coun- 
ties aforefaid , as if an Ocean had flowed from 
the Clouds to overwhelm and drown the moun- 
tains , it poured down with fuch violent impe- 
tuofitie , that it tumbled down divers houfes of 
ftone that flood in the way of it ; it drowned 
many Cattell and Sheep , bore all before it as 
it ran , therefore a poore man with his fon and 
daughter forfook their houfe , and the father 
and fon climed up into a tree for their fafety, in 
the mean time the mercilefs waters took hold 
of the poore maid , and moft furioufly bare her 
away, down betwen two mountains, rolling and 
hurling her againfl many great ftones, till at laft 
it threw her near the fide of the ftream, and 
her hair and hair-lace being loofe , it catched 
hold of a ftump of an old thorn bufh , by which 
means fhe was ftayed , being almoft dead ; but 
as fhe lay in this mifery , fhe faw a fad and la- 
mentable fight, for the water had fiercely un- 
rooted the tree , and bore it down the ftreame, 
with her father and brother, who were both un- 
fortunately drowned : the Maid, as I was cer- 
tified, is like to live and recover. 

My humble thanks to the good yong hopefuU 
Lord Vaughan , and to all the reft of the Noble 
Olive Branches of that moft Worthy Tree of 

B 3 Honour, 


Honour, their Father, not omitting or yet for- 
getting my gratitude to Mr. Steward there, with- 
all the reft of the Gentlemen and fervants at- 
tendant, with my love to Mr. Tho^nas Ryves, un- 
known, and fo Golden Grove farewell. 

The 1 8. of Auguji , I hired a Guide who 
brought me to Swanfey ( 1 6 well ftretch'd Welch 
Mountainous Miles) where I was cordially 
welcome to an Ancient Worthy Gentleman, 
Walter Thomas Efquire, for whofe Love and Li- 
berality I am much obliged to him and the good 
Gentlewoman his Wife ; he ftaid me till the 
next day after Diner, and then fent his man with 
me a mile to his Sons houfe, named William Tho- 
mas Efquire : There, as foone as I had rewar- 
ded my Guide he flip'd from me, leaving me to 
the mercy of the Houfe, where I found neither 
mercy nor manners ; for the good Gentleman 
and his Wife were both rode from home ; and 
though there were people old enough, and big 
enough, yet there was not one kind enough, or 
good enough to do me the leafl kind of courte- 
fie or friendfhip ; they did not fo much as bid me 
come into the houfe, or offer me a cup of drink ; 
they all fcornfully wondred at me, like fo ma- 
ny Buzzards and Woodcocks about an Owle, 
there was a fhotten thin fcul'd fhallow brain'd 
fimpleton fellow, that anfwered me, that he was 
a flranger there, but I believed him not, by rea- 
fon of his familiarity with the reft of the folks, 


there was alfo a fingle-foal'd Gentlewoman, of 
the laft Edition , who would vouchfafe me not 
one poor glance of her eye-beams , to whom I 
faid as followeth. 

Fair Gentlewoman, I was fent hither by the 
Father of the Gentleman of this Houfe, to whom 
I have a Letter from a Gentleman of his fami- 
liar acquaintance ; I am fure that the Owner of 
this Place is famed and reported to be a man en- 
dowed with all affability and courtefie to ftran- 
gers as is every way accommodating to a Gen- 
tleman of Worth and Quality; and that if I 
were but a meer ftranger to him, yet his Gene- 
rofity would not fuffer me to be harbourlefs, but 
by reafon of his Fathers fending his fervant with 
me, and a Friends Letter, I fayd that if Mr. Tho- 
mas had been at home I fhould be better enter- 

To which Mrs. Pumpkins looking fcornfully, 
afcue over her fhoulders, anfwered me with (it 
may befo) then mofh uncurteous Miftris, quoth I, 
I doubt I mufl bee neceffitated to take up my 
lodging in the Field : To which the faid ungen- 
tle Gentlewoman (with her pofteriors, or butt 
end towards me) gave me a finall Anfwer, that 
I might if I would. 

Whereupon I was enraged and mounted my 
Dmt, and in a friendly maner I tooke my leave, 
faying, that I would wander further and try my 
fortune, and that if my ftay at that houfe, that 

B 4 night 


night , would fave either Mr. Shallow-pate , or 
Mrs. Jullock from hanging , that I would rather 
lie, and venture all hazards that are incident to 
Horfe, Man, or Traveller, then to be beholding 
to fuch unmanerly Mungrils. 

Thus defperately I fhaked them off , that 
would not take me on , and riding I knew not 
whither, with a wide wild Heath under me, and 
a wider Firmament above me. I roade at ad- 
venture , betwixt light and darknefs , about a 
mile, when luckily a Gentleman overtook mee, 
and after a little talk of my diftreffe and travail, 
he bad me be of good chear, for he would bring 
me to a lodging and entertainment; in which 
promife he was better then his word , for hee 
brought mee to a pretty Market Towne called 
Neath, where he fpent his money upon me ; for 
which kindnefs I thank him. But one Doftour 
(as they call himj Rice Jones, ('or Do6lor Merri- 
man) came and fupt with mee, and very kindly 
payd all the reckoning. That dayes journey be- 
ing but 6 miles fterling. 

The 19. of Auguft I hired a Guide for 3s. (id 
miles^ to a place called Penline, where fomtime 
flood a flrong Caflle, which is now ruined ; ad- 
joyning to it, or in the place of it, is a fair houfe, 
belonging to Anthony Turberville Efquire, where 
although the Gentleman was from home , the 
good Gentlewoman, his Wife, did with hofpi- 
table and noble kindneffe, bid me welcome. 



Fryday, the 20. oiAuguJl, I rode a mile to an 
Ancient Town, named Coobridge, from whence I 
fcrambled two miles further to Llanjlrithyott, 
where the Noble Gentleman Sure John Awbrey, 
and his Vertuous Lady kept me three dayes, in 
the mean fpace I rode two miles to the houfe of 
the Ancient and Honorable Knight, Sir Thomas 
Lewis at Penmark, to whom and his good Lady, 
I humbly dedicate my gratitude : The fame day 
after Dinner , I returned back to Llanjlrithyott, 
which was to me a fecond Golden Grove , or 
Welch Paradice, for Building, Scituation, whol- 
fome Ayre, Pleafure and Plenty, for my free en- 
tertainment there, with the Noble expreffion of 
the Gentlemans Bounty at my departure , I 
heartily do wifli to him and his, with all the reft 
of my Honorable and Noble , Worfhipfull and 
friendly Benefa6lors, true peace and happineffe, 
internall, externall, and eternall. 

Monday, the 23. oiAuguJl, I rode eight miles 
to the good Town of Cardiffe, where I was wel- 
come to Mr. Aaron Price, the Town Clark there, 
with v/hom I dined , at his cofl and my perrill, 
after Dinner he dire6led me two miles further, 
to a place called Llanrumney, where a right true 
bred generous Gentleman, Thomas Morgan Ef- 
quire, gave me fuch loving and liberall enter- 
tainment , for which I cannot be fo thankfull as 
the merit of it requires. 

Tuefday, being both Saint Bartholomews Day, 



my Birth day, the 24, of the Month, and the ve- 
ry next day before Wednefday, I arofe betimes, 
and travelled to a Town called Newport , and 
from thence to Carbean, and laftly to Vske, in all 
1 5 well meafu'd Welfh Monmouthjhire miles : at 
Uske I lodg'd at an Inne, the houfe of one Mafter 

The 25. oiAuguJl I rode but 12 miles , by an 
unlook'd for accident, I found Bartholomew Faire 
at Monmouth, a hundred miles from Smithfield ; 
there I flayed two nights upon the large reckon- 
ing of Nothing to pay, for which I humbly 
thank my Hofpitable Hoft, and Hoftefs, Mafter 
Reignald Rowfe and his good Wife. 

Monmouth, the Shire Town oi Monmouthjhire, 
was the laft Welfh ground that I left behind me : 
Augujl 27. I came to Glocejler , where though I 
was born there, very few did know me ; I was 
almoft as ignorant as he that knew no body : 
my lodging there was at the figne of the George, 
at the houfe of my Namefake, Mafter John Tay- 
lor , from whence on Saturday the 28. I rode 
16. miles to Barn/ley. 

Of all the places in England and Wales that I 
have travelled to , this Village of Barn/ley doth 
moft ftriftly obferve the Lords day, or Sunday, 
for little children are not fuffered to walke or 
play : and two Women who had beene at 
Church both before and after Noone , did 
but walke into the fields for their recreation, 



and they were put to their choice, either to pay 
fixpence apiece (for prophane walking,) or to 
be laid one houre in the flocks ; and the pievifh 
willful! women ( though they were able enough 
to pay ) to fave their money and jeft out the 
matter , lay both by the heeles merrily one 

There is no fuch zeale in many places and Pa- 
riflies in Wales ; for they have neither Service, 
Prayer, Sermon, Minifter , or Preacher, nor 
any Church door opened at all, fo that people 
do exercife and edifie in the Church- Yard, at 
the lawfull and laudable Games of Trap, Catt, 
Stool-ball, Racket, &c. on Sundayes. 

From Barn/ley on Monday the 30. oiAuguJl, I 
rode 30 miles to Abington, from thence, &c. to 
London, where I brought both ends together on 
Tuefday the 7. of September. 

Thofe that are defirous to know more of Wales, 
let them either travell for it as I have done, or 
read Mr. Camdens Brittania , or Mr. Speeds labo- 
rious Hiftory , and their Geographicall Maps 
and Defcriptions will give them more ample, 
or contenting fatisfa6lion. 


ONE Humphrey Lloyd Efqtdre, did 
exa6lly collet the Brittijh, orJVelJliHi- 
Jioryfrom theOriginall, till the yeare 
1 5 1 o. after which it was contimied by Do6lor 
David Powell, till the yeare 1584. Printed 
then and Dedicated to Sir Phillip Sidney 
Knight : thofe who are dejirous to read more 
largely, let them make ufe of their larger Book: 
But for fuch as love brevity, or cheapneffe, let 
them read this which followeth. 

Cambria Brittania : 

AJhovtA breviation of the Hijiory, and Chro- 
nicles of VV ALES, 


ARADOC oi Lancarvan, (a. fludious 
Antiquary , and a learned diligent 
Colle6lor of the Succeffions and A6ls 
of the Brittifh Princes) did write the 
Hiftory of Wales , from the time and Raigne of 
Cadwallador , who lived in the yeare of our Re- 
demption, 685, and continued the faid Chrono- 
logy near 500 years, till the Raigne oi Henry the 
fecond King oi England. It hath alwayes before 
thofe times, and ever fmce, that Writers for 
feare, or flattery, or profit, have ufed Ihamefull 
(or fhamelefs) partiality, in publifhing the fames 
of their owne Princes , and Countrey , above 
meafure, and beyond truth ; but in their detra- 
6ling and traducing others, they have been too 
liberall ; and in relating their Valour, Vertues, 
or Injuries of fuch they fancyed not , they have 
been too fparing, or wilfully negligent. 

But to make bold and fpeak the truth, it is 


worth good confideration, to know what reafon 
the Englijh had to make Warr againft the Weljh ; 
Wales had ever been a free Countrey, not fubjeft 
to any Prince, except their own ; they owed no 
Homage or Alegiance neither to England, or to 
any other Crowne, or State ; their Language, 
Lawes, and Cufloms, were of their own inftitu- 
tions, to which Lawes both Prince and people 
were fubje6l ; they lived quietly upon their 
owne , and they never went forth of their owne 
bounds to rob the Englijh, or to fpoile and invade 
England, or any other Nation. Then the que- 
flion is with much eafe propofed and anfwered. 
What caufe did the Weljh give to the Englijh to 
make Warre upon them , to invade , plunder, 
fpoile, and kill ? the Anfwer is, or may be, Be- 
caufe the English were ambitious, and covetous, 
and alfo flronger then their Neighbours , and 
being able and willing to do injury, and opprefs 
the Welsh , they many times attempted to fub- 
je6l and conquer them; and they (on the other 
fide^ did manfully refift, and oppofe their English 
Invadors, as this brief Relation will truly declare 
and manifeft. 

Thus force refifled force, the Saxons, Danes, 
English, Irish, and Flemmings, all feverally, and 
fometimes joyned together , to conquer , and 
make prey and purchafe of poor Wales, they all 
ftriving to have the Goods and Lands that be- 
longed not to them ; and the Welsh men ( with 


their beft indeavours) juftly and valiantly hold- 
ing their own. They had kept their Country & 
language 2700. years, and the Hiftorians, Anti- 
quaries , and Gentry of that Nation did record 
their Laws, Pedigrees, and Genealogies, with 
as much, or more, exaft truth then many, or a- 
ny other Nations. They had lived under their 
own Governours (from the time of Heli the 
High Prieft of the Jews,) 1800 years before Cad- 
wallador , who went to J^ome , and died there ; 
from which time the chief Rulers of Wales, were 
fometimes ftiled Kings, fometimes Princes; thefe 
were many times under one King or Prince , of 
Northwales; fometimes they had three Princes 
or Kings, -AsNorth- Wales, South-Wales, andPowzs 
Land. Thefe three Princes, although they had 
many and mighty Enemies , did often make 
Warre upon each other, fpoiling, and harrafing 
their Countrey , to the advantage of their Ene- 
mies and ruine of themfelves. But to proceed 
to the Hiftory. 

In the yeare 688. Ivor (a. kinfman of Cadwala- 
dor) was Prince fome fmall time ; and hee alfo 
went to Rome, and there ended his daies. 

The Next Ivor, Roderick Mo Iwinnoc, the fecond 
Prince of North- Wales rained 30 years ; he was 
Grandchild to Cadwallador, a valiant man, he died 
Anno 755. 

The third was Canon Tindaethwy , a gallant 
Prince , he Warr'd with good fuccefs, againft 


Offa, King of Mercia, who would have invaded 
North Wales ; but Canon did defend himfelfe fo 
ftoutly , that Offa with much lofs retired : the 
Englifh at that time had not one foot of ground 
in Wales. 

Anno 800. Mervin was the fourth King of 
North- Wales, he married Efylht, Daughter to Ca- 
non ; in his time Egbert, King of theWefl Saxons, 
invaded and fpoyled ^;«|^/^/^,and Kenulph, King 
oi Mercia, did much mifchiefe in Powis Land, 
whereby Mervin being overpowred, was flaine, 
vaHantly fighting againft the King of Mercia. 

Anno 843. Roderick the fecond (called the 
Great) was the 5. King oi North- Wales ; hee had 
much war with the Englifh Mercians, with va- 
rious fuccefs, but for the moft part fortunate. In 
his Raigne, the Danes came and fpoiled Angle- 
fey , againft whom Prince Roderick manfully 
fighting was unfortunately flaine. But fome do 
write, that he did beat the Danes out oi Anglefey, 
and flain afterwards in a Battell againft the En- 
gliftimen, Anno 876. when he had raigned with 
much love and honour 39 years. 

The 6. King or Prince was Anarawd, the fon 
oi Roderick; and about that time oi Anno 877. 
the Normans, with their Duke Rollo, invaded a 
great Province in France, which from the name 
of Normans, (or Northern men) is to this day 
called Normandy. 

In the year of grace 878. the Danes and Englijh 


men came with great powers againft Waks , be- 
tween whom and the Wel^ was then a bloudy 
battell, near the water of Conwy, where the Weljh 
had a mighty Vidory, which they called the Re- 
venge for the death oi Roderick. Prince Anarawd 
died, after much trouble, in Anno 913. having 
Rained 34. years. 

Seventhly , or the 7. Prince was Edwal Voel, 
t]\e.Danes fpoyled Anglefey, and the Englijh burnt 
and fpoiled Brecknock. Atheljlane King of England, 
enforced the Weljh to pay him a yearly tribute 
of 20 pounds in Gold , 300 pounds in filver, and 
200 Bieves, or Cattell. Afterwards Edwal Voel 
had raigned 25 years, he and his Brother Elfe 
were both flaine, fighting with the Danes, Anno 


The 8. Prince was Howell Dha, he was a kinf- 
man to Edwal Voel, he was a Prince of South-wales, 
but he aftewards had all Wales; the Englijh vexed 
him often , and did much hurt ; but flill Howel 
galantly refifled them, and died much lamented, 
in the year of Chrift 948. 

The 9. were Jevaf^vA J ago, or James, both 
Brethren, and fons to Edwal Voel. They had cru- 
ell wars with Owen , and his Brethren , (the fons 
oi Howel Dha) in which Bickerings Owen (with 
his Brothers) were flaine. About this time the 
Danesi'^oA^d. Anglefey, andhurntHoly-head. And 
alfo Wales was much troubled by Edgar King of 
England; but it was agreed at laft , that the tri- 

C bute 

bute of gold, & filver, & cattel, which was laid on 
the Welfh Nation in Edwal Voels time , after it 
had been paid near 1 3 years, fhould be remitted, 
and in lieu thereof, the Princes of Wales were in- 
joyned to pay a certaine number of Woolves 
heads (for at that time four-leg'd 'Woolves did 
as much mifchiefe amongfl Beafts, Sheep, and 
Cattell , as two-leg'd Woolves have done in 
thefe latter times amongft men, ) and by the 
means of the yearly payment of the aforefaid 
Woolves heads, there was not one of thofe ra- 
venous beafts in three years payment to be found 
in all Wales, or the Marches of England. 

The Brethren the Princes fell out, (for Lord- 
fhip and Love can brook no Rivalls or fellow- 
fhip) James imprifoned jfevaf a long time , at 
which time, the Danes entred Anglefey, and did 
much fpoile , Howell the fon of Jevaf, made fharp 
war againft his Unkle J ago, or J antes, and beat 
him, and releaft his Father, after which he took 
his eldeft Unkle Meric, and put his eyes out ; 
but never reftored his Father to his former e- 
ftate , but kept the Principality to himfelfe : 
This was about the yeare of our Lord 974. 

The 10. King or Yr'vsxz&oi North-Wales (oral- 
moft all Wales) was Howell apj evaf, or the fon of 
Jevaf, Anno 975. there was great wars and much 
bloudfhed betwixt South and North- Wales ; but 
Howell took his Unkle James, which had impri- 
foned his Father Jevaf, and then poffeft all Wales 


in peace, for a fhort while, for the Danes brake 
in and fpoiled many Towns and places in North- 
Wales, and did much mifchiefe to the Cathedrall 
of S. Davids. And in 982. a "great Army from 
England, wafted and fpoiled Brecknock, and a 
great part of ^(Ca//^ Wales; but Prince -^(?zy^//made 
war againft them , flew many , and made the 
reft flee. The fecond yeare after Howell entred 
England with an Army , in which war he was 
flaine valiantly fighting, in the yeare 984. to 
whom fucceeded his Brother. 

Cadwallon, the 11. Prince, he firft warred a- 
gainft Jonavall the fon ol Meric, whofe eyes Ho- 
well had caufed to be put out, who by right was 
right Lord of all Wales : In the end jonavall was 
flain by Cadwalhon, and the next year after Cad- 
walhon himfelfe was kill'd by Meredith, the fon 
of Owen, Prince of South-Wales, Anno 985. 

The 1 2. King or Prince was Meredith ap Owen, 
or the fon of Owen, which Owen was fon to Ho- 
well Dha , before mentioned ; he began in the 
yeare 986. and had a moft troublefome Govern- 
ment; ior \h& Danes agwa.wa&&d. Anglefey. They 
took Prifoner Lhywach , Brother to Prince Me- 
redith, and put his eyes out, and the Danes tooke 
2000 Prifoners, and either carried them away, 
or put them to ranfome , and in the yeare 
98. the Danes came againe and fpoyled St. 
Davids, L handy doch, L lanbadarne, L lanrijled, and 
all Religious Places of Devotion that their hea- 

C 2 thenifti 

thenifh power could mafler. 

In thefe troubles Prince Meredith was forced 
to give thofe mifcreant Danes, a peny a Head for 
every man that was then alive in all his Domi- 
nions; which payment was called the Black Ar- 
mies Tribute ; about this time all South- Wales 
was over-ran by the Englifh , and ( to fill the 
meafure of the A£fli6lion in Wales ) Meredith 
made mighty havock in Glamorgan-Jhire : So 
that there was not any place in Wales , free from 
the fury of fire and fword. But to make the 
meafure of mifery heap and run over, the Danes 
came once more and made a prey of the Ifle of 
Anglefey ; with which continuall troubles Me- 
redith being overladen and wearied, refigned his 
Princely Authority to Edwal ap Meric ap Mere- 
dith, or his own Grandchild : Meredith died 998. 

Edwal Xh.^ 1 3. Prince oi North- fF«/^5,wasfcarce 
warm in his feat, but Meredith fought and fought 
for re-poffeffion, and after much bloudfhed, loft 
his labour. Then the Danes came again and 
fpoiled much in North-Wales; and the Prince 
valiantly fighting was flain, and the fame Danes 
came again to S. Davids, ranfack'd it, and fpoi- 
led all the Countrey. 

The 1 4. King -^■AsAedan ap Belgored, he fought 
for the Principality with Conan the fon of Ho- 
well, and flew him in the year 1003. About this 
timetheZ^a^zei-fpoiled many places in Wejl- Wales; 
and in this Princes Raigne all the Danes in Eng- 

landv^ero. flaine in one night; and Anno 1015. 
Prince Aedon was flain by his fucceffor. 

Lhewelyn ap Sitfylht, after he had kill'd Aedan, 
was the 1 5. Prince ; he had a peacefull and plen- 
tiful! beginning, till a low born Scot, whofe name 
was Runne , faigned himfelfe to be the fonne of 
Meredith ap Owen before named : But Lhewelyn 
met him, and fought with him, and in the end 
made Runne run, till at laft he killed him ; And 
after that , this Prince was flaine by Howell and 
Meredith the fons oi Edwal, 1026. 

The 16. Prince was yago (or y antes) the fon 
oiEdwal, he rained over North- Wales, and Rytherch 
ap Jejlin fwayed in South- Wales, 1031. But by 
continual! contention betwixt the Grandchil- 
dren of Howell Dha , Rytherch (Prince oi South- 
Wales) was flain by the Englijh ; and then arofe 
new Wars mNorth Wales, for Griffith ap Lhewelyn 
ap Sytylth ward againft J" ago, flew him, and pof- 
feft the Principality, Anno, 1037. 

Griffith ap Lhewelynwa.s the 1 7. Prince of iVipr//^- 
Wales, he overcame both the Englijh and the 
Danes, when they would have invaded his Land, 
in Anno, 1038. He had much trouble with Prince 
Howelloi South- Wales; but in the end he overcame 
him, and poffefl; his Principallity ; after this 
Griffith was treacheroufly taken , by Conan the 
Son of 7 ago, and as Conan was carrying him a- 
way towards fome Irijh Ships, the Country a- 
rofe up fpeedily and happily, and (after a fliarpe 

C 3 fight 

fight) redeemed their Prince Griffith, ^nd Cotian 
was forced to flie for his life. After that the 
Prince had another great fight with Howell ap E- 
dwin , which Howell was joyn'd with the Danes 
and Engli/h , and in a bloudy battle the Englijh 
and Danes were overthrown, that very few efca- 
ped ; Howell-was flain & Prince Griffith vi6lorious; 
but peace lafted not three Months, but Ritherich 
and Rees, two of yeftins Sons , made War upon 
Griffith, and after a cruel fight all day, the darke 
night parted them , that both Armies returned 
with great loffe to their homes. 

About this time there raigned in Scotland a 
bloudy ufurping Tyrant, named Mackbeth , hee 
caufed a Lord , one Bancho , to bee murthered, 
whofe Son, named Fleance, efcaped and fled into 
Wales, and was courteoufly entertained, with 
love and welcome to Prince Griffith; Griffith had 
a bountifull Daughter, with whom Fleance grew 
to be fo familiar, that he got her with child ; for 
which the offended Prince caufed the head of 
Fleance to be flrooke off, and in rage cafh off his 
Daughter, who was in fhort time delivered of a 
Male Child, named Walter: This Walter gTe.-w to 
be a tall goodly Gentleman to whom few or 
fcarce one was comparable for ftrength, feature, 
valour, agillity and affability : And when one 
in derifion called him Baftard he killed him, and 
fled into Scotland, in the yeare 1052, and in the 
Raign of Robert Bruife King of Scots, then with 


which King, the faid Walter won fuch favour, for 
fome gallant fervices which he had done , that 
with love and honour, he was made Lord Stuart, 
or Steward, oi Scotland, and receiver of the Kings 
whole Revenue ; and from that Office did come 
the name of Steward, now called Stuart, of which 
Sirname many Kings, Princes, Lords, and Gen- 
tlemen have been and are defcended. 

Griffith ap Ritherch ap Jejlin, made hot War a- 
gainft Griffith ap Lhewelyn, but Lhewelyn overcame 
and flew him, 1054. then he made an inrode in- 
to England, and with the ayd oi Algar Earle of 
Chejler, hee fpoyled all Herefordjhire, and burnt 
the City of Hereford to aihes, and returned with 
much fpoyle. 

But in the conclufion the Danes were ayded 
by Harrold King oi England, and affifl;ed by fome 
perfidious Wel/h Lords , they entred Wales with 
great Forces , at which time this Noble Prince 
Griffith ap Lhewelyn,wa.s treacheroufly murdered 
by his own men, and his head prefented to Har- 
rold King of England. Thus this gallant Griffith, 
liv'd beloved, and dy'd lamented, when hee had 
governed 34 years. 

Blethyn and Rywalhon , were the Sonnes of 
Conum , and Brothers by the Mothers fide to 
Gnffiik ap Lhewelyn; in the Raign of thefe two, Wil- 
liam, Surnamed the Conquerour, came into En- 
gland, Anno 1066. and in 1068. two Sons of Grif- 
fith ap Lhewelyn, did raife War againft Blethyn & 

C 4 Rywalhon, 

Rywalhon, their names were Meredith and Ithell, 
in thefe Wars, Fortune playd a Game at Croffe 
Ruffe , for Ithell was flain on the one fide , and 
Rywalhon on the other; Meredith?Le.d,3.n6iBlethm 
was Mafter of all Wales : Shortly after the Nor- 
mans fpoyled Cardigan, and a great part of Wejl- 
Wales, and in the year, 1073. Blethin was traite- 
roufly murdered by Rees ap Owen ap Edwin. This 
Blethin was the 18. Prince who left four Sons : 
But for all that, 

Traherne his Kinfman got the Principalities of 
North- Wales , and was the 1 9. Prince, at which 
time Rees ap Owen, with Ritherch ap Caradoc, had 
equall all South- Wales, but Ritherch was quickly 
murdered treacheroufly , and Rees then had all 
South- Wales, but Rees and another Brother of his 
were both flain in hot fight, by Caradoc ap Griffith, 
and in Anno , 1087. Traherne was flaine by his 
Coufins, of the Line and Race oi Howell Dha. 

The 20. Prince oi North- Wales was Griffith the 
Son of Conan, and Rees ap Theodor had South- Wales, 
but Rees was mightily troubled in Wars with 
fome Kinfmen of his , who in the end were all 
flain ; then was St. Davids fpoyled and burnt by 
Rovers, and Rees^as murdered dXBrecknokhy his 
own fervants, ayded by fome Normans : at that 
time Robert Fitzharmaco Knight, and one of the 
Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to William Ru- 
fus King oi England, furprifed the Lordlhip of 
Glamorgan, which the Englijh do hold yet ; alfo 

12. Com- 

12. Commanders with him did likewife take 
Portions of Land there : Their Names were, 

1. William de Londres, or London. 

2 . Richard Granavilla, or Greeneville, or Greene- 


3. Paganus de Turberville. 

4. Robert de St. Quintin. 

5. Richard Sywarde. 

6. Gilbertus Humfrevell. 

7. Reignold de Beckrolls. 

8. Reinoldus de Swilly. 

9. Peter le Sorre. 

I o. yohanes de Flemming. 

11. Oliverus St. John. 

1 2 . yohn William de EJlerling, now Stradling. 
After much trouble, many cruel fights, with 

great (laughters of, and againft Normans, Englijh, 
IriJh,Scots,2indi continuall War with South- Wales, 
and divers places more in Wales ; this victorious 
Prince dyed, much beloved aud lamented for, 
when he had Nobly Ruled 50. years, Anno 1 137. 
The 21. King was Owen Gwynneth, who was 
Son to the laft Famous Prince Griffith, he began 
with Wars againft South- Wales , where the En- 
glijh had taken poffeffion, with Flemmings, Nor- 
mans, and others ; he chafed them away, burnt 
and fpoyled Caermarden, and returned vi6loriouf- 
ly to North- Wales, 1 142. in the year, 1 143- feven 
great Lords , all of them of Princely blood and 
pedigree, were flain in Wales ; Alfo at this time 



the Irijh did much fpoyle , and in conclufion 
were fpoyled by Prince Owen, and near this time, 
Howell and Conan, Owens Sons , gave the Nor- 
mans and Flemmings a bloudy difcomfeture at 
Abertivye , and returned to their Father with 
fpoyle and honour : Yet thefe Wars continued 
ftill, but the Flemmings and Normans were beaten 
twice more at the Caftles of Carmarden and 
Lhanjlephan, from the yeare of Chrift, 1138. to 
1 160 (being 32. years, Wales had not fo much as 
fix Moneths peace and quietnefs. 

And then, before one yeare was expired the 
Princes of South- Wales quarrelled with Prince 
Owen, and after fome dangerous bickerings Owen 
had the Viftory. In Anno, 1 163. Henry the Se- 
cond, King oi England, made great preparations 
for War, hee entred South- Wales, as far as Breck- 
nok, and returnd without any caufe of triumph- 
ing. And in the year, 1 165. the faid King Henry 
the Second came in Perfon again, having in his 
Army the ftouteft oiEngliJhmen, Normans, Gaf- 
coigners, Flemmings, Guiencys, and fome fugitive 
Welch ; but Prince Owen j oyned with South- Wales, 
and others , after much fighting , and loffe on 
both fides , King Henry returned without Con- 
queft , and fewer men then he brought forth : 
Alfo the next year, 1 167. the fame King made a 
greater inrode into Wales, to as much purpofe as 
he had done twice before. Alfo , prefently, in 
the nick of thefe troubles , another Army of 


Flemmtngs and Normans came to Weji- Wales, did 
much harm, and in the end returned with much 

Then prefently , to make the mifery of Wales 
compleat, the Weljk Lords fell together by the 
ears one with another ; and after a weary and 
troublefome Raign of 32. yeares , the magnani- 
mous Prince Owen Guineth dyed, Anno, 1169. 

His Son Z>(2;ot^ fucceeded the 22 Prince, who 
was fain to fight for it, and kill his Brother Ho- 
well, before he could attain the Princedom. Then 
didi/>Kr>'the2. King oi England enter South- Wales, 
took the Town oiCaerleon from the Lo. Jorworth, 
and quite deftroyed it : and in 1172. after a te- 
dious moleftation, Yx'm.ze David ap Owenvnas ex- 
pulft from his Rule : and, 

Lhewelynap Jorworth, being lawfull Prince, took 
the Government, 1 1 94. Richard the firft of that 
Name being then King oi England. This Prince 
had a quiet beginning in North- Wales, but South- 
Wales was much vexed ; for K. yohn oi England, 
with David ap Owen, before named, who was de- 
pofed or expulfed, came with an Army againfi: 
Prince Lhewelyn, who fought and beat K. John, 
and took David prifoner, and kept him faft ; and 
the fame yeare there was another bloudy Battell 
fought, between the Englijh and the Lords of 
South-Wales, and many men flain by the treachery 
of fome Welfh Lords, for private interefls. 

In 12 yeares Prince Lhewelyn had not one 


months quietnefs, yet he was ftill viftorious. 

1 2 1 1. K. John came into Wales with a mighty 
Army, with a purpofe to deftroy all that had 
life ; but he returned with great lofs : and the 
next year he came again, when (by reafon that 
the Englifh King had many Weljh Lords to take 
his part) Prince Lhewelyn ap Jorworth came to an 
agreement with K. John, and gave him 20000 1. 
and 40 Horfes : But covenants not being kept 
by occafion of the harfh dealing of the Englifh 
Nobles, and their Officers, made to the Prince to 
raife an Army, and take fome Caftles and Coun- 
tries , for which K. John caufed the Gentlemen 
(which he had for Pledges) to be all hang'd ; and 
with another great Army he came into Wales a- 
gain, to no purpofe ; for K. yohn had his hands 
and head full of troubles at home, with the Pope 
and the French, that he was forced to leave Wales, 
and return, to his great grief and lofs. 

In the yeare of Grace 12 14. there was great 
wars between the Lords oiSouth- WalesandPowzs, 
Weljh againft Weljh, and much mifchiefe done on 
both fides : And Anno 121 5. Prince Lhewelyn 
made an Inrode into England; then hee wonne 
Shrewsbury, {■as^ A it, and returned mto South- Wales, 
he took Caermarden from the English, raifed the 
Caftle, and took 12 Caftles more, and returned 
home triumphant : fhortly after he fubdued all 
Powis Land to his obedience, and in Anno 1 2 1 7. 
he brought all Wales to his fubjeflion. He had 


not a weekes reft from the yeare 1218. to 1221. 
but either Welsh, English, Flemmings, or other 
troubles kept him from idlenefs, and ftill it was 
his happinefs to be Viftor. 

King John oi England, being reconciled to the 
Pope, the French expulft from thence, and the 
Kingdome in quiet, the King (having little to do 
at home) would have the tother bout with Wales, 
which he attempted with much Charge , and 
bad fuccefs , and fhortly after died ; to whom 
his fon Henry the 3. fucceeded , who made a 
fpeedy expedition againft Lhewelyn, and returned 
home with much detriment, & peace was made 
for a fmal time ; form Anno 12^1. K. Henry made 
another great preparation againft the Prince, 
to the efife6l aforefaid. 

In 1232. Lhewelyn made an expedition into 
England , and returned with much Riches and 
Honour. In 1233. South- Wales raifed new wars ;■ 
but the Prince went in perfon and beat them in- 
to fome quietnefs, overthrew their Caftles and 
ftrong holds, and returned renowned. 

And the fame yeare K. Henry the 3. came in- 
to Wales , with a greater Army then ever, com- 
pa6l of divers Nations, with an intent to deftroy 
all he could, but was deceived in his purpofe, and 
went home a lofer : Then K. Henry fent the 
Arch Biftiop of Canterbury, with the Bifhops of 
RocheJler-a.-aA Chefter to make a peace with Lhew- 
elyn, but it could not be effedled. 



Then this peerlefs Prince died, beloved, and 
lamented, and was buried at Conwy. He married 
Jone the daughter of K. John , by whom he had 
two fons David and Griffith ; this David kept 
his brother Griffith in prifon all his raigne. The 
Noble Prince Lhewelyn ap yorworth, raigned 56 

To whom David ap Lhewelyn fucceeded, being 
the 24. Prince, Anno 1240. This Prince was 
curfed by the Pope, and hated by the people for 
imprifoning his Brother Griffith ; for which the 
K. of England came againft him with an Army, 
but a peace was made , and Griffith not releas'd, 
who flriving to break prifon and efcape, by tying 
of Lines and Sheets, with fuch other flufif which 
he had, and as he gat out of a high window, he 
putting all his weight to the Lines, they brake, 
and he being fat and heavy , fell with his head 
downwards, where he lay a moft pittifuU dead 
fpedlacle, for his head and neck were beaten for- 
cibly into his body. 

Then K. Henry the 3. (as his Predeceffors had 
often done) ftrived to have Wales under his obe- 
dience, to which purpofe he in 1245. raifed a 
mighty Army, and was more mightily met and 
foyled by Prince David; foone after David died, 
when he had Ruled 5 years, 1 246. 

Lhewelyn ap Griffith, or the Son oiGriffith that 
dyed with a fall, was the 25 Prince, for his Un- 
kle, Prince David had no Iffue, this man was va- 

[47] _ 
liant, but unfortunate, for his two Brethren, O- 
wen and David , made War upon him, but he 
vanquifht them, and was Mafter of all Wales : he 
ftrived much to fhake oft the yoke of England, 
and perforce hee chafed all the Englijh out of 
Wales , with great flaughter, 1256. King Henry 
the Third , with two great Armies entred Wales 
in feverall places, did much fpoile, received much 
lofs, and returned angry. 

In 1258. James Lord Audley with Germane 
Horfemen, did much fpoile, and killed many in 
Wales, but in the end, the Welfhmen gave them 
fuch welcome, that few of the Germanes return'd. 
In thefe times in all places in Wales was conti- 
nuall ftrife, fpoile, and bloudihed ; for the En- 
glifh would Have; and /^^WeHh would Hold: In 
1 267. Lhewelyn entred England, fpoyled and de- 
ftroyed Chejler , and much of that County; but 
after that, the Welfli had a great overthrow at 
a place called Clun, and in 1 268. Henry oiEngland 
with an Army entred Wales again ; but by the 
means of Cardinall Ortobonus (the Popes Legate) 
a Peace was made , and the Prince paid to the 
K. oiEngland 30000 Marks. X^Anno 1272. King 
Henry the 3. died, and his fon Edward t\i& i . went 
to Ckejler , from whence he fent a Summons to 
command Prince Lhewelyn to come to him and 
doe homage : But the Prince refufed, and would 
not come to the King. Then two Englifh Armies 
entred South- Wales, and North- Wales, and Weft- Wales, 


[48] _ _ .. 

at once ; but ( upon hard conditions ) a Peace 
was concluded , which lafled not long ; for 
Anno 1 28 1, they fell to it cruelly again : The 
Prince faid, that it was a hard thing to live in War 
alwayes ; but it was harder to live in continualljlave- 
ry : foon after , Prince Lhewelyn was flaine, va- 
liantly fighting, and all Wales fell to the Crowne 
oi England, after it had continued from Brute and 
Camber 2i,\% years, to the year oiChriJi 1282. 

Kings fons and Daughters of 'RngX^.n^, that 

haue been Princes of YYai^^s 

ftnce 1282. 

I 1 7* -Dward of Carnarvon,{onto K. Ed.i. 1289. 
I V 2 Edward of VVinfor, fon to Edw. 2. 

3 Edw. of VVood/iock, fon to Edw. 3. or the Black 

4 Richard oi Burdeaux, fon to the Black. 

5 Henry of Monmouth, fon to Henry 4. 

6 Edw. of VVeftm. fon to Henry 6. 

7 Edw. of VVeJlm. fon to ^afee/. 4. 

8 Edw. fon to K. Ric. 3. at 10 year old inftal'd P. 

9 Arthur, fon to K. Henry 7. 

10 HenryYy.oiYork,2.{ontoH.-j.E.6.iontoH.B. 

I I yJfarj/, Princefs of Wales, Daughter, &c. 

12 .£"/?>. Princefs. 

13 Henry. 

14 Charts, fons to King James. 

F r N r S. 

Spenser ^ocietp. 

LIST OF MEMBERS, 1869-70. 

A DAMS, Dr. Ernest, Anson road, Victoria 
■^ park, Manchester 
Addis, John, jun., Rustington, Littlehampton, 

Agnew, C. S., Mount street, Manchester 
4insworth, R. F., M.D., Higher Broughton, Man- 
Aitchison, Wilham John, 1 1, Buckingham terrace, 

Akroyd, Colonel Edward, M.P., Halifax 
Alexander, John, 43, Campbell street, Glasgow 
Alexander, Walter, 29, St. Vincent place, Glasgow 
Aspland, Alfred, Dukinfield 

"DAIN, James, i, Haymarket, London, 

-^ S.W. 

Baker, Charles, F.S.A., II, Sackville street, 
London, W. 

Baltimore, Peabody Institute at (per Mr. E. G. 
Allen, 12, Tavistock row, Covent garden, 
London, W.C.) 

Barker, Philip, Birch Polygon, Rusholme, Man- 

Beard, James, The Grange, Burnage lane, Man- 

Beard, Joseph, 4, St. James's terrace, Hyde park, 
London, W. 

Bidder, George P., 131, Market street, Manchester 

Birmingham Central Free Library 

Birmingham Library (per Mr. A. Dudley, librarian) 

Blackman, Frederick, 4, York road, London, 

Bladon, James, Albion house, Pontypool 

Boston, U.S., Athen^uro (per Mr. H. T. Parker) 

Boston, U.S., Public Library (per Mr. H. T. 

Bosworth, Rev. Joseph, LL.D., F.R.S., 20, Beau- 
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Bremner, John A., Albert street, Manchester, 
Hon. Sec. 

Brooks, W. Cunliffe, M.A., F.S.A., Barlow hall, 
near Manchester 

Brothers, Alfred, 14, St. Ann's square, Manchester 

Buckley, Rev. William Edward, M.A., Rectory, 
Middleton Cheney, Banbury 

r*ALLENDER, William Romaine, jim., F.S.A., 

^^ Water street, Manchester 

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Mr. H. T. Parker) 

Chamberlain, Arthur, Moor Green hall, Moseley, 
near Birmingham 

Chamberlain, John Henry, Christ Church build- 
ings, Birminghanj 

Christie, Professor, li.A., Owens College, Quay 
street, Manchester 

Coleridge, J. D., M.P., 6, Southwick crescent, 
London, W. 

Collie, John, Alderley Edge, Cheshire 

Collier, John Payne, F.S.A., Maidenhead 

Corser, Rev. Thomas, M.A., F.S.A., Rectory, 
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Cosens, F. W., Clapham park, London, S.^^^ 

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vendish street, Chorlton-on-Medlock, Man- 
chester, President 

Croston, James, 6a, St. Ann's square, Manchester 

PlAVIES, Robert, F.S.A., The Mount, 
^ York 

De La Rue, Colonel, l22,Harley street, London.W. 
Devonshire, His Grace the duke of, Devonshire 

house, Piccadilly, London, W. 
Dodds, Rev. James, The Abbey, Paisley, N.B. 
Downes, W. W., Bank, Nantwich 

"p LT, Charles Henry, i , Noel street, Islington, 

^-' London, N. 

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Falconer, Thomas, Usk, Monmouthshire 


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Fletcher, James Ogden, M.D,, 35, Lever street, 

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Forster, John, Palace-gate house, Kensington, 
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Fowle, W. F., Boston, U.S. (per Mr. H. T. 

Fry, Danby P., PooT-lavv Board, Whitehall, Lon- 
don, S.W. 

Furnivall, Frederick J., 3, Old square, Lincoln's 
inn, London, W.C. 

/~*EE, William, High street, Boston, Lincoln- 

^-^ shire 

Gibbs, Henry H., St. Dunstan's, Regent's park, 

London, N.W. 
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Gratrix, Samuel, 25, Alport town, Deansgate, 

Guild, James Wyllie, 3, Park circus, Glasgow 

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■*■ ■*■ Bradford, Yorkshire 

Halliwell, James Orchard, F.R.S., &c. &c., 6, 
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Hamlin, Charles, 27, Virginia street, Glasgow 

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Harrop, John, clerk to the Guardians, New Bridge 
street, Manchester 

Hartford, Connecticut, U.S., Watkinson Library 
at (per Mr. E. G. Allen) 

Hatton, James, Richmond house. Higher Brough- 
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Hayes, Thomas, bookseller. Cross street, Man- 

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Heron, sir Joseph, knt., Town hall, Manchester 

Hewitt, William, Hill side, Fallowfield 

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Hill, George W., 97, Ingram street, Glasgow 

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Hopkins, Hugh, 6, Royal Bank place, Glasgow 
(Two copies,) 

Howard, Hon. Richard Edward, Stamp office, 
Manchester, Treasurer 

Hunt, Edward, chemist, Salford 

JACKSON, H. B., Basford house, Whalley 
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Jenner, C, Easter Duddington lodge, Edinburgh 

Johnson, Richard, Langton oaks, Fallowfield, 

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Jones, Joseph, Abberley hall, Stourport 

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Jordan, Peter A., 606-614, Sansom street, Phila- 
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I/'ER.SHAW, James, 13, St. 

Luke's terrace, 
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King, James, 6, Adelaide place, Glasgow 
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T ANCASHIRE Independent College (per 
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Martin, William, city treasurer. Town hall, Man- 

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New York, Clinton Hall Library at (per Sampson 

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London, E.C.) 
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Nichols George W., Augusta house, Rotherhithe, 

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Owens College Library, Quay street, Manchester 
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park, London, W. (Two Copies.) 
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Thorpe, Rev. J. F., Heme hill vicarage, Faver- 

sham, Kent 
Tiimiims, Samuel, F.R.S.L., Elvetham lodge, Bir- 
Turner, Robert S., I, Park square, Regent's park, 
London, N.W. 

VERNON, George V., Osborne terrace, Stret- 
ford road, Manchester 
Vienna, Imperial Library at (per Aslier and Co., 
13, Bedford street, Covent garden, London, 
W. C.) 

WARD, Henry, 45, Gloucester street, London, 
Washington, U.S., Library of Congress at (per 

Mr. E. G. Allen) 
Watson, Robert S., loi, Pilgrim street, Newcastle- 

Weston, George, 2, Gray's inn square, London, 


Weymouth, R. F., D.Lit., Mill Hill scliool, 

London, N.W. 
Wheatley, H. B., 53, Berners street, London, W. 
Whitehead, Jeffery, Barfield lodge, Bickley, Kent 
Wilbraham, Henry, Chancery office, Manchester 
Wood, Richard Henry, F.S.A., Crumpsall, Man- 

Woolcombe, Rev.W. W., M.A., Ardwick, Man- 

Wylie, Charles, 3, Earl's terrace, Kensington, 
London, W. 

"yOUNG, Alexander, 38, Elm Bank crescent, 
■*■ Glasgow 
Young, George, 138, Hope street, Glasgow 


puhlicatiom of ti^e ^pmm ^ociet^. 

For the Year 1867-8. 


1. The Proverbs and Epigrams of John Heywood. Reprinted from the, 

' Original*^dition of 1 5 62. 

2. The Works of John Taylor the Water Poet. Reprinted from the 

Folio Edition of 1630. Pari I. 

For the Year i868-g. 

3. The Works oJ John Taylor the Water Poet. Reprinted from the 

Folio of rfijo. Part II. ' 

4. The Works of John Taylor the Water Poet. Reprinted from the 

Fblio of 1630. Part III. (Completing the volume.) 

5. Zepheria. Reprinted from the Original Edition of 1594. 

For th^ Year 1 869-70. 

6. The 'EKATOMnAaiA or Passionate Centurie of Love, by Thomas 

Watson. Reprinted from the Original Edition of (circa) 1581. 

jl- Works of John Taylor the Water Poet, not included in the Folio 
' Volume of 1 630. Reprinted from the Original Editions, pirst^ 
- Collection. 






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